In computing, memory refers to the state information of a computing system, as it is kept active in some physical structure.

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Memory consumption over variable period of time

There are a number of questions on this StackExchange about memory consumption, notably: How to check which process is using most memory How to display top results sorted by memory usage in real ...
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Linux / JVM - OutOfMemoryError: unable to create new native thread

I have a memory problem with a Linux server (CentOS). It is a VM. Below is the context. It has 70Gb of RAM. There are 2 tomcat running on it. One tomcat is given a heap of 13Gb and the other one a ...
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Portable way to parse /proc/meminfo

I'm having trouble finding a generic code that work, here, for both CentOS 5/6 and CentOS 7 versions pc the /proc/meminfo file. I Want to compute the "Real Used memory" like free does. (amounts ...
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Dump XEN guest memory image

I am new into memory forensics thing and I am trying to dump a memory image from a XEN guest (Ubuntu 12.04 x64 - domU) in order to analyze it on dom0 (Ubuntu server 12.04 x64) with volatility . For ...
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Bash session errors on commands: “fork: Cannot allocate memory”

I have a bash session open to a remote server and something is wrong. I created a directory "test" and touched the files inside touch 1 2 3 4 5. I then tried to copy the directory cp test/ test2/ and ...
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106 views

Storage allocator out of space error on unix shell script

While running the script called abc.sh, following errors are thrown. abc.sh: line 226: storage allocator out of space on 64946176 byte request ( region 64329285632 segments 1981 busy ...
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49 views

Cached Memory but swap is being used [duplicate]

I've got a VM with 16gb of memory and recently it's been using some of the swap space. At first I thought this was because it was using all the memory but then I read some articles about the Cached ...
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48 views

Is there a brief way to view the top resource usage(CPU, memory or even bandwidth) of a program after its running?

I know I can use top to view the overall real-time CPU & Memory usage, and nload for overall real-time bandwidth usage. But I wish to view the maximum(or average) CPU, Memory, & bandwidth ...
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252 views

Shared library mappings in /proc/pid/maps

Why does /proc/pid/maps contain a few records for the same library ? Here is an example: 7fae7db9f000-7fae7dc8f000 r-xp 00000000 08:05 536861 ...
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Constant 60KB Shared library memory on /proc/<pid>/maps [duplicate]

In a quest for understanding RAM requirements of system processes, I arrived to analysis of /proc/pid/maps. I have noticed a pattern: many shared libraries have exactly 60KB space allocated in their ...
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963 views

Fastest `uniq` tool in linux

I have large text file (1.5 G), I want to know what the fastest and more reliable tool in linux is. I usualy use: awk '!x[$0]++' file.txt But when I use htop command I see my memory usage is ...
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25 views

upstart jobs - privileged vs unprivileged

On one of my VMs, some upstart jobs were failing, and when I checked df, showed that I had run out of disk-space (Use% was 100 on /dev/sda1). What I did not get is: the jobs which were running with ...
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Bash script that automatically kills processes when CPU/memory usage gets too high

I have created a script that kills processes if CPU and/or memory usage hits 80%. It creates a list of killed processes when this happens. What can I do to improve it? while [ 1 ]; do echo echo ...
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1answer
66 views

Why is IO so high when almost out of memory

On my work laptop with an SSD and no swap, I sometimes run out of memory when running RAM-expensive applications (virtual machine, etc). When that happens, the system becomes slow (expected) but what ...
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1answer
210 views

Memory usage of a given process (using Linux proc filesystem)

I want to know which files from /proc directory and which fields of these files I need to calculate the memory usage of a given pid. I've been using the "stat" file and the "vsize" parameter that is ...
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576 views

Does Linux have ways to cache IO with memory

My server has a large amount of memory. However, the amount of IO (each of which is small) is very high. Is there a way to make a virtual drive out of portion of the memory? I realize I can also use ...
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5k views

Mathematical connection between SZ RSS and VSZ in ps o/p?

I wanted to know what mathematical connection is there between the SZ, RSS and VSZ output in ps output e.g. ps -p 2363 -o sz,rss,vsz
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How do see the memory used by a program in ubuntu?

How can I see the raw memory data used by an application ? Like , suppose I have a file name something.sh . Now I run the command ./something.sh , and then I want see all the data its accessing in ram ...
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How to troubleshoot High VIRT and RES memory on a Standby Server

We currently run TIBCO EMS on our RHEL6 servers, it is Active-Passive setup, for some reason we are seeing a really high VIRT and RES usage by the standby instance (approx 198GB). The application ...
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1answer
29 views

tstime and memory usage

So I am interested in measuring the high-water memory usage of a process. I would love to be able to use tstime but am having troubles figuring it out. Does it work in Unix? When I go to ...
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2answers
380 views

Memory usage of an infinitely looping shell script

So, I have a shell script for updating a MySQL database that looks something like this: #!/bin/sh mysql -h "localhost" -u "root" "-p********" "database" < "update.sql" sleep 5 sh $0 It sleeps ...
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314 views

Physical Address Extension - how do virtual addresses work?

I'm running Debian Linux. uname -m says i686 which means 32-bit architecture machine with pae flag enabled. getconf LONG_BIT is 32. Installed RAM capacity is 6GB. My /proc/cpuinfo has an entry ...
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Why process is killed while a lot of memory is free?

I am running a python script in ipython. This script will take about 8GB RAM. The system has more than 80 GB free RAM but the swap is nearly 0. My script was killed after it runned for a while. I want ...
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1answer
43 views

Can I trust in memory information of dmicode?

