A locale is a set of parameters that defines the user's language, country and any special variant preferences that the user wants to see in their user interface.

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Changing Locale

I am using Linux Mint 15 Currently I have my locale as (by using command locale): LANG=en_US.UTF-8 LANGUAGE= LC_CTYPE="en_US.UTF-8" LC_NUMERIC=ar_SA.UTF-8 LC_TIME=ar_SA.UTF-8 ...
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Set Up New Locale On CentOS 6

I am trying to set up a new locale for my centos server environment. Here is currently shows for locale -a command: en_AG en_AG.utf8 en_AU en_AU.iso88591 en_AU.utf8 en_BW en_BW.iso88591 en_BW.utf8 ...
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Character encoding issue with my linux install?

I just installed Ubuntu 12.04.4 64 bits, all seemed to be ok, when I started to work on console I noticed: that I couldn't get some accented characters typed in to the console, for example, if I ...
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216 views

Linux ls wrong date format

I try to find why when I do the command ls or whatever ls -la the column format is wrong with date. It should be like that: -rw-r--r-- 1 johndoe johndoe 55 janv. 26 2011 not like that : ...
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247 views

Console outputing wrong single quote character (â)

My console yakuake is outputting the wrong single quote character. test.cpp: In function âint main()â: I've tried, one by one: export LC_CTYPE="C" export LC_CTYPE="posix" export ...
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105 views

Make yakuake outputting correct characters

I have some files that using japanese, korean and chinese characters in their filename, this is the example filename 栗山千明 - おいしい季節決定的三分間.rar but when i tried to ls -w1 *.rar in the yakuake console, ...
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locale not found/setting locale failed - what should I do?

I've installed Debian 7 i386 on my VPS (OpenVZ). Everything works fine, except locales - any attempt to install anything shows: [...] perl: warning: Setting locale failed. perl: warning: Please check ...
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183 views

Problem with log in after change locale, maybe relate to PAM

System information: Debian Wheezy CPU: intel core i7 3770 I initially only had en_US.UTF-8 as the default language. This morning, I changed the /etc/local.gen file and un-comment the zh_CN.UTF-8 and ...
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1answer
138 views

login with xdm and umlaut in password

I want use xdm to login to my machine and start my session. My password contains an umlaut. I'd rather not change the password as it is quite long and complex and I just memorized it. Login works ...
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Problems with the locale; can't make Arch Linux use UFT-8 [closed]

Note: The real problems behind this are presented here, as per a recommendation on meta. This question should be closed as a non-reproducible off-topic because its main problem is solved by correcting ...
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Reload /etc/default/locale without reboot?

After making changes to /etc/default/locale, is it possible to reload/active the new settings without a reboot?
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I have an environment variable for LANG set in ~/.profile but it is not getting set

I want to set the locale. I have this in my ~/.profile #language export LANG=en_GB.utf8 export TESTING123=en_GB.utf8 But when I type: echo $LANG $TESTING123 I get (LANG not set, but TESTING123 ...
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372 views

dot instead of comma as thousand separator

I read about --blocksize for ls to get a thousands separator. However my computer gives me dot (.) and not comma (,): $ ls -l --block-size="'1" total 11.893.190.656 -rw------- 1 carlah users ...
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2answers
57 views

Running a program to output in Dutch

I'm running KDE Arch linux and trying to update my system using pacman and have it output in Dutch. I've tried the following sudo LANG=nl_NL.UTF-8 pacman -Syy sudo KDE_LANG=nl_NL.UTF-8 pacman -Syy ...
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1answer
57 views

How does zoneinfo get updated if at all?

I have been installing several systems lately have noticed a difference of opinion on how to set time-zones. Arch Linux Beginners' Guide says to use a symlink and the Gentoo HOW TO Guide says to copy ...
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3answers
360 views

How to have console messages in English?

