The kernel of operating systems popularly known as Linux, or sometimes GNU/Linux.

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Getting error virtualbox-guest-modules: requires linux<4.0 on antergos while doing system upgrade

I am running Antergos Linux 64 bit on virtual box. when I try to do full system upgrade I get a error: resolving dependencies... looking for conflicting packages... error: failed to prepare ...
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2answers
466 views

Identify out of tree modules?

I'm attempting to upgrade and test kernel 3.12. What is the most efficient way to identify out-of-tree modules that should be removed before testing? There are a few mentioned (vitualbox, nvidia, ...
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24 views

“un-select” behavior in kconfig

Are there any ways to generate the behavior of an "un-select" over an option? I don't want the option to disappear ("depends on" behavior), but just the opposite behavior of "select". Thank you very ...
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286 views

Kernel Firmware for Radeon

I'm building LFS. I was trying to enable Ati radeon drivers in the kernel, but it didn't seem to work, so I did a little Googling and found that the there is something called firmware which the kernel ...
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93 views

Problems with file system

I created a partition with EXT4 file system and when I'm writing in this partition frequently the Kernel return the following error: Jan 01 01:17:54 infobuffer360 kernel: r7:c0561280 Jan 01 01:17:54 ...
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370 views

Linux kernel action upon init process exiting

Say I am writing my own init program running on a Linux kernel. What happens when my init program exits with return value 0 ? Additionally is the behaviour different if the return value is non-zero? ...
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98 views

how to set or know scaling driver in linux kernel

I am trying to modify the scheduler/governor. For the same I need to know what CPUFreq Driver or scalling driver am I configured to run. 1.Where can I find what scaling driver am I configured to ...
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349 views

Find SAS controller that is well supported by the linux kernel

How can I find a SAS controller that is well supported by the official Linux kernel? The controller should use the PCIe bus and needs to connect one LTO-6 tape drive. I have looked through the ...
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144 views

Besides cache, what does the Linux kernel use significant amounts of memory for?

My computer feels really sluggish. According to free, I have only ~200M RAM left and more than a gigabyte had to be swapped out. I know that it is good if memory is used for caching but this looks ...
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435 views

Can I make the boot even more verbose than loglevel=7 using kernel parameters?

I have an error when booting on a machine, my machine is stuck with the error message: Booting a command list. I can see this message when I add loglevel=7 and only if I delete the quiet in the ...
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247 views

How to select the tag of the latest non-unstable/release candidate version?

I've downloaded the latest kernel sources: git clone git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/stable/linux-stable.git cd linux-stable git tag -l | less and picked v3.9.1. git checkout -b ...
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825 views

Linux Kernel Live Patching - WHATIS and HOWTO? [closed]

I am trying to understand a new concept I got to know recently as the Linux 4.0 makes it way to the mainline - "Live Patching". Supposedly this is a new feature enhancement of the Linux kernel. It ...
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69 views

Repackage RPM with kernel

I am tinkering with CentOS 5.4 and upgrading the kernel to the latest 2.6.18 build 402. What I need to do is to rebuild the initrd to include a modified init script, then repackage it all into an RPM ...
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319 views

isolcpus doesn't work on Ubuntu 14

I added isolcpus=0 to the end of the following line to the file /etc/default/grub GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="quiet splash isolcpus=0" The idea, as I understand it, is to reserve core 0 from having ...
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1answer
292 views

Upgrading guidance for Cedarview driver in Debian 6 - 2.6.32

Our system runs with Debian 6 squeeze (2.6.32) Kernel with N2600 hardware. I know the version is old. An upgrade is in later plans. Recently, we tried connecting multiple monitors (CRT and HDMI), and ...
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172 views

Tegra Mesa GLES without X

I am trying to setup a Tegra 3 (Toradex Apalis T30) based system that will have an OpenGL ES based user interface on a touch screen. Unfortunately the standard Linux4Tegra kernel is seriously outdated ...
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1answer
154 views

Is the PTTY inside the Kernel or Userspace?

