The ls command lists the contents of a directory.

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Difference in file listing for SSH and SFTP [closed]

I have SSH access to a server and I have never bothered to use SFTP until now. I transferred a file using FileZilla to the server. However, the weird thing is that the file doesn't show up when I ...
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197 views

Show column headers with “ls” command

Does the ls command have any functionality to show the column headers for decoding what the columns are? I'm aware of the portion of support text that describes the columns in info ls
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73 views

Help creating a bash shell script based around the ls command [closed]

I'm trying to create a bash shell script that will take an input directory and give me the name and size (with units) within. I'm a bit new to shell scripts, so I've been able to build the script to ...
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56 views

change ls color on OpenWrt

I am not able to change the color of dir entries for ls command (dark blu is a very annoying color to read) on my OpenWrt device. I've added the line LS_COLORS=$LS_COLORS:'di=0;37:' ; export ...
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`ls\` logs out of terminal session?

Like many, I have an alias ll=ls -l[.]+ set. A moment ago, I typed ll and then accidentally hit \ on the way to return. I hit return again to finish the command (on the continued line prompt), ...
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89 views

sshfs: permission denied when trying to access specific folder

I can access to my specific folder like this: ssh -YX xxx@xxxxxx.xxx.xxxx.xx cd ../the/folder/I/want or with an absolute path ssh -YX xxx@xxxxxx.xxx.xxxx.xx cd /the/absolute/path/to/the/...
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72 views

How to make ls warning me about parent directory is symlink

I just found a scenario which i (or someone new to linux) might accidentally rm file because user thought it's duplicated file. Let's say i have this two binary files: [xiaobai@xiaobai note]$ ls -...
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33 views

LS_COLORS mixing matching criteria, e.g. file extension and hardlink

I'm wondering if there is a way to keep the characteristic color of the extension type in ls --color=auto as well as underlining the file if it is a hard link. For instance, if I do LS_COLORS="*....
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32 views

Who is this UID and GID? [duplicate]

When I do an ls -l on my ubuntu machine it shows the number 6226 as the UID and GID for some directories. Why? Most files and directories are owned by root, or by ubuntu (which is my usual login ...
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276 views

change LS_COLORS behaviour

I am trying to modify LS_COLORS behavior. Presently it (say for sh or py), changes color depending on if it is executable or not, as shown here But, I want all my script, executable or not, have ...
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284 views

ls or find option to exclude binary files

How can I list only files that aren't compiled code in the current directory? I'm reviewing the custom scripts and code on several HPUX and Linux servers before transferring them to a newer system. ...
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1k views

List files from time X to time Y

How to list out all files created between from 'x' to 'y' time? I want to list out files created between "29-dec-2014 18:00" to "30-dec-2014 18:00". Using ls or stat?
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Print full pathname with `ls` and `find`

I want ls to print with absolute pathnames, how do I do that? find / -type d -mount -exec ls -ls {} \; ls is printing only the relative file names within the directory.
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`ls` fails for directory copied from Win and OSX [closed]

I'm not able to ls on a folder that I have just transferred from win7 to OSX via a FAT32 drive. I don't know how to search for an answer for this issue. I've attempted the following: sudo chmod u=...
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185 views

Display full ISO time in OSF1

I am working on an HP OSF1 (Tru64) based server and need to display file listings with the full-iso time format style. Example of this in Ubuntu Linux, user@hostname:~/Desktop$ ls -lrt --full-time ...
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145 views

How can I list only the directories present in a directory using ls? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is there any option with 'ls' command that I see only the directories? I have a directory with a lot of files but only a few directories. To get a list of only the ...
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22k views

How to list files starting with “a” or “c” from /etc.

I tried ls /etc/[ac]* but it shows directories starting with a or c, and their entire contents, not the files starting with "a" or "c".
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find -exec ls -lR {} \; returns every item twice

Background: I'm currently writing an archiving script, which creates gzipped tarballs from some folders and their contents. It should be able to synchronize the gzipped archives with the sources ...
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45 views

Why is there a minor number in /dev for directories such as pts?

This is a part of /dev in CentOS 6.6. What is the meaning of the minor number for directories like ., .. , bsg, block and ... ? drwxr-xr-x. 18 root root 3800 Jul 3 06:00 . dr-xr-xr-x. 21 ...
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348 views

Meaning of “l” in “lrwxr-xr-x”? [duplicate]

According to this website: http://ss64.com/bash/ls.html The first letter indicates the file type: f means file and d means directory. But in my case I've an l. What's the meaning of this l? In ...
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434 views

meaning of capital S in long ls output [duplicate]

What does this long listing mean? $> ls -l developer.haml -rw-rwSr-- 1 humon apache ...... I know what a usual listing means and I know all about what it means to be read 'r', write 'w', and ...
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230 views

How to delete directory ' :q!'? [duplicate]

Accidentally, i have got this directory created in my home, drwxr-xr-x 2 ubuntu ubuntu 4.0K 2012-09-06 07:27 :q!/ I want to remove this somehow. I have tried using escape characters in double ...
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395 views

ls command lists hidden files

When I run ls command I get files like opencv.sh~ in my output which is not visible if I check the home directory. Basically, it also lists hidden files without supplying any other parameter. How can ...
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3answers
338 views

Concat 1000 files within a directory [closed]

I know we can concat files by cat file [file] [[file] ...] > joined-file. I have directory which contains lots of files. I want to concat all of them. I want to concat 1000 files irrespective of ...
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2k views

Foreach loop for ls output

I am trying to process some files in directory using foreach loop for ls output: IFS=$'\n' for i in $(ls -1Atu); do echo "$i" done At first time i thought it works, but when i created file ...
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Making a text file of list of directory entries in bin

How could I make a text file of the list of directory entries in /bin/ along with the attributes of all the files stored there?
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3answers
873 views

How to print only certain characters?

