In computing, memory refers to the state information of a computing system, as it is kept active in some physical structure.

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Opening files of size larger than RAM, no swap used.

I found myself asking this question while doing small experiments and reading upon how memory is managed in Linux. I have a 64-bit Centos 6.5 machine with 512M RAM and 1G SWAP. I created a 1GB file ...
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335 views

How do you track memory usage in a ksh93 script

We have a number of ksh scripts that run forever (inside a while loop), or at least until a shutdown event is delivered to them. We had a project where these scripts where converted to ksh93 (and ...
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AIX Memory Limits

I cannot find these numbers anywhere on the IBM Web site or even random blogs that Google finds. Questions What is the maximum physical memory size a POWER7 CPU supports? What is the maximum ...
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How to force Linux kernel to “freeze” (or nearly freeze) for a few hundred milliseconds

We are running a real-time process on a non real-time kernel (CentOS 6), and this is probably not going to change. We have a streaming video application that requires about 500 MB/s of PCIe traffic ...
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Why can't I see my file in RAM?

In nano, I created a simple text file named 'blue_pink_red_orange_green' with the following contents: red blue orange green pink I then opened the file again and did: sudo strings /dev/mem | ...
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Zone Normal range in system with 4G RAM

I have a 4GB RAM in my system. Following is my BIOS provided RAM map. [ 0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x0000000000000000-0x000000000009d7ff] usable [ 0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem ...
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264 views

Is Inactive memory related to the Commited but unused?

From the Linux procfs documentation: Active: Memory that has been used more recently and usually not reclaimed unless absolutely necessary. Inactive: Memory which has been ...
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667 views

Using only 3.3GB but I have 8GB RAM even on Ubuntu 14.04 64bit

I have 2x 4GB(8GB) RAM installed on my motherboard and BIOS/UEFI can confirm it, but on Ubuntu 14.04 64bit only has 3424776kB or 3.266120911GB. uname -a returns: 3.13.0-36-generic #63-Ubuntu SMP Wed ...
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How to monitor RAM ECC errors on Ivy Bridge Xeon E3 processor in Linux?

How can I monitor if there are any errors in RAM that get corrected by ECC? The processor is an Intel Xeon (Ivy Bridge) processor, the operating system is Scientific Linux 6.3. On a previous system I ...
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79 views

How to get a procesess's actual memory usage (including data in swap)

I'm trying to check how much memory strain a process is actually putting on the system, but ps, top and friends are almost useless for that purpose as they only report 3 statistics: RES - the ...
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«nm» shows zero VMA: where is the symbol will be mapped?

I am look at the functions of my compiled application via «nm» — I need to find an address to set a breakpoint to the «send()» function. The problem is that this function accordingly to «nm»'s output ...
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Reserve fixed RAM memory region as a block device ( with a given start physical address)

There have been a lot of questions about RAM Disks and I am aware of ramfs and tmpfs which allow the use of ram as a block device. However my interest is in using a fixed memory address range as a ...
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51 views

benefits of huge pages on a laptop/desktop

I have read about huge pages and its the (potential) benefits. However, I am still confused whether this is mostly beneficial on a server with lots of RAM, or if it can be advantageous on a ...
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274 views

Centos 6.5 only using 24GB/48GB of memory

I recently installed an additional 32GB of memory in my Dell PowerEdge R900 home virtual machine server. Memory check passed and I booted into CentOS. When I opened the Virtual machine manager and ...
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620 views

Viewing virtual memory usage

I started 700+ threads from a single program And my /proc/[PID]/status file shows the following output. VmPeak: 7228104 kB VmSize: 7228104 kB VmLck: 0 kB VmHWM: 3456 kB VmRSS: ...
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176 views

How to get the Physical memory usage in Solaris using commandline

I need to show physical memory statistics in Solaris, like total memory, used and free memory. Don't want to create a script, so is it possible to get all these details using commandline only?
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89 views

Fedora 20 memory.limit_in_bytes not working

Fedora 29 (kernel 3.15.10-201.fc20.x86_64) This worked in F19. I'm trying to use cgroups to limit memory usage for some apps that are prone to misbehaviour, and I'm encountering problems. I'm ...
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How fast is a process reading/writting virtual memory?

So, we have top, htop, iotop, iostat, vmstat, etc, to measure many different things on Linux, but how can one measure how much MB/s a process is reading and writting to/from RAM, i.e., virtual memory? ...
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80 views

Find something that is occupying lots of memory and not visible in `ps` or similar

I have a VM that's having memory issues. One of the tasks I'd like to run in it is crashing with out-of-memory errors. However, when it crashes, the system still stays memory starved. I'm not sure if ...
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1answer
185 views

Dirty in /proc/meminfo for dd

I read from here that the below command gives me the amount of data that needs to be written to the disk. grep ^Dirty /proc/meminfo It particularly says Ever ask yourself "How much data would be ...
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990 views

How OOM killer decides which process to kill first?

This answer explains the actions taken by the kernel when an OOM situation is encountered based on the value of sysctl vm.overcommit_memory. When overcommit_memory is set to 0 or 1, overcommit is ...
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RHEL 5 Server running with 8 core. Load is always 0 or 1. but RAM (8GB) always occupied

I am seeing load is 0 or 1 since a few weeks on my RHEL5 server with 8 cores. But RAM always fully occupied. I am trying to debug the issue. How can we diagnose where memory is going?
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How to increase the memory used by Java in linux?

