The ls command lists the contents of a directory.

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2answers
133 views

How do I get a list of all directories and files with absolute paths each line ?

Using ls -R / i get every file and directory listed that exists, but not in the desired format. What do I need to write on the command line in order to get a list in such a format, that every line ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Solaris: How to run a system command on top of awk and combine all output in a single line

Have this peculiar requirement to print files in a given directory in the below mentioned format filename1 <type of file> owner group filename2 <type of file> owner ...
7
votes
7answers
9k views

What's the best way to count the number of files in a directory?

If parsing the output of ls is dangerous because it can break on some funky characters (spaces, \n, ... ), what's the best way to know the number of files in a directory? I usualy rely on find to ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

`ls / | wc -l` tells more lines than `ls /` shows [duplicate]

ls / outputs two lines. $ ls / bin cdrom etc initrd.img lib lost+found mnt proc run share sys usr vmlinuz boot dev home initrd.img.old lib64 media opt root sbin ...
2
votes
2answers
55 views

Efficient search of unique owners of files and directories

I would like to view the unique owners of all the files and directories underneath a certain directory. I have tried: ls -ltR <dir-path> | grep -P '^[d|\-]' | awk '{print $3}' | sort | uniq ...
84
votes
8answers
11k views

Why *not* parse `ls`?

I consistently see answers quoting this link stating definitively "Don't parse ls!" This bothers me for a couple of reasons: It seems the information in that link has been accepted wholesale with ...
-1
votes
1answer
28 views

Advice with How to Return the # of Files found within a folder [duplicate]

Create a script to ask a user for the name of a folder and have the script return the number of files found within the folder. If folder doesn't exist, display error message to the screen I've gotten ...
0
votes
2answers
57 views

find and list -R returning different number of files

I'm trying to create an array variable with a list of files to use in a small script, needing the full path to the file. Looking around I tried something like this: find /path/ -t f | grep ...
1
vote
5answers
88 views

Difference between 'ls -ltr abc*' and 'find ./ -name abc*' command? [duplicate]

To search a file in a directory, I found two commands as below: ls -ltr initialfilename* find ./ -name initialfilename* Sometime, first command gives me the search result but sometime I used to ...
5
votes
2answers
347 views

What defines “ll” in Fedora?

In Fedora, instead of typing ls -l, you can type ll. What causes this behavior? I've installed a new Debian system that does not appear to have this functionality. They're both running Bash. I can ...
2
votes
1answer
572 views

Piping the output of ls or tree to less loses colors?

tree and ls can distinct file types by coloring filenames differently. tree and ls often output a long list of files (including directories), so I pipe the stdout output to less. But less doesn't ...
0
votes
4answers
114 views

Foreach loop for ls output

I am trying to process some files in directory using foreach loop for ls output: IFS=$'\n' for i in $(ls -1Atu); do echo "$i" done At first time i thought it works, but when i created file ...
6
votes
2answers
165 views

Exclude one directory in `ls` matching pattern

I'm trying to ls dirs that have .png files inside (no need for recursiveness, though it would be extra useful), exept one. Exlude one directory i.e. ls */*.png works fine. ls (^one)*/*.png ...
11
votes
4answers
41k views

How can I list subdirectories recursively?

The obvious ls -dR does not work. I am currently using find /path/ -type d -ls but the output is not what I need (plain listing of sub-folders) Is there a way out?
2
votes
2answers
176 views

ls pattern matching

I know that [] is working in ls pattern matching: $ ls foo.c foo.h $ ls foo.[ch] foo.c foo.h but I cannot find where this is documented. I would like to know the syntax that would match these: ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

How to ls using the long format (-l) while still following directory symlinks?

I've noticed that ls -l doesn't only change the formatting of the output, but also how directory symlinks are handled: > ls /rmn biweekly.sh daily.sh logs ... > ls -l /rmn lrwxrwxrwx 1 root ...
29
votes
5answers
10k views

Is there any option with 'ls' command that I see only the directories?

