The ls command lists the contents of a directory.

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`du -b` shows different size than `ls`

I have a directory with a few hundred files (real files, no symlinks, no subdirectories). When I use ls -la and sum up the sizes in Excel I get 287190 bytes(?). When I use du -b or du ...
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65 views

Got weird result when executing bash command “cd /usr/share/; ls *z ”

I know the meaning of * wildcard But when I use Ubuntu 14.04 and type following command: $ cd /usr/share/ $ ls *z But why the part of the result is like this:    ...
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114 views

Listing directories and understanding ls

On ls man page, I saw this -d, --directory list directory entries instead of contents, and do not dereference symbolic links on my current folder: drwxr-xr-x 2 oracle oinstall 4.0K Jul ...
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142 views

LS_COLORS for 256-color terminal

I thought ls colors are defined as <file_type>=[<bg(40-47)>];<font_spec(0:5)>;<font_color(30-37)> but, I recently found this where there are more colors and colors are ...
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3answers
1k views

What does “>” do vs “>>”? [duplicate]

I am currently doing preparation for my GCSE computing controlled assessment on Linux. I type ls > list and ls >> list into the command line, but it does not do anything. I have googled it ...
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593 views

Ls -1 Command in linux on Ubuntu dosen't show details beside the name of each directory or file in the list? [closed]

I am using Ubuntu and when i issue this ls -1 command there is no details appear in-front of the directories and files names there is only a blank space ..what can cause this ?
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51 views

How do I find a files directory?

I am looking for a specific file in OS/X. I can see the file by using: ls -alR | grep "mkmf.*" This shows my that the file exists. How do I find what directory the file is located. Many thanks ...
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2k views

Why is ls command slow to interrupt on NFS directory with lots of files?

I noticed in directories with lots of files on NFS if I do ls * then hit Ctrl-C it can take a while ( say 20 seconds ) before ls comes back. Why? Can ls command be fixed to be more responsive?
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How to change the output color of the ls command in terminal in OS X and iTerm2?

I know that a similar question has been asked in: How to colorize output of ls ? although I didn't really understand the answer and couldn't really make it work. However, I have tried something ...
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1answer
107 views

`ls` behavior on EACCES error for /root and /root/some-rubbish

I'm trying to code a clone of the ls command as part of a school exercise. I'm wondering why the following output is displayed by ls: $> ls -- -test_dir /root /root/some-rubbish ls: ...
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402 views

MacOsx - Shell - list all .php files and their octal permissions, inside a specifc folder

is it possible to list all the ".php" files located into a direcotry and their octal permissions? I would like to list them like this: 775 /folder/file.php 644 /folder/asd/file2.php etc...
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841 views

ls -ld /dir, Solaris [duplicate]

Always when I run ls -ld /dir the output give me the size = 512 even if there are files in it or not. but when I run du -sh the output give me the actual size of the directory including its content.
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905 views

Please explain the output of the ls -all command

This is one of the many similar lines from the output from ls -all lrwxrwxrwx 1 subhrcho dba 25 Dec 6 01:36 beam-server.jpr -> .ade_path/beam-server.jpr What does the above signify ? I am ...
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3answers
1k views

dircolors “missing second token”

I'd like to customize the colors of ls and as far as I understand the way to go is with dircolors. I did: dircolors > ~/.dircolors Immediately after this I launch a terminal and get this error: ...
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2k views

Ls with spaces + variables

I want to do something like this, but it doesn't save the variable after the piping ends: fs=( ) echo ${fs[@]} ls -A1 | while read f do echo ${fs[@]} fs+=( "$f" ) echo ${fs[@]} done echo ...
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43 views

udev creates the right rules, but rights disappear as soon as I try to access files via C++

I'm facing a really strange problem using udev. As I already explained here I'm trying to access some folders/files as a no root user Here are my udev rules for the gpio folder: KERNEL=="gpio*", ...
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4answers
63 views

