In computing, memory refers to the state information of a computing system, as it is kept active in some physical structure.

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Memory Required for SSH-only Linux Setup

I am attempting to set up a minimal Debian or CentOS installation for internal network access. The purpose of the setup will be to allow SSH access into the rest of the internal network—that's it. It ...
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Why does saving a KVM-QEMU VM requires additional memory?

I have three VMs running on Red Hat Enterprise Linux with 8 GB RAM, each of the VMs has 3 GB allocated, and I also run a 512 MB VM. If we also consider the guest OS's memory usage (usually 1.5 GB due ...
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Increasing ulimit stack size benefits?

Hello I'm new in Linux and at my work I have a server that runs a banking software. The company that made the software said that the stack size should be set to unlimited. Does this make the software ...
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3answers
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Memory consumption Fail2Ban CentOS

Fail2Ban is using a huge amount of memory on my system (1.2 GB). There are several articles which describe how to reduce it. Below is an example for Debian. append the 1ulimit1 command to ...
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7answers
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Correctly determining memory usage in Linux

I'm a bit confused on some of the results I am seeing from "ps" and "free". On my server, this is the result of "free -m" [root@server ~]# free -m total used free shared ...
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On system memory… specifically the difference between `tmpfs,` `shm,` and `hugepages…`

I've been curious lately about the various Linux kernel memory based filesystems. Note: As far as I'm concerned, the questions below should be considered more or less optional when compared with a ...
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1answer
84 views

What is being cached?

I have an embedded system with a low amount of memory. The system has allocation issues. Maybe due to fragmentation: Memory allocation issue on NOMMU? The platform is a NOMMU platform and so I suspect ...
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2answers
195 views

How to monitor use of Huge Pages per process

I'm trying to determine which process is using a large number of Huge Pages, but I can't find a simple Linux command (like top) to view the Huge Page usage. The best I could find was $ cat ...
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2answers
110 views

Less resource hungry alternative for piping `cat` into gzip for huge files

I have some files of which some are very large (like several GB), which I need to concatenate to one big file and then zip it, so something like this: cat file1 file2 file3 file4 | gzip > ...
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100 views

About mem and vmem

I am working with a cluster machine running under linux. I have a shell script that uses mpirun to submit my jobs to the cluster machine. In that same script, I can choose the number of nodes that ...
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103 views

List all files that are present in the cache

This question answers to the question on how to find the what is part of cache. However, in the fincore executable you have to pass the filename to check if it is part of cache. Is there a tools or a ...
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58 views

Linux server Cpu,memory,swap,run que value to display in percentage

how to write a script to get a linux server below details: CPU |Memory |Swap |Run Queue Peak(%) Relative Avg(%)|Peak(%) Relative Avg(%) ...
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521 views

Swap space not used

I recently installed Debian 6.0.6. Here are the machine's states: CPU - AMD XP 3000+ RAM - 1 Gig HDD - IDE 80 Gig I primarily use this machine for developing toy personal projects. When I run ...
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21 views

attaching to Unix shared segment

Can a UNIX program running as root attach to a shared memory segment created by another user with permissions allowing access only to creator?
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6answers
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How to find which processes are taking all the memory?

I'm looking for somthing like top is to CPU usage. Is there a command line argument for top that does this? Currently, my memory is so full that even 'man top' fails with out of memory :)
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2answers
78 views

Find average CPU, vMem, sMem usage on 1, 5, and 15min

I am trying to find at time T the average CPU usage on 1, 5, and 15min, just like what you get from /proc/loadavg Same thing for virtual memory, and swap memory. I would be fine with a python ...
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3answers
201 views

Actual memory usage of a process

The following are the memory usage of mysql and apache respectively on my server. As per the output of pmap say, mysql is using about 379M and apache is using 277M. [root@server ~]# pmap 10436 | ...
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108 views

Opening files of size larger than RAM, no swap used.