I am French and use my Debian system in French. However, I would like to have error messages in terminal in English. It allows me to post them on English speaking websites. How can I change my ...
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How to mount an NTFS drive as utf8 over NFS

Question How to mount a nfs share (NTFS formatted fileystem) as utf8 in CentOS 6.5? What I tried mount -o iocharset=utf8 mount -o nfs=utf8 mount -o utf8=1 mount -o utf8 Problem: When I ...
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texinfo: Can I write non-english info files? Such as Chinese, and how?

Most gnu manual files use info, write a texinfo then makeinfo produces info files, it's great. Can texinfo contain non-English characters then produce non-English infos or pdfs? How can I write ...
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What are these strange characters in wifi-menu and alsamixer?

I have a fresh install of Arch. When I run wifi-menu or alsamixer, both of which I think use dialog, the display in the shell is not correct. The border, for example, is drawn with the wrong ...
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1k views

locale-dependent bash script: How to properly ensure locale?

I went through a strange bug in a bash script which is on another machine, accessed via ssh (or other ssh like clients). It was basically a menu, in particular showing IP address(es) of the machine ...
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409 views

How can I find the sort order for ls with my locale?

I was using ls -l on a directory, and was surprised that spaces and underscores were ignored for the sort order. For example, $ echo $LANG en_AU.UTF-8 $ ls -l total 0 -rw-r--r-- 1 sparhawk sparhawk 0 ...
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1answer
137 views

Julian calendar for a UK locale in ncal

On my machine, ncal identifies my country code as GB, and use that to find the date for the shift to the gregorian calendar, and I think cal uses the same date by default: cal: $ cal 09 1752 ...
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1answer
186 views

who -b date format varies strangely

I run who -b to get the date of the last reboot. It returns 2013-10-29 14:55. Now ran by a daemon (I am sending this date to a server) it returns Oct 29 14:55. But some other times (before last reboot ...
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date modifiers explained

Again, I found some interesting I don't understand in an info page, in info dateto be precisely: An optional modifier can follow the optional flag and width specification. The modifiers are: ...
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Can I change the output format of the “last” command to display the year?

I'm trying to find a way to report on the most recent login for all users on my Solaris 10 server. I'm starting with the output of the last command. Using that command, I get output like this: ...
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Are the outputs of /proc/meminfo, /proc/cpuinfo etc always in English?

I am writing code that relies on the output of /proc/meminfo, /proc/cpuinfo etc. Are the file contents always in English? For example, will MemTotal in /proc/meminfo always be MemTotal in all locales? ...
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Accent error on OpenWrt 12.09?

[user@localhost ~] ssh -x -a root@192.168.1.1 BusyBox v1.19.4 (2013-03-14 11:28:31 UTC) built-in shell (ash) ----------------------------------------------------- ATTITUDE ADJUSTMENT (12.09, r36088) ...
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'ls -l' file timestamp format

When I issue the command: ls -l The file/directory modification timestamp column (specifically the month part) is displayed in the native language of the country I'm based in instead of English. ...
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2answers
115 views

How to set and read time w/o language barrier in linux?

Currently when you run the command date the output is Wed Sep 18 07:23:28 EDT 2013 and if you want to change the date you'd have to run date -s "18 SEP 2013 07:15:00" if you try to change ...
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ArchLinux how to setup English Language with german keyboardlayout

Can anyone explain me how to setup up ArchLinux to be completely in English except for the KeyboardLayout? (it should be de-latin1-nodeadkeys)
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362 views

Running `build-locale-archive` causes my ssh session to terminate

I had previously asked the question, How do I reduce the size of locale-archive?, and got a great answer to my question, but when I execute build-locale-archive I get disconnected from my RHEL6 host. ...
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How do I reduce the size of locale-archive?

I have a need to reduce the size of the locale-archive file on some of my RHEL6 systems. Here is that file on my system: [root@-dev-007 locale]# ls -l total 96800 -rw-r--r--. 1 root root 99158704 ...
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How do I add other language in a Debian system?

