The ls command lists the contents of a directory.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

6
votes
1answer
1k views

Piping the output of ls or tree to less loses colors?

tree and ls can distinct file types by coloring filenames differently. tree and ls often output a long list of files (including directories), so I pipe the stdout output to less. But less doesn't ...
6
votes
1answer
424 views

why ls reports a huge file and du does not?

When I run arm-none-eabi-objcopy -O binary add.elf add.bin everything seems to be ok. But, later when I run ls -lh add.bin add.elf this is the output I received: -rw-r--r-- 1 david david 2,6G nov 23 ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Symbolic links with ls, mv: forcing the functions to utilize “logical” addresses (remembering the original path)

It seems that for many basic functions operating on symbolic links, the physical path is used by default. However, cd works fine. When moving into a symbolic link, cd remembers where I came from so it ...
6
votes
1answer
329 views

Alphabetizing names in `ls` alias with .files not intermingled

I am currently using the following ls alias: alias ls='ls -alhGkpsq --color=auto'. This results in following directory listing. [03:35] bryson@brys ~ :$ ls total 48K 4.0K drwx------ 4 bryson 4.0K ...
6
votes
1answer
142 views

???? files in ls -l output

I see ghost files in red colour inside some of my directories: [drey@cyan|23:54|~/downloads]ls -la ls: cannot access teamviewer9_linux.deb: No such file or directory total 1318096 drwxrwx--- 1 root ...
6
votes
1answer
338 views

Filetype and dereference when listing directory with LS command

I'm trying to combine arguments to the ls command to list a directory content. What I'm basically trying to achieve is listing the directory dereferencing all links, but showing explicitly that the ...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

How to inspect group permissions of a file

I would like to inspect group permissions of a file from a bash script. Specifically, I need to check whether a file has the group writeable bit on. That's it. Simple as that. However: I also need ...
6
votes
2answers
9k views

syntax of ls --hide= and ls --ignore=

ls --hide and ls --ignore provides the possibility leave out files defined through regular expressions set after the --ignore= part. The latter makes sure that this option isn't turned off via -a, -A. ...
6
votes
2answers
7k views

file block size - difference between stat and ls

I've noticed that when I do a: ls -ls file It provides block count, say 8 blocks. When I do: stat file I notice that the block count is 16, twice the number given by ls. The block size on my ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

stat: print time in “long-iso” format

For my script, I would like to have stat command to print time in a nice, human friendly, way: 2015-02-04 00:48:31. ls calls this format long-iso and it can be used like this: $ ls -lA --time-style=...
6
votes
2answers
440 views

How to colourise hidden files in `ls` file listings?

LS_COLORS environmental variable lets you decide on colours for different file types for ls command, such as, directories, regular files, links etc. I suppose that dot files are considered a variation ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

Shell command to get all the files from a complex directory structure

I'm looking for a shell command in order to get all the files in a complex directory structure. By complex directory structure I mean that there's a root folder with more than 150 subfolders and for ...
5
votes
5answers
542 views

Is it possible to run ls or find and pipe it through stat?

Is there a way to run ls or find to get the list of files within a directory and then run stat to get all of the specific information (i.e. File Group, File Name, File Owner, File Size (displayed in K,...
5
votes
3answers
15k views

How do I find the inode of any directory?

There is literally nothing on google that I can find that will help me answer this question. I presume it is passing some other parameter to ls -i?
5
votes
2answers
3k views

How to ls without recursive

I am trying to ls some files with a pattern in a directory. I only want to scan the first level not recursive. My script: for i in $(ls $INCOMINGDIR/*$BUSSINESSDATE*) do echo $i; done Above ...
5
votes
2answers
905 views

“ls $PWD” and “ls .” get different files, strange caching perhaps?

I have a strange problem on my Linux Mint machine (with solid-state drive if that matters). Somehow the machine (on multiple occasions) gets different files, and different content for the same file, ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

How can I stop ls from descending into directories, similar to prune for find?