I found myself asking this question while doing small experiments and reading upon how memory is managed in Linux. I have a 64-bit Centos 6.5 machine with 512M RAM and 1G SWAP. I created a 1GB file ...
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1answer
347 views

How do you track memory usage in a ksh93 script

We have a number of ksh scripts that run forever (inside a while loop), or at least until a shutdown event is delivered to them. We had a project where these scripts where converted to ksh93 (and ...
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65 views

AIX Memory Limits

I cannot find these numbers anywhere on the IBM Web site or even random blogs that Google finds. Questions What is the maximum physical memory size a POWER7 CPU supports? What is the maximum ...
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329 views

How to force Linux kernel to “freeze” (or nearly freeze) for a few hundred milliseconds

We are running a real-time process on a non real-time kernel (CentOS 6), and this is probably not going to change. We have a streaming video application that requires about 500 MB/s of PCIe traffic ...
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1answer
83 views

Why can't I see my file in RAM?

In nano, I created a simple text file named 'blue_pink_red_orange_green' with the following contents: red blue orange green pink I then opened the file again and did: sudo strings /dev/mem | ...
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37 views

Zone Normal range in system with 4G RAM

I have a 4GB RAM in my system. Following is my BIOS provided RAM map. [ 0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem 0x0000000000000000-0x000000000009d7ff] usable [ 0.000000] BIOS-e820: [mem ...
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2answers
303 views

Is Inactive memory related to the Commited but unused?

From the Linux procfs documentation: Active: Memory that has been used more recently and usually not reclaimed unless absolutely necessary. Inactive: Memory which has been ...
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869 views

Using only 3.3GB but I have 8GB RAM even on Ubuntu 14.04 64bit

I have 2x 4GB(8GB) RAM installed on my motherboard and BIOS/UEFI can confirm it, but on Ubuntu 14.04 64bit only has 3424776kB or 3.266120911GB. uname -a returns: 3.13.0-36-generic #63-Ubuntu SMP Wed ...
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1answer
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How to monitor RAM ECC errors on Ivy Bridge Xeon E3 processor in Linux?

How can I monitor if there are any errors in RAM that get corrected by ECC? The processor is an Intel Xeon (Ivy Bridge) processor, the operating system is Scientific Linux 6.3. On a previous system I ...
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88 views

How to get a procesess's actual memory usage (including data in swap)

I'm trying to check how much memory strain a process is actually putting on the system, but ps, top and friends are almost useless for that purpose as they only report 3 statistics: RES - the ...
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365 views

Reserve fixed RAM memory region as a block device ( with a given start physical address)

There have been a lot of questions about RAM Disks and I am aware of ramfs and tmpfs which allow the use of ram as a block device. However my interest is in using a fixed memory address range as a ...
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1answer
57 views

benefits of huge pages on a laptop/desktop

I have read about huge pages and its the (potential) benefits. However, I am still confused whether this is mostly beneficial on a server with lots of RAM, or if it can be advantageous on a ...
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2answers
330 views

Centos 6.5 only using 24GB/48GB of memory

I recently installed an additional 32GB of memory in my Dell PowerEdge R900 home virtual machine server. Memory check passed and I booted into CentOS. When I opened the Virtual machine manager and ...
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675 views

Viewing virtual memory usage

I started 700+ threads from a single program And my /proc/[PID]/status file shows the following output. VmPeak: 7228104 kB VmSize: 7228104 kB VmLck: 0 kB VmHWM: 3456 kB VmRSS: ...
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231 views

How to get the Physical memory usage in Solaris using commandline

I need to show physical memory statistics in Solaris, like total memory, used and free memory. Don't want to create a script, so is it possible to get all these details using commandline only?
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105 views

Fedora 20 memory.limit_in_bytes not working

Fedora 29 (kernel 3.15.10-201.fc20.x86_64) This worked in F19. I'm trying to use cgroups to limit memory usage for some apps that are prone to misbehaviour, and I'm encountering problems. I'm ...
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How fast is a process reading/writting virtual memory?

