Logical Volume Management provides storage abstraction, a generalization of disk partitioning.

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Resize a btrfs partition inside a logical LVM volume

Following derobert's trick to resize the underlying filesystem when resizing a LVM volume: lvm> lvextend -r -l +100%FREE /dev/VolGroup00/lvolhome fsck from util-linux 2.25.2 /sbin/fsck.btrfs: ...
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Alternatives to LVM

I was thinking about alternatives to combine several HDDs together. The only options I know so far are using LVM and/or RAID. The thing is, using LVM, I will most probably lose all data, if one ...
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/dev/md127 refuses to stop. No open files

So I'm trying to stop /dev/md127 on my Ubuntu 12.10 box. It was set up as RAID1, but I'm trying to move everything (well, rename) to md0. I read that renaming isn't possible, so I'm trying to remove ...
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Logical volume missing after reboot

Centos- 6, LVM2 after a system hang and hard reboot. lvdisplay and lvscan return no volumes. It had volumes earlier...how to recover? there is data on LV (logical volume) - shared as NFS export.. ...
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Why my encrypted LVM volume (LUKS device) won't mount at boot time?

I'm trying to setup an encrypted volume following this guide Everything is setup but mounting the encrypted volume fails at boot-time with the error: fsck.ext4: No such file or directory while ...
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LVM: is this mirrored? is copy this slow?

Background: My Windows Home Server bit the dust - some kind of OS Hang. The drives and hardware were still good; after making sure I had all my data backed up, I decided to investigate Ubuntu and ...
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NFS server causes high load even when idle

I have an Ubuntu (12.04) NFS server that has a high load (larger than 10) even when nothing is running. In detail, the storage is provided by an iSCSI device, on which I have 5 logical volumes (LVM) ...
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Why do some of my lvm partitions have “-real” appended to their names?

In the /dev/mapper directory I can see my lvm partitions, but then I'll see some other ones with the same names, but with "-real" appended to them. What's that about?
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How to resize an LVM partition at the beginning

I have resized lvm partitions in the past, but after the resize there is space at the end of the partition. What I want to achive is to have the space at the beginning of the partition instead. The ...
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How to restore an LVM container to a bigger physical partition?

The setup is an encrypted LVM container/PV that holds a few ext4 partitions. I am moving these to a new machine, but there is more room on the disk. So, I have created a bigger encrypted LVM ...
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How to Expand LVM2 Partition in Fedora Linux

I've been using Fedora 15 on a VMWare virtual machine. Over time, the disk space I initially allocated for the file system began to run out, only 12GB left. I've expanded the disk space an extra 25GB. ...
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Partitioning a 2tb drive

Im new to linux Im planning to install Squeeze on a 2tb hard drive a follows: / - 10gb swap remaining space will contain /home, around 1.9tb i hope, i will try to use as lvm to add my old 1tb drive ...
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RHEL6 LUKS with TPM support?

I'm surprised that this question is not asked more frequently, but (in RHEL) does LUKS support TPM's the way that Windows BitLocker does? If so, how is this feature implemented, and does it provide ...
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Shrinking LVM physical volume on top of mdadm degraded RAID array, adding a spare and rebuilding it

I have a Debian Wheezy system with a couple of 500 GB HDDs in RAID-1 (mdadm mirror), on top of which sits LVM logical volumes with 5 partitions (boot, root, usr, var and tmp), total size of 47.15 GiB. ...
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Must the filesystem be unmounted while extending an LVM logical volume?

I have seen some tutorials on extending an LVM2 logical volume. None of them instruct you to unmount the filesystem. They claim that you can extend an LVM volume while it is in use. Is this right?
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CentOS can't use new extented space on system disc

I have CentOS installed in my VirtualBox and there was small HDD for the system itself(about 8-9GB). After some time of using this, this virtual disc got full and I couldn't install updates so I ...
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Grow LVM RAID10?

