The ls command lists the contents of a directory.

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4
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4answers
759 views

linux + how to ignore (filter) file with space

Sometimes a file name is created from a couple of names and space between each name as the following: $ touch "A B C" $ ls A B C <-- one file but has three words ! ...
4
votes
4answers
602 views

List any file ending with .in and corresponding .out with shell script

I have a directory full of files ending with different extensions, how would I list/select only the files ending with .in and corresponding .out that share the same basename? e.g. file1.txt file1.in ...
4
votes
3answers
277 views

What does “command1 -> command2” indicate in results from my ls -al?

when I do a ls -al in /usr/sfw/bin I see: make -> gmake What does this indicate? Is this a symbolic link? I've googled and have not found the answer to this question.
4
votes
2answers
989 views

Get the complement of the result of an ls command

Let's say I have a directory with multiple files, all of which are either binary files (files with no declared extensions) and source files (.c extension). I do this: $ ls and get: README.md ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

How to search and replace text in all php-files in a directory and it's subdirectories

I am looking for a shell script that recursively traverses all .php files in a directory and performs a search & replace of a particular text pattern. The search pattern is quite long ( > 5000 ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

ZSH: `ls *(.)` lists regular files only but `ls *(/)` does not list directories only

I'm not sure I am using ZSH's globbing correctly, but I thought ls *(/) would just list the dirctories under pwd, but it doesn't, it recursively lists all files under every directory under pwd (I got ...
4
votes
3answers
9k views

list full path of file without tying it from relative relative path

I could do this root@server [/home/user/public_html]# ls /home/user/public_html/.htaccess but I'd like to do this ls --switch .htaccess /home/user/public_html/.htaccess is it possible?
4
votes
1answer
280 views

Permission errors even though permissions are wide open

I installed anaconda on our new VM and I can't list its contents. I can change my directory to .../anaconda/ but when I type ls -l I get: ls: cannot open directory .: Permission denied However, ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

file $(ls /usr/bin/* | grep zip) command gives me errors. What's wrong?

I'm a total noob when it comes to unix/linux commands and I decided to read a book. I've reached a chapter where they try to explain how to pass the output of commands as expansions to the shell. ...
4
votes
4answers
694 views

How to show only the last k columns in ls -l?

I like to restrict the columns shown in ls -l command, by eliminating the first 4 columns. ls -lh shows: drwxr-sr-x 20 gamma alpha 4.0K May 22 13:18 Desktop drwxr-sr-x 3 gamma alpha 22 Oct 6 ...
4
votes
4answers
197 views

list folders and their content

I'd need a file reporting for each folder the content and the name of the folder itself. If I do ls -l * I have (this is just a subset of hundreds of folders) ...
4
votes
4answers
3k views

only show the source file and target linked file using `ls`

I can show the target file that a link points to using ls -l: snowch$ ls -l /usr/local/bin/mvn lrwxr-xr-x 1 snowch admin 29 12 Dec 08:58 /usr/local/bin/mvn -> ../Cellar/maven/3.2.3/bin/mvn Is ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

How can a group own a file?

Whe I do ls -l, two of the fields are username of the owner and name of the owning group. The username is clear - I created the file, it is mine. However the group entry confuses me. My user is a ...
4
votes
2answers
349 views

Appending works without >> when redirecting standard output and error

I have a file test.txt and have no file named test. When I tried ls test test.txt > new 2>new I was expecting new to be overwritten since >> is not used. But in the output file I got ...
4
votes
4answers
774 views

Sorting directories by last modified date/time of the same-named contained file

Is it possible, using grep, find, etc, to sort a list of directories by the last modified date of the same-named file (e.g., file.php) within? For example: domain1/file.php (last modified 20-Jan-2014 ...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

ACL, ls, “permission denied” and a lot of questionmarks

I have two users, Alice and Bob. Bob should be allowed to list, ls, Alice's home directory. Alice also has a file in her home directory that Bob should also be allowed to read. I run these commands ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

ls pattern matching

I know that [] is working in ls pattern matching: $ ls foo.c foo.h $ ls foo.[ch] foo.c foo.h but I cannot find where this is documented. I would like to know the syntax that would match these: ...
4
votes
1answer
615 views

