The kernel of operating systems popularly known as Linux, or sometimes GNU/Linux.

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try to dd a rootfs on a partition, but it didn't work - a small error

I guess this is not a big problem, still I can't see what's the matter. I'm building Images for an Embedded Linux (2.6.39) ARM9 System with Buildroot 2013.11, which is booting from an SD card. I was ...
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320 views

AES-NI on Dell Vostro 3360

I don't have AES-NI available on my Dell Vostro 3360 laptop. Why? Does this machine not support it? My /proc/cpuinfo: processor : 0 vendor_id : GenuineIntel cpu family : 6 model : 58 ...
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1answer
306 views

Loading speedstep_centrino kernel module

Because of a noisy fan in my laptop, I need to change CPU frequency and for this task I need to load the appropriate kernel module. The CPU in my laptop Acer TravelMate 4002WLMi is: $ cat ...
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TokuDB fails to load in MariaDB, even when transparent hugepages are disabled

Earlier, I upgraded my website server to Ubuntu 14.04 LTS. I had a very nice setup with MariaDB and the TokuDB engine. However, the setup was kind of messed up when TokuDB refused to load properly, ...
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61 views

Possible to see dead proccesses?

In man ps, it clearly states the different states a process can have on Linux. D Uninterruptible sleep (usually IO) R Running or runnable (on run queue) S Interruptible sleep (waiting for an ...
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23 views

How to update CentOS 6.5 to kernel 2.6.32-431?

I need to update my CentOS 6.5 kernel to 2.6.32-431. Running yum clean all && yum update doesn't do it for me. How do I update? And what could be the issue? [root@centos64 ~]# uname -r ...
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Mounting a file system using a C program [migrated]

In my initramfs.cpio I have only these directories: root@localhost extract]# ls dev init tmp sys dev has console and sys is empty. init is a binary corresponding to program that I discussed ...
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3k views

How to list console and kernel fonts?

I have a number of console fonts installed in /lib/kbd/consolefonts/ installed. How do I list them (obviously all I can do, is just look at the filenames, but not at a list at available fonts). How ...
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1answer
39 views

What does “make install” do in the Makefile that comes with the kernel?

I'm trying to identify what does make install do with the kernel and what does the actual "install" of the kernel once it's been compiled means. The problem is I can't really identify the target ...
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1answer
23 views

API for IPROUTE2 in any programming language

Is there any API that can be used to manipulate Linux routing table? I want to write a program that listens to sockets and then modifies routing table accordingly, just a simple code, but need an API. ...
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CDC ACM doesn't working in a custom linux kernel

I've a cubieboard2 running arch linux with a custom linux kernel. In the cubieboard2 I plugged in my usb-serial device (like an arduino), the device is recognized as CDC ACM. My linux kernel has the ...
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222 views

Linux kernel headers' organization

While I was doing some reading on system calls, I did a search for "syscalls.h" to find the header file in LXR. The search results puzzled me. There is a dozen of "syscalls.h" files coming from ...
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20 views

GPIO User Space App

GPIO User Space App describes user space application to test the GPIO. Another related link is Linux GPIO Driver. This would be running on a xilinx zynq board having an ARM Cortex A 9 processor. I ...
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1answer
14 views

leds-pwm driver in linux 3.8

I am using custom board based on beaglebone black. I am trying to enable leds-pwm driver in Linux 3.8 version. But Kconfig says the driver depends on HAVE_PWM config, I am not able to see that ...
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2answers
249 views

How to use netstat command

My question is what does it mean to LISTEN or ACCEPT on a port as it relates to my example? Example: I have a tomcat server, and It will use port 8080. I want to make sure that port is available for ...
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1answer
316 views

Binding lsmod module name with kernel configuration menu entry

Lets suppose I have a module named "mptsas". How can I find out, what kernel configuration menu entry (make menuconfig inside /usr/src/linux) corresponds to that module? By 'corresponds' I mean what ...
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1answer
124 views

show parameters of running kernel

I would like to see with what parameters the running kernel has been started. i.e., I mean those parameters that are specified with the append option, such as ipv6.disable=1 or rootfstype=ext2 Is ...
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How to cross compile linux kernel for ARM using GNU ARM toolchain? [closed]

I'm trying to cross compile latest Linux kernel 3.14 for ARM architecture. When I executed - make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=/usr/bin/arm-linux-gnueabi- The terminal gave me an error that: make: *** ...
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2answers
30 views

Monitor when read/write on metadata or mmaped files hit the disk

On a server hosting a wide range of websites, I often see IO becoming a bottleneck without being able to identify the processes responsible of IO operations with tools such as iotop, iostat or sar. I ...
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1answer
2k views

What happens in each step of the Linux kernel-building process?

