Limiting the usage of a resource (memory, disk space, CPU time, open files, network bandwidth, …) by a process or a group of processes.

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Linux cgroups: limit CPU usage in absolute values which do not depend on CPU speed

I have a server with a 2.4GHz processor. And there are several cgroups, each one allowed to use 25% of CPU. That's equal to 600MHz. Then I replace the CPU with a faster one, let's say 3.0GHz. If I ...
4
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1answer
41 views

218TB XFS LVM filesystem. 144TB Free. Error message “No Free Space Left on Device”

I have a giant 218 TB RAID6, across LVM. It is actually 2 separate RAID6s joined together through LVM to form one giant RAID6. df -h shows all space was available, and I mounted to /share. I wanted ...
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0answers
30 views

threads limit on linux

My box is: x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 6.3 whan I run sample java app (does not matter how much java heap I provide!), it creates 2016 threads and dies with ...
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0answers
21 views

Limit cpu usage to one core [duplicate]

I want to run a server with user-written scripts. But these scripts should only use one core (which should be the one with the lowest usage because there will be many concurrent scripts). Also I need ...
1
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0answers
21 views

Process exceeding max open files limit

I am counting current open files by a process pid by :- cmd1:- ls /proc/$pid/fd/* | wc -l and then I am calculating percentage by fetching Max open Files limits. cmd2:- $ cat /proc/$pid/limits ...
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1answer
20 views

How can I limit a log file to a certain number of most recent logs?

I know that you can limit the size of a file in respect to bytes, but I was wondering if there was a way to limit the number of logs within the file to, for example, the most recent 200 logs.
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0answers
48 views

File descriptor limits in /etc/system vs /etc/sysctl.conf vs /etc/security/limits.conf on Solaris

Let me explain first what I understood. In Solaris 10, rlim_fd_max and rlim_fd_cur in /etc/system set the hard and soft limits at the system level. And /etc/security/limits.conf sets the limits for ...
10
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3answers
14k views

Limit max connections per IP address and new connections per second with iptables

We have an Ubuntu 12.04 server with httpd on port 80 and we want to limit: the maximum connections per IP address to httpd to 10 the maximum new connections per second to httpd to 150 How can we ...
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1answer
931 views

What are the effects of increasing hard and soft limits for ldap user

I've been having some instability issues with my LDAP server. I have ~2000 machines connecting to it. Using netstat -pant | grep slapd, I can typically see 1500+ connections from the clients to the ...
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2answers
6k views

How to circumvent “Too many open files” in debian

If I want to see all relevant log files of my apache2 server at once, I use tail -f /var/kunden/logs/*log /var/kunden/logs/*log /var/log/apache2/*log |grep -v robots|grep -v favicon But since those ...
14
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3answers
1k views

Is there an upper limit to the number of zombie processes you can have?

I used to work with an HP-UX system and the old admin told me there is an upper limit on the number of zombie processes you can have on the system, I believe 1024. Is this a hard fact ceiling? I ...
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0answers
65 views

Kill the process and restart server when memory is exceeded - bash and cron

I have a site on webfaction, using django and python. However, I have problem with memory. The problem arises, because I use external library, that can run forever (consuming much time and memory). ...
6
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1answer
93 views

Terminal does not accept pasted or typed lines of more than 1024 characters [duplicate]

When I enter text on stdin in an OS X Terminal, a single line is limited to 1024 characters. For example, cat > /dev/null beeps after I type (or paste) a line longer than this, and refuses to ...
12
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6answers
13k views

How do I limit the number of files printed by ls?

Is there a way to limit the quantity of listed files on a ls command? I've seen: ls | head -4 but to get head to be executed I need to wait for ls to finish execution, and with directories with an ...
6
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2answers
5k views

sudo: ulimit: command not found

I was using ubuntu 12.04 ,on which I run ulimit -n ,it is showing 1024, I want to increase my open file limit from 1024 to 65535,so I tried the following command: sudo ulimit -n 65535 but i get the ...
3
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0answers
46 views

Limit the inode cache used by a command

I want to run a task with limits on the kernel objects that they will indirectly trigger. Note that this is not about the memory, threads, etc. used by the application, but about memory used by the ...
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7answers
7k views

Is there a way to limit the amount of memory a particular process can use in Unix?

