The ls command lists the contents of a directory.

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How can I make ls show information about the directory specified only, not info about its sub-files or folder contents?

Say I have folder "foo" residing, the home directory. I want to get some info of it, owner, group, permissions, etc... I then do this to try to get the information: cd ~ ls -l foo Of course it now ...
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2answers
2k views

ls'ing through an entire directory tree to produce one pipeable list of files

This might have been answered already. But I wasn't able to find it. I have: directory directory/subdirectory/subdirectoryofsubdirectory directory/sub-subdirectory/subdirectoryofsub-subdirectory/...
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3answers
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recursive 'ls' giving absolute filenames

When I do 'ls -R' in a directory, I get something like ./dir1 dir2 file1.txt file2.txt ./dir1/dir2 file3.txt file4.txt but I would like a command that gives me ./dir1/file1.txt ./dir1/file2.txt ./...
4
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2answers
15k views

How to list ALL directories according to their size? [without including the parent directory]

I have a bunch of random folders, some of them are hidden (beginning with a period). I want to list all of them, sorted by their sizes. I have something on the lines of this in mind: ls -d -1 -a */ ...
4
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2answers
396 views

change file size format when using stat

The formatting character %s makes stat print the filesize in bytes # stat -c'%A %h %U %G %s %n' /bin/foo -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 45112 /bin/foo ls can be configured to print the byte size number ...
4
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2answers
2k views

Number of lines outputted by ls

When ls is called, it outputs all the files/directories in the current directory, attempting to fit as many as possible on each line. Why is it that when passed to wc -l, it outputs the number of ...
4
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3answers
558 views

ls on device without mounting it

Is it possible to run ls on a device without mounting it first? Something like this: # ls /dev/sda1
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4answers
780 views

linux + how to ignore (filter) file with space

Sometimes a file name is created from a couple of names and space between each name as the following: $ touch "A B C" $ ls A B C <-- one file but has three words ! ...
4
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4answers
614 views

List any file ending with .in and corresponding .out with shell script

I have a directory full of files ending with different extensions, how would I list/select only the files ending with .in and corresponding .out that share the same basename? e.g. file1.txt file1.in ...
4
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3answers
278 views

What does “command1 -> command2” indicate in results from my ls -al?

when I do a ls -al in /usr/sfw/bin I see: make -> gmake What does this indicate? Is this a symbolic link? I've googled and have not found the answer to this question.
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2answers
1k views

Get the complement of the result of an ls command

Let's say I have a directory with multiple files, all of which are either binary files (files with no declared extensions) and source files (.c extension). I do this: $ ls and get: README.md ...
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3answers
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How to search and replace text in all php-files in a directory and it's subdirectories

I am looking for a shell script that recursively traverses all .php files in a directory and performs a search & replace of a particular text pattern. The search pattern is quite long ( > 5000 ...
4
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3answers
2k views

ZSH: `ls *(.)` lists regular files only but `ls *(/)` does not list directories only

I'm not sure I am using ZSH's globbing correctly, but I thought ls *(/) would just list the dirctories under pwd, but it doesn't, it recursively lists all files under every directory under pwd (I got ...
4
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3answers
9k views

list full path of file without tying it from relative relative path

I could do this root@server [/home/user/public_html]# ls /home/user/public_html/.htaccess but I'd like to do this ls --switch .htaccess /home/user/public_html/.htaccess is it possible?
4
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1answer
350 views

Permission errors even though permissions are wide open

I installed anaconda on our new VM and I can't list its contents. I can change my directory to .../anaconda/ but when I type ls -l I get: ls: cannot open directory .: Permission denied However, ...
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4answers
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only show the source file and target linked file using `ls`

I can show the target file that a link points to using ls -l: snowch$ ls -l /usr/local/bin/mvn lrwxr-xr-x 1 snowch admin 29 12 Dec 08:58 /usr/local/bin/mvn -> ../Cellar/maven/3.2.3/bin/mvn Is ...
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4answers
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file $(ls /usr/bin/* | grep zip) command gives me errors. What's wrong?

