The ls command lists the contents of a directory.

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46
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2answers
111k views

How to get only files created after a date with ls?

With the ls command, is it possible to show only the files created after a specific date, hour...? I'm asking it because I have a directory with thousand of files. I want so see all files that were ...
10
votes
6answers
736 views

How do I display the nth result of an ls command?

I used this command to display the first result of files in my directory. ls | head -n 1 My simple question is, how can I modify this command to display say the nth result? Thanks!
2
votes
1answer
511 views

Why root bash output is colored but `sudo ls` output is not?

In bash (I am using Ubuntu 12.04) I get colored outputs either as root (after sudo su) or as a normal user. I checked (after reading this post) the files .bashrc for normal user and superuser and ...
1
vote
3answers
73 views

How to list atime for files?

According to this post can stat be used to give the atime on Linux, but FreeBSD 10.1 doesn't have the GNU stat. How do I list the atime for files?
6
votes
2answers
423 views

How to colourise hidden files in `ls` file listings?

LS_COLORS environmental variable lets you decide on colours for different file types for ls command, such as, directories, regular files, links etc. I suppose that dot files are considered a variation ...
28
votes
6answers
43k views

Sorting files according to size recursively

how to scan a folder recursively and find the largest files in the folder, and sort them by size. I have tried using ls -R -S but it tends to list the directories as well I need to scan the folders ...
5
votes
1answer
135 views

Non-standard sorting of the ls output

I usually include a date in the filename so that files and directories are listed in chronological order when I use the ls command, e.g. 2015-08-29_letter_to_santa.txt. A drawback is that tab-...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

How to know if output is being redirected to a file? [duplicate]

I am working on displaying output like ls command (just ls, no options). And I have a working program using the system calls. But I experienced a strange behavior while testing as shown below. $ ls ...
1
vote
5answers
86 views

Making a *nicely* formatted list of number of files in directories - awk & sed probably

I have lots and lots of files in a series of directories, and would like a nicely formatted list of how many files are in each directory. The directories are ordered thus: Parent directories named A,...
3
votes
1answer
113 views

“Display all <num> possibilities? (y or n)” for ls command

When I attempt to tab complete a filename in the bash prompt, and the output would be many (>100) filenames, the shell asks Display all <num> possibilities? (y or n) Can I replicate this ...
15
votes
3answers
1k views

No colored output in less for the ls command

If I run ls I get colored output which I find pretty handy for quickly getting a glance of the kind of file. When I try to pipe it to less even with the -r and -R flags the coloring always get lost. I ...
0
votes
4answers
2k views

Single line command to cat last file in ls -lrt output? [duplicate]

System log files are serialized and I use ls -lrt to show me the most recent file. I then cat that file. This requires typing a long serial number each time. How can I cat the last file appearing in ...
4
votes
1answer
133 views

ls -l numbers between the size and the group

when I run ls -l /dev/null /dev/zero /dev/tty I get: crw-rw-rw- 1 root root 1, 3 Aug 9 09:05 /dev/null crw-rw-rw- 1 root tty 5, 0 Aug 9 09:05 /dev/tty crw-rw-rw- 1 root root 1, 5 Aug 9 09:05 /dev/...
13
votes
7answers
20k views

How to report number of files in all subdirectories?

I need to inspect all sub-directories and report how many files (without further recursion) they contain: directoryName1 numberOfFiles directoryName2 numberOfFiles
0
votes
2answers
318 views

Get number of files in each directory [duplicate]

I have a directory with a very large number of subdirectories (~800) that were generated programmatically. I want to get a count of the number of files in each of these subdirectories to check for ...
6
votes
4answers
3k views

How can I search for a file with fixed name length using ls?

In a directory, I have files like lazer_100506 lazer_100707 lazer_091211 lazer_110103 lazer_100406_temp lazer_100622#delete etc How can I get a listing of only the first four files? $ ls lazer_......
0
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the alternative for ls command in linux? [duplicate]

How can I list the current directory or any directory path contents without using ls command? Can we do it using echo command?
13
votes
7answers
4k views

What to use when the “ls” command doesn't work?