How to show only hidden directories, and then find hidden files seperately

I'm trying to list all the hidden files in a directory, but not other directories, and I am trying to do this using only ls and grep ls -a | egrep "^\." This is what I have so far, but the problem ...
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100 views

File Permissions Sticky&User Execution

After the website of a client has been hacked, I found some files with the following permissions set What exactly S and T stands for? Also, which one is the command to set them with those ...
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1answer
117 views

ls: No such file or directory error

I am writing a very basic shell for my school. Even thought commands like "pwd" or "date" works when i try "ls" it shows me that "ls: No such file or directory error" The code of my shell is ...
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2answers
102 views

Changing colors used by `ls` does not work in Emacs “Shell” mode

I followed http://unix.stackexchange.com/a/94508/674 to change the colors used by ls. This works in bash. When I open a buffer of "Shell" mode in Emacs (M-x shell), the change doesn't work. I wonder ...
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58 views

Finding a file which has “info” in its title

By using the ls command I can list the names of all the files in the directory I am working with. However, how do I list all of the files in the directory which have contained in their title info? So ...
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60 views

How to extend the ls command by a custom column

I wonder if it is possible to modify the ls -l command by a custom column. For example, I would like this column to contain for each file, say, the first line of $(CustomCommand FILE).
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1answer
68 views

How to know if output is being redirected to a file? [duplicate]

I am working on displaying output like ls command (just ls, no options). And I have a working program using the system calls. But I experienced a strange behavior while testing as shown below. $ ls ...
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67 views

User cannot see directory permissions

I'm working in Ubuntu 3.13. The permissions on a drive are such that the owner can see directories and files with these permissions: drwxrwxr-x 2 michael atlas 4096 Feb 15 12:34 temp2 ...
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1answer
241 views

Why are files and directories colored in different ways? [duplicate]

On Ubuntu 14.04, in bash under gnome terminal, Why are files especially directories colored in different ways? The green colors hide the text to me (How about to you?). Is it done by terminal or ...
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1answer
441 views

du and ls commands reporting wrong directory size

I'm used to the du command. I often use it with -h option. I report the result in a text file which I use to track space consumers. But I was wondered today to see a directory being reported as using ...
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1answer
22 views

How to display metainformation for different kinds of time of a file ?

As far as I know each name within a path, e.g. /name1/name2/name3, is allocated to one inode. This inode is a collection of meta information for each name (file or directory). Some of these ...
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1answer
113 views

Failed to list directory contents: process waits infinitely

I use Linux Mint 13, and sometimes (rarely) I find myself not being able to list my home directory contents. When I try to do so: $ cd $ ls then, ls just waits indefinitely. The same with any other ...
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1answer
238 views

ls and find command excluding a certain directory

I want to do this: ls -altrhS 'find / -type d \( ! -name tmp -prune \) -size +10000k 2> /dev/null -print' | egrep -v 'ibd|MYD|MYI' So I want to list, in that format, files of a specific size ...
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1answer
136 views

Leave directory out using ls

I am trying to get a vertical list from ls, that is recursive but leaves a out a single directory called node_modules. I've used: ls -lt -h -R This gets me a very long list that is vertical, human ...
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327 views

File not displayed using vi but visible with command ls -l CD*

I can do an ls -l CD* and see the following output. CDTEST userA RW RW R I am logged in as userA. But if I do an ls -l the file does not appear. If I do vi CDTEST it tries to create a new file ...
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162 views

ls recursive on home dir only with no flags specfied other than color [closed]

Like the topic says whenever I am in my home directory and run ls it shows me every file in every folder recursively, I cannot find any documentation of why this would happen, I have been looking on ...
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2answers
3k views

Cheapest way to find the oldest file (recursively) from a directory under heavy load

What is the least expensive way to find the oldest file in a directory, including all directories underneath. Assume directory is backed by SAN and under heavy load. There is concern that "ls" could ...
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1answer
1k views

Why ls -lrth and ls -ltch gives different results

I was trying to find the time of database backup. Normally i use ls -ltch But this time i used ls -lrth It gave me different result for One file and all date-stamps were same for both ...
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2answers
139 views

Are there any pitfalls to overriding ls?