I've read many tutorials about how to build custom kernels and boot Ubuntu using those kernels, and successfully followed the guides and booted custom kernels, but I have no understanding about what ...
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1answer
26 views

How to use a built in driver in the kernel?

I am building the 3.14 kernel for a board that requires the intel e1000e driver. I would like this kernel to have the driver built in so that I can remove loadable module support. I have chosen the ...
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51 views

Ping IP works, nslookup fails. New Kernel

I am compiling my own 3.14 kernel. I fear I may have left out some important networking feature to get DNS working. I can't resolve domain names. I can ping my DNS server. I can resolve using that ...
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3answers
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Enabling IP forwarding at kernel compile time

I am compiling a kernel for a router. I know a way to enable IP forwarding in an existing Linux system. At compile time, CONFIG_IP_FORWARD is said to do the same task. I am configuring version ...
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1answer
58 views

Kernel /proc ipv6 settings precedence

I'm about to connect our network to the IPv6 Internet and need to control the kernel ipv6 settings found under /proc. I know there are configurations for each interface, for all interfaces, and the ...
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12k views

Enabling IOMMU in the kernel for graphics card pass-through

Short question: How can I turn on the intel_iommu setting in the Linux kernel? I run a Debian host, using the grub2 bootloader. Documentation I've seen says to edit /boot/grub/menu.lst, which seems ...
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41 views

Can a real-time process exist in the 'expired' queue of linux kernel?

In the Linux kernel 2.4: Real-time processes are given a priority of 0-99 and they co-exist in the ready queue along with the nice processes (who's priority goes between 100 and 139). But real-time ...
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1answer
42 views

Kernel Panic on 3.14.0-gentoo on an IBM 9228LGA / SMP Stack Trace

So I've spent the past weekend trying to get this IBM Xeon server up and running. I also took this opportunity to try and get a bootable GPT/Grub2/BIOS setup going. I am able to get the kernel ...
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44 views

EDID Invalid on USB DisplayLink Device

I have a Sabrent USB to HDMI adapter which is a DisplayLink device. It's recognized by udl as being a DisplayLink device, yet seems to be rejected/disabled due to having an invalid EDID: ...
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2answers
51 views

Change kernel parameters at runtime

While trying to fix an obscure hardware bug, it was suggested that adding a couple of parameters to the kernel might resolve the issue. I can of course do that, but I was wondering whether I can make ...
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2answers
30 views

Where kernel configuration file is stored?

I currently run Angstrom Linux 2.6.32. I intend to upgrade linux kernel from 2.6.32 to 3.0.7. For this reason, I had to configure kernel 3.0.7 running make menuconfig. Now, I want to compare the new ...
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1answer
33 views

IPsec doesn't read configuration when the tunnel is deleted

I've created a tunnel between tow Sites using IPsec. I've made an error in configuration, the address of the destination was false. I delete this tunnel. But the ipsec try after deleting to establish ...
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How does the system shutdown of a linux kernel work internally?

I have somehow an rough idea of how the userspace and init-system (be it classic init sysV /upstart/ systemd) work at system shutdown. (Essentially there is an order succession of "Stop!", "Please ...
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How to apply a patch correctly?

