The ls command lists the contents of a directory.

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2
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3answers
180 views

How to know list of directories under a filesystem?

If I run sudo df -h command, I got below output: Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/sda2 12G 9.5G 1.1G 91% / /dev/sda4 3.8G 1.5G 2.1G 41% /home ...
1
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1answer
269 views

Ls -1 Command in linux on Ubuntu dosen't show details beside the name of each directory or file in the list? [closed]

I am using Ubuntu and when i issue this ls -1 command there is no details appear in-front of the directories and files names there is only a blank space ..what can cause this ?
1
vote
1answer
71 views

Failed to list directory contents: process waits infinitely

I use Linux Mint 13, and sometimes (rarely) I find myself not being able to list my home directory contents. When I try to do so: $ cd $ ls then, ls just waits indefinitely. The same with any other ...
2
votes
2answers
75 views

ls doesn't give me the same as cd + ls to the same folder

$> ls ../../../../.. Doesn't give me the same result as $> cd ../../../../.. $> ls Why? Something with links? What's going on? [ johanrj@jamin ] ...
4
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2answers
2k views

Basic commands in Unix not working i.e: -bash: ls: No such file or directory

I'm new to Unix and in the process of installing a program for my dissertation I must have played with the PATH for the basic Unix commands such as ls. Every time I type ls and the directory name I ...
3
votes
4answers
189 views

Determining the number of files and subdirectories in Linux

When displaying directories in linux using ls -ld, I get something like this: user@shell:~/somedirectory$ ls -ld drwxr-xr-x 2014 K-rock users 65536 20011-11-05 11:34 user@shell:~/somedirectory$ ...
1
vote
3answers
601 views

Print full pathname with `ls` and `find`

I want ls to print with absolute pathnames, how do I do that? find / -type d -mount -exec ls -ls {} \; ls is printing only the relative file names within the directory.
4
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6answers
3k views

How can I list files by type with ls?

When I use the ls command with the option -l, the first string of letters gives the info about each file, and the first letter in this string gives the file's type. (d = directory, - = standard file, ...
1
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2answers
362 views

how to sort files by their permissions using ls?

I have a large number of files and directories in one directory. I need to sort them in terms of the permissions. For example drwx------ drwxr-xr-x drwxr-x--- I am just wondering if we can sort ...
3
votes
1answer
102 views

Changing the spacing between files in ls

This is more of a cosmetic question but this is really bugging me. On OS X, when I run ls -G (or use CLICOLOR=1) instead of regular ls it changes the spacing of the columns, as you can see in this ...
3
votes
5answers
323 views

List files with line count and date

I want to be able to list files showing the number of lines the each file has and the date. I can happily get the line count using wc -l *. Not a problem. I can get the date using ls -l. Is there a ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

(Why) is it bad to use ls -A to list hidden files?

I want to list every file, including hidden files, in the current directory. I don't want to include the parent (..) and current (.) directory. I found this: how to glob every hidden file except ...
3
votes
3answers
222 views

Sorting directories by last modified date/time of the same-named contained file

Is it possible, using grep, find, etc, to sort a list of directories by the last modified date of the same-named file (e.g., file.php) within? For example: domain1/file.php (last modified 20-Jan-2014 ...
0
votes
1answer
98 views

Executable directory? And chmod o+w changing the terminal directory color?

What does an executable directory mean? If o+w is set the directory changes colors to a background green, what does this mean? Why doesn't it do it for ug+w, but only for o+w? Additional question ...
0
votes
2answers
878 views

proper way to iterate through contents in a directory [duplicate]

I need to iterate through every file inside a directory. One common way I saw was using the for loop that begins with for file in *; do. However, I realized that it does not include hidden files ...
-1
votes
2answers
326 views

Matching multiple patterns with ls

I'd like to get a list of fail logs in the current directory for use in an outside script, the logs are determined with the pattern FAIL in the filename, so I've been using a FAIL* to feed my script ...
1
vote
2answers
201 views

sort and ls — why aren't capitalized letters sorted first?

