In computing, memory refers to the state information of a computing system, as it is kept active in some physical structure.

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How can I tell if lack of memory is causing these crashes?

I have a tornado web server running a flask application that connects to a postgres 9.3 database on an ubuntu 12.04 box. The application has been crashing intermittently and I am trying to understand ...
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24 views

Real vs Actual memory in Xymon/Hobbit

What is the difference between real and actual memory usage in xymon ?
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25 views

How to enable swap accounting for memory cgroup in Archlinux?

On my Archlinux box I want to limit some applications to a smaller amount of memory using cgroups. Since I use swap, I need to account memory+swap. How can I enable swap accounting?
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39 views

What are the positions in `free` called?

I am trying to compare the output of free with the output of sar -r: # sar -r 12:00:01 AM kbmemfree kbmemused %memused kbbuffers kbcached kbcommit %commit 12:10:01 AM 629756 65293976 ...
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How to increase the memory used by Java in linux?

I have a program Vuze that is written in Java, which I use to download very large files, and I'm having a problem with it. I need to increase the amount of memory it uses. I've followed the directions ...
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What does the vm.swappiness parameter really control?

Per the kernel documentation: This control is used to define how aggressive the kernel will swap memory pages. Higher values will increase aggressiveness, lower values decrease the amount of swap. ...
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How much RAM needed for preventing use swap?

At my system always available some "Free" and "Inactive" memory, but sometimes system move couple megabytes to swap. Per night it maybe around 100MB, but for a few days in swap could be more than ...
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Why does Android crash when stressed on Memory where as GNU-Linux keeps running?

I have two devices, an Android phone with an eGlibC stack running side by side with Bionic, and an old HP tower with Debian. My HP tower has 512 MB of RAM. My phone has 2GB of RAM. I run top on ...
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4answers
105 views

What is using memory? [closed]

According to htop and free, the machine I'm looking at is currently at 6631 / 11907 MB of RAM. That's more or less half of the RAM available. However when I sort top or htop by MEM%, the most memory ...
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285 views

How does stack allocation work in Linux?

Does the OS reserve the fixed amount of valid virtual space for stack or something else? Am I able to produce a stack overflow just by using big local variables? I've wrote a small C program to test ...
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26 views

How to monitor Memory utilization of the single process?

How to monitor Memory and CPU usage of the single process by program/executable name(not PID);
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328 views

Java/malloc memory corruption error when running SDK Android Manager

I want to install Android SDK, so I manually installed Java JDK 7u51, downloaded SDK ADT bundle for Linux x64, and tried to run it. When I run android, the SDK manager windows hangs halfway through ...
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kswapd0 takes 99% to 100% CPU in RHEL 6.3

I have 5 systems on which I have just installed RHEL6. System configuration is CPU-i7 HDD-500 GB RAM-2 GB Swap- 4 GB I have installed the same software's and all the configuration as per ...
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473 views

Can I use pmap to find out Memory utilization?

I want to measure memory utilization of my Apache Server. Can I use the pmap command and pass all the process IDs of httpd and take that as total utilization? pmap PID1 PID2 .... It seems that pmap ...
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Why is the theoretical RAM limit for RHEL 6 128 TB and how is this determined?

I'm studying for RHCSA and am confused by a statement I came across in some training material: There is no practical maximum RAM, as theoretically, you could run 128 TB of RAM on RHEL 6. But ...
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843 views

Discrepancy between reported used memory and sum of application memory usage

I'm running a desktop system that quite regularly suffers from lack of memory, this prompted me to investigate what causes the issue in the first place. Problem is, there's no single process that ...
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309 views

Does sync command remove the dirty cache in the memory?