I am trying to patch a linux 3.13.7 source tree to 3.13.8 using the patch-3.13.8.xz file. Since the patch file is in xz format, I used the following command to apply it while in the source tree: unxz ...
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68 views

System too slow [closed]

My linux system is responding very slowly.I should wait to get the result of my command. How can i investigate to know the problem of his behavior?
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276 views

File system CRC check

I know that before running the kernel, u-boot (the boot loader) will check the kernel image CRC. Only if it is correct it will go further, else it will give a "Bad CRC" error. I want to do same thing ...
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1answer
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How to automate configuration of the Linux kernel build

I'm compiling a flavor of the Linux kernel based on the default configuration (for an ODROID system), with some additional features enabled. I want to automate this process so that I don't have to ...
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1answer
73 views

How to configure bootloader to boot the new kernel?

I succesfully upgraded linux kernel from 2.6.32.61 to 3.0.7 on BeableBoard-xM, following the steps below: download and untar kernel sources 3.0.7 from kernel.org copy kernel sources on /usr/src ...
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1answer
116 views

Can I upgrade my Linux kernel from 2.6.32 to 3.0.7?

I currently run Angstrom Linux 2.6.32 on BeagleBoard-xM (ARM architecture). Can I upgrade my Linux kernel from 2.6.32 to 3.0.7 and what is the difficulty level in case upgrade is possible? EDIT#1: ...
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death_handler: Fatal signal 15 received

I have problem with my Linux when I try to shut it down. init 0 I get the following error: death_handler: Fatal signal 15 received setsockopt recvref[30]: Protocol not available The sytem will ...
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22 views

Interfacing ds1337 RTC on LPC17xx

I am a newbie and I am trying to understand how to interface DS1337(RTC) on LPC17xx Board. This board uses uclinux 2.6.33. .CONFIG: CONFIG_RTC_LIB=y CONFIG_RTC_CLASS=y CONFIG_RTC_HCTOSYS=y ...
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1answer
24 views

Linux Kernel Compile-time options for Seagate IDE drive

I am configuring linux kernel 3.12.14 obtained from linux.org for compiling using 'make gconfig'. My question is what options exactly I need to enable to make it work for my Seagate IDE HDD? I am ...
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1answer
106 views

How to build a custom kernel with localmodconfig that support hardware of multiple machines?

When configuring a server to run a single task, like an appliance, there might rise the need to build a custom kernel. For example to save disk space. Ubuntu Core 13.10 amd64 root filesystem is a ...
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Is my understanding of kernels correct? [closed]

System: Application OS: Scheduler, VMM, IPC, FS Drivers, dispatchers, VFS The above would be a monolithic kernel. In a monolithic kernel all core OS functions are separate from user space. Functions ...
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2answers
307 views

How does Linux md-RAID handle disk read errors?

There are 2 cases: the read command times out at kernel level (30 seconds by default), the drive reports its unability to read a given sector before the kernel lose patience (the case I'm ...
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2answers
739 views

Linux (debian/testing) cannot boot after installing kernel 3.9.1

Today I wanted to upgrade the kernel on my debian/testing system from 2.6.32-5-686 to 3.9-1-686-pae. So I installed the image by sudo aptitude install linux-image-3.9.1-686-pae (or something like ...
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1answer
746 views

What is meant by interrupt remapping in Linux?

Can anyone explain what the interrupt remapping is? Would turning this feature off in the Linux kernel cause any problems, or bring any benefits?
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Set up OS and Runnig app using x32-ABI

Intro I just moved to a 64bit installation and I'm experiencing big difference in memory usage ( especially for app like chrome, firefox, mysql and java apps ): - While before 4gb were enough now they ...
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Choose kernel version in OpenEmbedded

I want to build Angstrom kernel on Ubuntu 13.04 host machine using OpenEmbedded. git clone git://github.com/Angstrom-distribution/setup-scripts.git cd setup-scripts MACHINE=beagleboard./oebb.sh ...
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1answer
128 views

How to strip unused architectures, drivers, etc from headers when building a custom linux kernel?

I am building custom linux kernel packages in a Ubuntu 13.10 amd64 environment usingapt-get source linux-image-$(uname -r)the debian way make-kpkg clean;fakeroot make-kpkg --initrd ...
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CLEAN CACHE On X86 Desktop Boxes?

I was building 3.12.13 linux kernel and I came across the CONFIG_CLEANCACHE option. it would seems to reduce I/O considerably especially in conjunction with CONFIG_FRONTSWAP. But I want to know if ...