In computing, memory refers to the state information of a computing system, as it is kept active in some physical structure.

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Linux and x32-ABI - How to use?

Intro I just moved to a 64bit installation and I'm experiencing big difference in memory usage ( especially for app like chrome, firefox, mysql and java apps ): While before 4gb were enough now ...
0
votes
1answer
112 views

What happens to the files when they are being decrypted?

I have the server's webroot directory mounted on a partition which is being protected with LUKS encryption. I want to know what happens to the files within when that partition is being decrypted. Does ...
2
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0answers
149 views

Automatically memtest and then boot

Is there some way to reboot server, so it runs memtest (say, 1 or 2 passes) and then reboots back to Linux and writes report to some log? This feature in Windows Server 2012 helped me to diagnose bad ...
12
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3answers
4k views

On system memory… specifically the difference between `tmpfs,` `shm,` and `hugepages…`

I've been curious lately about the various Linux kernel memory based filesystems. Note: As far as I'm concerned, the questions below should be considered more or less optional when compared with a ...
1
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0answers
30 views

About the usage of Memory in a linux server [duplicate]

I find my server's memory usage is so high, part of the output of command free is shown below: total used free shared buffers cached Mem: 82446460 81961412 ...
5
votes
1answer
19k views

How to dump memory image from linux system?

I know to dump memory images in Window. (eg-dumpit) But I don't know how to dump memory images in Linux. I wanna get memory images in Linux and from linux to linux with ssh connection or something. ...
3
votes
1answer
48 views

program executing for 2 days

I have a java program which implements the Hungarian algorithm. I made changes to the existing code in such a way that the input is read from file. I have a pretty huge input around 32,000 rows for ...
9
votes
8answers
5k views

cron Vs. sleep - which is the better one in terms of efficient cpu/memory utilization?

The Case: I need to run some commands/script at certain intervals of time and for this I have two options - 1. set up a cron-job or, 2. implement a loop with sleep in the script itself. Question: ...
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0answers
29 views

Set memory allocation for applications in Ubuntu [duplicate]

I have an application running under Ubuntu that tries to consume all available memory. Is there a way to specify and restrict the allocations available for a given application?
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0answers
469 views

How to cause memory fragmentation on a Linux based embedded device?

Hardware ARM What am I trying to do: Answer: I am trying to create memory fragmentation on a Linux 2.6.31 based swapless embedded device. Why: Answer:I am trying to port some patches to Linux ...
2
votes
0answers
139 views

Why does the kernel boot faster with less memory allocated?

This is not a important question, I'm just curious. Something strange happened, which isn't quiet clear to me: In the kernel command line, the amount of the memory can be set statically with the ...
4
votes
3answers
386 views

What happens in UNIX/Linux when a program is bigger then size of memory?

I was wondering how embedded systems are able run programs bigger than the size of memory. If I had 1 GB of memory and the program was 1.5 GB, would the program load? Are there systems that only use ...
3
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2answers
2k views

Are limits in linux (like those controlled by ulimit or /etc/security/limits.conf) per user or per user per process?

I saw three copies of a process running and one of them cored in what seems like memory issue. Each individually occupies about 3-4 GB of memory..would a limit account for killing one of them? And if ...
21
votes
1answer
15k views

What is maximum RAM supportable by Linux?

What is the maximum supportable RAM by Linux? Assume that hardware is/supports 64-bit. Among all Linux distros. Does it go up to 16 exabytes, or is it limited like with Windows which I believe is 192 ...
20
votes
1answer
9k views

Loading of shared libraries and RAM usage

I'm wondering about the way Linux manages shared libraries. (actually I'm talking about Maemo Fremantle, a Debian-based distro released in 2009 running on 256MB RAM). Let's assume we have two ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

Optimised ZFS in low RAM environment feasibility?