If I type ls *ro* I also get files in subdirectories that match the *ro* pattern. Is there any option for ls similar to prune? Ideally a flag, otherwise perhaps an exec?
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Why doesn't my loop over the output of ls work?

I am trying to feed Directory names into a for loop. My code is as follows: td='/Test/TopDir/' cd "$td" for x in $(ls -d */ | cut -f1 -d'/'); do echo x=$x done The top directory I run this on ...
5
votes
4answers
5k views

maximum number of files ls can list [duplicate]

Im using a script to delete old file in a directory, but the script kept showing /usr/bin : Argument list too long It turned out the number of files were 40000 and more, So I want to know what is ...
5
votes
6answers
4k views

ls with find :: report total size

I am trying to get the total size of files satisfying a find, e.g.: ls $(find -maxdepth 2 -type f) However, this kind of invocation of ls does not produce the total size as well.
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Why does ls display a non-existing file?

I want to list all the files whose name begins with uppercase: [root@localhost /]# ls /usr/bin/[[:upper:]]* /usr/bin/AtoB /usr/bin/GenIssuerAltNameExt /usr/bin/PKCS12Export /usr/bin/...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

Sorting ls output by time, when there are too many files for a single invocation

I know that I can sort the output of ls by time with the -t option. I know that when I have so many files that they don't fit in a single ls invocation, I can normally use xargs (or find ... -exec ......
5
votes
2answers
655 views

How do I get the total size of everything in a directory in one line? [duplicate]

I know I can use du -h to output the total size of a directory. But when it contains other subdirectories, the output would be something like: du -h /root/test . . . . 24K /root/test/1 64K /root/...
5
votes
3answers
456 views

What's the best way to list size of / in Terminal?

I want to see how much total space / is taking, but I don't know how to do that. I can use ls -hal and add up the subtotals, or I can use fdisk to tell me the size of that partition, but is there a ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Linux command to return all files that start with TEMP but do not end with double digits

What is the Linux command to return all files that start with TEMP but do not end with double digits? I think it should look something like this: ls -l TEMP*[!0-9][!0-9] but the results of my ...
5
votes
3answers
16k views

What does `l` mean in an `ls` listing?

When I run ls -adl .* in one of my directories, I get a file that has this listing: lrwxrwxrwx 1 user group 43 Jul 3 16:25 .#filename.py -> person@computer.edu.4018:1372874769 The filename ...
5
votes
2answers
14k views

list all files newer than given timestamp and sort them

I want to list all files (sorted by date) that are newer than timestamp in format 20130207003851 in directory /tmp only. Subdirectories can be omitted. Using SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11. The ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Tmux eclipsed colorized output of ls

I'm running Xubuntu 12.04, and when I use the Terminal I get colored filenames from ls. But inside tmux, everything ls prints is white. I know my tmux supports color, though, because I get color ...
5
votes
6answers
5k views

Strange case: Text file that exist and doesn't exist

I'm completely puzzled about a problem with a single plain text file in my system fedora 12. I used a known software in bioinformatics, maker, to produce lots of plain text files and one of them it ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

Excluding a specific directory using a recursive 'ls'

I've been using the following command to list the most recently updated files (recursively) within a specific directory and order by modification time: $ stat --printf="%y %n\n" $(ls -tr $(find * -...
5
votes
4answers
809 views

How to show only the last k columns in ls -l?

I like to restrict the columns shown in ls -l command, by eliminating the first 4 columns. ls -lh shows: drwxr-sr-x 20 gamma alpha 4.0K May 22 13:18 Desktop drwxr-sr-x 3 gamma alpha 22 Oct 6 ...
5
votes
1answer
676 views

“The entry is a door” in Solaris “ls” man page

I found this in a man page for ls in solaris linux. http://www.unix.com/man-page/opensolaris/1/ls/ What does it mean when it says: D the entry is a door?
5
votes
2answers
1k views

ls command: how to ignore case without globbing

I use the shopt -s nocaseglob command to ignore case, but it seems like it doesn't work if I use a string without glob. Just a question out of curiosity, is it possible to ignore case without ...
5
votes
3answers
703 views

ls --color: how to color executable hard links?