Sometimes, I need to check only the directories not files. Is there any option with the command ls? Or is there any utility for doing that? EDIT: I'm using Mac OS X, and ls -d gives me . even though ...
39
votes
7answers
10k views

what does the @ mean in ls -l?

I am using Mac OSX. When I type ls -l I see something like drwxr-xr-x@ 12 xonic staff 408 22 Jun 19:00 . drwxr-xr-x 9 xonic staff 306 22 Jun 19:42 .. -rwxrwxrwx@ 1 xonic staff 6148 25 ...
23
votes
3answers
19k views

What causes this green background in ls output?

There are two directories shown by 'ls'. Normally directories anywhere are blue on black background. But the first one is blue on green and impossible to read. Why is this? How to make it blue ...
8
votes
6answers
15k views

How to output only file names (with spaces) in ls -Al?

I should echo only names of files or directories with this construction: ls -Al | while read string do ... done ls -Al output : drwxr-xr-x 12 s162103 studs 12 march 28 12:49 personal ...
20
votes
8answers
42k views

List only regular files (but not directories) in current directory

I can use ls -ld */ to list all the directory entries in the current directory. Is there a similarly easy way to just list all the regular files in the current directory? I know I can use find find . ...
0
votes
3answers
188 views

How do I copy the latest file from one directory to another?

I have 3 zip files in a directory. I want to copy the most recent version to a backup directory. My code works fine for .sh and other files, but not for .zip. Is there something else I have to do? ...
1
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2answers
1k views

How to change the output color of ls comman in terminal in OS X and iTerm2?

I know that a similar question has been as in: How to colorize output of ls ? Though, I didn't really understand the answer and couldn't really make it work. However, I have tried something ...
1
vote
4answers
1k views

Tail -f the most recent log file

In a few spots I got this to work ls -rt /path/to/log/file/ | tail -1 | xargs tail -f But I can't figure out why it won't always work (This is quick fix until I get the log rolling fixed here)
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2answers
56 views

Linux Bash Scripting Issue with Wildcard

I'm having issues with what I imagine should be a simple bash command I'm basically just trying to loop through a bunch of files and get there names `ls ./*.sql` # list all files ...
1
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1answer
51 views

How to distinguish between output of numerous similar commands

Say I am issuing ls -la in a directory that has hundreds if not thousands of files, then changing to another directions and issuing ls -la. I then need to scroll up to see what files are in the most ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

Get the latest directory (not the latest file)

My folder parent has the following content: A.Folder B.Folder C.File It has both folders and files inside. B.Folder is newer. Now I just want to get B.Folder, how could I achieve this? I tried ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

How do I find the inode of any directory?

There is literally nothing on google that I can find that will help me answer this question. I presume it is passing some other parameter to ls -i?
1
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2answers
63 views

How to list only the last line of each directory?

I learned thanks to you, how to display only the last line of a listing,e.g. ls -ltr | sed '$!d' Now I thought, how to combine it with the find command, in order to repeat this onto each directory ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

Why are files and directories colored in different ways? [duplicate]

On Ubuntu 14.04, in bash under gnome terminal, Why are files especially directories colored in different ways? The green colors hide the text to me (How about to you?). Is it done by terminal or ...
0
votes
3answers
44 views

How to display only the last line of a listing ?

Supposed I make a listing and sort the files by its temporal attribute: ls -ltr -rwxrwxrwx 1 bla bla 4096 Feb 01 20:10 foo1 -rwxrwxrwx 1 bla bla 4096 Feb 01 20:12 foo2 . . . -rwxrwxrwx 1 bla bla ...
0
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1answer
116 views

du and ls commands reporting wrong directory size

I'm used to the du command. I often use it with -h option. I report the result in a text file which I use to track space consumers. But I was wondered today to see a directory being reported as using ...
3
votes
2answers
121 views

How to list files on terminal so that we can see the file types such executable, ascii etc?

