Limiting the usage of a resource (memory, disk space, CPU time, open files, network bandwidth, …) by a process or a group of processes.

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1answer
660 views

What are the effects of increasing hard and soft limits for ldap user

I've been having some instability issues with my LDAP server. I have ~2000 machines connecting to it. Using netstat -pant | grep slapd, I can typically see 1500+ connections from the clients to the ...
3
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0answers
31 views

Trickle not behaving as expected

I'm using Ubuntu Trusty 14.04 64 bits. I've installed trickle network shaper from repositories and I performed some tests: No limits I executed this command to test somehow my network download ...
3
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1answer
80 views

chromium browser: “Aw, snap” when too many windows/tabs are open

I have noticed, when I open more than 15 chromium instances (windows or tabs), I get the "AW, Snap" error Page: Seems to me there is some limit how many instances can be running at the same time. I ...
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3answers
42k views

do changes in /etc/security/limits.conf require a reboot?

do changes in /etc/security/limits.conf require a reboot before taking effect? Like if I have a script that sets the following limits in /etc/security/limits.conf, does this require me to reboot ...
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0answers
53 views

How to check number of connections

My server have high loads. CPU usage is low. Memory usage is low. IO is low. So I improve maximum number of connections in cpanel. Things are working. However, where can I see detail? How do I ...
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2answers
63 views

What do unlimit and limit do in the context of csh?

I'm running a csh script that calls unlimit and limit just before running a scientific model. The script looks something like so (truncated for brevity): #!/bin/csh -f # ... unlimit limit ...
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0answers
174 views

File limits getrlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE) failed

(32-bit system) Posted a Q/A earlier regarding Chrome crashing because of exhausted limit in open files. Chrome has since run more smooth, (after increasing limit), but still crashes from time to ...
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3answers
26k views

Why is number of open files limited in Linux?

Right now, I know that: Find open files limit per process: ulimit -n Count all opened files by all process: lsof | wc -l Get maximum open files count allowd: cat /proc/sys/fs/file-max My ...
2
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1answer
138 views

Chrome too many files open / crash / Sorry Jim

When using Google Chrome I frequently get “Sorry Jim” tabs. The browser also frequently freezes and crashes. Running it from terminal emulator show a long line of Too many open files: ...
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1answer
41 views

Mint maximum user passtext length?

Strangely, I can use a long passtext, approximately 64 words long, for disk encryption, but I'm having trouble with user password lengths. Certain steps fail like the installer or unlocking the ...
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2answers
530 views

How to limit the total resources (memory) of a process and its children

There are plenty of questions and answers about constraining the resources of a single process, e.g. RLIMIT_AS can be used to constrain the maximum memory allocated by a process that can be seen as ...
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0answers
45 views

Can I control number of TCP Connections per second in curl?

I am trying to make one traffic generator tool in linux centOS 6.5. I am using curl for this purpose. I can generate traffic from virtual interfaces using curl but I don't know if I can control number ...
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0answers
122 views

receive signal before process is being killed by OOM killer / cgroups

In our cluster, we are restricting our processes resources, e.g. memory (memory.limit_in_bytes). I think, in the end, this is also handled via the OOM killer in the Linux kernel (looks like it by ...
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0answers
170 views

Increasing ulimit stack size benefits?

Hello I'm new in Linux and at my work I have a server that runs a banking software. The company that made the software said that the stack size should be set to unlimited. Does this make the software ...
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6answers
10k views

How to limit log file size using >>

How can I limit the size of a log file written with >> to 200MB? $ run_program >> myprogram.log
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1answer
177 views

Limit maximum number of concurrent scp processes running on a host

I am facing a problem where I have a fleet of servers which contain a lot of data. Each of the host runs many instances of a specific process p1, which makes several scp connections to other hosts in ...
2
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1answer
263 views

number of open files configuration not operational

Addressing an error of Too many open files I was attempting to follow the suggestions here Although /etc/sysctl.conf fs.file-max = 70000 vm.swappiness = 10 and /etc/security/limits.conf nginx ...
3
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2answers
4k views

sudo: ulimit: command not found

I was using ubuntu 12.04 ,on which I run ulimit -n ,it is showing 1024, I want to increase my open file limit from 1024 to 65535,so I tried the following command: sudo ulimit -n 65535 but i get the ...
5
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1answer
109 views

Can you throttle the bandwidth to a tmpfs based ramdisk?

