The kernel of operating systems popularly known as Linux, or sometimes GNU/Linux.

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Decreasing mouse sensitivity at kernel level

I have developed a custom-GUI Server, which runs on virtual console of Linux.For mouse-handling purpose, it reads the mouse device file /dev/input/mice and retrieves the event data and updates ...
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872 views

How do you compile your own kernel on a RHEL6 system?

In RHEL6, the kernel is 2.6.32. What is the procedure to compile your own kernel?
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81 views

Does alsa depend on the kernel version?

Lately I had nothing but trouble with my sound setup. The full chain looks like this: alsa (pulse plugin)-> pulseaudio (jack plugin) -> jackd -> firewire soundcard This works fine, except ...
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2answers
1k views

How do I extract the filesystem image from vmlinux.bin?

jor1k ships a vmlinux.bin. I think there is an initrd inside, cause I don't know where else it would be. I am trying to extract the filesystem image so I can change it, but I don't know how to. I ...
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14k views

Why isn't Linux embraced as the official GNU kernel?

While I knew for quite some time the existence of Hurd, and its mission as the official GNU Operating System kernel, I was wondering how come Linux is not embraced as the official GNU kernel over the ...
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1answer
351 views

Determine whether kernel built-in driver supports a device

I'm trying to find a way to accurately determine whether all the hardware on some system has a valid driver installed either via a kernel module or built-in to the kernel. I'm working with RHEL 5.5 ...
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237 views

Does linux modules/drivers belong to kernal space or user space

Some articles say that modules/drivers belong to kernel space as it take part in forming the kernel; (reference: http://www.freesoftwaremagazine.com/articles/drivers_linux) While others say that ...
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134 views

“Acpi-State” in slabtop's output gets increased — what is it? Is it a bug?

Since boot it gets increased occupying even more RAM than anything else: Active / Total Objects (% used) : 680608 / 719176 (94.6%) Active / Total Slabs (% used) : 17390 / 17390 (100.0%) ...
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3k views

How to determine which module taints the kernel?

My kernel keeps panicking when connected to a certain wireless network. I'd like to send a bug report but my kernel is apparently tainted. From /var/log/messages: Apr 17 21:28:22 Eiger kernel: ...
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125 views

How should I solicit feedback from a tree maintainer for patches sent to the lkml?

I have submitted a patch to the linux kernel that has gotten several reviews and gone through a couple iterations on the mailing list. It has been ACKed and reviewed by two developers, but they say ...
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134 views

how to uniformly execute benchmarks on linux

I am doing project on adapting Linux for scalable multi core architecture. I am testing Linux's performance with benchmarks. When I am running the benchmarks in the system then other programs like ...
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724 views

sigaction(7): semantics of siginfo_t's si_code member

I've got a long-running program (becomes a daemon with daemon(3) call) that exits on Signal 11 (Segmentation Violation) every so often. I can't tell why. So, I wrote a SIGSEGV handler, set using the ...
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1k views

GRUB2 and kernel vga= parameter

According to the documentation, use of the vga= kernel parameter is deprecated as of GRUB2. The fact that some newer kernels don't seem to support it anymore on certain adapters is of no concern as ...
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302 views

Address types used in Linux

I am trying to understand the Memory address types used by the Linux kernel, which are User virtual address Physical address Bus address Kernel logical address Kernel virtual address I understood ...
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89 views

What are the other congestion control algorithms specially designed for lossy Wireless Networks like LTE and WiMax?