So, we have top, htop, iotop, iostat, vmstat, etc, to measure many different things on Linux, but how can one measure how much MB/s a process is reading and writting to/from RAM, i.e., virtual memory? ...
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1answer
92 views

Find something that is occupying lots of memory and not visible in `ps` or similar

I have a VM that's having memory issues. One of the tasks I'd like to run in it is crashing with out-of-memory errors. However, when it crashes, the system still stays memory starved. I'm not sure if ...
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1answer
201 views

Dirty in /proc/meminfo for dd

I read from here that the below command gives me the amount of data that needs to be written to the disk. grep ^Dirty /proc/meminfo It particularly says Ever ask yourself "How much data would be ...
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How OOM killer decides which process to kill first?

This answer explains the actions taken by the kernel when an OOM situation is encountered based on the value of sysctl vm.overcommit_memory. When overcommit_memory is set to 0 or 1, overcommit is ...
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1answer
40 views

RHEL 5 Server running with 8 core. Load is always 0 or 1. but RAM (8GB) always occupied

I am seeing load is 0 or 1 since a few weeks on my RHEL5 server with 8 cores. But RAM always fully occupied. I am trying to debug the issue. How can we diagnose where memory is going?
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192 views

How to increase the memory used by Java in linux?

I have a program Vuze that is written in Java, which I use to download very large files, and I'm having a problem with it. I need to increase the amount of memory it uses. I've followed the directions ...
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Limit memory usage for a single Linux process

I'm running pdftoppm to convert a user-provided PDF into a 300DPI image. This works great, except if the user provides an PDF with a very large page size. pdftoppm will allocate enough memory to ...
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1answer
55 views

Memory usage stays high after compilation jobs

I am operating a small Linux VM with 1Gb of RAM. It is a fairly typical LAMP setup which takes about 16% of memory on normal usage I used the box to compile stuff yesterday, the memory went up to 60% ...
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how to limit dma address to specific range in linux kernel?

I want to limit the dma address the device can access to 0x0100_0000~0x03ff_ffff. But I don't know how to set the dma_mask and coherent_dma_mask. It's easy to set the "dma mask" for a range start ...
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2answers
277 views

How to compare usage of memory by Window Managers?

I'd like to test a few window managers to see which of them takes less memory and CPU in certain time period (so is better choice for older computers). I'd like to make the tests myself (not to read a ...
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2answers
995 views

find out the memory allocated for a particular process in ubuntu

Could anyone please tell me how to find out the memory allocated for a particular process in ubuntu?
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0answers
100 views

Swap appears to not be in use

(I am currently using Ubuntu 14.04 LTS, GNOME environment) tl;dr How can I force more memory swapping (swappiness already at 100)? I have recently been experiencing a lot of system freezes/crashes. ...
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3answers
137 views

Lots of free memory, but Java won't start (SunOS 5.10)

vmstat gives: swap free 37489684 110178592 Still I have issues, while trying to run Java process with 10g heap: > java -Xmx10g -Xms10g -d64 HelloWorldApp Error occurred during ...
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41 views

Reserve memory for a program

Is it at all possible to set aside say 50MB of memory so that in an emergency where something uses all my memory or loads the CPU I could open a terminal, find the offending process, and kill it?
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3answers
7k views

How to get free memory on AIX?

How can I see the free memory on an AIX? There is no free -m under it. AIX oslevel: 6100-03-03-0943
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2answers
100 views

Memory allocation for sparse array in awk

I have searched but didnt reach to any conclusion that when i defined an sparse array does it reserve all the contiguous memory upto maximum index or it allocate the memory at that particular index ...
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6answers
3k views

Is there a tool that allows logging of memory usage?

I want to monitor memory usage of a process, and I want this data to be logged. Does such a tool exist?