RHEL LVM has supported RAID4/5/6 as of 6.3 and RAID10 as of 6.4. It's well-known that mdadm won't let you --grow raid10, my question is whether this is a limitation of LVM RAID10 too? If it is ...
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Uninstall the Encrypted LVM function to remove the prompted password entry during Ubuntu Boot

When I installed Ubuntu 11.04 and I was offered the option of enabling "encrypted LVM" for my hard drive. After choosing that option, I am prompted for my password during boot to decrypt the LVM. ...
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LVM2 pvdisplay and vgdisplay disagree

In my laptop, I have a single hard drive (/dev/sda). On this hard drive, I have an EFI partition (/dev/sda1), a boot partition (/dev/sda2), and an encrypted partition containing / (/dev/sda3). Inside ...
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How to Format an LVM partition

I need to format a partition. But I have one LVM on my machine (VirtualBox) that is composed of two different two partitions of two Virtual HDD's (sdb5 and sdc5) fdisk output df output
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Recovering overwritten LVM metadata

Yesterday I was trying using the Debian install in rescue mode in order to fix my Grub (The menu-item for Debian was suddenly gone). Now I wasn't able to fix it and didn't have a lot of time, so I ...
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What filesystem has best support for shrinking?

Most mainstream filesystems can be grown fairly reliably, but what if I think I would like to shrink in future? XFS is a non runner. Reiser seems to have good support but gives scary BETA warnings , ...
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Resizing logical volume with no free extents but with free disk space

I have a 7.9 TB logical volume formatted with XFS filesystem. I have 8 1 TB RAID devices as physical volumes, and 1 volume group that contains all of these devices. I have 2.5 TB free space on my ...
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LVM Mirrored Logical Volume Performance

I read that when mirroring a logical volume a log of some sort is used to keep the files in sync. You can either set it so this log is in a separate physical volume or in memory. I also read that if ...
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Cannot mount LVMm: resume ioctl on failed

I wanted to resize my LVM, followed some tutorial on the net and the system totally crashed (I got some boot error with UUID not found). I ran a LiveCD and tried to at least recover some files but I ...
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Is there any performance penalty to having multiple segments for one volume in LVM?

We have a big drive that we've split up using LVM. We allocated one segment to the root filesystem and several other segments to other filesystems. Then we wanted to add more space to the root ...
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Create a volume group from a logical volume instead of a physical volume

Is it possible to create a volume group from a logical volume instead of a physical volume? If so, are there any pitfalls in doing so? Use case: Installing OpenStack Compute on a a system that ...
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What is lvmetad and why would I want or need to use it?

I have a Gentoo server with LVM running on top of a RAID array that I have been using for a number of years. Recently I upgraded LVM to 2.02.109 (don't recall what version it was before) and received ...
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iSCSI device mapped to different SCSI device

I have an iSCSI disk array connected to a server (Ubuntu). When I login with iscsiadm -m node --login -p 192.168.1.240 the device used to appear as /dev/sdb. I created a volume group with LVM using ...
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Why does activation of LVM partition with large snapshot takes long time?

After creating large snapshot (I assume it drifted about 30GB from the original) I noticed that vgchange -ay took noticeable longer (to the point I thought computer hanged). What does the activation ...
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Parititioning for a UEFI boot loader, can LVM be used?

I just bought a gently used laptop and I am trying to figure out why this is. It has a single SSD that when running fdisk -l shows as Disk: /dev/sda. Under it though are 5 "devices" under that disk, ...
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How can I find out the free space on an LVM PV in human readable format?

I'm looking for a way I can get the free space on an LVM physical volume without having to use a calculator. I know the pvdisplay command will show me the size of a PE size as well as the free PE, ...
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Not able to extend the size of an LVM logical volume

During RedHat installation, I created one volume group with two logical volumes in it. Volume Group Name = VolGroup00 LVMs = LogVol00 and LogVol01 LogVol00 size = 48G LogVol01 size = ...
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Copying an HDD to a larger one by dd

I'm trying to copy an entire HDD which has IBM PC-style partition table to a larger one by dd on GNU/Linux. The questions are: Can I use the additional space on the larger disk by changing the ...
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Why is there a mismatch between size reported by LVM and the size reported by df -h?

