The ls command lists the contents of a directory.

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0
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1answer
16 views

see newest release last (YML release files with the same timestamp from Git)

I pull from Git *yml files with "$packagename-$release.yml". The highest number is the most recent release. I wish to have the listening with latest release last. Correct sort order ...
0
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1answer
99 views

What's the -alhF flag in ls?

What is the -alhF flag in ls? I can't find it in the man page.
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3answers
303 views

Concat 1000 files within a directory [closed]

I know we can concat files by cat file [file] [[file] ...] > joined-file. I have directory which contains lots of files. I want to concat all of them. I want to concat 1000 files irrespective of ...
39
votes
8answers
34k views

List files sorted numerically

I have a bunch of files from log1 to log164. I'm trying to LIST the directory (sorted) in a UNIX terminal but the sort functions are only providing the format like this: home:logs Home$ ls -1 | sort ...
5
votes
4answers
701 views

How to show only the last k columns in ls -l?

I like to restrict the columns shown in ls -l command, by eliminating the first 4 columns. ls -lh shows: drwxr-sr-x 20 gamma alpha 4.0K May 22 13:18 Desktop drwxr-sr-x 3 gamma alpha 22 Oct 6 ...
1
vote
1answer
231 views

LS_COLORS for 256-color terminal

I thought ls colors are defined as <file_type>=[<bg(40-47)>];<font_spec(0:5)>;<font_color(30-37)> but, I recently found this where there are more colors and colors are ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Screen bind key requires extra Enter (RET) key

I was playing around with GNU Screen's configuration and put the following configuration in ~/.screenrc: bind l eval 'exec ls' So, now when I type C-a l, it runs ls under the current directory. ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Find directories that do not contain subdirectories

I'm writing script is ksh. Need to find all directory names directly under the current directory which contain only files, not subdirectories. I know that I could use ls -alR and recursively parse ...
1
vote
1answer
113 views

Assigning ls output to a variable gives unexpected behavior

I was writing a script to clean a text file from a directory (I know,it's a bad idea but I really need it) and I wrote this: #!/bin/bash var=$(ls -p /direcotry/to/file | grep -v /) truncate -s 0 $var ...
6
votes
1answer
17k views

(Why) is it bad to use ls -A to list hidden files?

I want to list every file, including hidden files, in the current directory. I don't want to include the parent (..) and current (.) directory. I found this: how to glob every hidden file except ...
3
votes
0answers
384 views

How to understand the security context in “ls -Z”?

After referring "man ls", it shows "ls -Z" can display the security context: -Z, --context Display security context so it fits on most displays. Displays only mode, user, group, security ...
-1
votes
2answers
2k views

How do I get a list of all directories and files with absolute paths each line ?

Using ls -R / i get every file and directory listed that exists, but not in the desired format. What do I need to write on the command line in order to get a list in such a format, that every line ...
0
votes
1answer
144 views

Solaris: How to run a system command on top of awk and combine all output in a single line

Have this peculiar requirement to print files in a given directory in the below mentioned format filename1 <type of file> owner group filename2 <type of file> owner ...
8
votes
7answers
12k views

What's the best way to count the number of files in a directory?

If parsing the output of ls is dangerous because it can break on some funky characters (spaces, \n, ... ), what's the best way to know the number of files in a directory? I usualy rely on find to ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

`ls / | wc -l` tells more lines than `ls /` shows [duplicate]

ls / outputs two lines. $ ls / bin cdrom etc initrd.img lib lost+found mnt proc run share sys usr vmlinuz boot dev home initrd.img.old lib64 media opt root sbin ...
2
votes
2answers
160 views

Efficient search of unique owners of files and directories

I would like to view the unique owners of all the files and directories underneath a certain directory. I have tried: ls -ltR <dir-path> | grep -P '^[d|\-]' | awk '{print $3}' | sort | uniq ...
-1
votes
1answer
33 views

Advice with How to Return the # of Files found within a folder [duplicate]

Create a script to ask a user for the name of a folder and have the script return the number of files found within the folder. If folder doesn't exist, display error message to the screen I've gotten ...
0
votes
2answers
201 views

find and list -R returning different number of files

I'm trying to create an array variable with a list of files to use in a small script, needing the full path to the file. Looking around I tried something like this: find /path/ -t f | grep ...
1
vote
5answers
1k views

Difference between 'ls -ltr abc*' and 'find ./ -name abc*' command? [duplicate]

To search a file in a directory, I found two commands as below: ls -ltr initialfilename* find ./ -name initialfilename* Sometime, first command gives me the search result but sometime I used to ...
6
votes
2answers
489 views

What defines “ll” in Fedora?