I'm a total noob when it comes to unix/linux commands and I decided to read a book. I've reached a chapter where they try to explain how to pass the output of commands as expansions to the shell. ...
4
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4answers
198 views

list folders and their content

I'd need a file reporting for each folder the content and the name of the folder itself. If I do ls -l * I have (this is just a subset of hundreds of folders) ...
4
votes
5answers
1k views

List files with line count and date

I want to be able to list files showing the number of lines the each file has and the date. I can happily get the line count using wc -l *. Not a problem. I can get the date using ls -l. Is there a ...
4
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3answers
2k views

How can a group own a file?

Whe I do ls -l, two of the fields are username of the owner and name of the owning group. The username is clear - I created the file, it is mine. However the group entry confuses me. My user is a ...
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4answers
2k views

Find directories that do not contain subdirectories

I'm writing script is ksh. Need to find all directory names directly under the current directory which contain only files, not subdirectories. I know that I could use ls -alR and recursively parse ...
4
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2answers
3k views

ls pattern matching

I know that [] is working in ls pattern matching: $ ls foo.c foo.h $ ls foo.[ch] foo.c foo.h but I cannot find where this is documented. I would like to know the syntax that would match these: $...
4
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2answers
359 views

Appending works without >> when redirecting standard output and error

I have a file test.txt and have no file named test. When I tried ls test test.txt > new 2>new I was expecting new to be overwritten since >> is not used. But in the output file I got ...
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4answers
845 views

Sorting directories by last modified date/time of the same-named contained file

Is it possible, using grep, find, etc, to sort a list of directories by the last modified date of the same-named file (e.g., file.php) within? For example: domain1/file.php (last modified 20-Jan-2014 ...
4
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4answers
2k views

List only file size and name and symlinks

When I use ls -lah I get lots of information for each file. How can I get only the name and filesize? Additionally I would like to keep the listing of symlinks with the arrow like lrwxrwxrwx 1 ...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

ACL, ls, “permission denied” and a lot of questionmarks

I have two users, Alice and Bob. Bob should be allowed to list, ls, Alice's home directory. Alice also has a file in her home directory that Bob should also be allowed to read. I run these commands ...
4
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2answers
1k views

how to use grep for specific files?

for example I type ls -altr | grep "23 Dec" so it will show files for 23 Dec only and I want to use grep for them, like ls -altr | grep "23 Dec" | xargs grep -l "some_string" but this doesn't ...
4
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1answer
135 views

ls -l numbers between the size and the group

when I run ls -l /dev/null /dev/zero /dev/tty I get: crw-rw-rw- 1 root root 1, 3 Aug 9 09:05 /dev/null crw-rw-rw- 1 root tty 5, 0 Aug 9 09:05 /dev/tty crw-rw-rw- 1 root root 1, 5 Aug 9 09:05 /dev/...
4
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1answer
158 views

Fine-tune LS_COLORS for directory suffixes?

I’m fine customizing most settings in LS_COLORS. I don’t need help customizing the colors for different file suffixes. What I would like to do is configure special colors for certain directories, ...
4
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4answers
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What is the Linux command to display how many file names in the directory end in two digits

What is the Linux command to display how many file names in the directory end in two digits? Using ls with a command like this : ls -l | wc –l *[0-9][0-9]
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3answers
645 views

Preserving color output with cut

Using bash interactively I am trying to use cut to prevent the lines from going longer than my terminal width. But when using a command with colorized output all the color gets removed by cut. For ...
4
votes
3answers
711 views

What could be the use case of changing modified time of a file to the future?

I was reading through the man page of ls on UNIX, specifically OS X Mavericks. This got me intrigued: If the modification time of the file is more than 6 months in the past or future, then the ...
4
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1answer
2k views

Pass colors from ls through pipe to awk 'print' statement

This is a follow-up to my question from yesterday, Show sum of file sizes in directory listing. Thanks to Zero Piraeus and a point in the right direction by Mauritz Hansen, I now have function dir(...
4
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5answers
812 views

Print non-existent files from a pipe input

I have a directory of lots of .PDF and .JPG files. There should be a .JPG file for each .PDF with the same name. I'm trying to use a command to find .PDF files that doesn't have a .JPG file. My ...
4
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2answers
6k views

Displaying the last N modified files?