I created a ramdisk using tmpfs as follows: sudo mount -t tmpfs -o size=1024m tmpfs /myramdisk I was looking into cgroup blkio subsystem bandwidth limits "read_bps_device" and "write_bps_device" ...
2
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0answers
47 views

equivalent to 'cpusets' for gpu's

I work with clusters of computers and manage the nodes with torque and Moab. A user is able to submit a job to a node, and request the amount of resources they need. #The following submits the job ...
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0answers
131 views

Find and close/unlink message queues in the system

I have a SLES-11 machine on which I am not the root where I am building software code that makes extensive use of message queues. Due to some bugs, Now have an error: mq_open: Too many open files I ...
2
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2answers
78 views

does sudo always set process limits to the numbers from /etc/security/limits.d?

I have observed the following behavior: [ec2-user@ip-10-66-68-55 ~]$ uname -a Linux ip-10-66-68-55 3.4.103-76.114.amzn1.x86_64 #1 SMP Fri Sep 12 00:57:39 UTC 2014 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux ...
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4answers
2k views

How to limit resource usage to save CPU+RAM for a certain process?

I have a dev server on which sshd sometimes stops working because the machine runs out of RAM. Yes we are running low on memory and upgrading is not a feasible choice right now. What I want to do is ...
6
votes
1answer
140 views

Do processes in cgroups have to be set every boot? If so, how to persist them?

I was reading this answer to a question on setting limits for processes by using cgroups. The sample given sets limits for a process (in the example, sshd). In the answer, the PID of the process is ...
3
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2answers
923 views

set packet rate limit via iptables

I have a packet rate limit (max. 10 per seconds) which is set by my internet provider. This is a problem if I want to use the AceStream player, because if I exceed the limit I get disconnected. How ...
3
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1answer
282 views

What are the bash shell length limitations for here-docs?

What are the length limitations for using here-docs as part of bash command lines? I am finding that short here-docs work fine, but when they get longer there is some point or structure after which ...
2
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1answer
259 views

How to change the kernel max PID number? [duplicate]

The default PID max number is 32768. To get this information type: cat /proc/sys/kernel/pid_max 32768 or sysctl kernel.pid_max kernel.pid_max = 32768 Now, I want to change this number... but I ...
1
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1answer
481 views

Daemon's open file limit is reached even though the system limits have been increased

I am running Debian wheezy. File limits are increased to 100000 for every user. ulimit -a and ulimit -Hn / -Sn show me the right amounts of maximum open file limits even in screen. But for some reason ...
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2answers
241 views

Increasing stack size in 64 bit Cygwin? (installing ocaml)

I'm trying to set up an older version of ocaml, and I'm getting an error message that says that I need to increase my stack size. The only way I've found to do this in cygwin involves running an ...
4
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2answers
5k views

How to limit ftp speed

I have multiple users on a server. They upload and download their files through FTP. Sometimes some heavy transfer causes high load on the server. I am wondering, if there is any way to limit the ftp ...
2
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2answers
158 views

cpulimit does not detect Node.JS process

I was able to limit python process to use only 50% CPU with the following cpulimit -l 50 -e python but when I tried to do the same for Node, and it is not able to detect the process at all. Does ...
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4answers
5k views

Limiting processes to not exceed more than 10% of CPU usage

I operate a Linux system which has a lot of users but sometimes an abuse occurs; where a user might run a single process that uses up more than 80% of the CPU/Memory. So is there a way to prevent ...
3
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1answer
7k views

How do I increase the number of semaphore arrays in Linux?

In a Debian lenny server running postgresql, I noticed that a lack of semaphore arrays is preventing Apache from starting up. Looking at the limits, I see 128 arrays used out of 128 arrays maximum, ...
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3answers
9k views

Limit max connections per IP address and new connections per second with iptables

We have an Ubuntu 12.04 server with httpd on port 80 and we want to limit: the maximum connections per IP address to httpd to 10 the maximum new connections per second to httpd to 150 How can we ...
9
votes
1answer
304 views

Limit on the number of btrfs snapshots?

