The kernel of operating systems popularly known as Linux, or sometimes GNU/Linux.

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Asynchronous and parallel algorithms in the Linux kernel

In the Linux kernel configuration, I see these options: config CRYPTO_PCRYPT tristate "Parallel crypto engine" depends on SMP select PADATA select CRYPTO_MANAGER ...
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1answer
147 views

Find kernel with specific commit

I have recently bought an Acer Aspire E1-572 with NetXtreme BCM57786 Gigabit Ethernet network card. The problem is that currently I cannot see it in ifconfig, but I can see it with lshw: *-network ...
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How to tell Linux Kernel > 3.0 to completely ignore a failing disk?

I am asking this question here in the hope that some Linux-kernel guru can have an answer. This question has been asked on AskUbuntu and on SuperUser without answers: thinking better, it is really ...
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1answer
102 views

How does the kernel know how much user addressable memory to set aside?

I was reading up on a rather-dated article on the kernel managing memory and had this question on where the Page Table Entries (PTE) would go into. For this example, the author assumes we are on a ...
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162 views

May have broken a Debian installation: 'sudo dpkg --configure -a' won't run

I did an apt-get upgrade on my Jessie vps, hosted by DigitalOcean. As many people know, DigitalOcean provides kernels from the host, rather than allowing the VM to boot from its own kernel image. ...
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1answer
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bnx2: Can't load firmware file “bnx2/bnx2-mips-09-6.2.1b.fw”

I just compile the kernel 3.10.19 from kernel.org Support for bnx2 is enable. On my server when I try to start the eth0 interface I got the following error : bnx2: Can't load firmware file ...
4
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1answer
190 views

Know which directory is “mount -o bind” by asking the kernel (Linux)

If I do mount -o bind /my/dir /mnt/tmp, I can see the content of /my/dir within /mnt/temp. However, if I type cat /proc/mounts, I get the following output: /dev/sda7 /my ext4 ...
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3answers
4k views

CentOS boot time screen resolution

I'm trying to set the screen resolution in /etc/grub.conf using vga= on the kernel line: vga=788 I'm using CentOS 6.4. That command should set the screen resolution to 16bit 800x600 according to ...
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2answers
173 views

Is mainline Linux kernel capable of GPGPU programming?

The question is simple, is there general purpose GPU support in the Linux kernel? Let me explain in more details since it's too broad of a topic. By the word "capable" I mean native support. That ...
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1answer
228 views

system went unresponsive and had to hard reboot

without not much load on the machine, it suddenly went busy and went unresponsive. it could not respond to keyboard or mouse movement or neither would move to another other tty's. there is some log ...
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2answers
456 views

How does Linux md-RAID handle disk read errors?

There are 2 cases: the read command times out at kernel level (30 seconds by default), the drive reports its unability to read a given sector before the kernel lose patience (the case I'm ...
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3answers
76 views

Disallow File IO for a process except for FIFOs

How do you start a process that cannot do any file IO (opening / closing files, creating / deleting files, reading / writing files, etc.), except to read and write to pre-created FIFOs? (chroot will ...
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2answers
382 views

How to use netstat command

My question is what does it mean to LISTEN or ACCEPT on a port as it relates to my example? Example: I have a tomcat server, and It will use port 8080. I want to make sure that port is available for ...
3
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1answer
772 views

How to make EDID

I read the post here and I tried to make do with what I understood from the post but here are some questions: Where is the /lib/firmware located in for example /usr/src/linux/lib/firmware or ...
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0answers
40 views

Why linux is a monolithic kernel, while you can load/unload modules (e.g. drivers)? [duplicate]

Hybrid- and Microkernels are flexible, in the way one can add any higher-level functionality as a module, is it not the same for linux kernels? Why then linux is called a monolithic?
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0answers
61 views

