In computing, memory refers to the state information of a computing system, as it is kept active in some physical structure.

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Tomcat does not get enough memory

i'm trying to setup a jira instance on my vServer. I've got min. 1 GB ram and max. 2 GB ram. It was runing on my friends Server with only 512 MB ram. The first error was: ...
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249 views

Critical Memory [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: free: output format My Redhat server shows the following: free -m ============= total used free shared buffers cached Mem: ...
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1answer
611 views

Rationale for making user space text segment start at 0x8048000

I read somewhere that (at least since Linux v. 2.6) all user-space code is placed at load address 0x8048000 in the virtual memory address space. My own observations confirm this. I have done a cat ...
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1answer
663 views

How to make the system automatically kill some processes?

Sometimes my computer starts to behave sluggishly after running too many programs/processes simultaneously, at points almost looking crashed/frozen. Using Debian Linux, is there a way to ...
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2answers
316 views

Sudden burst in free memory

I'm experiencing some strange memory management behaviour on Squeeze with Kernel 2.6. I'm trying to get to the bottom of this with nmon. Sometimes this will freeze up the system for 30 seconds to 5 ...
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0answers
747 views

How extended (4MB) and regular (4KB) paging coexist?

On x86 architecture, "Extended paging" allows page frames (physical memory) to be 4 MB instead of 4 KB. The book "Understanding the Linux Kernel, 3rd" at chapter 2 "Memory Addressing", sub-chapter ...
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1answer
602 views

How to get the maximum virtual set size of a unix process during its lifetime?

The time command includes a format parameter "M", which according to the time man page on Linux is used for the following: Maximum resident set size of the process during its lifetime, in Kilobytes. ...
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4answers
13k views

How to find information about the RAM using the Terminal? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Can I identify my RAM without shutting down linux? I need to know it to check the compatibility... I wanna know the type/size/model, etc. Can someone help? Thanks.
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2answers
296 views

How to compare usage of memory by Window Managers?

I'd like to test a few window managers to see which of them takes less memory and CPU in certain time period (so is better choice for older computers). I'd like to make the tests myself (not to read a ...
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1answer
474 views

Smallest GUI VNC setup

I'm setting up VNC on my VPS with 768mb ram. What would be the best setup to save the most memory? Right now I tried Gnome-core with vncserver but it uses a lot of RAM. I remember having a VNC ...
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1answer
2k views

How can I tell what memory RAM address range is being used by uboot?

I am in uboot and was wondering, how could I tell what RAM address range is being used by uboot. uboot needs memory to run so it might be using some of the RAM. I want to avoid modifying those RAM ...
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2answers
785 views

RAM usage doesn't add up? (Free+used < total)

Lately I've been noticing that my monitoring script which reads from /proc/meminfo and /proc/<pid> has been showing odd readings, where several hundred MB seem to be missing. htop is showing the ...
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2answers
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free / top difference. Does free show virtual memory?

free -m shows me the following in my system: total used free shared buffers cached Mem: 3954 3842 111 0 248 2585 -/+ ...
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1answer
9k views

How can I test the RAM for data corruption on an ARM-based system?

I have an embedded device. It is ARM based, with Linux 2.6.31 and has 256 MB RAM. I wanted to get some ideas/tips on what is the most effective way to test the device RAM for data corruptions. Is ...
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2answers
1k views

Is it possible to trigger OOM-killer on forced swapping?

Is it possible to have the system preemptively swap out inactive pages (vm.swappiness), but invoke the oom-killer when the system runs out of RAM (as opposed to running out of memory) and is forced to ...
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3answers
11k views

How can I reserve a block of memory from the Linux kernel?

I have a device that needs a block of memory that is reserved solely for it, without the OS intervening. Is there any way to tell BIOS or the OS that a block of memory is reserved, and it must not ...
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1answer
576 views

MySQL gets killed by OS every 25 days or so

About 4 months ago we migrated from MS SQL Server to MySQL 5.5. Since then we have been experiencing an issue once approximately ever 25 days since where CentOS runs out of memory and as a result it ...
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1answer
341 views

What is parallel memory allocation?

