The Korn shell (ksh) is a shell with advanced scripting features, commonly found on commercial unices and some BSD systems but rarely used on Linux.

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8
votes
2answers
220 views

tar to pipe but keep -v verbose output separate from STDERR

A normal tar command tar cvf foo.tar ./foo >foo.out 2>foo.err has three output IO streams archive data to foo.tar list of filenames to STDOUT (redirected into foo.out) error messages to ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

Read from character delimted file and assign into variables | for email

I am using ksh. I need to read the data from file, into the variables and then further use them for sending emails. File can be delimited by any less used characters (like | ^ etc.) or group of ...
0
votes
3answers
30 views

How do I loop through a file with awk

I am using this command sed -e '/^*/d' $WORKFILE | awk -f test.awk >> $OUTPUTFILE in a ksh script to take a file of 274567 lines like this * * * * * syopsf00 a0000096 ...
1
vote
1answer
19 views

Compare two Arrays in KSH and output the difference

I am not extremely familiar with KSH (Actually just started using it) and I am having problems with trying to create a script that will essentially compare two arrays that have been stored and then ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

Redirection. What is “<>”, “<&” and “>&-”?

"<>" This operator I saw few months ago on the one site, but I don't remember what does it mean. Maybe I'm wrong and ksh has no "<>". "a<&b" I know that this operator merge input stream ...
2
votes
1answer
16 views

Does ksh88 interpret a number as decimal using 10#n syntax?

I would like to treat a number with leading zero as a decimal with the least effort so I intend to use the following syntax: x=08 y=$(( 10#$x - 1 )) Will the following syntax work on ksh88?
29
votes
6answers
2k views

When do you use brace expansion?

I understand what brace expansion is, but I don't know how best to use it. When do you use it? Please teach me some convenient and remarkable examples if you have your own tip.
1
vote
1answer
28 views

SQLPLUS value in variable- not working from crontab

I am trying to store sqlplus value to a variable in Linux. Script is working fine when triggered manually. But value in variable is not stored when the script is called from crontab. Code: ...
3
votes
1answer
524 views

KSH styling text based menu using STDERR

Is it possible to format the STDERR in order to have a better looking menu using the select command? I have a simple select select oChoice in $(<tempMenu.menu) ; do case "$oChoice" in ...
4
votes
5answers
4k views

Next day of the user entered date - date +1 day

I am new to scripting I needed a script in the AIX environment to get the next days date based on the date entered by the user of the script. After hard time browsing for this I got a piece of code ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

-ksh: pushd: not found

I am new to Unix and I am trying to used pushd, popd and dirs in SUSE Linux but I am getting -ksh: pushd: not found while I try to check pushd which pushd which: no pushd in ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

For loop brackets - C like syntax

When i am using the below syntax to iterate why two brackets are needed ? for (( expr1; expr2; expr3 )) do command1 command2 .. done and the below code doesn't work ? and throws error "syntax ...
3
votes
2answers
75 views

forward function and variables into sudo su - <user> <<EOF

I have declared functions and variables in bash/ksh and I need to forward them into sudo su - {user} << EOF: #!/bin/bash log_f() { echo "LOG line: $@" } extVAR="yourName" sudo su - ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Remote ssh command not sending echo variable from a ksh script on AIX

I'm need to get the value of a variable from a remote host in a script using SSH and have to source an environment file first that does a shift at the end of its run. The command works locally and I ...
4
votes
1answer
93 views

How is ksh93 so fast?

So, in general, I tend to look to sed for text processing - especially for large files - and usually avoid doing those sorts of things in the shell itself. I think, though, that may change. I was ...
0
votes
1answer
864 views

Using alias in another script (ksh)

I'm writing a ksh script, and I'd like to use a command define by an alias in my .profile file, in my script. I tried this command in the folder containing my script, and it works. However, in my ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

How to run “&” operation sequentially

From my script I am running following commands: SCRIPT_1="ksh -x script1.sh & ksh -x script2.sh"; SCRIPT_2="ksh -x script3.sh & ksh -x script4.sh"; eval $SCRIPT_1; sleep 20s; eval ...
2
votes
2answers
71 views

Using Diff on a specific column in a file

Will it be possible to use diff on a specific columns in a file? file1 Something 123 item1 Something 456 item2 Something 768 item3 Something 353 item4 file2 Another 123 stuff1 Another 193 ...
14
votes
7answers
959 views

What is the difference between $* and $@?

