The ls command lists the contents of a directory.

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3
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1answer
204 views

ls gives me different sort orders during a cron job

I have a cron job that, among other things, does a recursive ls of a directory into a file. This gets compared to another file that I've created that, supposedly, contains an identical listing of the ...
5
votes
2answers
806 views

Excluding a specific directory using a recursive 'ls'

I've been using the following command to list the most recently updated files (recursively) within a specific directory and order by modification time: $ stat --printf="%y %n\n" $(ls -tr $(find * ...
4
votes
2answers
169 views

Sort files by modification time

I've seen many questions and answers here using a construction along the lines of list_dir=`ls -t /path/to/dir/` for i in $list_dir; do or ls -t | while read i; do Now, I know that you shouldn't ...
13
votes
1answer
1k views

Why are reboot, shutdown and poweroff symlinks to systemctl?

In Arch Linux, if I do ls -l in /sbin, I can see that reboot, shutdown and poweroff are all symlinks to /usr/bin/systemctl. But issuing reboot, shutdown and systemctl commands obviously does not all ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Linux listing files between two date without touch command

I need a command which will list the files between given date and time (YYYYMMDDHHMMSS - format) in to a text file. I don want to use touch command as its creating permission issue. I am new to this ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

How can I display octal notation of permissions with ls - and can octal represent all permissions? [duplicate]

After looking at the man page for ls on my system and searching Google, I see there IS a hack of way to use awk or perl to show octal permissions when using ls, but with bash is there anything more ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

Why aren't CD image files listed when mounted in current directory?

When mounting a disk image in the current directory using : sudo mount -o loop -t iso9660 wall.iso ./ Listing files in current directory only returns wall.iso . To view the actual files on the disk ...
3
votes
1answer
820 views

ACL, ls, “permission denied” and a lot of questionmarks

I have two users, Alice and Bob. Bob should be allowed to list, ls, Alice's home directory. Alice also has a file in her home directory that Bob should also be allowed to read. I run these commands ...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

cd and ls in the same call [duplicate]

I often have to cd to a directory and ls to see the directory listing. Can it be done with one shot, so that I can add to .bashrc as alias. I searched on Google, there were some answers, but ...
27
votes
7answers
3k views

why does ls -d also list files, and where is it documented?

when specifying ls --directory a* it should list only directories starting with a* BUT it lists files AND directories starting with a Questions: where might I find some documentation on this, ...
4
votes
3answers
622 views

Something's special about /dev/fd/3

I've been trying to learn about file descriptors. When I type "ls -l /dev/fd/" I get lrwx------ 1 me users 64 May 2 16:02 0 -> /dev/pts/5 l-wx------ 1 me users 64 May 2 16:02 1 -> ...
4
votes
4answers
243 views

linux + how to ignore (filter) file with space

Sometimes a file name is created from a couple of names and space between each name as the following: $ touch "A B C" $ ls A B C <-- one file but has three words ! ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

List all files with the same inode number?

Lets say, when I do ls -li inside a directory, I get this: 12353538 -rw-r--r-- 6 me me 1650 2013-01-10 16:33 fun.txt As the output shows, the file fun.txt has 6 hard links; and the inode number is ...
2
votes
6answers
401 views

sort ls output by users

On Linux, is there a way to sort ls output by users? What I try to achieve is something like this: user_a   file1 user_a   file2 user_b   another_file user_c   this_file user_c ...
1
vote
1answer
192 views

ls -ld /dir, Solaris [duplicate]

Always when I run ls -ld /dir the output give me the size = 512 even if there are files in it or not. but when I run du -sh the output give me the actual size of the directory including its content.
4
votes
1answer
561 views

Pass colors from ls through pipe to awk 'print' statement

This is a follow-up to my question from yesterday, Show sum of file sizes in directory listing. Thanks to Zero Piraeus and a point in the right direction by Mauritz Hansen, I now have function ...
6
votes
5answers
3k views

Show sum of file sizes in directory listing

The Windows dir directory listing command has a line at the end showing the total amount of space taken up by the files listed. For example, dir *.exe shows all the .exe files in the current ...
2
votes
2answers
130 views

Can I `ls` all files in a directory from “1”, “2”,…,“9”, “10”, “11”, …, “20”, “21”, …?