I have been trying to list files in directory using ls and passing it different options. Does it have the ability to list types of files as well ? I want to know which ones are executable , ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

Failed to list directory contents: process waits infinitely

I use Linux Mint 13, and sometimes (rarely) I find myself not being able to list my home directory contents. When I try to do so: $ cd $ ls then, ls just waits indefinitely. The same with any other ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

What does the @ symbol mean on filenames [duplicate]

When I do an ls in the /proc/PID directory a number of @ symbols show up next to the file names. Normally I would consider this to mean extended attributes but when I do the long form of ls they do ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

Question marks instead of national letters in console

I have Netgear Stora MS2000 (which uses a modified version of Red Hat) and have strange font issues while connecting by SSH. Note that this occurs both when connecting by PuTTY from Windows and by ...
0
votes
2answers
115 views

Solaris 11.2 extended permissions shown by ls

I have a file that shows up as having extended file permissions. ls -V /usr/share/X11/app-defaults/XScreenSaver rwx------ 1 root root 53 Dec 2 21:52 ...
20
votes
2answers
1k views

Is there a reason why ls does not have a --zero or -0 option

This question was prompted by questions about ls' -1 option and the recurring tendency of people to ask question and answers that includes processing the output of ls. This reuse of the output ls ...
3
votes
3answers
12k views

How do I echo just 1 column of output from ls command?

Lets say when I do ls command the output is: file1 file2 file3 file4 Is it possible to display only a certain column of output, in this case file2? I have tried the following with no success: echo ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

BASH: looping through ls [duplicate]

I'm having trouble with this piece of code: 22 for filename in "$( ls "$1" | grep ".*\.flac$" )"; do 23 file_path="$1${filename}" 24 ffmpeg -i "${file_path}" -f ...
11
votes
3answers
4k views

EXT3: If block size is 4K, why does ls -l show file sizes below that?

If you run ls -l on a file that contains one letter, it will list as 2B in size. If your file system is in 4k blocks, I thought it rounded files up to the block size? Is it because ls -l actually ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

*ls* font differences between files and folders with “--color” option

I have recently switched to urxvt from xterm for better unicode support and it does much better as to the font fallback. However I find an interesting issue: names of files and folders are rendered ...
1
vote
1answer
159 views

How to remove all but last 10 files

I accumulate sequentially named files as the result of an automated process, and I would like to keep only the last 10 around. I tried this, which had the effect of deleting everything: ls -r | more ...
5
votes
3answers
5k views

Using OR patterns in shell wildcards

Contents of my dir are $ ls -lrt total 0 -rw-r--r-- 1 user1 admin 19 Oct 8 12:31 night.txt -rw-r--r-- 1 user1 admin 19 Oct 8 12:31 noon.txt -rw-r--r-- 1 user1 admin 38 Oct 8 12:31 day.txt I ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

No such file or directory but I can see it!

I'm trying to run a python script, on a headless Raspberry PI using winSCP and get the following error message: Command '"./areadetect_movie_21.py"' failed with return code 127 and error message ...
1
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5answers
4k views

ls command - define number of columns

Is there a way to define the number of columns in ls output? I got this far: ls -C sorts in columns and ls -1 produces one column. --tabsize = option to produce two columns resulted in what looks ...
0
votes
2answers
138 views

“ls” in directory outputs “No such file or directory” for some files

I cd to a directory that has a large number of files, 40,948 to be exact. When I issue ls it takes a long time and before the command finally prints the results to the screen it tells me "ls: cannot ...
0
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3answers
829 views

Making a text file of list of directory entries in bin

How could I make a text file of the list of directory entries in /bin/ along with the attributes of all the files stored there?
0
votes
0answers
40 views

getting ? in permissions when running ll/ls command

I am trying to remove a folder and I am getting rm: cannot remove ‘...' when running the ll command I am getting : > ll ./folder/ ls: cannot access ./folder: Input/output error total 64 ...
3
votes
3answers
13k views

ls to show only directory/filename and size

First of all, this is not a duplicate of this: Linux ls to show only filename date and size Because I want to print actual directory name additionally. I was always using this command: ls -l | awk ...