The kernel of operating systems popularly known as Linux, or sometimes GNU/Linux.

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module scsi_wait_scan not found on CentOS kernel-ml causes kernel panic on boot

I am attempting to upgrade from kernel-lt to kernel-ml, following the instructions here, however on boot the console is flooded with module "scsi_wait_scan" not found This leads to a general kernel ...
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516 views

What is “fs” short for in kernel function “get_fs()”?

There are two Linux kernel functions: get_ds() and get_fs() According to this article, I know ds is short for data segment. However, I cannot guess what "fs" is short for. Any explanations?
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813 views

Why is there AF_NETLINK? Is AF_UNIX not enough?

As far as I understand, AF_NETLINK socket protocol is for communicating between the kernel and userspace and AF_UNIX is for communication between two userspace processes. Why does Linux need a ...
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6k views

What does “task mysqld:xxx blocked for more than 120 seconds” mean?

We are troubleshooting a MySQL issue where some queries are taking a very long time complete and I see many of these entry in /var/log/messages: Jan 28 05:52:15 64455-alpha01 kernel: [2529273.616327] ...
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1answer
65 views

Looking for ancient kernel source

I'm looking for an specific old kernel source namely 2.6.26.5 to build an exact replicate of an cross toolchain for an embedded target. Unfortunately all I can find is 2.6.26 in the kernel.org ...
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277 views

CentOS/Kernel v3.18/Thunderbolt2

I just got a new SuperMicro box with a AOC-TBT-DSL5320 Thunderbolt2 card pre-installed. I installed CentOS 6.5,ran yum update, and then, because to my understanding at least, thunderbolt support was ...
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413 views

Can I masquerade a kernel uevent?

What I think happens From my understanding this is what happens when I connect a USB device to my computer: Kernel recognizes that I plugged in a USB device Kernel setups the very low-level things ...
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2answers
331 views

Cannot update new kernel for CentOS 7 although the server have space enough

I try to update kernel on my CentOS 7 but the yum say there is no space enough on /boot although /boot have 343 MB as show below: Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/sda2 477M 105M 343M ...
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176 views

Meaning of an ampersand prefix in a device tree

I am looking at a DTS file which tries to specify different nodes, but interestingly I find a few nodes having different style of nomenclature. / { model = "TI AM335x BeagleBone Black"; ...
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1answer
195 views

Applying Linux rt patch

I'm trying to apply the rt-patch to the standard kernel from kernel.org. So far I have tried 3.14 and 3.10 from here: https://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/projects/rt/ with the corresponding ...
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1answer
590 views

Why does microsoft contribute to the Linux kernel? [closed]

Why does microsoft contribute to the Linux kernel? [L. Latif, theinquirer, 2012 "Microsoft contributed more code than Canonical to Linux since 2.6.32"] Are the contributions focussed on code that ...
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1answer
238 views

Change the kernel in downloaded Ubuntu Image [closed]

I'm adding multiple new system calls to kernel. I want to test my custom kernel by making an bootable ISO out of it trying to boot on another machine. As a part of making this bootable ISO, I got ...
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1answer
59 views

Why is necesary to compile the entire kernel for a simple patch?

So I am patching my kernel to fix my Bluetooth and building using this guide https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Kernel/BuildYourOwnKernel Why do I have to compile the entire kernel which takes about an hour?
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1answer
70 views

ITEAD Core A20 cant load or Proceed to the FileSytem

i have an ITEAD CORE AW2041, which i wanted to deploy some image on it, i got the image on an sd card but when i deploy it on the device, the booting process gets stuck at the kernel level, any heads ...
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1answer
4k views

Why autoconf.h is not copied automatically to its place?

I'm working on a clean Debian 7.7 install. After the install everything was working fine except the webcam in Iceweasel browser. After reading a lot I found that the best solution is to install ...
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1answer
2k views

Fix grub v2 bootloader configuration on running debian

We have a server running Debian Wheezy. It is connected to a UPS, that's why it basically never went down for years and we never noticed that the grub v2 bootloader could not load the correct kernel ...
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1answer
776 views

rebuilding my grub2 menu based on my one installed kernel

tl;dr : I have one kernel now on fedora and want that ONLY with Windows 8 to show up on my boot menu. I've been tweaking and geeking with linux kernels. Then I wanted to clean up my boot menu. So ...
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47 views

Investigating Active MemInfo

I am seeing high Active usage when I do a cat /proc/meminfo : MemTotal: 65965328 kB MemFree: 51640992 kB Buffers: 1050332 kB Cached: 8516112 kB SwapCached: 0 kB Active: 11512732 kB Inactive: 1878028 ...
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423 views

How to prevent kernel or any broadcast messages from flooding the TTYs?