I need to test a process for memory management. I do not have the source, so I need to do all the testing from the OS side. I want to be able to say something like limitmemory 400k -p <pid> ...
0
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2answers
83 views

bash execute command for X arguments at a time

I have a list of files stored in txt file. ./test7 ./test4 ./test1 ./test5 ./test6 ./test10 ./test8 ./test2 ./test9 ./test3 I want to run a command on all those files but I want to sleep 1 second ...
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1answer
691 views

How to change the kernel max PID number? [duplicate]

The default PID max number is 32768. To get this information type: cat /proc/sys/kernel/pid_max 32768 or sysctl kernel.pid_max kernel.pid_max = 32768 Now, I want to change this number... but I ...
0
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0answers
114 views

CentOS limits.conf & cpulimit not working

I have a CentOS server I am testing things out on. In it, I have configured USERNAME hard maxlogins 4 USERNAME hard cpu 1 USERNAME hard nproc 10 in ...
3
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1answer
56 views

GNU Parallel: How to limit max running network jobs per host

I'm using GNU Parallel for scanning a list of urls (from different hosts) for vulnerability, like this: cat urls.txt | parallel --gnu -j 50 ./scan {} The 'scan' program works for one url in one ...
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4answers
57k views

do changes in /etc/security/limits.conf require a reboot?

do changes in /etc/security/limits.conf require a reboot before taking effect? Like if I have a script that sets the following limits in /etc/security/limits.conf, does this require me to reboot ...
4
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1answer
170 views

How to limit the running time of a program?

Sometimes when I write code I found that I made a stupid mistake and some loop takes almost all CPU time forever. Is there a way the running time of a program for example to 10 seconds in bash?
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0answers
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icmp limited in many network spaces?

I wrote small script do show example usage of ip netns on unused class size C (here changed into 192.168.10) #!/bin/sh network=192.168.10 for id in `seq 0 127`; do ip netns del test-$id; done; ...
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5answers
8k views

Limiting processes to not exceed more than 10% of CPU usage

I operate a Linux system which has a lot of users but sometimes an abuse occurs; where a user might run a single process that uses up more than 80% of the CPU/Memory. So is there a way to prevent ...
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2answers
10k views

How to Throttle per process I/O to a max limit?

I'm looking for a way to limit a processes disk io to a set speed limit. Ideally the program would work similar to this: $ limitio --pid 32423 --write-limit 1M Limiting process 32423 to 1 megabyte ...
3
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4answers
1k views

Can't add large number of rules to iptables

I made a very simple bash script (echo at start, runs commands, echos at end) to add approx 7300 rules to iptables blocking much of China and Russia, however it gets through adding approximately 400 ...
3
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0answers
57 views

Trickle not behaving as expected

I'm using Ubuntu Trusty 14.04 64 bits. I've installed trickle network shaper from repositories and I performed some tests: No limits I executed this command to test somehow my network download ...
4
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1answer
124 views

chromium browser: “Aw, snap” when too many windows/tabs are open

I have noticed, when I open more than 15 chromium instances (windows or tabs), I get the "AW, Snap" error Page: Seems to me there is some limit how many instances can be running at the same time. I ...
0
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0answers
69 views

How to check number of connections

My server have high loads. CPU usage is low. Memory usage is low. IO is low. So I improve maximum number of connections in cpanel. Things are working. However, where can I see detail? How do I ...
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2answers
282 views

What do unlimit and limit do in the context of csh?

I'm running a csh script that calls unlimit and limit just before running a scientific model. The script looks something like so (truncated for brevity): #!/bin/csh -f # ... unlimit limit ...
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0answers
572 views

File limits getrlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE) failed

(32-bit system) Posted a Q/A earlier regarding Chrome crashing because of exhausted limit in open files. Chrome has since run more smooth, (after increasing limit), but still crashes from time to ...
28
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3answers
34k views

Why is number of open files limited in Linux?

