The ls command lists the contents of a directory.

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Compare files that are in directory 1 but not directory 2?

I'm having trouble with a bash script I want to make I know ls will list files that are in a directory but I want it to list directories that are in directory1 but NOT in directory2, and then list ...
6
votes
2answers
135 views

Exclude one directory in `ls` matching pattern

I'm trying to ls dirs that have .png files inside (no need for recursiveness, though it would be extra useful), exept one. Exlude one directory i.e. ls */*.png works fine. ls (^one)*/*.png ...
6
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5answers
21k views

ls list files not matching given string in filename

I have a directory in which lots of files (around 200) with the name temp_log.$$ are created with several other important files which I need to check. How can I easily list out all the files and ...
6
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3answers
3k views

How do i open all files that are the result of a ls command?

I'd like to open all text files that are the result of a ls command using a text editor. How do i do this?
6
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4answers
952 views

ls colors for permissions

Is there a way to control the color output of ls to highlight specific permissions on files? (e.g. write permissions). Any options in LS_COLORS that would do this? (the image above is from Dired+ ...
6
votes
1answer
5k views

ls: how do I list directories sorted by timestamps of the files it contains

How do I list directories by their access time in the sense that some new files/directories are created (say, directories containing the most recently created files).
6
votes
1answer
278 views

why ls reports a huge file and du does not?

When I run arm-none-eabi-objcopy -O binary add.elf add.bin everything seems to be ok. But, later when I run ls -lh add.bin add.elf this is the output I received: -rw-r--r-- 1 david david 2,6G nov 23 ...
6
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1answer
7k views

How can I use `find` and sort the results by mtime?

I want to use find but sort the results reverse chronologically as with ls -ltr. Is this possible through any combo of flags or pipelines?
6
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1answer
110 views

???? files in ls -l output

I see ghost files in red colour inside some of my directories: [drey@cyan|23:54|~/downloads]ls -la ls: cannot access teamviewer9_linux.deb: No such file or directory total 1318096 drwxrwx--- 1 root ...
6
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1answer
201 views

Filetype and dereference when listing directory with LS command

I'm trying to combine arguments to the ls command to list a directory content. What I'm basically trying to achieve is listing the directory dereferencing all links, but showing explicitly that the ...
6
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1answer
116 views

stat: print time in “long-iso” format

For my script, I would like to have stat command to print time in a nice, human friendly, way: 2015-02-04 00:48:31. ls calls this format long-iso and it can be used like this: $ ls -lA ...
5
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4answers
733 views

Shell command to get all the files from a complex directory structure

I'm looking for a shell command in order to get all the files in a complex directory structure. By complex directory structure I mean that there's a root folder with more than 150 subfolders and for ...
5
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2answers
3k views

How do I find the inode of any directory?

There is literally nothing on google that I can find that will help me answer this question. I presume it is passing some other parameter to ls -i?
5
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3answers
4k views

Using OR patterns in shell wildcards

Contents of my dir are $ ls -lrt total 0 -rw-r--r-- 1 user1 admin 19 Oct 8 12:31 night.txt -rw-r--r-- 1 user1 admin 19 Oct 8 12:31 noon.txt -rw-r--r-- 1 user1 admin 38 Oct 8 12:31 day.txt I ...
5
votes
3answers
409 views

When you type “ls -a”, what is the significance of “.” and “..”?