Is there anything to watch out for if you wanted to override ls? Is there a more reliable way of getting pagination out of ls? For example: function ls() { command ls -hp $@ | more; }
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779 views

How can I list LS_COLORS in colour?

I recall that eval "dircolors -b" used to display the colours that LS_COLORS was using, based on the file types or extensions. It was not simply the colour values that were displayed but the colours ...
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1answer
2k views

What does @ sign mean in 'ls' output on Mac OSX Lion terminal? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: what does the @ mean in ls -l? What does the @ sign mean in the following "ls" output? -rw-r--r--@ 1 root wheel 489 Jan 4 13:14 boot.plist
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1answer
486 views

colorizing ls output based on filename

i'm on freeBSD and trying to colorize ls output, so i've added alias ls ls -lhG setenv LSCOLORS gxfxcxdxbxegedabagacad to my .cshrc and it works. but what i really want to - is to be able ...
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49 views

How use an if statement to change the output message

When i run this command it still outputs the same message when nothing is in the waste bin directory, how could I get the command to output a different message when there are no files in the bin? ...
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1answer
99 views

ls -l without file permissions

How can I use ls while using -l (long listing) without showing the file permissions? Right now I have the following alias for ls: alias ls='ls -lhaG --color=auto' I have found a solution close to ...
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1answer
43 views

Screen bind key requires extra Enter (RET) key

I was playing around with GNU Screen's configuration and put the following configuration in ~/.screenrc: bind l eval 'exec ls' So, now when I type C-a l, it runs ls under the current directory. ...
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1answer
97 views

Assigning ls output to a variable gives unexpected behavior

I was writing a script to clean a text file from a directory (I know,it's a bad idea but I really need it) and I wrote this: #!/bin/bash var=$(ls -p /direcotry/to/file | grep -v /) truncate -s 0 $var ...
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1answer
58 views

How to distinguish between output of numerous similar commands

Say I am issuing ls -la in a directory that has hundreds if not thousands of files, then changing to another directions and issuing ls -la. I then need to scroll up to see what files are in the most ...
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1answer
107 views

BASH: looping through ls [duplicate]

I'm having trouble with this piece of code: 22 for filename in "$( ls "$1" | grep ".*\.flac$" )"; do 23 file_path="$1${filename}" 24 ffmpeg -i "${file_path}" -f ...
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1answer
208 views

What are all possible letters for Unix file permissions?

I'm trying to write a regular expression to match Unix file permissions returned by ls -l command. Here I found that all possible letters for the first field are d,c,l,p,s,b,D. Now, what are all ...
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3answers
107 views

ls option to cancel '-h'

I aliased ll to ls -alh. Is there an option to cancel the -h temporarily, so I can do ll -? instead of ls -al?
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1answer
360 views

ls --color=auto (dir colors) not working in one directory

I changed ownership of a folder to provide restricted access to some users (it previously was only visible to root) and after that, all files are now one color (bright green) and directories are blue. ...
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1answer
1k views

ls shows a timestamp with no time for a file on NFS

When we create a file on Linux we notice that the timestamp is not visible and the stat on the file shows a time in future, the filesystem is an NFS mount, has anyone seen this before? ...
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1answer
99 views

GeeXbox ls shows no date?

Recently, I tried connecting to my GeeXbox via WinSCP but got an error indicating the output of ls could not be parsed. Apparently, my ls does not include a time stamp! What might be the cause and ...
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1answer
223 views

mark or color empty directories for `ls`

ls's -F flag allows to see the types of file and distinguish directories. Is there a way to add a functionality to distinguish an empty directory?