Right now, I know that: Find open files limit per process: ulimit -n Count all opened files by all process: lsof | wc -l Get maximum open files count allowd: cat /proc/sys/fs/file-max My ...
2
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1answer
325 views

Chrome too many files open / crash / Sorry Jim

When using Google Chrome I frequently get “Sorry Jim” tabs. The browser also frequently freezes and crashes. Running it from terminal emulator show a long line of Too many open files: ...
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1answer
73 views

Mint maximum user passtext length?

Strangely, I can use a long passtext, approximately 64 words long, for disk encryption, but I'm having trouble with user password lengths. Certain steps fail like the installer or unlocking the ...
9
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2answers
828 views

How to limit the total resources (memory) of a process and its children

There are plenty of questions and answers about constraining the resources of a single process, e.g. RLIMIT_AS can be used to constrain the maximum memory allocated by a process that can be seen as ...
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0answers
59 views

Can I control number of TCP Connections per second in curl?

I am trying to make one traffic generator tool in linux centOS 6.5. I am using curl for this purpose. I can generate traffic from virtual interfaces using curl but I don't know if I can control number ...
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0answers
209 views

receive signal before process is being killed by OOM killer / cgroups

In our cluster, we are restricting our processes resources, e.g. memory (memory.limit_in_bytes). I think, in the end, this is also handled via the OOM killer in the Linux kernel (looks like it by ...
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0answers
516 views

Increasing ulimit stack size benefits?

Hello I'm new in Linux and at my work I have a server that runs a banking software. The company that made the software said that the stack size should be set to unlimited. Does this make the software ...
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6answers
12k views

How to limit log file size using >>

How can I limit the size of a log file written with >> to 200MB? $ run_program >> myprogram.log
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1answer
321 views

Limit maximum number of concurrent scp processes running on a host

I am facing a problem where I have a fleet of servers which contain a lot of data. Each of the host runs many instances of a specific process p1, which makes several scp connections to other hosts in ...
2
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1answer
471 views

number of open files configuration not operational

Addressing an error of Too many open files I was attempting to follow the suggestions here Although /etc/sysctl.conf fs.file-max = 70000 vm.swappiness = 10 and /etc/security/limits.conf nginx ...
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1answer
143 views

Can you throttle the bandwidth to a tmpfs based ramdisk?

I created a ramdisk using tmpfs as follows: sudo mount -t tmpfs -o size=1024m tmpfs /myramdisk I was looking into cgroup blkio subsystem bandwidth limits "read_bps_device" and "write_bps_device" ...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

equivalent to 'cpusets' for gpu's

I work with clusters of computers and manage the nodes with torque and Moab. A user is able to submit a job to a node, and request the amount of resources they need. #The following submits the job ...
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0answers
159 views

Find and close/unlink message queues in the system

I have a SLES-11 machine on which I am not the root where I am building software code that makes extensive use of message queues. Due to some bugs, Now have an error: mq_open: Too many open files I ...
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2answers
125 views

does sudo always set process limits to the numbers from /etc/security/limits.d?

I have observed the following behavior: [ec2-user@ip-10-66-68-55 ~]$ uname -a Linux ip-10-66-68-55 3.4.103-76.114.amzn1.x86_64 #1 SMP Fri Sep 12 00:57:39 UTC 2014 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux ...
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4answers
2k views

How to limit resource usage to save CPU+RAM for a certain process?

I have a dev server on which sshd sometimes stops working because the machine runs out of RAM. Yes we are running low on memory and upgrading is not a feasible choice right now. What I want to do is ...
6
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1answer
155 views

Do processes in cgroups have to be set every boot? If so, how to persist them?

I was reading this answer to a question on setting limits for processes by using cgroups. The sample given sets limits for a process (in the example, sshd). In the answer, the PID of the process is ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

set packet rate limit via iptables

I have a packet rate limit (max. 10 per seconds) which is set by my internet provider. This is a problem if I want to use the AceStream player, because if I exceed the limit I get disconnected. How ...
3
votes
1answer
386 views

What are the bash shell length limitations for here-docs?

What are the length limitations for using here-docs as part of bash command lines? I am finding that short here-docs work fine, but when they get longer there is some point or structure after which ...