The ls command lists the contents of a directory.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
2answers
1k views

Bash: iterate with variable on the lines of `ls -1` output

In a simple cycle like the following for f in $(ls -1) ; do something done I would like to store each line of the output of ls -1 in the variable f. Is there a way to do this ...
1
vote
1answer
112 views

Leave directory out using ls

I am trying to get a vertical list from ls, that is recursive but leaves a out a single directory called node_modules. I've used: ls -lt -h -R This gets me a very long list that is vertical, human ...
5
votes
2answers
252 views

ls command: how to ignore case without globbing

I use the shopt -s nocaseglob command to ignore case, but it seems like it doesn't work if I use a string without glob. Just a question out of curiosity, is it possible to ignore case without ...
7
votes
6answers
2k views

Is it possible to remove folder prefix from a `ls` command

I am in a bash script and I want to get the list of all files (let say all jar files). I execute the command ls -1 lib/*.jar and I get the output: lib/mylib_1.jar lib/mylib_2.jar ... Is there any ...
3
votes
1answer
65 views

Customize bash to always include a certain parameter

When using the "ls" command, bash prints in the following format: file1 file2 file3 file4 file5 file6 file7 file8 But when given the parameter "-1", it prints: file1 file2 file3 etc... Is there ...
1
vote
3answers
6k views

How to display “human-readable” file sizes in find results?

I'm trying to find all large files on my Centos server. To do that I'm using: find / -maxdepth 10 -size +100000 -ls I tried changing -ls to -lsh but it is not allowed. How can I display these ...
3
votes
1answer
351 views

ls --color: how to color executable hard links?

I created some hardlinks on an NTFS drive, but because of that, they are all executable and colored as executable instead of as hardlinks (regular file with more than one link). I did a test on my ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

List all chflags file flags?

Is there a way to see a file's flags, such as hidden, schg, etc? I've got an rwxrwxrwx file that I can't edit, and I think a flag might be responsible.
3
votes
2answers
115 views

dircolors: rules for _ext (rather than .ext)

In UNIX, many file extensions do not contain the dot in front, as in bashrc rather than bash.rc or ssh_config rather than ssh.config I would like to add dircolor rules for _config as well. However, ...
40
votes
2answers
42k views

How do I do a ls and then sort the results by date created?

In what order are the dated ordered by? Certainly not alphanumeric order. ls -lt sorts by modification time. But I need creation time.
3
votes
3answers
535 views

Why do ls and hexdump disagree about my file size?

I have a file I created (in vim), for testing purposes (testing UTF-8 output in an SSH client). Odd things, however, are happening to this file. I wondered what bytes were in the file, so I used ...
1
vote
2answers
205 views

File not displayed using vi but visible with command ls -l CD*

I can do an ls -l CD* and see the following output. CDTEST userA RW RW R I am logged in as userA. But if I do an ls -l the file does not appear. If I do vi CDTEST it tries to create a new file ...
7
votes
2answers
405 views

Symbol that will show up first in output of `ls`?

I want a folder called DELETED to be first in my output of ls. Is there a symbol I can add to the front that can cause this? I've tried ^ and - and neither works.
1
vote
2answers
172 views

difference between “ls –alR /” and “ls –alR / &”? [duplicate]

What is the difference between "ls –alR /" and "ls –alR / &"? I seem to get the same out put. but the & sign i think should run it in background?
1
vote
1answer
32 views

“ls -lH” not following the link but “ls -lH linktofile” following it

In a directory there is a link to some other file in some other directory. If I give ls -lHh command with no arguments, ls does not resolves the symbolic link but if I give ls -lHh * or ls ...
35
votes
4answers
9k views

The ls command is not working for a directory with a huge number of files

I had a directory which had around 5 million files. When I tried to run the ls command from inside this directory, my system consumed a huge amount of memory and it hung after sometime. Is there an ...
4
votes
2answers
10k views

Want to sort files by update date including sub-directories

I want to sort only files by update dates including sub-directories. I found out ls -lrtR | grep ^-. but it doesn't seem to sort by update dates. And I need to save this list into a file. Is it ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Is it possible to have total no. of blocks taken by same files be different on two PCs? [closed]