I read, that drivers are a way to expand the Kernels abilities to communicate with hardware devices, since there are so many and will be even more the Kernel has to be expandable. In order to ...
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254 views

How to set SyslogIdentifier in [SERVICE] section of systemd service file as empty?

I want to set SyslogIdentifier in [SERVICE] section of systemd service file as empty, so that nothing is prefixed in the logs. I tried below options: 1) Mentioning nothing: SyslogIdentifier= ...
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1k views

What is a Kernel Routine ?

In another answer I met a short overview of the sections of the man pages: commands for $-User system call, that means evoking a function from the Kernel library call, that means evoking a function ...
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1answer
4k views

Does Linux virtual bridge support VLAN's?

Does Linux virtual bridge(configured with for example ip or brctl) support VLAN's? For example configure access ports in different VLAN's and trunk ports with only certain VLAN's enabled. Only option ...
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1answer
131 views

web cam starting hangs os

I faced a strange effect as ... when my notebook wakes up from suspend I can start and close my web cam with guvcview 1-3 times; But after while on 3dr or 4th starting attempt (I didn't count for ...
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1k views

How to understand virtual switch in Linux?

I have a following virtual Ethernet switch in Linux: root@vmhost:~# brctl show br0 bridge name bridge id STP enabled interfaces br0 8000.266b04c4a79a no ...
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1answer
94 views

Find out which kernel source files were used when kernel was compiled

I am compiling the Linux kernel for my specific hardware and I only select the drivers/options which I really need. This is in contrast to a typical distribution kernel, where they compile almost ...
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1answer
190 views

git: show which files have changed between kernel 3.18.6 and 3.18.7

I have checked out linux kernel git repository git clone git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git I know how to use git log, git show and similar commands to see ...
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2answers
1k views

MMU-less kernel?

I would like to try compile mmu-less kernel. From what I found in configuration there is no option for such a thing. Is it possible to be done?
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How to rotate the LCD screen/framebuffer to 180 degree?

I have a custom board with a Freecale i.MX6Q SoC. I am using Linux kernel 3.03.35 and LCD is 3.5 inch RGB type display. I want to rotate my LCD screen to 180 degree. I tried a lot to pass parameters ...
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153 views

How to insert a modified ELF loader given the current ELF loader is present?

I need to modify the ELF loader's kernel implementation of an Ubuntu 14.04 distribution. Having downloaded the sources using: sudo apt-get source linux-image-$(uname -r) I ran the configuration ...
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18 views

dracut md5sum boot directory

This has been going on for a few months now, but my initramfs (and kernel) for that matter have been placed in /boot/{some hash}/{kernel version}/{initramfs,linux}. Did dracut or some other module ...
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206 views

make: xscale_be-gcc: Command not found

I'm new to embedded and am reading 'Embedded Linux Primer' at the moment. I tried to build an xscale arm kernel: make ARCH=arm CROSS_COMPILE=xscale_be- ixp4xx_defconfig # # configuration written to ...
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1answer
235 views

Re-enabling the console once the kernel is up, if silent mode was set in Uboot?

I have enabled the silent mode by setting the U-boot env variable "silent". Uboot-> setenv silent 1 Uboot-> saveenv Now, I would like to re-enable the console once the kernel is up. Can ...
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46 views

Is it safe to upgrade kernel manually on a system which is using NVIDIA drivers?

Upgrading kernel manually on Ubuntu 14.04 can cause trouble with NVIDIA drivers? (one of the troubles could be booting to black screen) I had lot of trouble with installing NVIDIA graphics drivers ...
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228 views

Trying to make a Universal Makefile

I'm working on my own netfilter module for the first time. According to internet documentation, The simplest module contains the following C code: //'Hello World' kernel module, logs call to ...
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223 views

Why do we need a usbkbd driver when there is usbhid?

I discovered that it is the usbhid that controls my USB keyboard by default. I discovered it by doing rmmod usbhid. When I removed usbhid the usb keyboard stopped working. Note that usbkbd was not yet ...
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1answer
664 views

What are the `some_name.o.cmd` files?