I tried to use the ls command and got an error: bash: /bin/ls: cannot execute binary file What can I use instead of this command?
0
votes
0answers
22 views

To list only the file names in a present working directory using unix shell command [duplicate]

There are some links,directories and files in my path. I want to list only the file names eg. logfile1 redolog1 dumplog1 logfile2 lrwxrwxrwx spsy spec Jun 23 2343243 jpeg --> ~/home/s/jpegs ...
4
votes
4answers
816 views

Sorting directories by last modified date/time of the same-named contained file

Is it possible, using grep, find, etc, to sort a list of directories by the last modified date of the same-named file (e.g., file.php) within? For example: domain1/file.php (last modified 20-Jan-2014 ...
2
votes
2answers
115 views

How can I list files by class/indicator (as in ls --classify) then by name?

ls --clasify append indicator (one of */=>@|) to entries. I would like to group the entries of the same class/indicator together. I can only find ls --group-directories-first for grouping the / ...
8
votes
3answers
26k views

List of Recently Modified Files

How can I Get a list of all files modified , say 3 months ago. I checked this question but I was not able to apply it to my scenario. I am trying this now , it seems to be working , but I know there ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

how to list only files on Unix using ls command? [duplicate]

for listing only directories in Unix i can use ls -ld */, how to list only files? problem - I have some of files and directories in a directory, i want list only files
0
votes
1answer
67 views

ls displays files copied from an external drive with a yellow background

I copied some files from an external drive and now they appear with a yellow background under my ZSH shell on OSX. I believe that its a permissions thing as the normal ones display "drwxr-xr-x" and ...
2
votes
1answer
332 views

How to do ls with a wildcard and see the directory name

I have a directory called selenium_IDE if I do ls sel* I get to see directories that are in it, e.g. $ ls sel* HAPPY HAPPY_PLUS_OPTIONS SAD SAD_PLUS_OPTIONS but ...
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Who is this UID and GID? [duplicate]

When I do an ls -l on my ubuntu machine it shows the number 6226 as the UID and GID for some directories. Why? Most files and directories are owned by root, or by ubuntu (which is my usual login ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

Enable line breaks when assigning multi line outputs to var in bash

I'm using the following very basic shell script I copied off the net to list the contents of my database backup folder and mail them regularly: MYSQLLIST=$(ls -lhG /var/backups/mysql/daily/) SUBJECT="...
0
votes
2answers
195 views

How to find all .zip and .rar files recursively and sort them by size [duplicate]

I am looking for all .zip and .rar files in comp_tuts folder and I am intersted in showing their file sizes and sorting them from biggest to smallest. I have tried ls -R *.zip ls: cannot access *....
21
votes
11answers
4k views

Linux - command to list files (except ls)

Imagine you were working on a system and someone accidentally deleted the ls command (/bin/ls). How could you get a list of the files in the current directory? Try it. I tried many methods ...
0
votes
2answers
390 views

ls command lists hidden files

When I run ls command I get files like opencv.sh~ in my output which is not visible if I check the home directory. Basically, it also lists hidden files without supplying any other parameter. How can ...
9
votes
8answers
16k views

Convert ls -l output format to chmod format

Say I have the following output from ls -l: drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Apr 7 17:21 foo How can I automatically convert this to the format used by chmod? For example: $ echo drwxr-xr-x | chmod-...
2
votes
1answer
147 views

Why is vdir still around?

After installing Debian 8, I started poking around /bin (as I'm always wont to do), and I noticed that ls and vdir share, not only the same manpage (except for the whatis line), but the exact same ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Got weird result when executing bash command “cd /usr/share/; ls *z ”

I know the meaning of * wildcard But when I use Ubuntu 14.04 and type following command: $ cd /usr/share/ $ ls *z But why the part of the result is like this:       &...
3
votes
2answers
357 views

rm not deleting file, thinks its a directory

I have a hard drive with windows loaded on it hooked up to my Linux machine for backing up some of the information. I want to delete one of the 'temporary internet files' folders and it deleted all ...
4
votes
4answers
3k views

only show the source file and target linked file using `ls`

I can show the target file that a link points to using ls -l: snowch$ ls -l /usr/local/bin/mvn lrwxr-xr-x 1 snowch admin 29 12 Dec 08:58 /usr/local/bin/mvn -> ../Cellar/maven/3.2.3/bin/mvn Is ...
1
vote
1answer
165 views