I am aware that sync command flushes the dirty cache into disk. I have run free command first, then sync, and then free again. The result of latter free command shows more free memory available than ...
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51 views

Maximum memory usable by a 32 bit RHEL 6 system

I have installed a 32 bit RHEL OS on a 64 bit system. From the wiki page of PAE: The Linux kernel includes full PAE mode support starting with version 2.3.23, with Linus Torvalds mentioning ...
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27 views

How to format the output of free/sar/such commands?

I need to get some specific columns from the output of free command. The way I'm following doesn't seem good, could anyone please suggest me a better way? bash-3.2$ free -gotsi total ...
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centos5 maximum memory setting for all users

I'm using Centos5 for operating server and the machine has limited memory. There are many users using the server and some of them are running programs which use a lot of RAM. When I check the used ...
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45 views

How is 32bit Linux virtual memory structured in relation to PCIe Base Address Registers

I'm working on a Linux system (32 bit, 4GB RAM) and found some contradictory information about memory addressing in Linux. Am I right with this: Only virtual memory has the differentiation between ...
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2answers
410 views

Measuring CPU and Memory per user to distribute “cost” of a server

How should I implement approximately correct per-user monitoring on a server? I want a way to split the cost of a server between the users based on their usage. On newer machines (RHEL6) I would use ...
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103 views

Linux memory usage?

We have 1TB of memory on a server which hosts an SAP application. When the app is running the memory usage shown in top is around 700GB. When the app is stopped the memory usage shown in top comes ...
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1answer
241 views

How do you track memory usage in a ksh93 script

We have a number of ksh scripts that run forever (inside a while loop), or at least until a shutdown event is delivered to them. We had a project where these scripts where converted to ksh93 (and ...
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2answers
805 views

How to reduce ClamAV memory usage?

I'm running a Ubuntu based web server (Apache, MySQL) on a 512MB VPS. This is more than sufficient for the website it is running (small forum). As I wanted to add some protection against viruses I ...
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539 views

How extended (4MB) and regular (4KB) paging coexist?

On x86 architecture, "Extended paging" allows page frames (physical memory) to be 4 MB instead of 4 KB. The book "Understanding the Linux Kernel, 3rd" at chapter 2 "Memory Addressing", sub-chapter ...
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Why can't Vim open a 100 MB text file when I have 16 GB RAM?

I have a 100MB MySQL database backup file and I have trouble to open it in Vim on my Linux box that has 16G of RAM. Vim just hangs (at least unusable). This is something I don't understand. I have 16 ...
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How much memory is lost on startup

I was wondering the following: As I start my computer and Xubuntu, it starts many programs before the login screen. Is it possible to measure by Valgrind the total number of lost bytes during startup? ...
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89 views

How to reduce chrome's virtual memory usage?

I am running a Debian Jessie and having memory issues when using Google Chrome I tried disabling extensions, disabling cache, flushing the cache, and disabling the web 3d rendering, but nothing ...
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Cgroups - memory subsystem

I want to set the memory.limit_in_bytes parameter for a control group and disable OOM, so processes freeze when the limit is reached. But i want to change that limit dynamically, if there is more ...
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431 views

What is equivalent to Mac's purge in Linux?

In Mac I use purge to free up some memory. What is equivalent to it in Linux(Ubuntu Server)? apt-get install purge gave me nothing. If you are no familiar with Mac's purge here is it's man page: ...
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1answer
291 views

Is it possible to find the physical address range of a DIMM?

I note that SMBios Type 20 would help here, but it's optional as of version 2.5 (2006-09-05) pp. 25, L796, and pp. 131, whereas types 16, 17 and 19 are mandatory, but don't quite help. Physical ...
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625 views

Linux / JVM - OutOfMemoryError: unable to create new native thread

I have a memory problem with a Linux server (CentOS). It is a VM. Below is the context. It has 70Gb of RAM. There are 2 tomcat running on it. One tomcat is given a heap of 13Gb and the other one a ...
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What do the different memory counters in FreeBSD mean?

top tells me: last pid: 64807; load averages: 0.99, 0.97, 0.92 up 189+04:47:22 09:16:17 45 processes: 1 running, 44 sleeping CPU: 0.4% user, 0.0% nice, ...
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Is Inactive memory related to the Commited but unused?