Because of some hot-plugging issue, similar to what talked of here, the TTY displays show a continuous stream of messages (which are also logged in the /var/log directory). Every text I key in flows ...
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1answer
446 views

linux/shell command to control screen brightness in android

I am working on a kiosk project using an android tablet.If there is no input power to the kiosk for a long time then, the tablet will eventually shutdown.In order to auto-reboot the tab when the power ...
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2answers
245 views

Where can I find the kernel configuration on each Linux distribution?

I'm pretty sure that all Red Hat and Debian based distributions follow the convention of shipping the kernel configuration in /boot/config-*, but what of other distributions? Or, if this convention ...
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2answers
49 views

How to switch cores? [closed]

i am supposed to be writing a code in C++ wherein i should switch the core amidst performing a task(a simple program). My machine is a dual core system. Can anyone please help me out here? ThankYou!
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1answer
1k views

How do I install wpa_supplicant on bare embedded (ARM) linux (3.0.8)?

Environment FriendlyARM mini210s Linux 3.0.8 armv7l Cross-compilling I need to install wpa_supplicant, how do I do that? Shall I get the source for wpa_supplicant and place it somewhere in my ...
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1answer
226 views

What does “acpi PNP0501:00: Still not present” mean?

On my new laptop, I have an error in dmesg which occurs every 2 seconds: acpi PNP0501:00: Still not present What does this mean? How to troubleshoot it?
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754 views

How do compile Linux Driver for Netis WF2190 Wifi dongle for FriendlyARM mini210s?

GOAL I want to install the Netis WF2190 wifi dongle linux driver onto my FriendlyARM mini210s. Environment FriendlyARM mini210s S5PV210 ARM Cortex-A8 Board ... running Linux 3.0.8-FriendlyARM ...
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1answer
98 views

How do I get linux-gate.dso on a newer linux system?

I would like to find out which method my 32bit QEMU guest is using for system calls. There's an excellent article explaining linux-gate.dso (http://www.trilithium.com/johan/2005/08/linux-gate/). ...
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1answer
682 views

linux 3.17 supports hotplug of thunderbolt of non-chained thunderbolt devices — what is this?

Linux 3.17 has a commit which supports hotplug of thunderbolt of non-chained thunderbolt devices. But what does "non-chained thunderbolt devices" mean? Is a thunderbolt to ethernet adapter a chained ...
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2answers
199 views

Is system call the only way that a user program can intentionally affect the state of a Linux kernel?

I think there are several ways that a user program can intentionally affect the state of a Linux kernel. By invoking a system call; By invoking mmap() and writing the memory that has been mapped to ...
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246 views

Utility to list and modify kernel modules loaded at system startup

How do I list all kernel modules loaded while system startup? Is there a user space utility to list and modify the modules loaded during system startup? I am working on RHEL6 Desktop and RHEL6 ...
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292 views

Some basic questions about Linux kernel's security [closed]

I don't know much about Linux kernel, and I have some questions. What is the main purpose of separating kernel memory from user-space memory? To make sure that a user application cannot do anything ...
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751 views

device descriptor read/64, error -71

I have problem with USB ports on MSI WIND laptop. I have FC17 installed and usb printer sometimes not responds. If I replug a printer in USB port - it's working. Tried to change usb cable and printer ...
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110 views

Do all devices under Linux have a device node?

