The ls command lists the contents of a directory.

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4
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1answer
3k views

How can I use `find` and sort the results by mtime?

I want to use find but sort the results reverse chronologically as with ls -ltr. Is this possible through any combo of flags or pipelines?
3
votes
2answers
2k views

file block size - difference between stat and ls

I've noticed that when I do a: ls -ls file It provides block count, say 8 blocks. When I do: stat file I notice that the block count is 16, twice the number given by ls. The block size on my ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

How can I use ms-dos style wildcards with ls and mv?

I have the misfortune of coming from a MS-DOS background - but at least it makes me appreciate how much more powerful Linux is. I've been working on getting my Linux-Fu up to par, but there are a ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

What's the difference between “s” and “S” in ls -la?

When I ls -la, it prints many attributes. Something like this: -rwSrwSr-- 1 www-data www-data 45 2012-01-04 05:17 README Shamefully, I have to confess I don't know the exact meaning of each ...
3
votes
2answers
137 views

How do I create a structured list of all the files and directories under a particular directory (recursively)?

I need to have an "image" of a file system without actual contents of the files - just all the names and the structure, so that I can read the file and know what files were stored there and how were ...
7
votes
6answers
5k views

What's the best way to count the number of files in a directory?

If parsing the output of ls is dangerous because it can break on some funky characters (spaces, \n, ... ), what's the best way to know the number of files in a directory? I usualy rely on find to ...
3
votes
1answer
272 views

Zsh autocomplete ls command with directories only

Suppose I have following files and directories: % ls bui00293 buiawer builds/ buiowpe/ I want to list the content of ...
-2
votes
1answer
237 views

Why does this script show all files in the directory and not just PDF files?

I wrote the script below to find the number of PDF files in a given directory. However, it instead shows all the files in the directory: #!bin/bash message="." message1="*.pdf" ls -al $message ...
3
votes
2answers
109 views

Executables show with character * next to their name in output of ls

I noticed that when I list my executables with ls on my Z shell they show up with a character * next to their name (e.g. see the file in red .test_color_scheme)     What is causing ...
6
votes
1answer
619 views

Controlling what files to display

I recently changed my emacs config to hide backup files by prepending a dot to the file name. This got me to thinking - is there a ready way to change the behavior within Bash to use a list of ...
1
vote
1answer
263 views

file missing from Desktop screen but can be seen using “ls” under the Desktop directory

I downloaded some files onto desktop. After typing ls under the Desktop directory, I can see these files. However, I cannot see the icons on my desktop corresponding to the files I see with ls. I use ...
1
vote
1answer
296 views

colorizing ls output based on filename

i'm on freeBSD and trying to colorize ls output, so i've added alias ls ls -lhG setenv LSCOLORS gxfxcxdxbxegedabagacad to my .cshrc and it works. but what i really want to - is to be able ...
2
votes
3answers
506 views

How universal is the -L (dereference symlink) switch of the 'ls' command?

I have some software that, among other things, needs to: Assess a file's rwxrwxrwx permissions; Work under every possible flavor of Unix and Linux you can find in the wild. Currently, it does that ...
-1
votes
1answer
225 views

How can I tell when a file was modified?

I am running some simulation on a high performance computing cluster (HPC). When I check when the file was changed with ls -t I get the wrong result. I know this becouse I have run a small job that ...
7
votes
4answers
6k views

How to find a file in the filesystem from the command line?

I'm fairly new to Linux, and I've now found myself in a situation where I'd like to find where a file (with a partially-known filename) is in the file system. I'd like to know how to do this from the ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Testing LS_COLORS in zsh

A few years ago I found an interesting code snippet that prints each type of file in its corresponding color according to the colors set up in LS_COLORS. Unfortunately, I can't remember the link ...
13
votes
3answers
422 views

When does `ls -s` print “0”

Of course, the standard way of testing if a file is empty is with test -s FILE, but one of our clients have received a script containing tests like this: RETVAL=`ls -s ./log/cr_trig.log | awk '{print ...
2
votes
2answers
691 views

How do I show all files in a directory except those that have a certain extension AND display them in multiple columns?