From the Linux procfs documentation: Active: Memory that has been used more recently and usually not reclaimed unless absolutely necessary. Inactive: Memory which has been ...
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116 views

How to compute Linux slab memory leak in GNU/Linux ( proc/slabinfo ) of running process

How to compute Linux slab memory leak in GNU/Linux ( proc/slabinfo ) of running process ? I'm want to free usage is not working properly . I want to way how to check Memory Usage & Memory Leak ...
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1answer
126 views

How to figure out memory leaks? [closed]

I'm running Ubuntu 14.04 on Digitalocean to host my blog. I'm using HHVM + nginx + MySQL. Every few hours (~12h), there's no more RAM left and nginx throws an 502 error. I check the memory usage for ...
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1answer
859 views

The meaning of output of pmap

I wrote main.c in Linux: int main() { while (1){} } When I compile and start it, I can pmap it: # pmap 28578 28578: ./a.out 0000000000400000 4K r-x-- /root/a.out 0000000000600000 4K ...
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How to limit the total resources (memory) of a process and its children

There are plenty of questions and answers about constraining the resources of a single process, e.g. RLIMIT_AS can be used to constrain the maximum memory allocated by a process that can be seen as ...
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1answer
60 views

Random application crashes in Linux

Sometimes after booting my computer, some applications fail to start: they crash. They're usually the largest ones, such as firefox, thunderbird or virtualbox. Rebooting or cleaning the cache usually ...
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Will Linux start killing my processes without asking me if memory gets short?

I was running a shell script with commands to run several memory-intensive programs (2-5 GB) back-to-back. When I went back to check on the progress of my script I was surprised to discover that some ...
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2answers
2k views

What a 64 bit Linux can do that 32 bit linux can't?

I ordered a server from fdcserver. Then I realized that, unless changed, fdcserver actually provides 32 bit operating as default. I logged in using SSH, typed uname -m, and to my horror I saw that I ...
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2answers
112 views

How to mount a dd-image which was created via fmem (memory dump tool)

I'm quite new to Linux. I've used the tool fmem for creating a memory dump dd-file. That works fine. But how can I access this image? I've tried it with mount but it says I have to specify a ...
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2answers
187 views

Out of Swap - What happens?

On my debian VM machine with 512MB RAM and 348MB Swap, what will happen if i open a 1GB file in an editor and get out of memory? Will it crash the system? Or if not, how will linux handle this? ...
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675 views

How to dump memory image from linux system?

I know to dump memory images in Window. (eg-dumpit) But I don't know how to dump memory images in Linux. I wanna get memory images in Linux and from linux to linux with ssh connection or something. ...
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3k views

Shell command to read device registers?

On a single-board computer running Linux, is there a way to read the contents of the device configuration registers that control hardware? I think it would be a wrapper for inw(), more or less. I'm ...
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Swap to RAM, or not

Having a 32-bit system with 4G RAM and 7G swap. Linux 3.5.0-49-generic i686. From time to time the memory bank is filled up and everything lags down. In 99% of the cases it is Chrome using vast ...
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Does BIOS read directly the bootloader or load it into RAM?

I'm trying to understand the very first steps of the boot process. The CPU read the BIOS It reads a fixed address instruction It will jump to the first BIOS instructions address It will execute ...
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How to solve this memory issue gracefully?

I have a standard Linux (Debian testing) laptop, with a swap partition. I do a lot of experiments with it. Some of them are really memory hungry and the way Linux behaves by default is an issue for ...
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How to limit resource usage to save CPU+RAM for a certain process?

I have a dev server on which sshd sometimes stops working because the machine runs out of RAM. Yes we are running low on memory and upgrading is not a feasible choice right now. What I want to do is ...