I'm trying to understand what parallel memory allocation is. I think I understand what 'memory allocation' is but I don't understand the term 'parallel'. Something to do with multiple processors ...
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1answer
180 views

Memory Management: Faulting virtual addresses

I came across the following on http://tldp.org/LDP/tlk/mm/memory.html If the faulting virtual address is invalid this means that the process has attempted to access a virtual address that it ...
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1answer
866 views

confusing about PSS in /proc/pid/maps

I found one great explanation about smaps from info about smaps To my understanding, I thought that shared_clean + shared_dirty + private_clean + private_dirty = rss I wrote a program to ...
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2answers
816 views

Linux I/O shared memory access

I'm pretty confused on how linux manages I/O shared memory to communicate with devices that use it. If I understood it correctly linux kernel starts mapped at 0x100000 (to avoid the first megabyte ...
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1answer
18k views

Need explanation on Resident Set Size/Virtual Size

I found that pidstat would be a good tool to monitor processes. I want to calculate the average memory usage of a particular process. Here is an example output: 02:34:36 PM PID minflt/s ...
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3answers
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Exploring RAM contents

I am using a redis Database and would like to explore the contents of the RAM the application is using. I feel the explanation of why I want to do this will make more sense then the question I would ...
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7answers
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Correctly determining memory usage in Linux

I'm a bit confused on some of the results I am seeing from "ps" and "free". On my server, this is the result of "free -m" [root@server ~]# free -m total used free shared ...
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1answer
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What is the buffers column in the output from free?

These questions briefly list the format of the free command, noting that buffers is kernel memory that must be written out to disk and cache is file data that does not need to be written disk. On my ...
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2answers
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How to create a user with limited RAM usage?

So I have 4 GB RAM + 4GB swap. I want to create a user with limited ram and swap: 3 GB RAM and 1 GB swap. Is such thing possible? Is it possible to start applications with limited RAM and swap ...
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1answer
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How often is PSS value updated for a given process in /proc/pid/smaps

So if n processes are sharing a library L with size M then the contribution to their PSS is M/n. Now imagine one of the process terminates. So the contribution would be M/(n-1). Q1: My question is ...
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What is the appropriate value of vm.swappiness when using zram?

I'm using zram on my computer as a compressed RAM-backed swap. When the system needs to swap something out, swapping it to a zram-backed swap file is more or less equivalent to compressing that data ...
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0answers
314 views

Process VSS and Size: entry in /proc/pid/smaps

I was wondering why the sum of all 'Size:' entries in /proc/pid/smaps does not equal the process VSS as reported by top, ps, /proc/pid/status VmSize, /proc/pid/statm 1st entry? Any clues?
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1answer
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Connecting various process attributes reported by top, ps, /proc/pid/statm, /proc/pid/status, /proc/pid/smaps [closed]

Here are some of the common attributes I figured out: top(VIRT) , smem(VSS), /proc/pid/statm (1st entry in pages), /proc/pid/status (VmSize), ps(VSZ) top(RES) , smem(RSS), /proc/pid/statm (2nd entry ...
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2answers
593 views

`free`: output format

I use free to get the amount of free space on some of my servers. Its output is something like: $ free -m total used free shared buffers cached Mem: 374 ...
24
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1answer
19k views

Getting information about a process' memory usage from /proc/pid/smaps

For a given process in /proc/<pid>/smaps, for a given mapping entry what are: Shared_Clean Shared_Dirty Private_Clean Private_Dirty Is Shared_Clean + Shared_Dirty the amount of memory that ...
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How to Determine the Amount of RAM Slots In Use?

