The ls command lists the contents of a directory.

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How can I display octal notation of permissions with ls - and can octal represent all permissions? [duplicate]

After looking at the man page for ls on my system and searching Google, I see there IS a hack of way to use awk or perl to show octal permissions when using ls, but with bash is there anything more ...
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Why could the size of the “dot” file “.” exceed 4096?

Today I found an "empty" directory with a size of 4MB. It had no visible contents, so I tried ls -lah. This showed me some hidden files (not very large). Searching for the reason why the directory ...
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Output ls -l size field with digits grouped by thousands?

It is possible to make ls -l output the size field with digits grouped by thousands? If so, how? For instance: $ ls -l -rw-rw---- 1 dahl dahl 43,210,052 2012-01-01 21:52 test.py (Note the commas ...
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Controlling what files to display

I recently changed my emacs config to hide backup files by prepending a dot to the file name. This got me to thinking - is there a ready way to change the behavior within Bash to use a list of ...
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Testing LS_COLORS in zsh

A few years ago I found an interesting code snippet that prints each type of file in its corresponding color according to the colors set up in LS_COLORS. Unfortunately, I can't remember the link ...
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What is the point of ls -f (or, why is this hanging?)

I've got a directory with about 100,000 files in it. ls -f hangs for over a minute. I ran strace, and immediately started seeing getdents, so ls is clearly reading the directory. I also see a lot ...
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Why does “ls -all” show year or time?

If you issue ls -all command some files or directories have the year and some have the time? Why do some show the year while others show the time? Is the time representative of the time the file was ...
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What's the best way to count the number of files in a directory?

If parsing the output of ls is dangerous because it can break on some funky characters (spaces, \n, ... ), what's the best way to know the number of files in a directory? I usualy rely on find to ...
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554 views

ls command operating differently depending on recipient

How does commands like ls know what its stdout is? It seems ls is operating different depending on what the target stdout is. For example if I do: ls /home/matt/tmp the result is: a.txt b.txt c....
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List of Recently Modified Files

How can I Get a list of all files modified , say 3 months ago. I checked this question but I was not able to apply it to my scenario. I am trying this now , it seems to be working , but I know there ...
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(Why) is it bad to use ls -A to list hidden files?

I want to list every file, including hidden files, in the current directory. I don't want to include the parent (..) and current (.) directory. I found this: how to glob every hidden file except ...
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Is there a correct way to list the subdirectories of the current directory?

I can find the subdirectories of a directory by ls -d -- */ or ls -l | grep "^d" but both of these seem indirect, and I would imagine that there would be a standard way to find just the ...
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How do i open all files that are the result of a ls command?

I'd like to open all text files that are the result of a ls command using a text editor. How do i do this?
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1answer
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proper way to iterate through contents in a directory [duplicate]

I need to iterate through every file inside a directory. One common way I saw was using the for loop that begins with for file in *; do. However, I realized that it does not include hidden files (...
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6answers
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List files larger than {size} sorted by date

I want to solve the problem 'list the top 10 most recent files in the current directory over 20MB'. With ls I can do: ls -Shal |head to get top 10 largest files, and: ls -halt |head to get top ...
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Why isn't the ls command listing huge filesizes?

In my Redhat Linux, I am getting the following error when executing the ls command. # ls ls: sugar.sql: Value too large for defined data type
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ls *.* gives: “*.*: No such file or directory” message [duplicate]

I'm using Linux app-server 3.2.0-4-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 3.2.41-2+deb7u2 x86_64 GNU/Linux. When I go to a directory with several files named name1.php, name1.html, name2.php, etc. and type: $ sudo ls *....
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How do I columnate a list of items with minimal width?

How do I columnate any uncollumnated input like ls does? ls is creating an optimized table with minimum width for each row, for example: ls 2 dsao file with space with 5 e g ...
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Is it possible to remove folder prefix from a `ls` command

I am in a bash script and I want to get the list of all files (let say all jar files). I execute the command ls -1 lib/*.jar and I get the output: lib/mylib_1.jar lib/mylib_2.jar ... Is there any ...
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Which is more efficient, ls or ls -l?

As I understand, the ls command calls getdents, which returns up to x number of directory entries. Are there any other system calls involved? If I run ls -l, are there any more system calls? I am ...
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How do regular expressions differ from wildcards used to filter files

While we use * to denote zero or more previous characters in grep, we use *.c to find all C files when we use it with the ls command like ls *.c. Could someone tell how the use of * differs in these ...
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ls content of a directory ignoring symlinks

I have a directory in which I would like to list all the content (files and sub directories) without showing the symbolic links. I am using GNU utilities on Linux. The ls version is 8.13. Example: ...
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559 views

Symbol that will show up first in output of `ls`?