Creating JFFS2 image

I am working on Embedded Linux, trying to create JFFS2 file system in the host and trying to load it on a NAND device in the target board - Olinuxino a13 wifi using Livesuite. I successfully created a ...
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vote
2answers
135 views

what's the difference between machine hardware name and processor type

I know that my machine hardware name is i686 and processor type is i686 due to my Linux output. But I have no idea why they are the same. I want to know what's the difference between machine hardware ...
4
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1answer
369 views

ttyS1/uart1 initialised but not accessible through /dev/ttyS1

I'm not sure at which level I am having a problem. System is a LeopardBoard DM368 running TI's own SDK / LSP / BusyBox kernel, the core Linux kernel is 2.6.x so using serial_core.c driver model. By ...
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1answer
257 views

Know when a memory address is aligned or unaligned

Im getting kernel oops because ppp driver is trying to access to unaligned address (there is a pointer pointing to unaligned address). Im not sure about the meaning of unaligned address. It means not ...
2
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2answers
512 views

How can I purge old kernel packages in Elementary OS?

On my Elementary OS system, dpkg reports a number of kernel packages that aren't installed. (I did an apt-get purge on them previously.) I'd like to have them forgotten about entirely, but I can't ...
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0answers
2k views

Cannot use dual monitors in Elementary OS Luna - radeon driver

Once I attach the external monitor, the image on both monitors is activated but is messed up, just chaotic lines and colors, so that i cannot access the 'Displays' settings. This never happened with ...
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2answers
837 views

error: “net.inet.ip.fastforwarding” is an unknown key

I've been doing some research into improving performance for OpenVPN and I found out about setting fastforwarding to 1 but when I tried I got the error error: "net.inet.ip.fastforwarding" is an ...
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1answer
1k views

USB 3.0 Device not enumerated on USB 3.0 Port in Debian 6.0 OS

I have installed Debian 6.0 OS (Linux kernel 2.6.32 )to test my USB Application as well as Driver. My USB device is working fine on USB 2.0 Port without any issue. But when i tried to connect the ...
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1answer
38 views

Why have a fake LR-WPAN driver?

In the Linux kernel configuration, a fake LR-WPAN driver can be enabled and added to the kernel that will be compiled. Why would someone want a fake LR-WPAN driver? I assume it would be for debugging, ...
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2answers
85 views

Make a new sniffer [closed]

How can use the Linux-kernel to supervise what is going on, about the new connections, new ports, connected hosts? Like I will do a new sniffer. Which files should I monitor to know what is going ...
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1answer
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Where would I start looking for documentation on the graphical mode of the Linux console?

I'm writing my own display server as an educational exercise. Where in the Linux kernel tree would I look for documentation on the console's graphical mode? Basically, as I understand it, Xorg takes ...
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1answer
217 views

Using kernel cryptographic functions

Is it possible to use kernel cryptographic functions in the userspace? Let's say, I don't have md5sum binary installed on my system, but my kernel has md5sum support. Can I use the kernel function ...
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1answer
291 views

Unable to boot using self built kernel

I built kernel 3.11.3 following the instructions here. There were no issues in the build. The steps I followed automatically made entries in grub and copied the image to /boot too. At boot time, when ...
2
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1answer
662 views

Broadcom Corporation BCM4313 WLAN does not work on installed Arch

I have a Broadcom Corporation BCM4313 WLAN Controller in my netbook. When I boot the Arch live ISO and set up the network with wpa_supplicant everything works fine. On the installed Arch I get the ...
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0answers
981 views

“Northbridge Error (node 0): ECC Error in the Probe Filter directory”

I've received an e-mail from a user worried that the following errors on one of his servers is indicative of a serious problem. The trouble is, the errors below are all that I have to go on. I ...
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0answers
50 views

Linux kernel API changes/additions

I'm trying to find a webpage or docs or XYZ that will allow me to see all the API changes/additions/removals between two kernel versions. I found http://kernelnewbies.org/LinuxChanges, but I'm not ...
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2answers
862 views

replace xen kernel with non xen kernel

I have a virtual appliance in Xen format (XVA) that I wish run to on another hypervisor (MS Hyper-V). What have I done so far: I have converted the XVA to OVF using XenConvert, this resulted in a vhd ...
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1answer
489 views

