The kernel of operating systems popularly known as Linux, or sometimes GNU/Linux.

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XFRM_SUB_POLICY config in kerne

When testing strongswan performance, we saw that the performance differed by a lot between an ubuntu server and a centos server, with everything else being the same. We noticed that the ...
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110 views

How do I understand if an USB Ethernet adapter is compatible with a certain kernel version to use it to load kernel/filesystem?

I'm using an old kernel, 2.6.32, and I would like to boot the kernel over TFTP and mount the filesystem over NFS. Mounting the kernel over TFTP is a plus, but mounting the filesystem over NFS is a ...
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39 views

Continuety of driver support in linux kernel

I am an embedded GNU/Linux learner. I understand with the new Kernel, driver support for most added hardware is coming through Device Tree Structure (DTS). But I have found out that there are still ...
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28 views

Find the creator of a task

I would like to find the creator task of an arbitrary task in the Linux kernel. However, I am not sure, if there is a way to do this in general. Normally, you can find the creator of a task via the ...
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145 views

Install kernel .deb file without using dpkg

I'm running Manjaro (Derived from Arch). I have a .deb file for kernel 4.0. Is it possible to install the kernel from this file, and what are the steps involved? I tried opening the .deb file and ...
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458 views

add key to proc/keys

How do I add a key to a keyring in /proc/keys ? My openembedded Linux does not come with a keyctl command program. And all I can find on google is the programming interface, but I would like to do ...
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64 views

what if I uninstall all linux kernel images from my system

If I run this: sudo apt-get purge linux-image-* this will definitely remove all linux kernels images from my system. so the question is will I be able to use my system normally until I reboot or ...
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489 views

How can I edit /proc/net/tcp?

I need to edit 1 line in /proc/net/tcp while the file is also used by the linux kernel for updating other lines of it by the kernel. Background: Each line in /proc/net/tcp represents a TCP socket. ...
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22k views

Device eth0 does not seem to be present, delaying initialization

I have cloned a fedora and now trying to configure network interfaces. Every time i am adding a new NIC, it starts with number eth3 (rather eth0). i have tried removing and modifying the 70-persistent-...
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301 views

What happened after I upgraded the kernel version?

I have Linux Mint 17.1 Cinnamon version on my notebook HP Compaq 15-h050nl and about 1 month ago I upgraded the Linux Kernels to the current version (3.18.2-031802-generic) from the last version. ...
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253 views

Getting error virtualbox-guest-modules: requires linux<4.0 on antergos while doing system upgrade

I am running Antergos Linux 64 bit on virtual box. when I try to do full system upgrade I get a error: resolving dependencies... looking for conflicting packages... error: failed to prepare ...
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531 views

Identify out of tree modules?

I'm attempting to upgrade and test kernel 3.12. What is the most efficient way to identify out-of-tree modules that should be removed before testing? There are a few mentioned (vitualbox, nvidia, ...
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27 views

“un-select” behavior in kconfig

Are there any ways to generate the behavior of an "un-select" over an option? I don't want the option to disappear ("depends on" behavior), but just the opposite behavior of "select". Thank you very ...
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319 views

Kernel Firmware for Radeon

I'm building LFS. I was trying to enable Ati radeon drivers in the kernel, but it didn't seem to work, so I did a little Googling and found that the there is something called firmware which the kernel ...
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94 views

Problems with file system

I created a partition with EXT4 file system and when I'm writing in this partition frequently the Kernel return the following error: Jan 01 01:17:54 infobuffer360 kernel: r7:c0561280 Jan 01 01:17:54 ...
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442 views

Linux kernel action upon init process exiting

Say I am writing my own init program running on a Linux kernel. What happens when my init program exits with return value 0 ? Additionally is the behaviour different if the return value is non-zero?
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108 views

how to set or know scaling driver in linux kernel

I am trying to modify the scheduler/governor. For the same I need to know what CPUFreq Driver or scalling driver am I configured to run. 1.Where can I find what scaling driver am I configured to run?...
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427 views

Find SAS controller that is well supported by the linux kernel

How can I find a SAS controller that is well supported by the official Linux kernel? The controller should use the PCIe bus and needs to connect one LTO-6 tape drive. I have looked through the ...
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146 views

Besides cache, what does the Linux kernel use significant amounts of memory for?

