Limiting the usage of a resource (memory, disk space, CPU time, open files, network bandwidth, …) by a process or a group of processes.

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getpriority returning different value on different hosts with same kernel version

I am running centos 6.6 on same type of hardware with kernel version "2.6.32-504.30.3.el6.x86_64" Has anybody seen this why the below code when compiled and executed gives a different value on two ...
5
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2answers
10k views

Number of SSH connection(s) on a single linux machine

I landed up in a situation wherein I had to access a Linux machine via puTTY.I made various attempts to SSH but failed to connect to the machine. I then realised my colleague was accessing the same ...
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1answer
1k views

What are the effects of increasing hard and soft limits for ldap user

I've been having some instability issues with my LDAP server. I have ~2000 machines connecting to it. Using netstat -pant | grep slapd, I can typically see 1500+ connections from the clients to the ...
42
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3answers
57k views

Why is number of open files limited in Linux?

Right now, I know that: Find open files limit per process: ulimit -n Count all opened files by all process: lsof | wc -l Get maximum open files count allowd: cat /proc/sys/fs/file-max My ...
2
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1answer
403 views

File descriptor limits in /etc/system vs /etc/sysctl.conf vs /etc/security/limits.conf on Solaris

Let me explain first what I understood. In Solaris 10, rlim_fd_max and rlim_fd_cur in /etc/system set the hard and soft limits at the system level. And /etc/security/limits.conf sets the limits for ...
5
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1answer
35 views

Can I set a resource limit for the current process tree?

Let's say I'm running on a resource-constrained system, and I want to ensure that the applications I run open no more than 10 files total. If I try to do it using setrlimit, something like: if ...
0
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0answers
42 views

IPTables if more than 30 connection in 1 minute ban IP for 1 hour?

I am trying to setup a firewall that limits to 3 connections per IP and also ban the IP for an hour if > 30 connection attempts in one minute. Is this all possible with iptables? So far I have only ...
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3answers
13k views

How to Throttle per process I/O to a max limit?

I'm looking for a way to limit a processes disk io to a set speed limit. Ideally the program would work similar to this: $ limitio --pid 32423 --write-limit 1M Limiting process 32423 to 1 megabyte ...
2
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1answer
81 views

How can I use arptables to limit the number of outgoing ARP requests a second?

End goal: Make a script that will limit the number of outgoing ARP requests in a second using arptables. This is to have the ability to not trip the ARP-limiting feature on Cisco devices. I want to ...
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0answers
12 views

Is it possible to have an IPA user/group in both security limits and nproc limits

I am planning to deploy cassandra to a set of Red Hat 6.7 machines but there was an additional requirement to use IPA user for the cassandra user. For the cassandra user we usually do some ...
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3answers
7k views

ulimit PICKLE: “Operation not permitted” and “Command not found”

I'm trying to increase the maximum number of open files for the current user > ulimit -n 1024 I attempt to increase and fail as follows > ulimit -n 4096 bash: ulimit: open files: cannot ...
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2answers
8k views

sudo: ulimit: command not found [duplicate]

I was using ubuntu 12.04 ,on which I run ulimit -n ,it is showing 1024, I want to increase my open file limit from 1024 to 65535,so I tried the following command: sudo ulimit -n 65535 but i get the ...
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7answers
4k views

Make disk/disk copy slower

Is there a method of slowing down the copy process on Linux? I have a big file, say 10GB, and I'd like to copy it to another directory, but I don't want to copy it with full speed. Let's say I'd like ...
4
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1answer
1k views

How do you increase MAXSYMLINKS

In a python script, I am creating a bunch of symbolic links chained together. example: link1->link2->link3->.......->somefile.txt I was wondering how you can change the max number of symlinks to be ...
1
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1answer
88 views

Why lsof reports a higher number of open files of user than what ulimit says should be allowed?

I have checked the result for user kpiserv [kpiserv@***** ~]$ lsof -u kpiserv |wc -l 5358 [kpiserv@***** ~]$ ulimit -a open files (-n) 1024 Why lsof reports a ...
5
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1answer
2k views

Httpd : no space left on device

I am using Fedora 17 and over the last few days I am having an issue with my system. Whenever I try to start httpd it shows me: Error: No space left on device When I execute systemctl status ...
5
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3answers
373 views

Externaly limiting number of CPU cores used

I need to externally limit a process/session to a certain number of cores. Are there any other possibilities than CPU affinity (I don't like the need to specify the actual cores) and cgroups (hard to ...
3
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1answer
83 views

How to limit speed of file copy?