Since I write in Python a lot it's kind of annoying to see .pyc files all the time and I would like to just hide them at this point. I tried the following, but I can't seem to figure out how to get it ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

file $(ls /usr/bin/* | grep zip) command gives me errors. What's wrong?

I'm a total noob when it comes to unix/linux commands and I decided to read a book. I've reached a chapter where they try to explain how to pass the output of commands as expansions to the shell. ...
0
votes
3answers
4k views

How to copy files from linux to windows using winscp from a folder which contains millions of files

I need to copy files from a linux machine to a windows machine where the only ports which can be open are for SSH (22). I can connect to the linux machine using WinSCP but the problem is once I try to ...
4
votes
4answers
402 views

ls command operating differently depending on recipient

How does commands like ls know what its stdout is? It seems ls is operating different depending on what the target stdout is. For example if I do: ls /home/matt/tmp the result is: a.txt b.txt ...
4
votes
4answers
5k views

List symlinks in current directory?

This question talks about finding directories in a current diretory. The solution is basically: ls -d */ That's great but how can I easily list symlinks? Do I have to use something like find . ...
3
votes
2answers
792 views

recursive 'ls' giving absolute filenames

When I do 'ls -R' in a directory, I get something like ./dir1 dir2 file1.txt file2.txt ./dir1/dir2 file3.txt file4.txt but I would like a command that gives me ./dir1/file1.txt ./dir1/file2.txt ...
1
vote
1answer
706 views

Difference in file listing for SSH and SFTP [closed]

I have SSH access to a server and I have never bothered to use SFTP until now. I transferred a file using FileZilla to the server. However, the weird thing is that the file doesn't show up when I ...
1
vote
3answers
828 views

Ls with spaces + variables

I want to do something like this, but it doesn't save the variable after the piping ends: fs=( ) echo ${fs[@]} ls -A1 | while read f do echo ${fs[@]} fs+=( "$f" ) echo ${fs[@]} done echo ...
5
votes
5answers
6k views

List files larger than {size} sorted by date

I want to solve the problem 'list the top 10 most recent files in the current directory over 20MB'. With ls I can do: ls -Shal |head to get top 10 largest files, and: ls -halt |head to get top ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Really strange FAT32 file listing problem

I'm mounting a FAT32 drive on my NAS (which has a USB port), and hitting a strange issue when I use the ls command on the drive root: ls: cannot access ???²é?u.g: Input/output error ls: cannot ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Enable line breaks when assigning multi line outputs to var in bash

I'm using the following very basic shell script I copied off the net to list the contents of my database backup folder and mail them regularily: MYSQLLIST=$(ls -lhG /var/backups/mysql/daily/) ...
1
vote
1answer
512 views

How can I make ls show information about the directory specified only, not info about its sub-files or folder contents?

Say I have folder "foo" residing, the home directory. I want to get some info of it, owner, group, permissions, etc... I then do this to try to get the information: cd ~ ls -l foo Of course it now ...
4
votes
2answers
717 views

Tell if a folder/file is hidden in Mac OS X

I know you can set or unset the hidden flag of a folder/file by doing chflags hidden foo.txt and chflags nohidden foo.txt. But is there anyway of telling whether the folder/file is currently hidden ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

How to list ALL directories according to their size? [without including the parent directory]

I have a bunch of random folders, some of them are hidden (beginning with a period). I want to list all of them, sorted by their sizes. I have something on the lines of this in mind: ls -d -1 -a */ ...
7
votes
1answer
442 views

Using dircolors, how do I change the color of my subversion folders

Below is a sample of my dircolors file, I want subversion folders (.svn) to be colored, but i guess the extension section only applies to file names. How do i set colors for directories with ...
2
votes
2answers
193 views

Move one file at a time based from specific number in the files

Based from this question, The HTML files date format has been changed. All of the HTML files have the date such like below: 20110730dateishere dateishere is intentionally added by me in the files, ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Why can't list file/directory relative to .. from a symbolic link directory (No such file or directory)?