I want a sorting like this, with capitalized letters before lowercase: -rw-r--r--. 1 0 0 183 2014-10-14 20:17 ./CHECKSUMS.md5 -rw-r--r--. 1 0 0 185 2014-10-14 20:17 ./CHECKSUMS.asc ...
0
votes
2answers
142 views

ls hard link question

I run ls -la on the Volumes directory. It shows the MM dir to have 9 hard links and the Media dir to have 12. If I then cd to the MM directory and run ls -la, it shows only 7 items whereas if I cd to ...
1
vote
2answers
95 views

Listing folder contents during cd command

I might be mistaken here, but I was watching someone navigate using the cd command, and without actually executing it, they were able to show the folder contents of the current folder. So if I type ...
6
votes
1answer
111 views

???? files in ls -l output

I see ghost files in red colour inside some of my directories: [drey@cyan|23:54|~/downloads]ls -la ls: cannot access teamviewer9_linux.deb: No such file or directory total 1318096 drwxrwx--- 1 root ...
2
votes
2answers
953 views

Change file timestamp and display hour instead of year with ls

I want to change a file's date to tomorrow 21:00. I used touch, but when I type ls -l the year of the file is displayed instead of the hour. -rw-r--r-- 1 ABCD DEF 0 sept. 30 2014 test01 -r-xr-xr-x ...
16
votes
4answers
8k views

Why does “ls | wc -l” show the correct number of files in current directory? [duplicate]

Trying to count number of files in current directory, I found ls -1 | wc -l, which means: send the list of files (where every filename is printed in a new line) to the input of wc, where -l will count ...
0
votes
1answer
246 views

External Hard Drive Issue on mac

After the cd /Volumes command when I type ls it shows me my hard drive name twice, with different permissions. After that when I try to use mkdir to create a directory in the external hard drive I'm ...
5
votes
1answer
207 views

How to colourise hidden files in `ls` file listings?

LS_COLORS environmental variable lets you decide on colours for different file types for ls command, such as, directories, regular files, links etc. I suppose that dot files are considered a variation ...
3
votes
1answer
477 views

Putting Files in Ascending order (not on time stamp basis) in Unix [closed]

How do I list files in Ascending manner, not on time stamp basis. EX:- Original listing A_2001 A_2002 A_2003 A_2004 B_2001 B_2002 B_2003 B_2004 Desired output:- A_2001 B_2001 A_2002 B_2002 ...
0
votes
1answer
115 views

Difference between “ls -l” and “dir -l” [duplicate]

What is the difference between ls -l and dir -l? I always use ls -l, but my colleague (who is slightly colour blind) uses dir -l. Is this the only difference: ls -l has colour and dir -l not have ...
0
votes
1answer
253 views

Delete empty directories using 'ls' command

I want to delete empty directories without using find command find . -empty -type d -delete. like the following: if [ "$(ls -d *)" ]; then echo "Not Empty" else echo "Delete" fi How do I ...
-2
votes
1answer
1k views

Find files using ls and wildcards

pwd : ../bin under bin I have a directory called datafiles. Use meta characters and the ls -lL command (with lower and upper case L) to list all filenames under the datafiles directory that contain a ...
32
votes
1answer
4k views

Why can Linux show a file name containing character '/'?

The following picture is snapped in a real Linux environment. Why can Linux show a file name containing character '/'?
1
vote
1answer
115 views

ls and find command excluding a certain directory

I want to do this: ls -altrhS 'find / -type d \( ! -name tmp -prune \) -size +10000k 2> /dev/null -print' | egrep -v 'ibd|MYD|MYI' So I want to list, in that format, files of a specific size ...
0
votes
1answer
244 views

Linux can't read and write, but windows can

I have a hard drive with a lot of back up files, that were created by PhotoRec. When mounting it with a windows computer I can read all the files perfectly fine. Under linux I get an error when ...
1
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2answers
44 views

How do I find a files directory?