I am copying huge file from NFS mount using dd: dd if=/mnt/nfs/image.img of=/dev/sda I need to limit the speed of reading from NFS. How can I achieve it? The only precondition is to use some easy ...
1
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1answer
157 views

cpulimit on a bash script which runs other commands

I have a bash script which runs other cpu-intensive commands . When I apply cpulimit on the bash script, the output of top shows processes for the commands inside the script still run without ...
0
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1answer
45 views

Relationship between limits.conf and LDAP?

This seems like a straight forward question: Is there a relationship between the groups defined in ldap ldif files and /etc/security/limits.conf ? I.e., does defining an LDAP user with ...
3
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1answer
284 views

Linux cgroups: limit CPU usage in absolute values which do not depend on CPU speed

I have a server with a 2.4GHz processor. And there are several cgroups, each one allowed to use 25% of CPU. That's equal to 600MHz. Then I replace the CPU with a faster one, let's say 3.0GHz. If I ...
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1answer
3k views

Difference between ulimit -n and /proc/$PID/limits

In Linux, there is open file limit. I can use ulimit -n to see open file limit, which is 1024 default. Then I also can see per process open file soft/hard limit by looking at /proc/$PID/limits. I see ...
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1answer
25 views

Does loginuid have any impact on process limits?

On CentOS/RHEL 6, when I start my daemon as root user, I see /proc/<pid>/loginuid of the process as 0 and when I start it through sudo, I see loginuid of the sudo user. Even if I do sudo su - ...
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1answer
39 views

Restricting CPU time of processes by executable path

Is there a way to restrict CPU time (duration) for all processes which are invoked by executables that are located in a certain directory? I would like to be able to auto-kill all applications which ...
7
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1answer
834 views

/dev/mmcblk0 partitions limit

I've just mounted a microSD card which has 17 partitions in my laptop and I'm getting the following error in the YaST partitioner: Your disk /dev/mmcblk0 contains 17 partitions. The maximum number of ...
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0answers
41 views

How can I define time limit to a user's group per session

I have the group ABC and I need to configure a time-limit to 2min per session for its members. Like a TMOUT is only for a user, but I need for a group). How can I define time limit to a user's group ...
0
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2answers
70 views

Is there a way to rate-limit an rsync user?

I have a user with a Shell account(with jailkit) that insists on rsyncing 500gb of data on a daily basis. Is there a way to limit that rsync to say just 2mbits per sec? If I have to do it by IP, how ...
4
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1answer
130 views

218TB XFS LVM filesystem. 144TB Free. Error message “No Free Space Left on Device”

I have a giant 218 TB RAID6, across LVM. It is actually 2 separate RAID6s joined together through LVM to form one giant RAID6. df -h shows all space was available, and I mounted to /share. I wanted ...
0
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0answers
126 views

threads limit on linux

My box is: x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 6.3 whan I run sample java app (does not matter how much java heap I provide!), it creates 2016 threads and dies with ...
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0answers
21 views

Limit cpu usage to one core [duplicate]

I want to run a server with user-written scripts. But these scripts should only use one core (which should be the one with the lowest usage because there will be many concurrent scripts). Also I need ...
2
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0answers
132 views

Process exceeding max open files limit

I am counting current open files by a process pid by :- cmd1:- ls /proc/$pid/fd/* | wc -l and then I am calculating percentage by fetching Max open Files limits. cmd2:- $ cat /proc/$pid/limits ...
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1answer
29 views

How can I limit a log file to a certain number of most recent logs?

I know that you can limit the size of a file in respect to bytes, but I was wondering if there was a way to limit the number of logs within the file to, for example, the most recent 200 logs.
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3answers
25k views

Limit max connections per IP address and new connections per second with iptables

We have an Ubuntu 12.04 server with httpd on port 80 and we want to limit: the maximum connections per IP address to httpd to 10 the maximum new connections per second to httpd to 150 How can we ...
8
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2answers
8k views

How to circumvent “Too many open files” in debian

If I want to see all relevant log files of my apache2 server at once, I use tail -f /var/kunden/logs/*log /var/kunden/logs/*log /var/log/apache2/*log |grep -v robots|grep -v favicon But since those ...
14
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3answers
2k views

Is there an upper limit to the number of zombie processes you can have?