My computer feels really sluggish. According to free, I have only ~200M RAM left and more than a gigabyte had to be swapped out. I know that it is good if memory is used for caching but this looks ...
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491 views

Can I make the boot even more verbose than loglevel=7 using kernel parameters?

I have an error when booting on a machine, my machine is stuck with the error message: Booting a command list. I can see this message when I add loglevel=7 and only if I delete the quiet in the ...
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277 views

How to select the tag of the latest non-unstable/release candidate version?

I've downloaded the latest kernel sources: git clone git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/stable/linux-stable.git cd linux-stable git tag -l | less and picked v3.9.1. git checkout -b v3.9....
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950 views

Linux Kernel Live Patching - WHATIS and HOWTO? [closed]

I am trying to understand a new concept I got to know recently as the Linux 4.0 makes it way to the mainline - "Live Patching". Supposedly this is a new feature enhancement of the Linux kernel. It ...
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71 views

Repackage RPM with kernel

I am tinkering with CentOS 5.4 and upgrading the kernel to the latest 2.6.18 build 402. What I need to do is to rebuild the initrd to include a modified init script, then repackage it all into an RPM ...
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383 views

isolcpus doesn't work on Ubuntu 14

I added isolcpus=0 to the end of the following line to the file /etc/default/grub GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="quiet splash isolcpus=0" The idea, as I understand it, is to reserve core 0 from having ...
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305 views

Upgrading guidance for Cedarview driver in Debian 6 - 2.6.32

Our system runs with Debian 6 squeeze (2.6.32) Kernel with N2600 hardware. I know the version is old. An upgrade is in later plans. Recently, we tried connecting multiple monitors (CRT and HDMI), and ...
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186 views

Tegra Mesa GLES without X

I am trying to setup a Tegra 3 (Toradex Apalis T30) based system that will have an OpenGL ES based user interface on a touch screen. Unfortunately the standard Linux4Tegra kernel is seriously outdated ...
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171 views

Is the PTTY inside the Kernel or Userspace?

I read, that drivers are a way to expand the Kernels abilities to communicate with hardware devices, since there are so many and will be even more the Kernel has to be expandable. In order to ...
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310 views

How to set SyslogIdentifier in [SERVICE] section of systemd service file as empty?

I want to set SyslogIdentifier in [SERVICE] section of systemd service file as empty, so that nothing is prefixed in the logs. I tried below options: 1) Mentioning nothing: SyslogIdentifier= ...
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1k views

What is a Kernel Routine ?

In another answer I met a short overview of the sections of the man pages: commands for $-User system call, that means evoking a function from the Kernel library call, that means evoking a function ...
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4k views

Does Linux virtual bridge support VLAN's?

Does Linux virtual bridge(configured with for example ip or brctl) support VLAN's? For example configure access ports in different VLAN's and trunk ports with only certain VLAN's enabled. Only option ...
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142 views

web cam starting hangs os

I faced a strange effect as ... when my notebook wakes up from suspend I can start and close my web cam with guvcview 1-3 times; But after while on 3dr or 4th starting attempt (I didn't count for sure)...
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1k views

How to understand virtual switch in Linux?

I have a following virtual Ethernet switch in Linux: root@vmhost:~# brctl show br0 bridge name bridge id STP enabled interfaces br0 8000.266b04c4a79a no ...
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104 views

Find out which kernel source files were used when kernel was compiled

I am compiling the Linux kernel for my specific hardware and I only select the drivers/options which I really need. This is in contrast to a typical distribution kernel, where they compile almost ...
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212 views

git: show which files have changed between kernel 3.18.6 and 3.18.7

I have checked out linux kernel git repository git clone git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git I know how to use git log, git show and similar commands to see changes/...
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MMU-less kernel?