I am currently setting up a file server and have come to the point of actually setting up the data drives. The system has 4 drives (one OS disk, 3 data disks). The OS disk is formatted as ext4 and ...
0
votes
1answer
329 views

mdadm large memory consumption [closed]

I am building a RAID 6 with mdadm (8 WD Red 3 Tb) on Ubuntu 13.10x64 server with ext4 filesystem. When I download torrent on the array, server RAM is filled for maximum cap (8 Gb) memory is free when ...
7
votes
2answers
6k views

How to remove cache device from bcache?

I believe, that once I made sure my cache device state is "clean": $ sudo cat /sys/block/bcache0/bcache/state I can just physically remove it from the machine when it is powered off or boot with ...
1
vote
0answers
1k views

dovecot. Can't allocate memory, but free -m show available memory

I trying to send mail with PHP (engine - Drupal). But it can't send mail and write message about it in to log (nothing more that adressed). Part of /var/log/mail.err : Feb 14 19:55:30 hivede13-3220 ...
7
votes
3answers
7k views

How to reduce ClamAV memory usage?

I'm running a Ubuntu based web server (Apache, MySQL) on a 512MB VPS. This is more than sufficient for the website it is running (small forum). As I wanted to add some protection against viruses I ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Why does MemTotal in /proc/meminfo change?

I monitor value from /proc/meminfo file, namely the MemTotal: number. It changes if a ram module breaks, roughly by size of the memory module - this is obvious. I know the definition for the field ...
1
vote
1answer
8k views

What's exactly Compile time, Load time, and Execution time? [closed]

It's said, Compile time -- When it is known at compile time where the process will reside, compile time binding is used to generate the absolute code. Here I'm not sure what is the absolute code? ...
0
votes
1answer
311 views

Preventing a new instance of a program to open when calling it

My problem is with FBI (frame buffer image viewer) for Linux, but my question and any answers are perhaps applicable to more than only that program. I don't know. Anyway… While things are loading on ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Amount of memory transfer on a running Linux

Can I determinate the amount of RAM exchange (between the CPU and the RAM) on a running Linux system? I'm not looking for the max RAM speed (then memtest would be valid answer). I'm looking for the ...
0
votes
1answer
940 views

Java/malloc memory corruption error when running SDK Android Manager

I want to install Android SDK, so I manually installed Java JDK 7u51, downloaded SDK ADT bundle for Linux x64, and tried to run it. When I run android, the SDK manager windows hangs halfway through ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Is this method safe or recommended for moving a /home directory?

I have my linux install on a small disk. I want to put the home directory on a different hard-drive. I was thinking of using this and then this. Would this work? Is there a better way? Should I just ...
0
votes
1answer
402 views

Is there something wrong with df output? [duplicate]

I'm using the command df -h to check disk usage on CentOS 6.4. I see an inconsistency with the output. look at the line Filesystem: total 490Gb, used 55Gb, and Available 411Gb. What is it mean? I ...
2
votes
2answers
33k views

Memory usage on SunOS and Linux

I have some doubts with memory usage. Currently I have nagios check who measures used memory from free -m command on Linux. I added another script for memory usage from ...
4
votes
1answer
714 views

Why do the data and code segments completely overlap in Linux?

Context: I'm reading "Understanding the Linux kernel, 3d ed", which uses the 2.6.11 kernel. Question: As I understand, the physical address is obtained by translating the linear address, which is ...
1
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0answers
54 views

memory consumption alert

My VPS has reported a memory consumption alert says reached 273% and I cannot access any of my sites. But I checked on the terminal today and it does not look like a memory problem. Am I correct in ...
-2
votes
1answer
121 views

Loading a kernel driver to a specific memory address

How can I load a kernel driver at a specific memory address? How could it be done with the following methods? commands/scripts like insmod or modprobe using C code (not sure if there may exist ...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

Is it possible to find the physical address range of a DIMM?

I note that SMBios Type 20 would help here, but it's optional as of version 2.5 (2006-09-05) pp. 25, L796, and pp. 131, whereas types 16, 17 and 19 are mandatory, but don't quite help. Physical ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Worker MPM or Prefork?