I have a directory with files named "1", "2",...,"9", "10", "11", ..., "20", "21", ... inside. Can I list them in the order of "1", "2",...,"9", "10", "11", ..., "20", "21", ...? I have tried ls ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Which option of ls should be used for understanding metadata changes?

How can one find the latest time of metadata changes to a file? Let's say I changed the ownership of a file and then I did ls -l. It still shows the latest file changes. But I want to see the time ...
0
votes
1answer
126 views

What is the @ after directory listing mean? [duplicate]

so I have some files in a directory and when I type ls -l I get -rw-r--r-- 1 home staff 275 Apr 9 16:01 index.js -rwxr-xr-x@ 1 home staff 2565 Apr 8 10:38 person.js -rwxr-xr-x@ 1 home ...
1
vote
4answers
1k views

Is there a command to list files, exclude sub-directories and display size and date?

Before I begin please assume I have only basic knowledge in UNIX. Basic meaning I have only started reading about it since last week for a work related purpose. I have been experimenting with the ls ...
3
votes
1answer
948 views

Listing both ls information and mount points of a directory?

On my Ubuntu Natty, typically all new drives inserted (e.g. USB Flash thumbdrives) are mounted under /media. So, on my system, I can do something like this: $ mount | grep '/media' /dev/sda6 on ...
2
votes
7answers
1k views

Convert ls -l output format to chmod format

Say I have the following output from ls -l: drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Apr 7 17:21 foo How can I automatically convert this to the format used by chmod? For example: $ echo drwxr-xr-x | ...
1
vote
1answer
333 views

What is a sure fire way to find all files and/or path that contains 2 keywords?

I was doing a find . -iname '*sitesearch*' | grep demo because I know the file should be some/path/SiteSearch/demo/SiteSearch.html, but it turned out a person put the file in as ...
0
votes
1answer
716 views

Must parse ls -Al output and get file or directory name [duplicate]

I must parse ls -Al output and get file or directory name ls -Al output : drwxr-xr-x 12 s162103 studs 12 march 28 2012 personal domain drwxr-xr-x 2 s162103 studs 3 march 28 ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

output only file names(with spaces) in ls -Al

I should echo only names of files or directories with this construction: ls -Al | while read string do ... done ls -Al output : drwxr-xr-x 12 s162103 studs 12 march 28 12:49 personal ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

mark or color empty directories for `ls`

ls's -F flag allows to see the types of file and distinguish directories. Is there a way to add a functionality to distinguish an empty directory?
2
votes
2answers
377 views

Working of rm/ls with [0-9]

I am learning the shell commands and came across the short tags eg.[0-9],[[:digit:]] etc.. As a proof of concept i tried deleting all the files with the rm command(i know its not a good practise but i ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

starting vim with command substitution

I am working on a project on two different machines - one running Mac OSX 10.8.3, and one running Red Hat Enterprise Linux. On my Mac, I can do this: vim $(ls -R */*.@(h|cpp) */*/*.@(h|cpp)) and ...
2
votes
3answers
611 views

Find directories that do not contain subdirectories

I'm writing script is ksh. Need to find all directory names directly under the current directory which contain only files, not subdirectories. I know that I could use ls -alR and recursively parse ...
3
votes
2answers
291 views

Why do . and .. have a file size of 4 kB and 12 kB, respectively? [duplicate]

As displayed by ls -al, for example: drwxr-xr-x 9 jb jb 4.0K Mar 8 18:05 ./ drwx------ 49 jb jb 12K Mar 17 14:15 ../ I assume this is the minimum amount of space required to store the inode's ...
5
votes
4answers
431 views

Shell command to get all the files from a complex directory structure

I'm looking for a shell command in order to get all the files in a complex directory structure. By complex directory structure I mean that there's a root folder with more than 150 subfolders and for ...
3
votes
1answer
535 views

`ls` command does not list latest directory contents

The Linux shell does not print up-to-date information when it comes to ls. For example I use my other processes (IDEs etc) to create some directories. However when I run an ls command I don't see ...
1
vote
1answer
407 views