How to configure linux to output to monitor

I'm currently running a lightweight Debian distro on a development board from Compulab. I have to login to the system via serial port everytime. The system has graphical card and the driver is ...
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4answers
2k views

enabling numa for Intel Core i7

In Linux kernel, the documentation for CONFIG_NUMA says: Enable NUMA (Non Uniform Memory Access) support. he kernel will try to allocate memory used by a CPU on the local memory controller of the ...
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3answers
439 views

kernel: Namespaces support

I am wondering what exactly the “Namespaces support” feature in the Linux kernel means. I am using kernel 3.11.1 (the newest stable kernel at this time). If I decide to disable it, will I notice any ...
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1answer
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Random bug in Linux

Some time ago, I remember reading an article on randomization in computing, and how random you can actually get a system to be. The article came about, if I'm not mistaken, because of some seemingly ...
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2answers
826 views

Can anyone explain the output of mount?

I'm getting the following output when the mount command is executed. [root@]# mount /dev/sda2 on / type ext4 (rw) proc on /proc type proc (rw) sysfs on /sys type sysfs (rw) devpts on /dev/pts type ...
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1answer
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OS errors : kernel: EDAC k8 MC0: extended error code: ECC chipkill x4 [duplicate]

We noticed the server crashes with below errors. Not sure it is related to any defected piece of the hardware or totally not related to Server detail:Red Hat Enterprise Linux ES release 4 (Nahant ...
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129 views

How to compile video4linux for ARM?

I would like to use a webcam using a Linux over ARM board. Through reading, I have discovered video4linux so I would like to compile it for ARM. My unique notes are: git clone ...
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2answers
60 views

Is there kernel patch to prevent load files into RAM for LiveCD?

Is there kernel patch to prevent load files into RAM for LiveCD? I mean, if I'm use LiveCD with "boot to Ram" option, there is no needs for kernel to load executable binaries to RAM from RAM. It ...
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1answer
38 views

Linux Kernel Firewire Feature: Use Unclear

In the Linux kernel, there is a setting "FireWire SBP-2 fabric module". I do not understand the documentation: Say Y or M here to enable SCSI target functionality over FireWire. This enables you ...
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2answers
555 views

Why is the kernel boot failing?

I am trying to boot from 3.11.1 kernel image on my system having Ubuntu 12.04 (kernel 3.2.0-53) I used make defconfig and then compiled, placed the image in /boot, updated GRUB, and then rebooted. ...
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votes
1answer
104 views

centos 6.4 trouble with /dev/pts/ptmx

I have a problem with the server running on CentOS. CentOS has been upgraded to version 6.4 and has all updates. Updates were made according to the official repositories. On the server running the ...
7
votes
2answers
149 views

Why should I build a custom kernel? [closed]

Several of my coworkers have been building custom kernels for their workstations and servers. What advantages/disadvantages are there to building a custom kernel? Why should I build a custom kernel? ...
4
votes
2answers
386 views

How do I search the linux kernel mailing list archives?

I want to research why a Linux kernel feature appears to be missing from my Linux install by searching the Linux kernel mailing list for recent discussions on the subject. The only site that I've ...
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1answer
110 views

Using qemu to boot OpenSUSE (or any other OS) with custom kernel

I want to run OpenSUSE as guest with a custom kernel image which is on my host machine. I'm trying: $ qemu-system-x86_64 -hda opensuse.img -m 512 -kernel \ ...
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1answer
483 views

How is nice working?

sched_setscheduler says : All scheduling is preemptive: if a process with a higher static priority becomes ready to run, the currently running process will be preempted and ...
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3answers
354 views

How do I know which kernel configuration option enabled my driver?

TL;DR: when I was trying to compile a driver for USB DAQ device I have reconfigured the kernel. The driver refused to compile under the default distro's kernel but everything works with my tweaked ...
105
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3answers
7k views

What does the Windows flag in the Linux logo of kernel 3.11 mean?

I've just installed kernel-3.11.0-1.fc20 for my Fedora 19 installation. During the rebooting progress, I saw the Linux logo with a Windows flag in it, what does it mean? The Fedora 19 is installed ...
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3answers
671 views

Boot my kernel in a Virtual Machine?

I'm learning now how to compile and boot linux kernels. Is there a way to boot kernels in a virtual machine, rather than messing my system? I use VMWare Workstation on Windows 8. Can I use that to ...