Consider the following code: foo () { echo $* } bar () { echo $@ } foo 1 2 3 4 bar 1 2 3 4 It outputs: 1 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 I am using Ksh88, but I am interested in other common ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

ksh if/elif statement not working with || and && [duplicate]

NOTE: Pertaining to the duplicate referenced - I already tried that prior to posting here and got the exact same results. I've posted an additional section below with this so that you can see what I ...
2
votes
5answers
3k views

Sum the values in a column except the header

I have a file as given below -------------------------------------------------------------- Name_Customer Item_Purchased Item_Amount Credit ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

ksh your own shortcuts, aliases, settings each login?

I need to set up some handy dandy keyboard shortcuts as I am fed up with setting up various aliases each login time from scratch. what is the most convenient way to do this since I don't have the ...
4
votes
3answers
4k views

Can ksh on AIX be configured to use the tab key for filename completion?

I have some AIX 7 servers that are restricted to what software I can install and wonder if I can get ksh to use the tab key to complete filenames at the shell promot. The man pages are sparse for ksh ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

Need to get the difference between two time in seconds

The following two variables contain the start time and the end time , need to get the difference between these two time in seconds start_time=06:07:25 end_time=07:02:08 Desired Output diff_time= ...
-1
votes
1answer
24 views

split in different lines every match of the same line

I have a code like these: , Select code from sales group by id.... I would like to have three lines like these: , Select code from sales group by id...... Someone can help me how could I do ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Sigstop when trying to run script?

I am trying to list out all commands by users, unfortunately I hit a weird sigstop that I am not sure how to diagnose? #!/bin/ksh echo '[' for USER in `cut -d: -f1 /etc/passwd |sed '/^#/ d'`; do ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

Get commands a user can run from /etc/sudoers?

I need a shell (ksh) script that can be executed locally on a box that will return a list of users who have sudo access to a server and what commands they can run. For example I want to know that ...
3
votes
3answers
186 views

awk + print lines from the first line until match word

I want to print all lines from file until the match word please advice how to do that with awk for example I want to print all lines until word PPP remark the first line chuld be diff from AAA ( ...
1
vote
2answers
43 views

disk space by individual user

I have around 50 user folder under etc/main/ folder. Now i want to get 10 large space user folder detail. Note: I don't want sub-folder of each user..I am using Ksh script. Example: /etc/main$ ...
3
votes
4answers
463 views

Run a script on multiple shells?

I have two servers one AIX with default shell ksh, the other RHEL with default shell bash. I have a script that is mounted on both that will run similar commands but for either AIX or Linux. This ...
4
votes
1answer
55 views

Are there problems with hyphens in functions, aliases, and executables?

In my testing (in Bash and Z Shell), I saw no problems with defining functions or aliases or executable shell scripts which have hyphens in the name, but I'm not confident that this will be okay in ...
0
votes
2answers
455 views

Copy a file from a remote server to windows home using scp

Is there a way to copy a file from a server to a local folder (i.e. My Documents)? can it be done by scp? I have this script that generate some list. I want this script to automatically copy the ...
1
vote
5answers
84 views

How to sort on two fields of numbers

I have a list of filename like so: epdb_0_0.pdb epdb_0_10.pdb epdb_0_11.pdb epdb_0_12.pdb epdb_0_13.pdb epdb_0_14.pdb epdb_0_15.pdb epdb_0_16.pdb epdb_0_17.pdb epdb_0_18.pdb epdb_0_19.pdb ...
0
votes
2answers
44 views