How can I list the 10 most recently modified files of a certain extension, not all files, or the files modified during the last 2 days for example?
4
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1answer
2k views

copying device nodes

I'm trying to transfer a working Linux installation to a new larger disk, so I've attached the new disk on a USB port, partitioned it and created filesystems. While copying all the files over I hit a ...
4
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1answer
362 views

Set ls color listings based on regex instead of globbing

Is it possible to set regex patterns for color matching in the LS_COLORS variable? So instead of just *.jpg=38;5;220 Can I do \.(jpg|gif)=38;5;220 That's just an example, I'd like to get more ...
4
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1answer
8k views

Find the disk-space usage of a directory and all it's files [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to know the size of a directory? If I run ls -lh then any given directory is just shown as 4.0K. How can I can make it consider the files the directory refers to as ...
4
votes
1answer
55 views

What's the meaning of a '#' character before owner?

What does the # character preceding the owner name mean? For example: me@server /dir/sub/sub-sub $ ll v* x* -rwxrwxr-x 1 #owner group 1176 Jun 25 2009 vfc.sh -rw-r----- 1 #owner ...
4
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2answers
245 views

ls -e option not available in linux

I have shell scripts that run on Solaris UNIX that use the -e option on ls to ensure the same format for all files regardless of their age. This option is not available on Linux. The exact same ...
4
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3answers
20k views

ls to show only directory/filename and size

First of all, this is not a duplicate of this: Linux ls to show only filename date and size Because I want to print actual directory name additionally. I was always using this command: ls -l | awk '...
4
votes
2answers
214 views

Make ls distinguish scripts from binaries in output

Is it possible to make ls distinguish executable scripts from actual compiled binaries? The permissions are most often the same (+x), and with ls -F you get an asterisk suffix (*) for both, so it's ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

ls and vim color on SunOS 5.8/Solaris 8

I want to use ls and vim with color on Sunos 5.8 SunOS 5.8 Generic_117350-11 sun4u sparc SUNW,Sun-Blade-2500 I have installed ls (GNU coreutils) 6.9 and vim 7.2 In ~/.cshrc: setenv TERM sun-color #...
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3answers
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Really strange FAT32 file listing problem

I'm mounting a FAT32 drive on my NAS (which has a USB port), and hitting a strange issue when I use the ls command on the drive root: ls: cannot access ???²é?u.g: Input/output error ls: cannot ...
4
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1answer
138 views

Why does “ls” sporadically output only “.” in the root directory of an external drive?

In the root directory of my USB flash drive, sometimes when I run ls, the output is normal and it lists the files. At other times, the output is simply one line: $ ls . If I try ls -la at one of ...
4
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1answer
422 views

How to understand the security context in “ls -Z”?

After referring "man ls", it shows "ls -Z" can display the security context: -Z, --context Display security context so it fits on most displays. Displays only mode, user, group, security ...
3
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5answers
338 views

When I redirect the output of ls to a file, the filename is included in that file. How can I avoid this?

Observe: $ ls $ ls > list $ cat list list This appears to indicate that when ls is executed that the redirection into file list has already begun and the list file is already created. A fine ...
3
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4answers
26k views

Unix Command to return all files that end with single digit and TXT extension

Which command returns all files that end with a single digit and have the TXT extension ?
3
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5answers
610 views

Search files for a string and if found check if a file with paired name exists in the same directory

I have many different files with the same ending .ft1 that may or may not contain one specific word special. For the files that contain this word, I want to check whether another file with a different ...
3
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4answers
8k views

Get the latest directory (not the latest file)

My folder parent has the following content: A.Folder B.Folder C.File It has both folders and files inside. B.Folder is newer. Now I just want to get B.Folder, how could I achieve this? I tried this,...