I am looking for a specific file in OS/X. I can see the file by using: ls -alR | grep "mkmf.*" This shows my that the file exists. How do I find what directory the file is located. Many thanks ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

Regarding identical copies of gedit files

When ever I save a gedit file in a directory, two copies of it get saved with identical content. Ex: If the gedit file is named as file_name and saved in Home directory then when u ls the Home ...
3
votes
2answers
182 views

exit a script if an ls line did not find any match

I am writing this script that have this line: ls -lrt /dir1/dir2/filename*.txt | tail -1 | awk '{print $9}' | read variable What I wanted is to exit the script (without using if-statement) if it ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Sorting ls output by time, when there are too many files for a single invocation

I know that I can sort the output of ls by time with the -t option. I know that when I have so many files that they don't fit in a single ls invocation, I can normally use xargs (or find ... -exec ...
15
votes
4answers
710 views

Why does ls accept duplicate switches?

I'm curious - is there a difference between ls -l and ls -lllllllllllllllllllllllllllll? The output appears to be the same and I'm confused on why ls allows duplicate switches. Is this a standard ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

Why is ls command slow to interrupt on NFS directory with lots of files?

I noticed in directories with lots of files on NFS if I do ls * then hit Ctrl-C it can take a while ( say 20 seconds ) before ls comes back. Why? Can ls command be fixed to be more responsive?
0
votes
1answer
2k views

ls command - list files containg speccific string in file name and belong to specific type

I am new to linux. Is it possible for a ls command to return a list of files containing "PRO" in its file name and belong to pli file type. I have researched and identified that ls -c -lt *.PLI will ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Which is more efficient, ls or ls -l?

As I understand, the ls command calls getdents, which returns up to x number of directory entries. Are there any other system calls involved? If I run ls -l, are there any more system calls? I am ...
4
votes
1answer
100 views

Fine-tune LS_COLORS for directory suffixes?

I’m fine customizing most settings in LS_COLORS. I don’t need help customizing the colors for different file suffixes. What I would like to do is configure special colors for certain directories, ...
2
votes
1answer
573 views

Piping the output of ls or tree to less loses colors?

tree and ls can distinct file types by coloring filenames differently. tree and ls often output a long list of files (including directories), so I pipe the stdout output to less. But less doesn't ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

What are differences between directory order and alphebetic order with `ls`? [duplicate]

What are differences between directory order (-U) and alphabetic order (by default) with ls? They return the same order of a dir's contents to me.
2
votes
3answers
1k views

List files of certain type under a dir?

If you want to list just directories (in the present directory) use ls -d */ What if you want to list just ordinary files, just executable files, or just soft links, or files of any other type? ...
3
votes
1answer
253 views

The -F option for ls

For command ls -F, --classify append indicator (one of */=>@|) to entries Wikipedia says * represents executable and / dir. Regular files are not followed by any of the above ...
3
votes
2answers
274 views

Valgrind /usr/lib files are not regular Linux files

The problem that I encountered today (on an embedded device with Linux) is that some files (specifically, the Valgrind /usr/lib files) are behaving very strange and they are not copy-able with scp ...
1
vote
2answers
5k views

-bash: cd: .ssh/: Permission denied

When I type in cd .ssh in terminal, it returns with -bash: cd: .ssh/: Permission denied. Now I cannot add my ssh keys to ssh. When I type ssh-add ~/.ssh/idname it says /Users/Dan/.ssh/idname: ...
2
votes
2answers
780 views

Difference between `ls -c` and `ls -t`

What is the difference between -c and -t options for the ls Unix command? And how can I sort by date of creation with the ls command?
6
votes
7answers
3k views

ls content of a directory ignoring symlinks

I have a directory in which I would like to list all the content (files and sub directories) without showing the symbolic links. I am using GNU utilities on Linux. The ls version is 8.13. Example: ...
1
vote
3answers
263 views

Removing a directory that has no files in it

I recently created a username and a group called gamesForAdmin. Since then I deleted it and the folder I made for it is still there: drwxr-xr-x 5 root root 4096 Jul 4 11:28 . drwxr-xr-x ...
3
votes
4answers
5k views

Sort the output of find -exec ls

Is it possible to the output of find … -exec ls -ls ; sorted alpabetically, by filename? This is my cron command: find /home/setefgge/public_html -type f -ctime -1 -exec ls -ls {} \; This command ...