I am trying different congestion control algorithms for getting maximum throughput and minimum delay across my setup for TCP flow.Please suggest other available algorithms apart from Veno, ...
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1answer
179 views

Install x11 on my own linux system

I have developed my own tiny linux file system using buildroot and busybox. I used linux-2.6.38.8 kernel configured and cross-compiled for target system(X86) according to needs.Now the filesystem is ...
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625 views

Unable to install the selected kernel

I have problem with my DVD drive. It's corrupted and when I'm trying to install Ubuntu it stucks (even with the miniISO) I was able to successfully start the OS from system rescue CD. I'd like to ...
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494 views

make: i686-linux-gcc: Command not found

I am using Ubuntu-11.10 amd64 and trying to cross-compile a linux-2.6.38.8 kernel for a 32-bit target.I tried make CROSS_COMPILE=i686-linux- ARCH=i386 But I got error make: i686-linux-gcc: ...
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902 views

Unable to install Atheros AR8161 Ethernet controller driver for centOS 6

I've installed CentOS 6.3. However, eth0 does not show up on ifconfig. So I figured out that I need to install alx Ethernet driver from here. Since my internet is not working, as ethernet drivers are ...
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2answers
170 views

How is the kernel loaded?

I am trying to understand the Linux boot process, and after reading quite some amount of documentation there is one point that I still can't seem to understand. So the basicis is BIOS -> Grub MBR -> ...
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2answers
1k views

The UEFI & SecureBoot impact, how severe?

I'm planning to buy a new laptop in the coming days, and I'm quite impressed with new, cool Ultrabooks. As a long-time GNU/Linux user, I'll of course install a distro of my choice on it. Chances are ...
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1answer
282 views

How to run Different congestion control algorithms in FEDORA 17 ..?

Earlier versions of Fedora has different loadable kernel modules which includes diffrent congestion control algorithms etc at (/lib/modules/"kernel-name"/kernel/ipv4).These are present in the form of ...
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573 views

What would be the best way to work around this glibc problem?

I administer a Gentoo Hardened box that uses file capabilities to eliminate most of the need for setuid-root binaries (e.g. /bin/ping has CAP_NET_RAW, etc). Infact, the only binary I have left is ...
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426 views

No make target “uImage” with Buildroot 2013.05

After enabling Linux Kernel option and setting the Kernel binary format to uImage, I always get the following error: make[1]: * No rule to make target `uImage'. Stop. My buildroot configuration is ...
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74 views

Linux Operating system recovery after abnormal termination

How does the operating system (Linux) while rebooting checks whether abnormal termination happened during last shutdown and then does the file system consistent checks etc if required ?
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Preparing an initrd for qemu [duplicate]

I have compiled a bzImage but when I try to run it in qemu I get a kernel panic because I don't have an initrd file. So I create one by following the steps in this question but I cannot get it to ...
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2answers
1k views

Why TCP TIME-WAIT State is present at both ends after a connection termination?

I am reading how the TCP states work and especially the connection termination part. All of the books or online material I read, shows that for the termination procedure these states are followed ...
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2k views

Linux kernel is not finding the initrd correctly

I had compiled a linux kernel and I wanted to debug it in QEMU. I created a file to boot from by doing the commands $ qemu-img create -f raw disk.img 200M $ mkfs.ext2 -F disk.img # mkdir /mnt/rootfs ...
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5answers
187 views

How to know what to enable in the kernel?

I'm a gentoo user. When compiling the kernel there are a lot of options which one may enable depending on one's hardware. My question is how to know what to enable/disable, I'm aware of the hardware ...
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2k views

Installing qemu-img on ubuntu 11.04

I am developing a linux kernel and I am trying to to debug it in QEMU. I want to be able to run it in QEMU but it stops because I do not have a virtual hard drive to boot it(using the -hda command). I ...
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2answers
231 views

Writing a Linux file system for NFS

I want to write my own custom file system in Linux. Can I share it over standard NFS without making any changes to the local NFS server? If so what VFS APIs are required to be implemented by my file ...
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1answer
63 views

Multi kernel usage in Linux PC(UBUNTU)

I have 2.6.32-21-generic , 2.6.32-38-generic and 3.0.0-20-generic. My current kernel is:- $ uname -r 2.6.32-38-generic I want to use different kernel that is 2.6.32-21-generic. How can I do that?
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Compiling the Linux kernel in Eclipse