I used to work with an HP-UX system and the old admin told me there is an upper limit on the number of zombie processes you can have on the system, I believe 1024. Is this a hard fact ceiling? I ...
0
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0answers
157 views

Kill the process and restart server when memory is exceeded - bash and cron

I have a site on webfaction, using django and python. However, I have problem with memory. The problem arises, because I use external library, that can run forever (consuming much time and memory). ...
6
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1answer
359 views

Terminal does not accept pasted or typed lines of more than 1024 characters [duplicate]

When I enter text on stdin in an OS X Terminal, a single line is limited to 1024 characters. For example, cat > /dev/null beeps after I type (or paste) a line longer than this, and refuses to ...
18
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6answers
21k views

How do I limit the number of files printed by ls?

Is there a way to limit the quantity of listed files on a ls command? I've seen: ls | head -4 but to get head to be executed I need to wait for ls to finish execution, and with directories with an ...
5
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0answers
154 views

Limit the inode cache used by a command

I want to run a task with limits on the kernel objects that they will indirectly trigger. Note that this is not about the memory, threads, etc. used by the application, but about memory used by the ...
23
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7answers
10k views

Is there a way to limit the amount of memory a particular process can use in Unix? [duplicate]

I need to test a process for memory management. I do not have the source, so I need to do all the testing from the OS side. I want to be able to say something like limitmemory 400k -p <pid> ...
0
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2answers
147 views

bash execute command for X arguments at a time

I have a list of files stored in txt file. ./test7 ./test4 ./test1 ./test5 ./test6 ./test10 ./test8 ./test2 ./test9 ./test3 I want to run a command on all those files but I want to sleep 1 second ...
4
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1answer
2k views

How to change the kernel max PID number? [duplicate]

The default PID max number is 32768. To get this information type: cat /proc/sys/kernel/pid_max 32768 or sysctl kernel.pid_max kernel.pid_max = 32768 Now, I want to change this number... but I ...
0
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0answers
181 views

CentOS limits.conf & cpulimit not working

I have a CentOS server I am testing things out on. In it, I have configured USERNAME hard maxlogins 4 USERNAME hard cpu 1 USERNAME hard nproc 10 in ...
3
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1answer
115 views

GNU Parallel: How to limit max running network jobs per host

I'm using GNU Parallel for scanning a list of urls (from different hosts) for vulnerability, like this: cat urls.txt | parallel --gnu -j 50 ./scan {} The 'scan' program works for one url in one ...
51
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4answers
93k views

do changes in /etc/security/limits.conf require a reboot?

do changes in /etc/security/limits.conf require a reboot before taking effect? Like if I have a script that sets the following limits in /etc/security/limits.conf, does this require me to reboot ...
4
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1answer
209 views

How to limit the running time of a program?

Sometimes when I write code I found that I made a stupid mistake and some loop takes almost all CPU time forever. Is there a way the running time of a program for example to 10 seconds in bash?
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0answers
42 views

icmp limited in many network spaces?

I wrote small script do show example usage of ip netns on unused class size C (here changed into 192.168.10) #!/bin/sh network=192.168.10 for id in `seq 0 127`; do ip netns del test-$id; done; ...
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5answers
14k views

Limiting processes to not exceed more than 10% of CPU usage

I operate a Linux system which has a lot of users but sometimes an abuse occurs; where a user might run a single process that uses up more than 80% of the CPU/Memory. So is there a way to prevent ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

Can't add large number of rules to iptables

I made a very simple bash script (echo at start, runs commands, echos at end) to add approx 7300 rules to iptables blocking much of China and Russia, however it gets through adding approximately 400 ...
3
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0answers
120 views

Trickle not behaving as expected

I'm using Ubuntu Trusty 14.04 64 bits. I've installed trickle network shaper from repositories and I performed some tests: No limits I executed this command to test somehow my network download ...