What are the some_name.o.cmd files that I see in Linux's kernel code? are they auto-generated?
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486 views

Centos 7 boot up with custom kernel problem

I have installed centos 7 on virtualbox machine which has kernel-3.10.0-123.20.1.el7.x86_64. I am trying to build Linux kernel from kernel sources. I downloaded the kernel source files from: ...
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1answer
499 views

Corrupt LVM metadata header after kernel update

I'm running Debian Wheezy (Linux wheezy3.2.0-4-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 3.2.63-2+deb7u1 x86_64 GNU/Linux) as an encrypted LVM with hardware raid 1 (Adaptec 6405E) on a supermicro server. I was encounting ...
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2answers
419 views

RTC time synchronization not working (CONFIG_RTC_SYSTOHC)

I have the option CONFIG_RTC_SYSTOHC enabled in my kernel: Device Drivers ---> [*] Real Time Clock ---> [*] Set the RTC time based on NTP synchronization The help says: ...
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2answers
99 views

How/Where to learn about linux kernel? [closed]

I want to learn how the Linux kernel works, specifically about the following topics: structure, programming design, device development, but I do not know of good places to learn about these topics. I ...
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2answers
94 views

Linux Operating System and Version, Regardless of Distibution [duplicate]

I would like to know a linux command that can tell me the operating system and version regardless of what distribution I am using as it seems different distributions have a different way of doing ...
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1answer
415 views

Enabling ethernet over USB support in Linux kernel

How to enable Ethernet over USB support in Linux kernel? Which driver (like CONFIG_USB_USBNET) is related to this support? Is EEM (Ethernet Emulation) regarding this support or not?
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1answer
247 views

modinfo when a module was compiled into kernel statically wouldn't work — workarounds?

modinfo is rather useful tool when it comes to tweaking module's parameters (at least discovering what options are availalbe), for e. g.: $ modinfo dummy filename: ...
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1k views

Buildroot - missing i2c kernel modules

I've used Buildroot to build a minimal operative system. During the configuration step with the menuconfig utility I specified to install I2C tools. The option was is Target Package -> Hardware ...
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3answers
7k views

How to list all loadable kernel modules?

I'm looking for a few kernel modules to load i2c-dev and i2c-bcm2708. But the modprobe command returns: sudo modprobe i2c-dev modprobe: module i2c-dev not found in modules.dep How can I list all ...
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0answers
1k views

update kernel without restart

Recently Linux got a new feature called Live Kernel Patching, which you means you dont have to restart your system to update kernel. Is there any other kernel which has this feature already or Linux ...
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1answer
21 views

What setsockopts() 'name' values are used by the running Linux kernel?

I am introducing some new socket commands with nf_register_sockopt(&my_new_socket_options). How can I find, what setsockopt commands are already used (registered?) by the currently running kernel, ...
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2answers
2k views

dmesg: pci BAR 7: can't assign io

I have VMware virtual machine running Debian Wheezy. I have compiled my own kernel 3.14. I have noticed dmesg is flooded with messages pci BAR 7: can't assign io (size 0x1000). I have no idea what ...
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1answer
97 views

kernel: nf_conntrack: table full, dropping packet; Underlying Reason

I have a modified linux on an ARM9 processor. It was working OK, but yesterday I got this error repeatedly: kernel: nf_conntrack: table full, dropping packet I have 2 questions: How can I find ...
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1answer
38 views

How is the linking mechanism so fast in the kernel system calls? [closed]

If I open any file in Linux kernel almost every file has many extern functions and many #indef or #ifndef macros so while compiling how exactly does it map all the functions and macros when more than ...
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53 views

Detecting and categorizing device drivers in a running system

How can I obtain what device drivers are incorporated in a running kernel? More than this, how can I categorize these device drivers? For instance, this is a Linux kernel conceptual map, from ...
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993 views

Can a zImage be used with U-Boot and ArchLinuxARM?

I am using U-Boot on a Cubieboard 2, sun7i AllWinner A20 board to boot into ArchLinux ARM. The kernel version that I have is the sun7i latest, which is 3.4.103-5-ARCH so, in kernel terms, it's a bit ...