“The entry is a door” in Solaris “ls” man page

I found this in a man page for ls in solaris linux. http://www.unix.com/man-page/opensolaris/1/ls/ What does it mean when it says: D the entry is a door?
4
votes
1answer
328 views

= sign at the end of .sock files in the ls output

I'm running the zsh shell in emacs. When I run ls I get a = at the end of .sock files. What does the = mean? Is it unique to unix sockets?
4
votes
2answers
1k views

how to use grep for specific files?

for example I type ls -altr | grep "23 Dec" so it will show files for 23 Dec only and I want to use grep for them, like ls -altr | grep "23 Dec" | xargs grep -l "some_string" but this doesn't ...
4
votes
1answer
132 views

ls -l numbers between the size and the group

when I run ls -l /dev/null /dev/zero /dev/tty I get: crw-rw-rw- 1 root root 1, 3 Aug 9 09:05 /dev/null crw-rw-rw- 1 root tty 5, 0 Aug 9 09:05 /dev/tty crw-rw-rw- 1 root root 1, 5 Aug 9 09:05 ...
4
votes
1answer
143 views

Fine-tune LS_COLORS for directory suffixes?

I’m fine customizing most settings in LS_COLORS. I don’t need help customizing the colors for different file suffixes. What I would like to do is configure special colors for certain directories, ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

What is the Linux command to display how many file names in the directory end in two digits

What is the Linux command to display how many file names in the directory end in two digits? Using ls with a command like this : ls -l | wc –l *[0-9][0-9]
4
votes
3answers
608 views

Preserving color output with cut

Using bash interactively I am trying to use cut to prevent the lines from going longer than my terminal width. But when using a command with colorized output all the color gets removed by cut. For ...
4
votes
3answers
672 views

What could be the use case of changing modified time of a file to the future?

I was reading through the man page of ls on UNIX, specifically OS X Mavericks. This got me intrigued: If the modification time of the file is more than 6 months in the past or future, then the ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Pass colors from ls through pipe to awk 'print' statement

This is a follow-up to my question from yesterday, Show sum of file sizes in directory listing. Thanks to Zero Piraeus and a point in the right direction by Mauritz Hansen, I now have function ...
4
votes
5answers
786 views

Print non-existent files from a pipe input

I have a directory of lots of .PDF and .JPG files. There should be a .JPG file for each .PDF with the same name. I'm trying to use a command to find .PDF files that doesn't have a .JPG file. My ...
4
votes
2answers
6k views

Displaying the last N modified files?

How can I list the 10 most recently modified files of a certain extension, not all files, or the files modified during the last 2 days for example?
4
votes
1answer
2k views

copying device nodes

I'm trying to transfer a working Linux installation to a new larger disk, so I've attached the new disk on a USB port, partitioned it and created filesystems. While copying all the files over I hit a ...
4
votes
1answer
359 views

Set ls color listings based on regex instead of globbing

Is it possible to set regex patterns for color matching in the LS_COLORS variable? So instead of just *.jpg=38;5;220 Can I do \.(jpg|gif)=38;5;220 That's just an example, I'd like to get more ...
4
votes
2answers
221 views

ls -e option not available in linux

I have shell scripts that run on Solaris UNIX that use the -e option on ls to ensure the same format for all files regardless of their age. This option is not available on Linux. The exact same ...
4
votes
2answers
208 views

Make ls distinguish scripts from binaries in output

Is it possible to make ls distinguish executable scripts from actual compiled binaries? The permissions are most often the same (+x), and with ls -F you get an asterisk suffix (*) for both, so it's ...
4
votes
1answer
122 views

Non-standard sorting of the ls output

I usually include a date in the filename so that files and directories are listed in chronological order when I use the ls command, e.g. 2015-08-29_letter_to_santa.txt. A drawback is that ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

ls and vim color on SunOS 5.8/Solaris 8

I want to use ls and vim with color on Sunos 5.8 SunOS 5.8 Generic_117350-11 sun4u sparc SUNW,Sun-Blade-2500 I have installed ls (GNU coreutils) 6.9 and vim 7.2 In ~/.cshrc: setenv TERM sun-color ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Really strange FAT32 file listing problem