In Fedora, instead of typing ls -l, you can type ll. What causes this behavior? I've installed a new Debian system that does not appear to have this functionality. They're both running Bash. I can ...
0
votes
4answers
2k views

Foreach loop for ls output

I am trying to process some files in directory using foreach loop for ls output: IFS=$'\n' for i in $(ls -1Atu); do echo "$i" done At first time i thought it works, but when i created file ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Exclude one directory in `ls` matching pattern

I'm trying to ls dirs that have .png files inside (no need for recursiveness, though it would be extra useful), exept one. Exlude one directory i.e. ls */*.png works fine. ls (^one)*/*.png ...
4
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2answers
3k views

ls pattern matching

I know that [] is working in ls pattern matching: $ ls foo.c foo.h $ ls foo.[ch] foo.c foo.h but I cannot find where this is documented. I would like to know the syntax that would match these: ...
14
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3answers
4k views

How to ls using the long format (-l) while still following directory symlinks?

I've noticed that ls -l doesn't only change the formatting of the output, but also how directory symlinks are handled: > ls /rmn biweekly.sh daily.sh logs ... > ls -l /rmn lrwxrwxrwx 1 root ...
32
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5answers
17k views

Is there any option with 'ls' command that I see only the directories?

Sometimes, I need to check only the directories not files. Is there any option with the command ls? Or is there any utility for doing that? EDIT: I'm using Mac OS X, and ls -d gives me . even though ...
19
votes
6answers
46k views

How to output only file names (with spaces) in ls -Al?

I should echo only names of files or directories with this construction: ls -Al | while read string do ... done ls -Al output : drwxr-xr-x 12 s162103 studs 12 march 28 12:49 personal ...
0
votes
3answers
3k views

How do I copy the latest file from one directory to another?

I have 3 zip files in a directory. I want to copy the most recent version to a backup directory. My code works fine for .sh and other files, but not for .zip. Is there something else I have to do? ...
1
vote
4answers
3k views

Tail -f the most recent log file

In a few spots I got this to work ls -rt /path/to/log/file/ | tail -1 | xargs tail -f But I can't figure out why it won't always work (This is quick fix until I get the log rolling fixed here)
0
votes
2answers
104 views

Linux Bash Scripting Issue with Wildcard

I'm having issues with what I imagine should be a simple bash command I'm basically just trying to loop through a bunch of files and get there names `ls ./*.sql` # list all files ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

How to distinguish between output of numerous similar commands

Say I am issuing ls -la in a directory that has hundreds if not thousands of files, then changing to another directions and issuing ls -la. I then need to scroll up to see what files are in the most ...
3
votes
4answers
7k views

Get the latest directory (not the latest file)

My folder parent has the following content: A.Folder B.Folder C.File It has both folders and files inside. B.Folder is newer. Now I just want to get B.Folder, how could I achieve this? I tried ...
1
vote
2answers
152 views

How to list only the last line of each directory?

I learned thanks to you, how to display only the last line of a listing,e.g. ls -ltr | sed '$!d' Now I thought, how to combine it with the find command, in order to repeat this onto each directory ...
1
vote
1answer
342 views

Why are files and directories colored in different ways? [duplicate]

On Ubuntu 14.04, in bash under gnome terminal, Why are files especially directories colored in different ways? The green colors hide the text to me (How about to you?). Is it done by terminal or ...
2
votes
3answers
791 views

How to display only the last line of a listing ?