I understand that there is a comparison topic between the two modules but this is different. I was contacting cPanel support in order to help me freeing up some memory usage on the VPS. They found ...
1
vote
3answers
3k views

Linux empty buffer cache command permission denied

I'm using the following commands to flush cache: # sync; echo 3 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches # sync; echo 2 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches # sync; echo 1 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches When I use ...
2
votes
2answers
70 views

Securely viewing an encrypted file

I have a file that is gpg encrypted. I would like to view the content of the file, but leave no trace of the output. Lets say for example that the encrypted file has some passwords, and I don't want ...
1
vote
1answer
757 views

How to see buffered and cached data

~$ free total used free shared buffers cached Mem: 3891076 1044972 2846104 0 82744 463876 -/+ buffers/cache: 498352 3392724 ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

How can I find the amount of memory consumed by a process?

How can I find the amount of main memory consumed by a process using ps aux? I have a process which runs for half an hour. Is it possible to find the maximum amount of main memory consumed by it ...
61
votes
6answers
60k views

How to display meminfo in megabytes in top?

Sometimes it is not comfortable to see meminfo in kilobytes while you have several gigs of RAM. In Linux it looks like that: And here is how it looks in Mac OS X: Is there a way to display ...
9
votes
1answer
8k views

The meaning of output of pmap

I wrote main.c in Linux: int main() { while (1){} } When I compile and start it, I can pmap it: # pmap 28578 28578: ./a.out 0000000000400000 4K r-x-- /root/a.out 0000000000600000 4K ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

HDD indicator blinks when I run out of memory, but I have no swap configured [duplicate]

I'm running Arch Linux, with 8 GB memory and no swap defined. Sometimes it ran out of memory, then my system get a little bit stuck, and I can see the HDD indicator blinking. Then I restart X, which ...
3
votes
2answers
307 views

Linux-swap on reboot

I'm wondering what actually happens to a Linux-swap partition reboot. I've been taking a course in computer organization and while installing/partitioning a new drive I became rather curious about ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

How to create memory-based disk in linux? [duplicate]

I need to have a very fast disk for keeping cache. How can I do that in Linux?
1
vote
1answer
124 views

Limiting processes by memory under Linux

We must launch several hungry processes on a Linux system. These processes often need several Go (~5Go) of memory to run (total memory: 16Go RAM + 2Go swap). At first, when the system was running ...
2
votes
0answers
792 views

CentOS memory allocation

I was running my VPS with CentOS on 1G memory, but I saw the memory was getting "full" so I had 1G extra installed. This VPS is one I rent at a hosting company. That company did most of the ...
2
votes
0answers
383 views

Writing to Arbitrary Memory Addresses [closed]

I'm reading "Art of Exploitation 2nd Ed." and I have a question regarding a section on format string attacks. Target program Below code (fmt_vuln.c) is a target program. #include <stdio.h> ...
1
vote
2answers
500 views

Swap bash script pins htop's memory usage

I deployed a hack to add swap space to a VPS that otherwise didn't allow me to use swapon to create a file. Prior to adding and executing the script, I followed the steps outlined here. and ...
106
votes
12answers
59k views

How to fill 90% of the free memory?

I want to do some low-resources testing and for that I need to have 90% of the free memory full. How can I do this on a *nix system?
2
votes
2answers
2k views

lsof - debug the output information

I was going through the questions of this site. In this particular question, I see the command lsof being used to list the files that are open for a particular user. I ran the below command in my ...
4
votes
2answers
821 views

Spike in swap utilisation without high swap rate

Every Saturday, for reasons unknown to me, one of my servers experiences a spike in swap utilisation. It's not necessarily a problem as there is plenty of free memory available, but I'd still like to ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Know when a memory address is aligned or unaligned

Im getting kernel oops because ppp driver is trying to access to unaligned address (there is a pointer pointing to unaligned address). Im not sure about the meaning of unaligned address. It means not ...