Whenever you type ls -a into the command prompt, you usually get all of your folders, files, and then you see that the first two entries are . and .. Just curious, but what is the significance of ...
5
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7answers
2k views

ls content of a directory ignoring symlinks

I have a directory in which I would like to list all the content (files and sub directories) without showing the symbolic links. I am using GNU utilities on Linux. The ls version is 8.13. Example: ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

How can I do the equivalent of tail -f with ls? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is it possible to follow a command (run repeatedly)? as one would follow a file using tail -f? I would like to monitor files that are being downloaded to a directory in ...
5
votes
1answer
11k views

Alias for directory listing sorted by time modified in reverse order

When I need to find my recently used files, this command: ls -lt lists in ascending order (by time), when there are lots files, I need to scroll to the top to see needed files, because wont fit in ...
5
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4answers
2k views

maximum number of files ls can list [duplicate]

Im using a script to delete old file in a directory, but the script kept showing /usr/bin : Argument list too long It turned out the number of files were 40000 and more, So I want to know what is ...
5
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6answers
1k views

ls with find :: report total size

I am trying to get the total size of files satisfying a find, e.g.: ls $(find -maxdepth 2 -type f) However, this kind of invocation of ls does not produce the total size as well.
5
votes
2answers
620 views

Why doesn't my loop over the output of ls work?

I am trying to feed Directory names into a for loop. My code is as follows: td='/Test/TopDir/' cd "$td" for x in $(ls -d */ | cut -f1 -d'/'); do echo x=$x done The top directory I run this on ...
5
votes
2answers
15k views

List subdirectories only n level deep

Festival stores voicepack data in the following example directory structure: /usr/share/festival/voices/<language>/<voicepack name> What is the simplest one-liner (preferably using ls) ...
5
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3answers
1k views

Sorting ls output by time, when there are too many files for a single invocation

I know that I can sort the output of ls by time with the -t option. I know that when I have so many files that they don't fit in a single ls invocation, I can normally use xargs (or find ... -exec ...
5
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3answers
358 views

What's the best way to list size of / in Terminal?

I want to see how much total space / is taking, but I don't know how to do that. I can use ls -hal and add up the subtotals, or I can use fdisk to tell me the size of that partition, but is there a ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

No such file or directory but I can see it!

I'm trying to run a python script, on a headless Raspberry PI using winSCP and get the following error message: Command '"./areadetect_movie_21.py"' failed with return code 127 and error message ...
5
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2answers
2k views

How to list files and directories with directories first

I have two questions. First, which command lists files and directories, but lists directories first? Second question: I want to copy a list of files into a single directory, but make the target ...
5
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3answers
807 views

Linux command to return all files that start with TEMP but do not end with double digits

What is the Linux command to return all files that start with TEMP but do not end with double digits? I think it should look something like this: ls -l TEMP*[!0-9][!0-9] but the results of my ...
5
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6answers
13k views

List files larger than {size} sorted by date

I want to solve the problem 'list the top 10 most recent files in the current directory over 20MB'. With ls I can do: ls -Shal |head to get top 10 largest files, and: ls -halt |head to get top ...
5
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2answers
767 views

Sort files by modification time

I've seen many questions and answers here using a construction along the lines of list_dir=`ls -t /path/to/dir/` for i in $list_dir; do or ls -t | while read i; do Now, I know that you shouldn't ...
5
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3answers
6k views

list full path of file without tying it from relative relative path

I could do this root@server [/home/user/public_html]# ls /home/user/public_html/.htaccess but I'd like to do this ls --switch .htaccess /home/user/public_html/.htaccess is it possible?
5
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2answers
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Excluding a specific directory using a recursive 'ls'

I've been using the following command to list the most recently updated files (recursively) within a specific directory and order by modification time: $ stat --printf="%y %n\n" $(ls -tr $(find * ...
5
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6answers
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Strange case: Text file that exist and doesn't exist

I'm completely puzzled about a problem with a single plain text file in my system fedora 12. I used a known software in bioinformatics, maker, to produce lots of plain text files and one of them it ...
5
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2answers
3k views

What's the difference between “s” and “S” in ls -la?

When I ls -la, it prints many attributes. Something like this: -rwSrwSr-- 1 www-data www-data 45 2012-01-04 05:17 README Shamefully, I have to confess I don't know the exact meaning of each ...
5
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2answers
3k views

Why does a new directory have a hard link count of 2 before anything is added to it?