Listing directories and understanding ls

On ls man page, I saw this -d, --directory list directory entries instead of contents, and do not dereference symbolic links on my current folder: drwxr-xr-x 2 oracle oinstall 4.0K Jul ...
1
vote
1answer
184 views

Display full ISO time in OSF1

I am working on an HP OSF1 (Tru64) based server and need to display file listings with the full-iso time format style. Example of this in Ubuntu Linux, user@hostname:~/Desktop$ ls -lrt --full-time ...
0
votes
0answers
213 views

How to check if the shell script created a new error log file in a folder with the same shell script? [duplicate]

I am trying to check if the new file is created in the specific directory or not when I run the shell script. Here, I am creating a new file through the shell script itself and then checking whether ...
1
vote
5answers
1k views

list all files with extension .log except one

I would like to list all files with extension .log except the file backup.log. I have tried using this command: ls *.log -I "backup.log" But all the log files are listed, even backup.log! How ...
0
votes
2answers
45 views

Why is there a minor number in /dev for directories such as pts?

This is a part of /dev in CentOS 6.6. What is the meaning of the minor number for directories like ., .. , bsg, block and ... ? drwxr-xr-x. 18 root root 3800 Jul 3 06:00 . dr-xr-xr-x. 21 ...
1
vote
1answer
721 views

Meaning of chmod 1775

Created a folder "Sample_dir" and analysed its permissions. $ mkdir Sample_dir $ ll Sample_dir/ total 36 drwxrwxr-x 2 user user 4096 Jul 1 19:26 ./ drwx------ 71 user user 28672 Jul 1 19:26 ../ ...
1
vote
2answers
653 views

How to use logical OR in find?

In bash shell ls can use a logical OR functionality through (of course I could also do ls name1 name2 but my true examples are more complicated): ls @(name1|name2) Is there a way to do this using ...
2
votes
1answer
291 views

sudo ls not showing hidden files on Linux

Today I discovered that sudo ls shows hidden files (that is, those that have names starting with .) on OS X. This surprised me so much that I asked a question about this behaviour, which I still find ...
0
votes
0answers
154 views

Completely hidden directory on ACFS imported via NFS

how is this possible: [root@oda001-d0 .ACFS]# pwd /OVS/Repositories/repo1/.ACFS [root@oda001-d0 .ACFS]# ls -la .. total 148 drwxr-xr-x 8 root root 4096 Jun 23 11:45 . drwxr-xr-x 5 root root 4096 ...
6
votes
1answer
5k views

Using regex in ls and mv

I have a directory structure like this ├── UK │   ├── BuyBand_go_UK.png │   ├── BuyBand_go_UK.svg │   ├── BuyBand_K.png │   ├── BuyBand_K.svg │   ├── BuyBago_UK.png │   ├── BuyBago_UK.svg │   ├── ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Find directory names with N occurences of a set of characters

Sorry in advance, I know there are hundreds of posts about find, but I genuinely don't understand what's happening here and haven't been able to find a definitive answer to this question: how to match ...
1
vote
1answer
270 views

change LS_COLORS behaviour

I am trying to modify LS_COLORS behavior. Presently it (say for sh or py), changes color depending on if it is executable or not, as shown here But, I want all my script, executable or not, have ...
11
votes
1answer
1k views

'ls' showing two identical files in a directory

So somehow the command ls seems to be showing me two identical files in a directory. I am certainly not doing something right here. Behold $ ls -Blah /System/Library/LaunchDaemons total 32 ...
0
votes
3answers
67 views

What rights signify when using ls -l? [duplicate]

When I type ls -l and press enter I get a list of files, with details about each file. Next to each file there is permissions and rights for each file. What do they mean? For example: -rw-rw-rw- I ...
1
vote
1answer
191 views

How do I make 'sudo ll' work? [duplicate]

Every once in awhile, I find myself needing to list files in a directory that I don't have execution permission on. So I do a sudo: >sudo ll /opt/mydir [sudo] password for civfan: sudo: ll: ...