I know that each device on Linux is either a char or block or network device. Do all physical devices that exist on Linux have a device node under the /dev directory? I'm not talking here about ...
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1answer
604 views

What entropy sources are used by the Linux kernel?

man 4 random has a very vague description of Linux kernel entropy sources: The random number generator gathers environmental noise from device drivers and other sources into an entropy ...
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1answer
842 views

No network interface in QEMU

My network interfaces never shows up in my guest computer. I'm compiling a linux kernel (3.3 I think) from scratch with default settings + Symbol: NE2K_PCI [=y] Type : tristate Prompt: PCI NE2000 ...
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1answer
411 views

HP SmartArray RAID5 recovery on linux

This is a long time in the making, and I've finally got it working so I thought I'd share this with as many people as I can in case they're in a similar situation. Long story short - HP SmartArray ...
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1answer
269 views

Create a write-cache loop device for a much larger block device

So, long story short. * I had a 5.5TB RAID5 array with a HP controller. * HP uses a really, really painful RAID5 algorithm (ref: Delayed Parity) * I wrote a new block driver that translates requests ...
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82 views

How do I find out which version of a driver is included in a kernel?

I need to find out which driver/module version is contained in a kernel which isn't installed. Is there a document in the source that contains this or something listed online that haven't been able to ...
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1answer
65 views

Migrate old custom patches to new Linux versions

I previously used Linux 3.0.35 to customize the OS for an IMX based board. I'm now planning to upgrade it to Linux 3.10.17. The customization was compiled into patches, (80+ patches!). My problem now ...
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321 views

Why kernel threads are treated as processes

In output of the ps command like the one below (kthreadd,ksoftirqd,kworker) , i can see that there are some processes that don't have an executable file and i find out that's because they are kernel ...
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213 views

Which kernel option for “Intel 8 Series Chipset Family Thermal Management Controller”

My new machine works fine, but lshw shows the following unclaimed device: *-generic UNCLAIMED description: Signal processing controller product: 8 Series Chipset Family Thermal ...
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1answer
177 views

rt patch for latest stable 3.17.4 vanilla kernel

I want to apply an rt patch to the latest stable vanilla kernel, which is 3.17.4 currently. The latest rt-patch found are for 3.14.24. Does that mean I have to use the the 3.14.x family, and can not ...
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2k views

cc1: warnings being treated as errors when compile FreeBSD 8.2 Release

I am trying to compile FreeBsd 8.2 RELEASE kernel # uname -a FreeBSD 8.2-RELEASE FreeBSD 8.2-RELEASE #2: Sun May 18 00:07:10 PDT 2014 Build the kernel # pwd /usr/src # make buildkernel ... it ...
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1answer
4k views

“Package 'linux-headers-3.13.0-27-generic' has no installation candidate”

I'm trying to resolve an issue that I posted here. I'm basically trying to successfully run this script. To do that, I believe (and I its very possible that I'm wrong) I need to install the ...
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1answer
100 views

Compiler for Linux kernel

Can Linux kernel be compiled with gcc configured for Linux executables (not bare metal)? I have noticed that Buildroot builds cross-compiler arm-linux-gnueabi to compile everything and became curious. ...
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How to diagnose CPU performance problems?

Recently I bought a new netbook based on AMD A4-1200 CPU and installed Linux Mint 17 with XFCE. RAM is 4GB So, testing some of my programs, I found very strange behavior. On random intervals, the ...
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expanding the priorities table in runqueue in Linux kernel

I have a hw assignment that I'm having really hard time with, probably since I'm new to the whole Linux kernel thing. we're supposed to add a new scheduling policy to the existing scheduling ...
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2answers
2k views

No build scripts available when compiling module outside of Linux source tree

I am attempting to build a basic module outside of the Linux source tree (3.18.0-rc6). When I build it, I get an error saying it couldn't find scripts/... My directory setup looks like this ...
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1answer
249 views

What could be done to make Embedded Linux boot faster?

My team is developing a software for a Embedded Linux solution. The problem we are facing is that it takes too much time for the system to be ready to start running our desired apps (that is, too much ...
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0answers
55 views

Is there support for flattened device tree in Sparc 32 port of the Linux kernel?

We are trying to write a minimal bootloader for booting the linux kernel on a Sparc V8 processor simulator. From what I understand, the interface between the bootloader and kernel consists of a data ...
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1answer
121 views

Does it take time for process to utilize CPU?

I have a single-core x86 machine where I execute the burnP6(from cpuburn package) for 1 second and then kill the program: while true; do /usr/bin/burnP6 & sleep 1; pkill burnP6; sleep 1; done ...