I'm new to LVM and have been very confused by this: I am transfering a large file to a partition that I thought had about 1.5 terabytes of space on it. Near the end of the transfer, rsync exits with ...
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Move logical volume to a new physical disk

I have three logical volumes in a single volume group using a single physical volume (the whole existing disk /dev/sda). I now want to move one of those logical volumes to a new, faster disk, i.e., ...
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How does grub2 load the kernel from an LVM volume?

Grub2 is able to load the kernel even if /boot is placed on an LVM volume. To use this feature one needs to add insmod lvm (the module can be on the grub bios partition that is not on an LVM volume) ...
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Software RAID 10 + LVM on mixed drives, sector alignment?

I have 4 2.5" 7.2k drives lying about and I'd like to build some RAID arrays for a bit of VM storage on my KVM lab box. There are 2x 320GB drives and 2x 500GB drives. I'm looking to create a RAID 10 ...
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LVM with SSD and SATA hard disks

Is it possible to create LVM partitions for both SSD and SATA hard disks? I mean if there isn't any conflicts.
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Temporary restore LVM snapshot of root

I have a snapshot of the root filesystem that I want to boot with - bring the machine into a state it was a few days ago, run some tests and then go back to where I am right now. I tried editing ...
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SSD as a read cache for FREQUENTLY read data

I'm looking for ways to make use of an SSD to speed up my system. In “Linux equivalent to ReadyBoost?” (and the research that triggered for me) I've learned about bcache, dm-cache and EnhanceIO. All ...
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Can lvm2 volumes based on device names like sda, sdb etc be mounted if their names change?

Lets say I would like to make a large volume from external usb drives. I create the lvm volume on drives that have been given certain device names sdf sdg or whatever and at some point they are ...
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Which device is using this logical volume?

I'm trying to remove an LVM logical volume, which I believe is not currently in use. However, when I attempted to remove it, I get an error: # lvremove /dev/vg_service1/lv_home Logical volume ...
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Difference between fsfreeze and lvm snapshot

I heard recently about fsfreeze and I'm very interested in making snapshots of my VM with VMware and get a consistent state of disk using quiescence. All my file-systems are LVM volumes, and man ...
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lvm: what's the purpose of a Volume Group?

Each Volume Group can have many resizeable Logical Volumes. each of Logical Volume can have different filesystem, encryption options etc. that means having a single Volume Groups is enough. so why LVM ...
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What's the easiest way to decrypt a disk partition?

I made a mistake of encrypting the entire LVM physical volume (contains both home, root, and swap) when installing a CentOS 6.4 (2.6.32-358.6.1.el6.x86_64) box. I soon came to realize that moving ...
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Combine LVM logical volumes?

It's a server with 128GB SSD. There are two LVs, / and /home. I want to combine them into one since the space is limited. I checked the HOW-TO but didn't found the tutorial for this task. How can ...
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dual booting centos5.5 and fedora

I already have CentOS 5.5 on my system whose hard disk is ~500GB. I have tried to dual boot with Fedora 16. while installing fedora 16 I have created a ~250GB and ~4GB partitions for "/" and swap. The ...
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gparted live CD can't resize a partition?

I recently ran out of space on a VirtualBox VM (CentOS guest) managed by Vagrant. It was using a .vmdk image, so I couldn't dynamically resize it. Following these instructions, I cloned the old image ...
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LVM2 partition alignment

How to do the following with Linux tools : LVM partition alignment and alignment of partition on LVM ? What in case where I want to setup LVM partition (for "pv") and then partitions ? To be more ...