I have to translate the permissions of a file this way: r ► c w ► s x ► e Then, I must extract the group of characters which are related to owner group. Last step is to print that group of ...
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426 views

Delete empty directories using 'ls' command

I want to delete empty directories without using find command find . -empty -type d -delete. like the following: if [ "$(ls -d *)" ]; then echo "Not Empty" else echo "Delete" fi How do I ...
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5k views

Find files using ls and wildcards

pwd : ../bin under bin I have a directory called datafiles. Use meta characters and the ls -lL command (with lower and upper case L) to list all filenames under the datafiles directory that contain a ...
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5k views

Must parse ls -Al output and get file or directory name [duplicate]

I must parse ls -Al output and get file or directory name ls -Al output : drwxr-xr-x 12 s162103 studs 12 march 28 2012 personal domain drwxr-xr-x 2 s162103 studs 3 march 28 22:...
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101 views

Is there a “ls” replacement that can handle wildcards?

I just learned that ls cannot handle wildcards (ls '*' does not work) and therefore the shell does it before ls is invoked. So the behaviour of ls may be considered as logically for people working 20 ...
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49 views

Seeing mode of file without listing all files

I want to see the mode of file/folder foo, in the form drwxrwxrwx. I would normally do ls -lah | grep foo, but in this case the folder had so many subfolders, that it took a long time for ls to run. ...
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Is there a way to show the permissions for a file without using `ls`

That's all - just wondering if there's other way to find out the permissions for a file without doing a ls -l to see the string of values there. As far as I know, there's no show option in chmod.
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58 views

ls default sorting inconsistent

Why does adding identical characters to the end of filenames change the sort order as shown below? In any sane string comparison method I would expect the comparison of 2 strings to not differ if the ...
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123 views

Why does my “ls -a-l /home” not work?

Marias-MacBook-Air:~ mariasharapova$ ls -a /home . .. Marias-MacBook-Air:~ mariasharapova$ ls -a-1 /home ls: illegal option -- - usage: ls [-ABCFGHLOPRSTUWabcdefghiklmnopqrstuwx1] [file ...] ...
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'+' and 's' in permission strings

If the ls -l command gives me a permission string like rwsr-s--x What does the 's' mean? The only sources I found mention that it can be present sometimes but do not elaborate. What does a '+' ...
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110 views

Linux Bash Scripting Issue with Wildcard

I'm having issues with what I imagine should be a simple bash command I'm basically just trying to loop through a bunch of files and get there names `ls ./*.sql` # list all files ...
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“Other” permissions on files

To my understanding, the last three character of file permission printed by ls command is about other user's file permission. If the other user"s" have separate file permissions to this file, what ...
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10k views

Use of ls with wc command

What does the command : ls | wc -l do? I know wc <filename> gives lines, words, and characters, and wc -l <filename> print the line count. But how it is being used with ls` ...
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209 views

wc - setting a terminating character

I've got that far: wc --files0-from=FILE lets one get the word count of a list of files. Each entry in this list mus be terminated with an ASCII NUL character. Question: A way to set a terminating ...
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1answer
1k views

Asking ls to only list files in a path that match a specific glob/regex

In Zsh: Is there a way to use ls to only list files and folders in the current directory that match a specific globbing or regex pattern? For example, say I have multiple files that start with the ...
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50 views

Command to print the number of *.pdf files in a chosen directory [duplicate]

I am currently not on a Linux machine. Would the following command produce my wanted result? ls | grep ".pdf" | wc
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114 views

What does “ls --dired - l” or “ls -D -l” actually print?

ls --dired -l prints all dir and files along with some number followed by //DIRED// ***66 69 122 131 ....*** //DIRED-OPTIONS// --quoting-style=literal What do these numbers in bold mean? --dired ...
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109 views

What's the -alhF flag in ls?

What is the -alhF flag in ls? I can't find it in the man page.
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4k views

How do I copy the latest file from one directory to another?

I have 3 zip files in a directory. I want to copy the most recent version to a backup directory. My code works fine for .sh and other files, but not for .zip. Is there something else I have to do? ...
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330 views

How can I capture two columns of ls output in a bash script

I want to create a script to delete any directories with numeric groups. What I have so far captures and analyzes the group: #!/bin/bash re='^[0-9]+$' for x in `/usr/bin/ls -l /var/indexes | sort -k3,...
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ls command - list files containg speccific string in file name and belong to specific type

I am new to linux. Is it possible for a ls command to return a list of files containing "PRO" in its file name and belong to pli file type. I have researched and identified that ls -c -lt *.PLI will ...
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5k views

Bash: iterate with variable on the lines of `ls -1` output

In a simple cycle like the following for f in $(ls -1) ; do something done I would like to store each line of the output of ls -1 in the variable f. Is there a way to do this ...
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96 views

List file in sub directory with certain permission

So basically I need to list files in sub directory which has all permission for user and group but not other. Basically rwxrwx--- All I got is: ls -d */* to show the sub directories but now how ...
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37 views

Using `tree`, how do I output files before subdirectories?

I tried to combine --dirsfirst and -r, but directories still show up on top, only in reverse alphabetical order. It seems like -r is applied first, which is also indicated by the man pages. Any other ...