I have a Mac running Snow Leopard and I know that I cannot compile the Linux kernel. I have used a Linux VM (virtualbox) to compile the kernel but I was wondering if I could compile it on Eclipse ...
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878 views

Invoking memory compaction on linux 2.6.35 kernels and beyond

This LWN article about memory compaction indicates that memory compaction can be invoked in the linux kernel by Writing a node number to /proc/sys/vm/compact_node, causing compaction to happen on ...
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933 views

How can I disable IPv6 in custom built embedded setup

I have an embedded system built using buildroot. I have had a number of network issues, one of which is that my machine cannot see its gateway despite it being on the same subnet. I have tried using ...
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1answer
205 views

core dump help— linux

I'm trying to understand the core dump generation. Is the core dump generated separately for a user space application process crash and the kernel level crash? Is the ulimit -c for both kinds? Can you ...
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445 views

swap partition and its laws

I remember for choice of swap partition, we should use (swap > 2xRAM) at least.Of course it deprecated , because max of computer's ram is very high. kernel support it. My question: i remember each ...
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Best way of updating Openssl on Linux machine [duplicate]

I have a confusion to choose the best way for upgrading the OpenSSL on my Linux machine. 1*Through the yum Update.* # yum update I know this will update the entire packages. But If I want to ...
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199 views

How to edit grub2 to use kdump?

I was following http://fedoraproject.org/wiki/How_to_use_kdump_to_debug_kernel_crashes and in step 2 I need to add the line to grub.cfg, but grub.cfg is a shell I do not know how to edit it, most ...
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2k views

Is it possible to run any distro from RAM from within an .iso saved on an NTFS file system?

Running entirely from RAM been done on various distros such as Slax, DamnSmallLinux, and newer Ubuntu versions, and since I have 8GB it seems reasonable that I could run many distros entirely from RAM ...
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197 views

Update jiffies value after waking up from suspend

The global variable jiffies holds the number of ticks that have occurred since the system booted. On boot, the kernel initializes the variable to zero, and it is incremented by one during each timer ...
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3answers
929 views

Disadvantages of linux kernel module?

I am trying to understand the disadvantages of using Linux kernel modules. I understand the benefits of using them: the ability to dynamically insert code into a running system without having to ...
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272 views

Is there any ARM platform for which high resolution timers are available in mainline (unpatched) kernels?

I currently have some projects using a TS-7400 board, which has a Cirrus Logic EP9302 ARM9 processor. Some of my applications require a 1ms periodic timer, so after lots of struggling I found these ...
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7answers
5k views

Why does mount require root privileges?

Why does Linux require that a user be root/using sudo/specifically authorized per mount in order to mount something? It seems like the decision as to whether to allow a user to mount something should ...
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1answer
410 views

Change of real time priority made no visible effect

we were trying to get the best result with software PWM on raspberry pi with Raspbian. We made a python script which starts PWM on a GPIO pin, and observed the results with the oscilloscope. It ...
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166 views

How customize initrd via linuxrc

I have the need to use the same disk and so the same bootloader on devices with different motherboard. Each motherboard has it's own way of mapping devices so sometime the bootdisk is mapped ad hda ...
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126 views

User Mode Linux compile fails

I am trying to compile User Mode Linux on a 64 bit machine with defconfig and getting the following error. arch/x86/um/user-offsets.c:1: sorry, unimplemented: code model "large" not supported yet ...
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209 views

How to setup an audio/sound output monitor/listener?

I am working with an Arduino and am trying to get it to respond to sound when it is played on my computer. I'm communicating with it over a serial port. I need to know if there are any audio/sound ...
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43 views

USB_HID is not working

How do I get a usb keyboard to work? I have already selected and compiled the USB HID transport layer and I don't know what else to do.
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kgdb not returning control to gdb

I've compiled a kernel with kgdb support and I'm trying to debug it. I have two machines running, a debug machine (running the kgdb kernel) and the machine I'm using to debug it. They are connected ...