I used ls -l mysoftware/ on two different machines, each running ubuntu 12.04. But the 'total' returned by this command is different on the two machines. On one machine it is printing 6, and on ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

What means the s in ls file permissions? [duplicate]

Have a quick question. Please see the below line ls -al -rws---r-x 1 root root 21872 2009-10-13 21:06 prg1 Compared to this -rwx---r-x 1 root root 21872 2009-10-13 21:06 prg2 That first line ...
0
votes
2answers
271 views

meaning of capital S in long ls output [duplicate]

What does this long listing mean? $> ls -l developer.haml -rw-rwSr-- 1 humon apache ...... I know what a usual listing means and I know all about what it means to be read 'r', write 'w', and ...
6
votes
2answers
602 views

Why “ls” doesnt show the file that “find” discovered ?

(New to unix) In ubuntu When I am up in "/" folder i type sudo find . -name .erlang.cookie and the result is ./var/lib/rabbitmq/.erlang.cookie then when I am on the folder - /var/lib/rabbitmq ...
4
votes
3answers
733 views

What does 'l' in file metadata mean

When we type ls -l, we get meta data regarding all the objects in the current directory. The meta data has 10 dashes and the 1st dash indicates if the object is a directory or file or a link d ...
5
votes
4answers
3k views

maximum number of files ls can list [duplicate]

Im using a script to delete old file in a directory, but the script kept showing /usr/bin : Argument list too long It turned out the number of files were 40000 and more, So I want to know what is ...
0
votes
1answer
192 views

Understanding ls -l output

When I run ls -lrt command on a Unix folder , I get the following output MyServer> ls -lrt total 10 drwxr-x--- 3 UnixUser other 512 Jul 22 2011 FolderA lrwxrwxrwx 1 UnixUser other ...
5
votes
2answers
647 views

ls for cut -f string not working

I have a problem with feeding cut output to ls. This doesn't work: rep="S1_1000,0000-00-00c,0000-00-00d,0000-00-00e" ls tab_yeast/{`echo $rep | cut -f2- -d','`}*.tab.gz ls: cannot access ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there a correct way to list the subdirectories of the current directory?

I can find the subdirectories of a directory by ls -d -- */ or ls -l | grep "^d" but both of these seem indirect, and I would imagine that there would be a standard way to find just the ...
16
votes
5answers
27k views

Linux ls to show only filename date and size

How can I use ls in linux to get a listing of filenames date and size only. I don't need to see the other info such as owner or permission. Is this possible?
12
votes
3answers
12k views

What is the Linux equivalent of DOS “dir /s /b filename”?

List all files/dirs in or below the current directory that match 'filename'.
1
vote
1answer
238 views

Linux ls wrong date format

I try to find why when I do the command ls or whatever ls -la the column format is wrong with date. It should be like that: -rw-r--r-- 1 johndoe johndoe 55 janv. 26 2011 not like that : ...
2
votes
2answers
191 views

Very strange ls > textfile problem when viewing with emacs

I want to list the components of the current working directory in a text file ls -1 > textfile Output looks fine with more. 1010661085645 1010729039145 1010747080245 1010849051345 ...
0
votes
1answer
403 views

ls: show file size with thousand separator [duplicate]

Is there some simple way to make ls display the file size number with thousand (and million, billion, ...) separator? A sample output should look like this: $ ls -lAF /bin/ -rwxr-xr-x 1 root root ...
9
votes
4answers
8k views

View permission / owner of full directory tree

I remember doing someting like "XXX /home/user/dir/child/file" and it returned the owner and/or permission of: /home /home/user /home/user/dir /home/user/child /home/user/child/file But I don't ...
0
votes
3answers
5k views

