The kernel of operating systems popularly known as Linux, or sometimes GNU/Linux.

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kernel source code for beaglebone black

I want to build an Ubuntu kernel from scratch for beaglebone black. I have been searching for where I can download the kernel source code for more than two days but haven't found anything. So, ...
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547 views

Installing linux-3.14.8 un Arch Linux while 3.15 is already in testing

I'm currently running kernel 3.14.6 on Arch Linux from Core repo. I would like to install 3.14.8 (which is the latest of 3.14 series) because it contains a fix that is suitable for me. However linux ...
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50 views

Red Hat internal specifications

I'm doing a homework assignment for my college, and I'm trying to find the parameters used in kernel compilation on RedHat. My teacher asks: "Analyse and describes in terms of models of each version ...
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1k views

Understanding the difference between pid_max, ulimit -u and thread_max

I am trying to understand the Linux processes. I have confusion on the terms pid_max, ulimit -u and thread_max. What exactly is the difference between these terms? Can someone clarify me the ...
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436 views

Server won't boot, kernel panic - not syncing

After a reboot of a CentOS 6.2 server we are getting a kernel panic with the following error: Kernel panic - not syncing: Attempted to kill init! Panic occurred, switching back to text console ...
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kdump doesn't produce core dump after buggy module is loaded

I am running kernel 3.14.4 on Fedora 18. I am experimenting with a kernel module I am making. The module has a bug (at least one) and crashes the kernel. Sometimes I see a stack trace on my frozen ...
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302 views

How to find a Linux kernel that works ok on my PC?

I have an old laptop. The newer kernels that ship with the latest versions of the most popular Linux distributions crash from time to time. I want to use a new Linux distribution to get the latest ...
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Kernel 3.14.1 compilation errors

I installed the kernel 3.14.1 and there seem to be no issues. uname -r 3.14.1-031401-generic However, when I try to go to the folder and try to do a make it fails. I see that multiple files are ...
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127 views

kernel event listener

I wonder if there is something similar to an event listener in UNIX that a program can subscribe to? Specifically I want to know: Start and end times of a user session Start and end of the ...
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196 views

Adding IPVS to the kernel

I am trying to setup keepalived on a pair of VPS load balancer servers. I have hit the road block of IPVS not being included with the kernal. IPVS: Can't initialize ipvs: Protocol not available I ...
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167 views

Extremely slow CD-ROM burning

When I try to burn a CD-ROM using K3B, the burner slows down from 10x to 0.12x after writing exactly 71MB. Consequently, burning a 142MB live CD takes more than a hour. Why is this happening? The ...
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593 views

Black screen after installing Arch Linux, conventional fixes don't work

I recently installed Arch Linux on my HP Pavilion dv6 (Radeon HD 6770m graphics card) to dual boot with Windows 7 by following the beginner's guide found on the Arch wiki. After grub loads, I choose ...
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Library routines in linux kernel

In the linux kernel, there is a section "Library routines" with a snippet shown below: Library routines ---> <M> CRC-CCITT functions <M> CRC ITU-T V.41 functions <M> CRC7 ...
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114 views

Why does kernel-devel contain so many “empty” directories?

I have been a Windows kernel developer for many years. Now I start to develop Linux kernel modules. To begin with, I installed kernel-devel under /usr/src/kernels/$(uname -r). However, after checking ...
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560 views

custom kernel and firmware loading

After I have compiled my kernel, and when I type make modules_install, not only are the modules copied into /lib/modules/ but also firmware is copied into /lib/firmware/. The following is the end of ...
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234 views

Disable kernel logging during initialization

I'm using a Linux image generated with buildroot for an embedded system. I recently disabled some modules from being generated with the image and now some logging messages are being shown during the ...
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579 views

Kernel panic when passing noatime in bootargs

I have an embedded system using jffs2 and want to pass rootflags=noatime in the kernel bootargs parameter. This results in a kernel panic: jffs2: Error: unrecognized mount option 'noatime' or ...
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Compare two kernel config files from the menuconfig perspective?