I'm mounting a FAT32 drive on my NAS (which has a USB port), and hitting a strange issue when I use the ls command on the drive root: ls: cannot access ???²é?u.g: Input/output error ls: cannot ...
3
votes
4answers
25k views

Unix Command to return all files that end with single digit and TXT extension

Which command returns all files that end with a single digit and have the TXT extension ?
3
votes
5answers
489 views

Search files for a string and if found check if a file with paired name exists in the same directory

I have many different files with the same ending .ft1 that may or may not contain one specific word special. For the files that contain this word, I want to check whether another file with a different ...
3
votes
4answers
7k views

Get the latest directory (not the latest file)

My folder parent has the following content: A.Folder B.Folder C.File It has both folders and files inside. B.Folder is newer. Now I just want to get B.Folder, how could I achieve this? I tried ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

How can I make ls show information about the directory specified only, not info about its sub-files or folder contents?

Say I have folder "foo" residing, the home directory. I want to get some info of it, owner, group, permissions, etc... I then do this to try to get the information: cd ~ ls -l foo Of course it now ...
3
votes
3answers
348 views

List the first 4 lines of all the files in a given directory

What command could I create that will list the first 4 lines of all the files in a given directory?
3
votes
6answers
4k views

sort ls output by users

On Linux, is there a way to sort ls output by users? What I try to achieve is something like this: user_a   file1 user_a   file2 user_b   another_file user_c   this_file user_c ...
3
votes
4answers
128 views

How do I extract a long listing field?

I want to extract the access day of a file in a shell script. I tried by writing the following script but it doesn't work. When I echo accessday, the output is "staff". file=$1 accessday=$(ls -lu ...
3
votes
7answers
174 views

Find directories excluding ending bracket ')'

I'm trying to list all video directories (not files) which don't end in a year e.g. (2015) and more specifically which don't have a year listed, therefore don't end in a closing bracket ). How can I ...
3
votes
5answers
2k views

How can I concatenate a single column of output into a list?

I'm using: ls /proc | grep -v "^[0-9].*" to get a list of all the files and directories in /proc that don't begin with numbers. The output is a single column list, i.e.: acpi asound buddyinfo bus ...
3
votes
3answers
349 views

Strange formatting of date in bash script

I am working on a script to sort my downloads folder by the date the files were created. This is the script I am using: #!/bin/bash cd ~/Downloads for FILENAME in * do if [[ -f $FILENAME ]]; ...
3
votes
2answers
24k views

How to sort results from ls command by modification date (directories first)?

I can fire ls -lrt to get files and folders sorted by modification date, but this does not separate directories from files. I want ls to show me first directories by modification date and then ...
3
votes
1answer
683 views

Putting Files in Ascending order (not on time stamp basis) in Unix [closed]

How do I list files in Ascending manner, not on time stamp basis. EX:- Original listing A_2001 A_2002 A_2003 A_2004 B_2001 B_2002 B_2003 B_2004 Desired output:- A_2001 B_2001 A_2002 B_2002 ...
3
votes
5answers
551 views

Look if a folder has some files with certain extensions

Suppose I have a file structure: $ cd /home/Desktop $ ls -d */ Abc/ Qwe/ Zxc/ Rty/ $ Now I want to iterate through every directory and see if they have any ".pdf" files. Could some one please ...
3
votes
3answers
13k views

How to display “human-readable” file sizes in find results?

I'm trying to find all large files on my Centos server. To do that I'm using: find / -maxdepth 10 -size +100000 -ls I tried changing -ls to -lsh but it is not allowed. How can I display these ...
3
votes
2answers
134 views

dircolors: rules for _ext (rather than .ext)

In UNIX, many file extensions do not contain the dot in front, as in bashrc rather than bash.rc or ssh_config rather than ssh.config I would like to add dircolor rules for _config as well. However, ...