Total vs listed directories [duplicate]

On a server when I type in ls -al I get a list of the directories -bash-3.2$ ls -al total 12 drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 0 Feb 13 2011 . drwxr-xr-x 4 root root 4096 May 11 2011 .. drwxr-xr-x 55 ...
3
votes
2answers
125 views

customise ls color for directories contain specified file/s

How can I colorize directories contain files with word INCORRECT inside? Example: I have 3 directories which contain log file. dir_a/log dir_b/log dir_c/log The file log in dir_c contain word ...
1
vote
2answers
447 views

Ignore all matches to negated extglob pattern in recursive ls

I would like to recursively list all files in a directory which match a given input pattern using ls. (Oh, and this is in Bash). The only way I can think of to do this using ls is to shopt -s extglob ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

list all files newer than given timestamp and sort them

I want to list all files (sorted by date) that are newer than timestamp in format 20130207003851 in directory /tmp only. Subdirectories can be omitted. Using SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11. The ...
3
votes
0answers
571 views

ls and vim color on SunOS 5.8/Solaris 8

I want to use ls and vim with color on Sunos 5.8 SunOS 5.8 Generic_117350-11 sun4u sparc SUNW,Sun-Blade-2500 I have installed ls (GNU coreutils) 6.9 and vim 7.2 In ~/.cshrc: setenv TERM sun-color ...
4
votes
2answers
343 views

Get the complement of the result of an ls command

Let's say I have a directory with multiple files, all of which are either binary files (files with no declared extensions) and source files (.c extension). I do this: $ ls and get: README.md ...
2
votes
1answer
868 views

How does wc -l `ls` give the actual number of lines?

Can anyone explain to me how does this command work. wc -l `ls` while this command gives the total number of java lines or txt lines.
6
votes
2answers
12k views

How do I make `ls` show file sizes in megabytes?

What commands do I need for Linux's ls to show the file size in MB?
4
votes
2answers
378 views

Number of lines outputted by ls

When ls is called, it outputs all the files/directories in the current directory, attempting to fit as many as possible on each line. Why is it that when passed to wc -l, it outputs the number of ...
2
votes
1answer
135 views

Local, regular file causes `stat` or `ls -l` to hang

I've seen a few different questions about ls hanging. It's usually because they use the -l switch, which causes a stat on the file, which in turn is a bad symlink or pointing to an NFS mount or some ...
32
votes
6answers
3k views

The result of ls * , ls ** and ls ***

I know using the command ls will list all the directories. But what does the ls * command do ? I used it and it just lists the directories. Is the star in front of ls means how deep it can list the ...
0
votes
1answer
508 views

How to display directory permission without listing permission for their contents [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How can I make ls show information about the directory specified only, not info about its sub-files or folder contents? I am new to UNIX and I want to display the ...
1
vote
1answer
483 views

Please explain the output of the ls -all command

This is one of the many similar lines from the output from ls -all lrwxrwxrwx 1 subhrcho dba 25 Dec 6 01:36 beam-server.jpr -> .ade_path/beam-server.jpr What does the above signify ? I am ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

List all files / binaries in current PATH

Is there an "easy" way of running an "ls -la" style command for listing all files / executable binaries in the current PATH? (I intend to pipe the output into grep, for looking for commands with ...
3
votes
5answers
307 views

Print non-existent files from a pipe input

I have a directory of lots of .PDF and .JPG files. There should be a .JPG file for each .PDF with the same name. I'm trying to use a command to find .PDF files that doesn't have a .JPG file. My ...
4
votes
2answers
492 views

how to use grep for specific files?

for example I type ls -altr | grep "23 Dec" so it will show files for 23 Dec only and I want to use grep for them, like ls -altr | grep "23 Dec" | xargs grep -l "some_string" but this doesn't ...
5
votes
3answers
249 views

What's the best way to list size of / in Terminal?

I want to see how much total space / is taking, but I don't know how to do that. I can use ls -hal and add up the subtotals, or I can use fdisk to tell me the size of that partition, but is there a ...