I have a situation in which i have two kernel config files (for the same kernel source ). Both of them have a part of the functionality that i need (on one, USB works correctly, on other, the second ...
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1k views

How to enable printk selectively?

I want to print some statements from kernel but not all. So can I use printk selectively? By selectively I mean I want to enable printk only at particular places and disable it everywhere else. ...
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228 views

How to interpret cpu_idle and cpu_frequency event's trace logged by ftrace?

I used ftrace to trace two events, cpu_frequency and cpu_idle. I am not able to find out any documentation which states how to interpret this information. I have provided two snippets from the ...
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263 views

Can a Linux distro be closed source?

According to the GPL licence, which is the one used by the Linux kernel, every modification in the source must be open source too. But, for example, if I create a new OS based on Linux, I develop my ...
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445 views

How to Connect Internet in Zedboard using Linux via SDCard

I am working on Zedboard Zynq 7020. I have booted the Linux via SD card through Zedboard. The linux display can be shown onto the monitor via VGA cable. But I cannot connect that linux to internet. ...
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Error while installing wireless-bcm43142-dkms-6.20.55.19: dependency linux-headers is not satisfiable

I have to install a .deb file with the firmware for the wifi card (This is the name of the file: wireless-bcm43142-dkms-6.20.55.19_amd64.deb; I've downloaded the file from here: ...
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285 views

Bluetooth headset profile not working with recent kernel

I have a Plantronics 590 bluetooth headset (the type probably does not matter, but I have no alternative to test). Using the old 3.02 I was able to use this via pulseaudio. With the current ...
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1k views

Booting using initramfs instead of uramdisk

I am working on Zynq Microzed board. It is booting perfectly with uramdisk.image.gz but I trying to boot it with initramfs.cpio. In this regard I have made following changes in header files of ...
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506 views

Kernel hangs at “bootconsole [earlycon0] disabled”

Booting petalinux on Microzed board (ARM-Cortex A9). Compiled source code, DTS, and fpga.bin. Every thing is going fine till it hangs at "bootconsole [earlycon0] disabled" I am using ...
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331 views

How are the different kernel naming schemes relate?

I am running Ubuntu 13.10 with the Kernel 3.8.0-030800-generic downloaded from http://kernel.ubuntu.com/~kernel-ppa/mainline/v3.8-raring/ When I want to run for example turbostat or cpupower ...
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1answer
96 views

Why is the .config file not copied to /boot after installing new kernel?

I run across such a weird problem: According to this: The kernel and modules must be moved to special locations in order to be used, 1. make modules_install 2. make install The first ...
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1k views

LXC container to use “virtual” interface from host (namespace semantics)

So according to the documentation on the Ubuntu LXC documentation the following statement can be found at the time of this writing: A NIC can only exist in one namespace at a time, so a physical ...
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208 views

filesystem that works under qemu and I can mount on my host

I'm using qemu for different kind of tasks, I would like to pick a filesystem that is both qemu-compatible and easy to mount under my host. I already discarded both qcow and qcow2 because apparently ...
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122 views

Getty instances in init process

Init typically will start multiple instances of "getty" which waits for console logins which spawn one's user shell process. Upon shutdown, init controls the sequence and processes for shutdown. The ...
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Conceptual difference between Linux and (Free)BSD Kernel

(I've already noticed that this question was asked before but I think it has not been answered in a way I'd like to understand the topic.) What are the conceptual and structural differences between a ...
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Some questions compiling linux kernel with make-kpkg

I'm doing my first steps compiling the linux kernel and adding a new system call. I've managed to do it, but I still have some questions. For this task, I has set up a Virtual Machine guesting debian ...
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What does a niceness value of (-) mean?