I want to add another language in Debian. I have done dpkg-reconfigure locales locale -a C C.UTF-8 en_US.utf8 POSIX ru_RU.utf8 but I don't have any result. root@ai:/home/volkov# locale ...
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What are the implications of setting LC_ALL on Solaris

To support an application we just installed, I've been asked to add this command to the /etc/profile file on our Solaris 10 UNIX server: LC_ALL=en_US.UTF-8; export LC_ALL The effect of this changes ...
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What does “LC_ALL=C” do?

What does the C value for LC_ALL do in Unix-like systems? I know that it forces the same locale for all aspects but what does C do?
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2answers
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Some UTF-8 characters not being recognized by grep or sed

Trying to determine all characters in a file. The file sample consists of: a eɪ abandon əˈbændən ability əˈbɪləti able ˈeɪbəl able ˈeɪbl abortion əˈbɔrʃən abortion əˈbɔrʃn about əˈbaʊt above əˈbʌv ...
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How can I examine the contents of /etc/localtime?

What command(s) can I use to examine the contents of the locale files, such as /etc/locale or the files under /usr/share/zoneinfo/*?
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403 views

Non-ASCII characters handled incorrectly on command line

I have a problem with non-ASCII characters in the Terminal on Mac. If I write: echo ÆØÅ Then press Enter, Arrow Up, Arrow Left, so the cursor is between the Ø and the Å, then write X, then the Å is ...
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1answer
137 views

Set a different input method for each app window

Is there a way in KDE to set a different input method for each app window? For example, for coding I use one input method (english), but at the same time I chat in Skype window using my native ...
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How to convert UTF-8 txt files to all uppercase in bash?

I have some UTF-8 .txt files which I would like to convert to all uppercase. If it was just ASCII, I could use: tr [:lower:] [:upper:] But since I'm working with diacritics and stuff, it doesn't ...
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325 views

Wrong language setting in Arch KDE

I've installed KDE on Arch Linux, everything is ok, except the language, infact after that I've installed italian language and setted that as preferred, the texts of tabs, settings and so on is mixed ...
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1answer
247 views

Correct diacritics in a mysql dump on CentOS

On my CentOS server, I have got a dump file of a mysql table which contains special czech characters in it (e.g. á, é, č, ž). When I view the file using cat, the special characters are broken (e.g. ĂĄ ...
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Characters not defined into iso14651_t1_pinyin are not sorted properly

when I try to sort characters not defined in iso14651_t1_pinyin, no sort happens, they are simply left in place. I would expect to see them sorted according to their codepoint. Is there a way I can ...
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locales: modify default time format

I need to change the default time format on my Debian Wheezy system. I am following this howto. I have modified the corresponding lines in /usr/share/i18n/locales/en_US d_t_fmt ...
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Linux Mint 14 system language turns into chinese. How can I switch back to English?

Today for testing purpose I installed KDE alongside Cinnamon in Linux Mint 14. Unfortunately, after that my system language switch to Chinese!!! All the menus and notification is in Chinese now!! How ...
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How to change locale environment variable?

I have generated en_US.utf8, et_EE.iso88591 and ru_RU.utf8 localisation files. Now if I try to change any of the locale variables to a ru_RU.utf8 or en_US.utf8, then this does not have any effect: # ...
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Language Support on Linux Mint Debian Edition

After a new install of Linux Mint Debian Edition I have some words unlocalized to my native language: most in Czech, some words in English. Whenever I've installed Ubuntu/Linux Mint this always ...
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2answers
881 views

Console font - how to show accents?

Arch linux on VirtualBox. My problem is the console (not X) does not show accents like "á ã ç". The problem is showing, not typing. I have a text file with these accents and when I use "cat" the ...
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1answer
945 views

Encoding of a zip file

When I extract some file (mp3) with japanese or korean characters within its filename on Windows, they appear normally, but when I extract it on Linux (Ubuntu/Mint) they appear as something like this ...
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How would a script know when running locale-gen is necessary?

One of the basic steps in setting up a new system is getting the right glibc locale files generated. At least in ArchLinux and Gentoo, one is expected to do this step by hand. I am trying to setup a ...