I have a program Vuze that is written in Java, which I use to download very large files, and I'm having a problem with it. I need to increase the amount of memory it uses. I've followed the directions ...
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Limit memory usage for a single Linux process

I'm running pdftoppm to convert a user-provided PDF into a 300DPI image. This works great, except if the user provides an PDF with a very large page size. pdftoppm will allocate enough memory to ...
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51 views

Memory usage stays high after compilation jobs

I am operating a small Linux VM with 1Gb of RAM. It is a fairly typical LAMP setup which takes about 16% of memory on normal usage I used the box to compile stuff yesterday, the memory went up to 60% ...
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how to limit dma address to specific range in linux kernel?

I want to limit the dma address the device can access to 0x0100_0000~0x03ff_ffff. But I don't know how to set the dma_mask and coherent_dma_mask. It's easy to set the "dma mask" for a range start ...
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267 views

How to compare usage of memory by Window Managers?

I'd like to test a few window managers to see which of them takes less memory and CPU in certain time period (so is better choice for older computers). I'd like to make the tests myself (not to read a ...
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2answers
756 views

find out the memory allocated for a particular process in ubuntu

Could anyone please tell me how to find out the memory allocated for a particular process in ubuntu?
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88 views

Swap appears to not be in use

(I am currently using Ubuntu 14.04 LTS, GNOME environment) tl;dr How can I force more memory swapping (swappiness already at 100)? I have recently been experiencing a lot of system freezes/crashes. ...
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120 views

Lots of free memory, but Java won't start (SunOS 5.10)

vmstat gives: swap free 37489684 110178592 Still I have issues, while trying to run Java process with 10g heap: > java -Xmx10g -Xms10g -d64 HelloWorldApp Error occurred during ...
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37 views

Reserve memory for a program

Is it at all possible to set aside say 50MB of memory so that in an emergency where something uses all my memory or loads the CPU I could open a terminal, find the offending process, and kill it?
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How to get free memory on AIX?

How can I see the free memory on an AIX? There is no free -m under it. AIX oslevel: 6100-03-03-0943
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Memory allocation for sparse array in awk

I have searched but didnt reach to any conclusion that when i defined an sparse array does it reserve all the contiguous memory upto maximum index or it allocate the memory at that particular index ...
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Is there a tool that allows logging of memory usage?

I want to monitor memory usage of a process, and I want this data to be logged. Does such a tool exist?
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4answers
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How to display meminfo in megabytes in top?

Sometimes it is not comfortable to see meminfo in kilobytes while you have several gigs of RAM. In Linux it looks like that: And here is how it looks in Mac OS X: Is there a way to display ...
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Inexplicable high memory usage (apparently not caused by programs, buffers, cache, or slab cache)

I've got a server that claims 1.7 of its 2 GB of RAM are used, but the combined memory usage of the running processes doesn't come anywhere near that figure: $ free -m total used ...
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How to find Heap memory of a running process? [duplicate]

I would like to know how to find the heap memory of a process that is running in the background. Is there any command that allows such?
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2answers
93 views

Use/See whole the flash memory space

When we bought a N Giga Byte flash memory, the free space that the OS provide for us, is less than N GigaBytes. For example, for a 2 GB flash memory, total space that we can use, is 1.86 GB. As far ...
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Is there anything in RHEL 6.5 that would affect I/O speed for something <24K vs >24K?

Generally, transactions for my app of setting and getting data internally are measured in a couple of millis. However, over 24K in size, that time can jump to just over 100 millis. Is there anything ...
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Defragging RAM / OOM failure

This question is fairly lengthy, so I'll ask the questions at the top and then go through my method of coming to the questions: Did (Busybox based) rm not execute because there wasn't enough ...
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1answer
84 views

Fastest and Safest way to increase Swap Space on Scientific Linux

Memory Swap Ratio Company System Today, a monitoring system indicated that one of the systems in the company has run out of memory. Executing htop on this system indicated that the Memory was nearly ...
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Why does Linux only see 3832MB of my 4096MB of RAM?

I am setting up a lot of 64-bit RedHat VMs (VMware vSphere) for our development department in my company. Most of them start with 4096MB of RAM, but Linux only seems to recognize 3832MB. Can anyone ...
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73 views

How to prevent certain memory location to be accessed [duplicate]

I have 2 corrupted RAM module, on offset: 46xx MB and 13xxx MB (from memtest on boot) How to prevent Linux to access/alloc/read/write into those offset? Here's the result of memtester on ~1000 MB to ...
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1answer
44 views

How can I tell if lack of memory is causing these crashes?

I have a tornado web server running a flask application that connects to a postgres 9.3 database on an ubuntu 12.04 box. The application has been crashing intermittently and I am trying to understand ...
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1answer
341 views

Real vs Actual memory in Xymon/Hobbit

What is the difference between real and actual memory usage in xymon ?
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227 views

How to enable swap accounting for memory cgroup in Archlinux?

On my Archlinux box I want to limit some applications to a smaller amount of memory using cgroups. Since I use swap, I need to account memory+swap. How can I enable swap accounting?
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What are the positions in `free` called?

I am trying to compare the output of free with the output of sar -r: # sar -r 12:00:01 AM kbmemfree kbmemused %memused kbbuffers kbcached kbcommit %commit 12:10:01 AM 629756 65293976 ...
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What does the vm.swappiness parameter really control?

Per the kernel documentation: This control is used to define how aggressive the kernel will swap memory pages. Higher values will increase aggressiveness, lower values decrease the amount of swap. ...
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4answers
684 views

How much RAM needed for preventing use swap?

At my system always available some "Free" and "Inactive" memory, but sometimes system move couple megabytes to swap. Per night it maybe around 100MB, but for a few days in swap could be more than ...
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Why does Android crash when stressed on Memory where as GNU-Linux keeps running?

I have two devices, an Android phone with an eGlibC stack running side by side with Bionic, and an old HP tower with Debian. My HP tower has 512 MB of RAM. My phone has 2GB of RAM. I run top on ...