I am considering using btrfs on my data drive so that I can use snapper, or something like snapper, to take time based snapshots. I believe this will let me browse old versions of my data. This would ...
3
votes
1answer
113 views

Different between `ulimit -e` and `renice`?

I would like to run a backup script in low CPU and disk I/O. Is there any different between this: #!/bin/bash ulimit -e 19 ionice -c3 -p $$ and this: #!/bin/bash ionice -c3 -p $$ renice -n 19 ...
4
votes
1answer
141 views

FILE size limitation according to Robert Love's textbook

From Robert Love's Linux System Programming (2007, O'Reilly), this is what is given in the first paragraph (Chapter 1, Page 10): The file position’s maximum value is bounded only by the size of ...
2
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2answers
95 views

centos5 maximum memory setting for all users

I'm using Centos5 for operating server and the machine has limited memory. There are many users using the server and some of them are running programs which use a lot of RAM. When I check the used ...
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0answers
40 views

Is there a limit of GPIOs that can be used in Linux?

When it comes to use GPIOs, is there a limited number that can be used in Linux (except through the limitation of the physical availability/amount of the ports/pins) or is it theoretically possible to ...
2
votes
2answers
68 views

Limiting number of processes by name

is it possible to limit number of processes for a given group or user using the process name? Eg. I'd like to groups remotes have only 5 simultaneous ssh processes that are run on my server. I don't ...
1
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2answers
54 views

Why does it temporarily look like the pv command transfer limit is no longer enforced when I come out of suspend to ram?

I have this perl script and I discovered the pv command and decided to use it to get some feedback into what is going on with the randomness in terms of throughput. After a few tests1 I decided to ...
9
votes
2answers
743 views

How to solve this memory issue gracefully?

I have a standard Linux (Debian testing) laptop, with a swap partition. I do a lot of experiments with it. Some of them are really memory hungry and the way Linux behaves by default is an issue for ...
7
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4answers
6k views

Preventing tar from using too much CPU and disk (old laptop crashes if 100%)

I want to backup 1 terabyte of data to an external disk. I am using this command: tar cf /media/MYDISK/backup.tar mydata PROBLEM: My poor laptop freezes and crashes whenever I use 100% CPU or 100% ...
2
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0answers
53 views

How to limit network bandwidth after some data transferred?

So the question is in the name of topic. How to limit bandwidth I know. Using tc. But how to do so after, for example, traffic had reached 500MB. And after some time reset the limits.
3
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3answers
415 views

Is there a way to make your process use less CPU?

I want my device to use less CPU to save battery. I have a program that uses a large amount of it. nice won't help as all it does is change scheduling when CPU is at %100, while I don't want it to get ...
4
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2answers
11k views

Modify ulimit (open files) of a specific process

Is it possible to change the soft - and hard limit of a specific process? In my case, my process is mongod and a lot of web resources tell me to simply execute: ulimit -n <my new value> My ...
2
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1answer
1k views

How to configure the process open file limit of a user?

The default open file limit per process is 1024 on - say - Linux. For certain daemons this is not enough. Thus, the question: How to change the open file limit for a specific user?
3
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1answer
527 views

Increasing nproc limit for a non-root user . Only effective by restart

I am increasing nproc limit for one of a development user account in my rhel6 system . After searching some rubust solution , I zerod at editing /etc/security/limits.conf with these two lines : ...
2
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2answers
3k views

Number of SSH connection(s) on a single linux machine

I landed up in a situation wherein I had to access a Linux machine via puTTY.I made various attempts to SSH but failed to connect to the machine. I then realised my colleague was accessing the same ...
5
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2answers
5k views

ulimit PICKLE: “Operation not permitted” and “Command not found”

I'm trying to increase the maximum number of open files for the current user > ulimit -n 1024 I attempt to increase and fail as follows > ulimit -n 4096 bash: ulimit: open files: cannot ...