I would like to try compile mmu-less kernel. From what I found in configuration there is no option for such a thing. Is it possible to be done?
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How to insert a modified ELF loader given the current ELF loader is present?

I need to modify the ELF loader's kernel implementation of an Ubuntu 14.04 distribution. Having downloaded the sources using: sudo apt-get source linux-image-$(uname -r) I ran the configuration ...
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dracut md5sum boot directory

This has been going on for a few months now, but my initramfs (and kernel) for that matter have been placed in /boot/{some hash}/{kernel version}/{initramfs,linux}. Did dracut or some other module ...
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225 views

make: xscale_be-gcc: Command not found

I'm new to embedded and am reading 'Embedded Linux Primer' at the moment. I tried to build an xscale arm kernel: make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=xscale_be- ixp4xx_defconfig # # configuration written to ...
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276 views

Re-enabling the console once the kernel is up, if silent mode was set in Uboot?

I have enabled the silent mode by setting the U-boot env variable "silent". Uboot-> setenv silent 1 Uboot-> saveenv Now, I would like to re-enable the console once the kernel is up. Can ...
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49 views

Is it safe to upgrade kernel manually on a system which is using NVIDIA drivers?

Upgrading kernel manually on Ubuntu 14.04 can cause trouble with NVIDIA drivers? (one of the troubles could be booting to black screen) I had lot of trouble with installing NVIDIA graphics drivers ...
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247 views

Trying to make a Universal Makefile

I'm working on my own netfilter module for the first time. According to internet documentation, The simplest module contains the following C code: //'Hello World' kernel module, logs call to ...
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251 views

Why do we need a usbkbd driver when there is usbhid?

I discovered that it is the usbhid that controls my USB keyboard by default. I discovered it by doing rmmod usbhid. When I removed usbhid the usb keyboard stopped working. Note that usbkbd was not yet ...
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744 views

What are the `some_name.o.cmd` files?

What are the some_name.o.cmd files that I see in Linux's kernel code? are they auto-generated?
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517 views

Centos 7 boot up with custom kernel problem

I have installed centos 7 on virtualbox machine which has kernel-3.10.0-123.20.1.el7.x86_64. I am trying to build Linux kernel from kernel sources. I downloaded the kernel source files from: http://...
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1answer
548 views

Corrupt LVM metadata header after kernel update

I'm running Debian Wheezy (Linux wheezy3.2.0-4-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 3.2.63-2+deb7u1 x86_64 GNU/Linux) as an encrypted LVM with hardware raid 1 (Adaptec 6405E) on a supermicro server. I was encounting ...
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469 views

RTC time synchronization not working (CONFIG_RTC_SYSTOHC)

I have the option CONFIG_RTC_SYSTOHC enabled in my kernel: Device Drivers ---> [*] Real Time Clock ---> [*] Set the RTC time based on NTP synchronization The help says: ...
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103 views

How/Where to learn about linux kernel? [closed]

I want to learn how the Linux kernel works, specifically about the following topics: structure, programming design, device development, but I do not know of good places to learn about these topics. I ...
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95 views

Linux Operating System and Version, Regardless of Distibution [duplicate]

I would like to know a linux command that can tell me the operating system and version regardless of what distribution I am using as it seems different distributions have a different way of doing this....
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496 views

Enabling ethernet over USB support in Linux kernel

How to enable Ethernet over USB support in Linux kernel? Which driver (like CONFIG_USB_USBNET) is related to this support? Is EEM (Ethernet Emulation) regarding this support or not?
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274 views

modinfo when a module was compiled into kernel statically wouldn't work — workarounds?

modinfo is rather useful tool when it comes to tweaking module's parameters (at least discovering what options are availalbe), for e. g.: $ modinfo dummy filename: /lib/modules/2.6.32-openvz-...