I created some hardlinks on an NTFS drive, but because of that, they are all executable and colored as executable instead of as hardlinks (regular file with more than one link). I did a test on my ...
5
votes
1answer
391 views

= sign at the end of .sock files in the ls output

I'm running the zsh shell in emacs. When I run ls I get a = at the end of .sock files. What does the = mean? Is it unique to unix sockets?
5
votes
5answers
93 views

execute command on a defined range of directories

Is it possible to 'partition' a directory listing - say in to blocks of some number, to perform different actions on each 'range'? For example, lets say I have the following directories inside ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

List all chflags file flags?

Is there a way to see a file's flags, such as hidden, schg, etc? I've got an rwxrwxrwx file that I can't edit, and I think a flag might be responsible.
5
votes
1answer
2k views

List a directory, including subdirectories, with file count and cumulative size

Is there a way to list out the content of a directory including subdirectories with a file count and cumulative size? I would like to see: Number of directories Number of sub directories number of ...
5
votes
2answers
798 views

'ls -l' file timestamp format

When I issue the command: ls -l The file/directory modification timestamp column (specifically the month part) is displayed in the native language of the country I'm based in instead of English. ...
5
votes
2answers
909 views

ls for cut -f string not working

I have a problem with feeding cut output to ls. This doesn't work: rep="S1_1000,0000-00-00c,0000-00-00d,0000-00-00e" ls tab_yeast/{`echo $rep | cut -f2- -d','`}*.tab.gz ls: cannot access ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

ls -l --group-directories-first (act on symlinks as well)

ls option --group-directories-first causes directories to be listed on the top, which makes the output of ls nice and clean: ls -l --group-directories-first However, it does not act on symlinks, ...
5
votes
1answer
142 views

Non-standard sorting of the ls output

I usually include a date in the filename so that files and directories are listed in chronological order when I use the ls command, e.g. 2015-08-29_letter_to_santa.txt. A drawback is that tab-...
5
votes
1answer
5k views

Listing both ls information and mount points of a directory?

On my Ubuntu Natty, typically all new drives inserted (e.g. USB Flash thumbdrives) are mounted under /media. So, on my system, I can do something like this: $ mount | grep '/media' /dev/sda6 on /...
5
votes
0answers
113 views

Is it possible to make ls ignore Windows hidden files?

I'm using the GnuWin32 libraries on a Windows 7 machine. I do not like that the ls command shows NTFS hidden files. I've found two methods to hide these files. One solution is to mount the partition ...
4
votes
3answers
945 views

What does 'l' in file metadata mean

When we type ls -l, we get meta data regarding all the objects in the current directory. The meta data has 10 dashes and the 1st dash indicates if the object is a directory or file or a link d ...
4
votes
5answers
644 views

How to list the n'th youngest file (without parsing ls!)

So I know parsing ls is bad!. Today I found this nugget: FILENAME=`ls -t $READ_FOLDER | head -1` So I believe originally this was designed to grab the newest filename, I actually now want to adapt ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

Scrolling through ls output without a mouse

In some directories there are quite a few files. When I use ls the output is more than my terminal can handle. Typically I just use one of the following: ls | less ls | more depending on my mood. ...
4
votes
2answers
10k views

Basic commands in Unix not working i.e: -bash: ls: No such file or directory

I'm new to Unix and in the process of installing a program for my dissertation I must have played with the PATH for the basic Unix commands such as ls. Every time I type ls and the directory name I ...
4
votes
3answers
4k views

Something's special about /dev/fd/3

I've been trying to learn about file descriptors. When I type "ls -l /dev/fd/" I get lrwx------ 1 me users 64 May 2 16:02 0 -> /dev/pts/5 l-wx------ 1 me users 64 May 2 16:02 1 -> /home/me/...
4
votes
1answer
11k views

How to get exact file size and file name?

Right now I am using ls -lt /my/directory (see below) then php parses the output. But inconsistently because the delimiter is space and there might be two or more spaces in between two fields. The ...