I have a /usr/tomcat6/logs directory linked to /var/log/tomcat6. When I changed directory to /usr/tomcat6/logs and try to ls files using a relative pathname ../conf/Catalina/localhost, a No such file ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

ls: how do I list directories sorted by timestamps of the files it contains

How do I list directories by their access time in the sense that some new files/directories are created (say, directories containing the most recently created files).
3
votes
1answer
888 views

ls -a not showing folder “system”, but echo * shows it

When I create a folder named system in my home folder, or in /tmp (can't try other locations as I am not root, but owner confirmed same problem even on root), ls -a will not show it. Also tried ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

What is the “directory order” of files in a directory (used by `ls -U`)?

According to the man page for ls, ls -U means: do not sort; list entries in directory order. What does "directory order" mean, and how is it determined? The following test (executed on an ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

How do i open all files that are the result of a ls command?

I'd like to open all text files that are the result of a ls command using a text editor. How do i do this?
24
votes
1answer
1k views

Why does “ls *” take so much longer than “ls”?

I have a couple of files in a directory: $ ls | wc -l 9376 Can anybody explain why there is such a huge time difference in using ls * and ls? $ time ls > /dev/null real 0m0.118s user ...
3
votes
2answers
464 views

Total in `ls -l`

When I run ls -l, the following is displayed: >: ls -l total 320 -rw-r--r-- 1 foo staff 633 5 Apr 13:23 A.class -rw-r--r-- 1 foo staff 296 5 Apr 13:24 A.java ... What does the ...
11
votes
3answers
9k views

Find the owner of a directory or file, but only return that and nothing else

I am looking for a command that will return the owner of a directory and only that--such as a regex parsing the ls -lat command or something similar? I want to use the result in another script.
3
votes
1answer
206 views

ls pagination on MontaVista with BusyBox

I'm logged into an IP Phone running MontaVista with a very stripped down BusyBox binary (by stripped down, I mean the OEM has removed almost all of its functionality, except the basics like cat, ls ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Scrolling through ls output without a mouse

In some directories there are quite a few files. When I use ls the output is more than my terminal can handle. Typically I just use one of the following: ls | less ls | more depending on my mood. ...
2
votes
2answers
251 views

Is it possible to change the spacing between files using ls

I'm fairly new to unix and I was wondering if there's some attribute of ls that I can use to change the spacing between the files. Currently I've aliased my ls to output ls -G, so that I have colored ...
4
votes
2answers
785 views

How can I search for a file with fixed name length using ls?

In a directory, I have files like lazer_100506 lazer_100707 lazer_091211 lazer_110103 lazer_100406_temp lazer_100622#delete etc How can I get a listing of only the first four files? $ ls ...
11
votes
5answers
4k views

What is the difference between ls and l?

I accidentally typed l instead of ls today and found that the command still printed a list of the files in my current directory. Trying l --help brings up the help file for ls suggesting that l is ...
4
votes
1answer
277 views

Set ls color listings based on regex instead of globbing

Is it possible to set regex patterns for color matching in the LS_COLORS variable? So instead of just *.jpg=38;5;220 Can I do \.(jpg|gif)=38;5;220 That's just an example, I'd like to get more ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

list full path of file without tying it from relative relative path

I could do this root@server [/home/user/public_html]# ls /home/user/public_html/.htaccess but I'd like to do this ls --switch .htaccess /home/user/public_html/.htaccess is it possible?
3
votes
1answer
3k views

+ or @ mark after running 'ls -al'

In Mac OS X, run 'ls -al' gives me something like this. drwxrwxrwx+ 4 smcho staff 136 May 5 09:18 Public drwxr-xr-x+ 6 smcho staff 204 Feb 1 2010 Sites drwxrwxrwx 9 smcho staff ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Find the disk-space usage of a directory and all it's files [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to know the size of a directory? If I run ls -lh then any given directory is just shown as 4.0K. How can I can make it consider the files the directory refers to ...