How can I redirect the same message to both stdoud and stderr (without temporary object)

It is easy to redirect stdout or stderr to the same output (file or one of the 2 std output) with a 1>&1,>&2 and/or >file. Is there a way to send the same output to both the std ...
1
vote
5answers
90 views

Regular Expression for Mixed cased words

I want a regular expression that will help me identify if a certain pattern is present as a mixed case in a sentence or not. Say: Fox juMPed the rock Now, I want to find that if the pattern ...
2
votes
6answers
96 views

Getting the matched word exactly

I have looked through a number of question but they do not satisfactorily reply to my question. I need to print words that match the pattern exactly not the lines containing that word. For example: ...
2
votes
4answers
6k views

Storing a list in a variable

I am trying to store the name of list of files that contain 781 in their name. I will be using this list to perform some operations and after that I will delete this list. I have two options to do ...
1
vote
3answers
121 views

How to sort the filenames shown in grep command based on timestamp?

In the following command, how can I get the file names based on its timestamp $ grep "exit 0" a* a1.txt:+ exit 0 a2.txt:+ exit 0 a3.txt:+ exit 0 a4.txt:+ exit 0 a5.txt:+ exit 0 $ ls -latr ...
1
vote
4answers
55 views

How to do grep even if the file is not present?

I am doing something like this in my code file_nm=`ls -latr *abc*` if [ `grep "search_txt" "$file_nm" | wc -l` -gt 0 ] then echo "string found" else echo "string not found" fi If the file_nm is ...
2
votes
2answers
64 views

How to wrap the comma delimited values to the next line without disturbing the other fields using awk or ksh

I have the following input, in which some of the values are comma delimited. I would like decouple each value and print it in the new line. I tried many ways in awk, but no luck. If I have three ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

How to copy lines in awk command? (ksh scripting is preferred)

I have the below index file key1|1|1001 key1|1|2001 key2|2|3001 key2|2|4001 using this index file, I have to update my main file key1|1000|2000|3000|4000 key2|1000|2000|3000|4000 The ...
1
vote
1answer
336 views

How do you track memory usage in a ksh93 script

We have a number of ksh scripts that run forever (inside a while loop), or at least until a shutdown event is delivered to them. We had a project where these scripts where converted to ksh93 (and ...
7
votes
3answers
5k views

What is the most correct way to pass an array to a function?

Consider I have a very large array $large_list, is there a way to write a function that will take the array as an argument? For example: echo_idx_array () { arr="$1" idx="$2" echo ...
2
votes
2answers
219 views

Meaning of \ before environment variable

In ksh on an old Solaris box I used: export PS1="$PWD $" to set the prompt to the current directory. It works great until you cd elsewhere, then you see that it's not evaluating PWD each time. I ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

set -xv behavior in ksh vs bash

Normally I like to have all of the debug output of a script go to a file, so I will have something like: exec 2> somefile set -xv This work very will in bash, but I have noticed in ksh it ...
0
votes
1answer
465 views

Null message body; hope that's ok

I have the following command below as part of a cronjob. When I run the command via cron or at the command line, I get Null message body; hope that's ok. The contents of the email are empty but when ...
7
votes
2answers
13k views

Remove all files created before a certain date

I have a directory containing a high number of files (like logs for every day of the year). I would like to remove all files created before let's say 22/11. How can I achieve that ? Must I use find ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

How to run multiple queries in a KSH script

I have a KSH script that has one SQL Query and generates and emails output of the query in HTML format. I want to change the script so that it has three SQL queries and the last query generates and ...
10
votes
5answers
22k views

Delete First line of a file

How can I delete the first line of a file and keep the changes? I tried this but it erases the whole content of the file. $sed 1d file.txt > file.txt
1
vote
3answers
85 views

I want to divide a sum of numbers by a value

So here is my code for Unix shell scripting #! /bin/ksh echo "Enter your first number:" read first echo "Enter your second number:" read second echo "Enter your third number:" read ...