Use of ls with wc command

What does the command : ls | wc -l do? I know wc <filename> gives lines, words, and characters, and wc -l <filename> print the line count. But how it is being used with ls` ...
5
votes
1answer
913 views

ls -l --group-directories-first (act on symlinks as well)

ls option --group-directories-first causes directories to be listed on the top, which makes the output of ls nice and clean: ls -l --group-directories-first However, it does not act on symlinks, ...
10
votes
1answer
307 views

Include colouring in GNU ls time-style

I know, I can specify custom time format for ls like this ls -lAF --time-style="+ %Y-%b-%d %H:%M:%S" --color=always but I would like to "smuggle in" colors inside the time format. For example, I ...
4
votes
3answers
400 views

Preserving color output with cut

Using bash interactively I am trying to use cut to prevent the lines from going longer than my terminal width. But when using a command with colorized output all the color gets removed by cut. For ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Count number of characters per listed filename

Given the following ls result: $ ls Desktop Documents Downloads Music Pictures Public Templates Videos This will give the total number of characters for all files: $ ls | wc -m 67 But how ...
3
votes
2answers
484 views

dot instead of comma as thousand separator

I read about --blocksize for ls to get a thousands separator. However my computer gives me dot (.) and not comma (,): $ ls -l --block-size="'1" total 11.893.190.656 -rw------- 1 carlah users ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

= sign at the end of .sock files in the ls output

I'm running the zsh shell in emacs. When I run ls I get a = at the end of .sock files. What does the = mean? Is it unique to unix sockets?
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Differing outputs of the commands “ls .*” and “ls *.”

The command ls .* when run gives as output the following : All the files in the current directory starting with a . (hidden files) All the files in the hidden directories present in the ...
14
votes
1answer
9k views

What does the “@” (at) symbol mean on OSX ls? [duplicate]

When I check permission of less files from the command line on my Snow Leopard OSX system using Bash I see -rw-r--r--@ for certain files and for others I just see -rw-r--r-- What does the @ mean here? ...
1
vote
1answer
148 views

ls recursive on home dir only with no flags specfied other than color [closed]

Like the topic says whenever I am in my home directory and run ls it shows me every file in every folder recursively, I cannot find any documentation of why this would happen, I have been looking on ...
5
votes
6answers
2k views

ls with find :: report total size

I am trying to get the total size of files satisfying a find, e.g.: ls $(find -maxdepth 2 -type f) However, this kind of invocation of ls does not produce the total size as well.
1
vote
1answer
94 views

`ls` behavior on EACCES error for /root and /root/some-rubbish

I'm trying to code a clone of the ls command as part of a school exercise. I'm wondering why the following output is displayed by ls: $> ls -- -test_dir /root /root/some-rubbish ls: ...
4
votes
3answers
472 views

What could be the use case of changing modified time of a file to the future?

I was reading through the man page of ls on UNIX, specifically OS X Mavericks. This got me intrigued: If the modification time of the file is more than 6 months in the past or future, then the ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

List a directory, including subdirectories, with file count and cumulative size

Is there a way to list out the content of a directory including subdirectories with a file count and cumulative size? I would like to see: Number of directories Number of sub directories number of ...
0
votes
1answer
508 views

Sorting with command ls in unix (ksh) [closed]

I'm wondering how does the sort works with ls. For example: ls - lrt tri par date ls - lSr par size, ... However I don't see how this pattern works.
6
votes
1answer
301 views

why ls reports a huge file and du does not?

When I run arm-none-eabi-objcopy -O binary add.elf add.bin everything seems to be ok. But, later when I run ls -lh add.bin add.elf this is the output I received: -rw-r--r-- 1 david david 2,6G nov 23 ...
4
votes
2answers
11k views

ls *.* gives: “*.*: No such file or directory” message [duplicate]

I'm using Linux app-server 3.2.0-4-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 3.2.41-2+deb7u2 x86_64 GNU/Linux. When I go to a directory with several files named name1.php, name1.html, name2.php, etc. and type: $ sudo ls ...
8
votes
2answers
527 views

How do I columnate a list of items with minimal width?

How do I columnate any uncollumnated input like ls does? ls is creating an optimized table with minimum width for each row, for example: ls 2 dsao file with space with 5 e g ...