Supposed I make a listing and sort the files by its temporal attribute: ls -ltr -rwxrwxrwx 1 bla bla 4096 Feb 01 20:10 foo1 -rwxrwxrwx 1 bla bla 4096 Feb 01 20:12 foo2 . . . -rwxrwxrwx 1 bla bla ...
1
vote
1answer
665 views

du and ls commands reporting wrong directory size

I'm used to the du command. I often use it with -h option. I report the result in a text file which I use to track space consumers. But I was wondered today to see a directory being reported as using ...
3
votes
2answers
624 views

How to list files on terminal so that we can see the file types such executable, ascii etc?

I have been trying to list files in directory using ls and passing it different options. Does it have the ability to list types of files as well ? I want to know which ones are executable , ...
1
vote
1answer
130 views

Failed to list directory contents: process waits infinitely

I use Linux Mint 13, and sometimes (rarely) I find myself not being able to list my home directory contents. When I try to do so: $ cd $ ls then, ls just waits indefinitely. The same with any other ...
1
vote
1answer
491 views

What does the @ symbol mean on filenames [duplicate]

When I do an ls in the /proc/PID directory a number of @ symbols show up next to the file names. Normally I would consider this to mean extended attributes but when I do the long form of ls they do ...
2
votes
1answer
496 views

Question marks instead of national letters in console

I have Netgear Stora MS2000 (which uses a modified version of Red Hat) and have strange font issues while connecting by SSH. Note that this occurs both when connecting by PuTTY from Windows and by ...
0
votes
2answers
441 views

Solaris 11.2 extended permissions shown by ls

I have a file that shows up as having extended file permissions. ls -V /usr/share/X11/app-defaults/XScreenSaver rwx------ 1 root root 53 Dec 2 21:52 ...
23
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there a reason why ls does not have a --zero or -0 option

This question was prompted by questions about ls' -1 option and the recurring tendency of people to ask question and answers that includes processing the output of ls. This reuse of the output ls ...
1
vote
1answer
134 views

BASH: looping through ls [duplicate]

I'm having trouble with this piece of code: 22 for filename in "$( ls "$1" | grep ".*\.flac$" )"; do 23 file_path="$1${filename}" 24 ffmpeg -i "${file_path}" -f ...
12
votes
3answers
6k views

EXT3: If block size is 4K, why does ls -l show file sizes below that?

If you run ls -l on a file that contains one letter, it will list as 2B in size. If your file system is in 4k blocks, I thought it rounded files up to the block size? Is it because ls -l actually ...
0
votes
1answer
173 views

*ls* font differences between files and folders with “--color” option

I have recently switched to urxvt from xterm for better unicode support and it does much better as to the font fallback. However I find an interesting issue: names of files and folders are rendered ...
9
votes
3answers
10k views

Using OR patterns in shell wildcards

Contents of my dir are $ ls -lrt total 0 -rw-r--r-- 1 user1 admin 19 Oct 8 12:31 night.txt -rw-r--r-- 1 user1 admin 19 Oct 8 12:31 noon.txt -rw-r--r-- 1 user1 admin 38 Oct 8 12:31 day.txt I ...
8
votes
1answer
18k views

No such file or directory but I can see it!

I'm trying to run a python script, on a headless Raspberry PI using winSCP and get the following error message: Command '"./areadetect_movie_21.py"' failed with return code 127 and error message ...
3
votes
5answers
8k views

ls command - define number of columns

Is there a way to define the number of columns in ls output? I got this far: ls -C sorts in columns and ls -1 produces one column. --tabsize = option to produce two columns resulted in what looks ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

“ls” in directory outputs “No such file or directory” for some files

I cd to a directory that has a large number of files, 40,948 to be exact. When I issue ls it takes a long time and before the command finally prints the results to the screen it tells me "ls: cannot ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

getting ? in permissions when running ll/ls command

I am trying to remove a folder and I am getting rm: cannot remove ‘...' when running the ll command I am getting : > ll ./folder/ ls: cannot access ./folder: Input/output error total 64 ...
3
votes
3answers
19k views

ls to show only directory/filename and size

First of all, this is not a duplicate of this: Linux ls to show only filename date and size Because I want to print actual directory name additionally. I was always using this command: ls -l | awk ...