I want a folder called DELETED to be first in my output of ls. Is there a symbol I can add to the front that can cause this? I've tried ^ and - and neither works.
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List all files / binaries in current PATH

Is there an "easy" way of running an "ls -la" style command for listing all files / executable binaries in the current PATH? (I intend to pipe the output into grep, for looking for commands with ...
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Want to sort files by update date including sub-directories

I want to sort only files by update dates including sub-directories. I found out ls -lrtR | grep ^-. but it doesn't seem to sort by update dates. And I need to save this list into a file. Is it ...
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How to list files and directories with directories first

I have two questions. First, which command lists files and directories, but lists directories first? Second question: I want to copy a list of files into a single directory, but make the target ...
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1answer
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`ls` command does not list latest directory contents

The Linux shell does not print up-to-date information when it comes to ls. For example I use my other processes (IDEs etc) to create some directories. However when I run an ls command I don't see ...
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Sort files by modification time

I've seen many questions and answers here using a construction along the lines of list_dir=`ls -t /path/to/dir/` for i in $list_dir; do or ls -t | while read i; do Now, I know that you shouldn't ...
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256 views

Different colour for the KiB range in `ls -l`

Is there any sane way to highlight the 4th, 5th, and 6th columns from the right of the file size in ls -l? My intention is to make it easy to read a file size be it in bytes, KiBs, or MiBs. I do know ...
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Find/ls caching

It seems as though the first time I run find or ls on a directory, it takes a while to work. But, each time thereafter, it is fast, as though a list of the directory's contents has been cached or ...
7
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1answer
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What's the second column of ls -l say? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is the number between file permission and owner in ls -l command output? I've been using Linux for years now and I'm embarrassed to say that until now I didn't notice ...
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730 views

Using dircolors, how do I change the color of my subversion folders

Below is a sample of my dircolors file, I want subversion folders (.svn) to be colored, but i guess the extension section only applies to file names. How do i set colors for directories with ...
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Why “ls” doesnt show the file that “find” discovered ?

(New to unix) In ubuntu When I am up in "/" folder i type sudo find . -name .erlang.cookie and the result is ./var/lib/rabbitmq/.erlang.cookie then when I am on the folder - /var/lib/rabbitmq ...
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How do I get `ls -l` output for a link recursively until reached the original file?

Let me give an example (it's just an example taken from here): $ ls -l /usr/bin/gnome-text-editor lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root 35 Mar 16 2015 /usr/bin/gnome-text-editor -> /etc/alternatives/gnome-text-...
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When you type “ls -a”, what is the significance of “.” and “..”?

Whenever you type ls -a into the command prompt, you usually get all of your folders, files, and then you see that the first two entries are . and .. Just curious, but what is the significance of ...
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How to get the relative paths with ls?

I'd like to do something like this to move the last two downloaded files: mv ` ls -rt ~/Downloads/ | tail -2 ` . Unfortunately, ls only gives the filenames. How can I adapt the code above? (Before ...
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Flatten the output of a recursive directory listing

Is there a way to list out all the files within a directory tree in a single list, sorted by modification time on Linux? ls -Rlt lists out files recursively, but they are grouped under different ...
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Bash autocomplete gives different file name than ls

An incredibly strange thing just happened. Through a serious typo, I entered cp filename.xsl .^?~ Yeah, that's right, dot-caret-questionmark-tilde! Truth is stranger than fiction. It gets weirder. ...
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List symlinks in current directory?

This question talks about finding directories in a current diretory. The solution is basically: ls -d */ That's great but how can I easily list symlinks? Do I have to use something like find . -...
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How can I list files by type with ls?

When I use the ls command with the option -l, the first string of letters gives the info about each file, and the first letter in this string gives the file's type. (d = directory, - = standard file, ...
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Excluding . and .. from results in find and ls

Is there any way to prevent find and ls -l from listing . and .. in their results? I never care about seeing this result in the output, and it prevents me from effectively piping their output to wc -l ...
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Exclude one directory in `ls` matching pattern

I'm trying to ls dirs that have .png files inside (no need for recursiveness, though it would be extra useful), exept one. Exlude one directory i.e. ls */*.png works fine. ls (^one)*/*.png ...
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2answers
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Tell if a folder/file is hidden in Mac OS X

I know you can set or unset the hidden flag of a folder/file by doing chflags hidden foo.txt and chflags nohidden foo.txt. But is there anyway of telling whether the folder/file is currently hidden ...
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How can I search for a file with fixed name length using ls?

In a directory, I have files like lazer_100506 lazer_100707 lazer_091211 lazer_110103 lazer_100406_temp lazer_100622#delete etc How can I get a listing of only the first four files? $ ls lazer_......
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ls: how do I list directories sorted by timestamps of the files it contains

How do I list directories by their access time in the sense that some new files/directories are created (say, directories containing the most recently created files).
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What defines “ll” in Fedora?

In Fedora, instead of typing ls -l, you can type ll. What causes this behavior? I've installed a new Debian system that does not appear to have this functionality. They're both running Bash. I can ...
6
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1answer
879 views

Can the command completion for `cd` be modified to only show directories and ignore files?

When I am in a directory in bash, and I press cd Space Tab, it shows everything in the directory as a possibility. (Show all 1000 possibilities?) This is really cumbersome when I am in a directory ...
6
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1answer
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Using regex in ls and mv

I have a directory structure like this ├── UK │   ├── BuyBand_go_UK.png │   ├── BuyBand_go_UK.svg │   ├── BuyBand_K.png │   ├── BuyBand_K.svg │   ├── BuyBago_UK.png │   ├── BuyBago_UK.svg │   ├── ...
6
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4answers
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ls colors for permissions

Is there a way to control the color output of ls to highlight specific permissions on files? (e.g. write permissions). Any options in LS_COLORS that would do this? (the image above is from Dired+ ...
6
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3answers
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what is total in the output of ls command [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: ls command: what does the first line mean? I have an empty directory.I am using following command to view the contents of that directory. ls -lart The output I get is ...