I want to buy 16gb memory for my notebook. I ran dmicode and found this information: Handle 0x0005, DMI type 5, 20 bytes Memory Controller Information Error Detecting Method: None ...
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/proc filesystem - getting useful information

I'm trying to understand the values in /proc/PID/status. I want to calculate cpu% & mem% used by PID, similar to top bash command. For Memory percentage usage I can do the following (correct me ...
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147 views

Resource (CPU time and memory) limitation and termination of a process upon violation in Linux

The problem: Given a process, limit the resources it and its child-processes can use. I.e. set CPU time and virtual memory quotas. When the process group exceeds one of the limits, terminate it, ...
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129 views

What does Linux spend memory on other than userland, caches and slab?

I have a system with 1 GB of physical RAM. Right now, free shows the following memory usage: total used free shared buffers cached Mem: 1026360 863660 ...
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Which process wrote to which memory address? [closed]

Recently, I've been seeing a wide variety of memory-related crashes at work (C++ applications on Ubuntu 14.04). Our applications use a properietary third party library to interface with real time data ...
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1answer
164 views

How to find the page size of physical memories from userspace?

I want to understand the page size, sector size, block size (if applicable) of a usb flash drive. Is there a way for me to inspect those with Ubuntu? mount /dev/sda1 /mnt ? umount /dev/sda1 Edit ...
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Is High Virtual Memory usage a problem or may cause problems?

In our server, we have a python based code that listen ports. The amount of Virtual Memory it uses is increased greatly with time Like: USER PID %CPU %MEM VSZ RSS TTY STAT ...
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Do I need swap space if I have more than enough amount of RAM?

From what I understand, the purpose of a swap partition in Linux is to free up some "not as frequently accessed" information from RAM and move it to a specific partition on your harddrive (at the cost ...
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140 views

How do I forbid access to physical memory in Linux?

I'm on an embedded system (Zynq from Xilinx. It uses ARMv7, Cortex-A9), and running Linux. I need to ensure that no access to a certain physical memory range is ever made, either accidentally by the ...
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What is kswapd_low_wmark_hit_quickly from /proc/vmstat

What does this parameter mean? # cat /proc/vmstat | grep low kswapd_low_wmark_hit_quickly 2
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Page Fault Frequency Algorithm - Compute number of frames and mean resident set

I'm reading about Page Fault Frequency algorithm but I don't understand how can I compute the number of frames. For example I have my reference string: 112233444412412214432255543 and control ...
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1answer
79 views

Substantial portion of memory used is not accounted for by user processes

I recently installed a copy of Ubuntu Server 14.04.2 LTS on a cluster. All appears to be working fine, but a large portion (around half) of our total available RAM is being used. I.e., when I run ...
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288 views

Does anyone actually use and benefit from transparent huge pages?

I've been struggling with transparent huge pages performance issues of late, and noticed many database systems recommend turning it off. I am talking Oracle, Postgresql, MySQL, Cassandra, NuoDB, ...
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How to mount a dd-image which was created via fmem (memory dump tool)

I'm quite new to Linux. I've used the tool fmem for creating a memory dump dd-file. That works fine. But how can I access this image? I've tried it with mount but it says I have to specify a ...
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90 views

How to determine the memory usage of a single process?

There a few helpful scripts out there, which give some useful information. But I would like to calculate those values myself. I am interested in values like USS and PSS. I already had my first attempt ...
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Sum the memory usages of all the processes of a program?

How can we sum the memory usages of all the processes of a program? For example, I have opened many Chrome tabs for webpages, and each tab runs a different process. How can I get the total sum of ...
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312 views

Process Being Killed due to low swap

I'm running a python (2.7) script on mac osx yosemite. The script is fairly computationally intensive, certainly bumping up against my machine's RAM limitations. The computer crashes and restarts ...
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164 views

What unit is used for the memory values from top command in Linux?

I have the following snippet shown as my top command output. One real quick question here being, the values of Mem are shown in what granularity? Are they the number of bytes? Mem: 8191488k total, ...
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317 views

Linux Mint 64 bit eating ram

I have a Mint 17.1 install. It has 2x2Gb memory sticks. I have verified this with sudo dmidecode --type memory. My problem is that I don't see all the memory I expect.I would expect 4194304 kB. (i.e. ...
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Memory utiization

I use free -m to check memory status. In this pic we see total used & memory. I want the result in %. Like Used memory - total memory x by 100. And whenever I want to check the memory status, it ...
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3answers
3k views

How to calculate the memory consumed by a “C” program in linux

I have written two C programmes one is using function pointer, and the other without function pointer. Now i want to know the memory consumed by the two programmes , to see how memory can ...
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342 views

Java process gets killed frequently by OOM - Killer on upgraded hardware

I am running solr on an Ubuntu server along with 4 other java processes. Current index size is 30 GB. My solr process gets killed frequently in few hours. It clearly mentions that its an OOM killer. I ...
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139 views

/dev/mapper/vg00-var maxing out

Over the past few years we have had multiple Linux servers have the same problem time and time again: our /dev/mapper/vg00-var folder maxes out at 100%, which means all sites on the server die. We ...
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295 views

CRON Job To Execute Command On Low Memory

I have a situation where I may need to execute an SAP command line tool hdbsql when memory gets too low (to help clean out the HANA table cache). I'm not well versed in Unix/Linux, and was wondering ...
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189 views

Kill the process and restart server when memory is exceeded - bash and cron

I have a site on webfaction, using django and python. However, I have problem with memory. The problem arises, because I use external library, that can run forever (consuming much time and memory). ...
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How to recover data after memory module errors [duplicate]

My linux PC has suffered the occasional application crash, desktop crash, and kernal panic over the last few months. I also started noticing error dialogs on login, and some parts of the desktop do ...
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1answer
169 views

Linux doesn't drop FS Caches. Instead Memory starts Swapping

I'm quite confused about this behaviour of linux memory caching. total used free shared buffers cached Mem: 15953 14188 1765 64 ...