Say I just create directory newDirectory and then I do ls -ld command. I see that the number of hard links is 2. What exactly makes the hard link 2 from the start? Also is the number of subdirectories ...
5
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2answers
169 views

ls command: how to ignore case without globbing

I use the shopt -s nocaseglob command to ignore case, but it seems like it doesn't work if I use a string without glob. Just a question out of curiosity, is it possible to ignore case without ...
5
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1answer
1k views

What's the second column of ls -l say? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is the number between file permission and owner in ls -l command output? I've been using Linux for years now and I'm embarrassed to say that until now I didn't ...
5
votes
1answer
629 views

Symbolic links with ls, mv: forcing the functions to utilize “logical” addresses (remembering the original path)

It seems that for many basic functions operating on symbolic links, the physical path is used by default. However, cd works fine. When moving into a symbolic link, cd remembers where I came from so it ...
5
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2answers
997 views

Find/ls caching

It seems as though the first time I run find or ls on a directory, it takes a while to work. But, each time thereafter, it is fast, as though a list of the directory's contents has been cached or ...
5
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1answer
232 views

Alphabetizing names in `ls` alias with .files not intermingled

I am currently using the following ls alias: alias ls='ls -alhGkpsq --color=auto'. This results in following directory listing. [03:35] bryson@brys ~ :$ ls total 48K 4.0K drwx------ 4 bryson 4.0K ...
5
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2answers
617 views

ls for cut -f string not working

I have a problem with feeding cut output to ls. This doesn't work: rep="S1_1000,0000-00-00c,0000-00-00d,0000-00-00e" ls tab_yeast/{`echo $rep | cut -f2- -d','`}*.tab.gz ls: cannot access ...
5
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1answer
778 views

ls -l --group-directories-first (act on symlinks as well)

ls option --group-directories-first causes directories to be listed on the top, which makes the output of ls nice and clean: ls -l --group-directories-first However, it does not act on symlinks, ...
5
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3answers
1k views

How to inspect group permissions of a file

I would like to inspect group permissions of a file from a bash script. Specifically, I need to check whether a file has the group writeable bit on. That's it. Simple as that. However: I also need ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

syntax of ls --hide= and ls --ignore=

ls --hide and ls --ignore provides the possibility leave out files defined through regular expressions set after the --ignore= part. The latter makes sure that this option isn't turned off via -a, -A. ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

Listing both ls information and mount points of a directory?

On my Ubuntu Natty, typically all new drives inserted (e.g. USB Flash thumbdrives) are mounted under /media. So, on my system, I can do something like this: $ mount | grep '/media' /dev/sda6 on ...
5
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1answer
195 views

How to colourise hidden files in `ls` file listings?

LS_COLORS environmental variable lets you decide on colours for different file types for ls command, such as, directories, regular files, links etc. I suppose that dot files are considered a variation ...
4
votes
3answers
691 views

What does 'l' in file metadata mean

When we type ls -l, we get meta data regarding all the objects in the current directory. The meta data has 10 dashes and the 1st dash indicates if the object is a directory or file or a link d ...
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2answers
2k views

Scrolling through ls output without a mouse

In some directories there are quite a few files. When I use ls the output is more than my terminal can handle. Typically I just use one of the following: ls | less ls | more depending on my mood. ...
4
votes
2answers
11k views

List of Recently Modified Files

How can I Get a list of all files modified , say 3 months ago. I checked this question but I was not able to apply it to my scenario. I am trying this now , it seems to be working , but I know there ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Something's special about /dev/fd/3

I've been trying to learn about file descriptors. When I type "ls -l /dev/fd/" I get lrwx------ 1 me users 64 May 2 16:02 0 -> /dev/pts/5 l-wx------ 1 me users 64 May 2 16:02 1 -> ...
4
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2answers
1k views

How can I stop ls from descending into directories, similar to prune for find?

If I type ls *ro* I also get files in subdirectories that match the *ro* pattern. Is there any option for ls similar to prune? Ideally a flag, otherwise perhaps an exec?