According to the man page, and wikipedia; nice ranges from -20 to 20. Yet when I run the following command, I find some processes have a non numerical value such as (-). See the sixth column from ...
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121 views

How to select which OS kernel to upgrade when multiple OS'es are installed?

I am trying to upgrade my kernel on a machine with multiple OS'es. I have a Red Hawk OS (a real-time Red Hat variant) and Red Hat installed. I can select which OS to boot into using grub. I'd like to ...
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707 views

How I can enable Linux full tickless mode using CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL?

Where do I enable the CONFIG_NO_HZ_FULL kernel configuration? Is it something I can set in conf files or is it something that has to be enabled when I build the kernel? I am using CentOS with an ...
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394 views

How can I boot with a compressed rootfs?

My problem is: I cannot use compressed rootfs (the kernel crashes during boot) but uncompressed ones work fine. What I did: I'm using Buildroot 2013.11 to generate Images for my embedded Linux ...
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Possible to see dead proccesses?

In man ps, it clearly states the different states a process can have on Linux. D Uninterruptible sleep (usually IO) R Running or runnable (on run queue) S Interruptible sleep (waiting for an ...
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How to update CentOS 6.5 to kernel 2.6.32-431?

I need to update my CentOS 6.5 kernel to 2.6.32-431. Running yum clean all && yum update doesn't do it for me. How do I update? And what could be the issue? [root@centos64 ~]# uname -r ...
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What does “make install” do in the Makefile that comes with the kernel?

I'm trying to identify what does make install do with the kernel and what does the actual "install" of the kernel once it's been compiled means. The problem is I can't really identify the target ...
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1answer
246 views

API for IPROUTE2 in any programming language

Is there any API that can be used to manipulate Linux routing table? I want to write a program that listens to sockets and then modifies routing table accordingly, just a simple code, but need an API. ...
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370 views

CDC ACM doesn't working in a custom linux kernel

I've a cubieboard2 running arch linux with a custom linux kernel. In the cubieboard2 I plugged in my usb-serial device (like an arduino), the device is recognized as CDC ACM. My linux kernel has the ...
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1answer
119 views

leds-pwm driver in linux 3.8

I am using custom board based on beaglebone black. I am trying to enable leds-pwm driver in Linux 3.8 version. But Kconfig says the driver depends on HAVE_PWM config, I am not able to see that ...
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144 views

GPIO User Space App

GPIO User Space App describes user space application to test the GPIO. Another related link is Linux GPIO Driver. This would be running on a xilinx zynq board having an ARM Cortex A 9 processor. I ...
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238 views

show parameters of running kernel

I would like to see with what parameters the running kernel has been started. i.e., I mean those parameters that are specified with the append option, such as ipv6.disable=1 or rootfstype=ext2 Is ...
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Ping IP works, nslookup fails. New Kernel

I am compiling my own 3.14 kernel. I fear I may have left out some important networking feature to get DNS working. I can't resolve domain names. I can ping my DNS server. I can resolve using that ...
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Enabling IP forwarding at kernel compile time

I am compiling a kernel for a router. I know a way to enable IP forwarding in an existing Linux system. At compile time, CONFIG_IP_FORWARD is said to do the same task. I am configuring version ...
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86 views

How to use a built in driver in the kernel?

I am building the 3.14 kernel for a board that requires the intel e1000e driver. I would like this kernel to have the driver built in so that I can remove loadable module support. I have chosen the ...
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73 views

Can a real-time process exist in the 'expired' queue of linux kernel?

In the Linux kernel 2.4: Real-time processes are given a priority of 0-99 and they co-exist in the ready queue along with the nice processes (who's priority goes between 100 and 139). But real-time ...
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Kernel Panic on 3.14.0-gentoo on an IBM 9228LGA / SMP Stack Trace

So I've spent the past weekend trying to get this IBM Xeon server up and running. I also took this opportunity to try and get a bootable GPT/Grub2/BIOS setup going. I am able to get the kernel ...