I forgot how many RAM modules are installed on my laptop. I do not want to unscrew it but want to look it up on the console. How do I gather this information?
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1answer
623 views

Memory profiling the linux kernel on an embedded device

I have an linux kernel 2.6.30 on an ARM based embedded device and I have to do some kernel memory usage profiling on the device. I am thinking of monitoring the ps output on various kernel threads ...
3
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1answer
711 views

tmpfs and vm.swappiness

I have started tuning a bit Linux VM performance on my system (yes. I know that vm.swappiness=0 will kill kittens but I found 30-40 as much better for me as it improved my latency - probably at cost ...
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1answer
3k views

Mathematical connection between SZ RSS and VSZ in ps o/p?

I wanted to know what mathematical connection is there between the SZ, RSZ and VSZ output in ps output e.g. ps -p 2363 -o sz,rss,vsz
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1answer
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How can I observe memory bandwidth?

I have an embedded Linux ARM system that is showing significantly less throughput than expected on both Ethernet and USB. I suspect the memory may be contributing. Is there a way to observe the memory ...
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2answers
6k views

How to limit application memory usage?

I have spend 2 hours reading questions about this matter, and still there is some misunderstanding. I have this process: USER PID %CPU %MEM VSZ RSS TTY STAT START TIME COMMAND root 1452 0.4 1.8 ...
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3answers
5k views

What does the vm.swappiness parameter really control?

Per the kernel documentation: This control is used to define how aggressive the kernel will swap memory pages. Higher values will increase aggressiveness, lower values decrease the amount of swap. ...
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1answer
671 views

What is the optimum swap size on Linux for a heavily threaded program?

I using an Amazon EC2 server small instance and by default it allows 382 threads per process. However, I wish to run 10,000 threads in a single process. Recently, I learned that this can be done by ...
2
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0answers
390 views

Odd Inode/Ram cache drops happening in CentOS

I run a CentOS 5.7 machine (64bit) with 24GB ram and 4x SAS drives in RAID10 setup. This machine runs nginx/1.0.10, php-fpm & xcache. About a month back the RAM usage of this machine has changed. ...
7
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1answer
4k views

getrusage system call: what is “maximum resident set size”

man getrusage 2 says ru_maxrss (since Linux 2.6.32) This is the maximum resident set size used (in kilobytes). For RUSAGE_CHILDREN, this is the resident set size of the largest ...
2
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1answer
102 views

application to see the cpu architecture in a figure

I remember there was an application that showed, in the console, or in a simple picture, the memory architecture of the system: what caches were shared by which processors, etc. but I can't remember ...
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0answers
173 views

Need good ideas about improving any Linux service [closed]

I have a project assigned to me by OS teacher to choose any Linux service and improve it. Currently I am totally blank in this. I am not sure which service should I use which can easily be implemented ...
6
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3answers
5k views

What is the formula to determine how much memory a socket consumes under Linux?

I'm doing some capacity planning and I was wondering if there is a formula that I could use to predict (from a memory standpoint) how many TCP connections I could handle on my server. At the moment, ...
7
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1answer
5k views

Why does Linux show both more and less memory than I physically have installed?

I know about swap - this question isn't about that. In dmesg, the Linux (x86-64) kernel tells me this about how much memory I have: [ 0.000000] Memory: 3890880k/4915200k available (6073k kernel ...
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1answer
445 views

Impossible pmap results

Nautilus is taking up 450 MiB according to System Monitor (Ubuntu 10.04). $pmap <PID of Nautilus> ... total 1578276K Is pmap reporting 1.5 GiB of memory here? I'm trying to find out ...
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3answers
739 views

Is there a way to tell the system to keep a folder to reside in memory?

I'm developing a Java EE web application and I'm trying to speed up the testing process. To do so I was wondering if there is a way to tell the system to keep my build folder in system memory?
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2answers
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How to limit available virtual memory per process

Occasionally some processes on my GNU/Linux desktop (such as gv and gnash) use up the physical memory and cause thrashing. Since these processes aren't important, I want them to be automatically ...
8
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1answer
3k views

System hanging when it runs out of memory

I've got an eeePC 900a: it has a 8GB flash as disk and only 1GB of RAM. The Linux distribution installed on it is ArchLinux. When the system runs out of memory it becomes extremely unresponsive: it ...