Everything about UNIX kernels: development, configuration, compilation, design, etc.

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466 views

Linux: Is there a IPv6 equivalent to the IPv4 kernel option accept_local?

Since linux kernel >= 2.6.33 the kernel option "accept_local" can be modified: /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/${interfaceID}/ accept_local - BOOLEAN Accept packets with local source addresses. ...
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3answers
916 views

Why kernel 3.6.2 is so much less energy efficient than 3.6.1 on Mint 13?

I noticed, that the power consumption in my ASUS P53E notebook is doubled (from 10W to 20W) when I change from kernel 3.6.1 to 3.6.2 (or later). I use Ubuntu Quantal mainline kernel from ...
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3answers
330 views

How to install/make the kernel section 9 manpages which document its functions and data structures?

The kernel sources contain functions and data structures which are documented, for instance in panic.c: /** * panic - halt the system * @fmt: The text string to print * * Display a message, ...
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1answer
282 views

How do I compile the linux kernel version 3.16.1 to run in Slackware 14.1?

Could someone teach me or give me some tutorial? How do I compile the linux kernel version 3.16.1 to run in Slackware 14.1.
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0answers
23 views

LVM2 Mirror Support Missing from Kernel after System Migration

I had a system that was running on a small netbook that had LVM2 set up to group two external USB hard drives into a volume group, and to use that volume group to create a mirrored logical volume. ...
10
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2answers
6k views

What is the difference between the following kernel Makefile terms: vmlinux, vmlinuz, vmlinux.bin, zimage & bzimage?

While browsing through the Kernel Makefiles, i found these terms. So i would like to know what is the difference between vmlinux, vmlinuz, vmlinux.bin, zimage & bzimage?
3
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2answers
3k views

After upgrading the kernel, the sound no longer works

I have updated the Linux kernel on my system to Linux 3.11-2-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 3.11.10-1 (2013-12-04) x86_64 GNU/Linux. Having done that, the sound no longer works. Distribution Info(cat ...
2
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2answers
147 views

Detecting kernel thread on pre-3.0 kernels

Looking at the proc man page (http://man7.org/linux/man-pages/man5/proc.5.html) it is possible to detect which processes are kernel threads in /proc/<pid>/stat by looking at the flags value ...
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0answers
24 views

Generate what a GRUB2 kernel line would look like

In GRUB 0.97 we were able to see what the kernel line/options would look like by just viewing /boot/grub/grub.conf. Now the only way I know how to check the next boot kernel options/kernel version ...
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1answer
74 views

sysrq-trigger doesn't accept parameter 'g'

I'm trying to debug the kernel. But I couldn't trigger kgdb with echo g > /proc/sysrq-trigger, it just prints help message. I have enabled kernel debugging, kgdb over serial, frame pointer etc. ...
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0answers
37 views

Kexec immediately after Kickstart install (where is cmdline?)

I used to be able to kexec into a new kernel immediately after a kickstart (anaconda) install via pxe. I was able to do this by figuring out the current kernel version, and grabbing cmdline options ...
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0answers
73 views

Warning for kernel “make config” command without sudo

while trying to configure kernel before compile, when I give this command without sudo privileges: make config I get these: /boot/config-3.2.0-4-amd64:488:warning: symbol value 'm' invalid for ...
2
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1answer
44 views

Installing a new OpenBSD kernel “safely”: why does `make install` go through these extra hoops?

After building a new OpenBSD kernel, the install target of the kernel Makefile does the following: rm -f /obsd ln /bsd /obsd cp bsd /nbsd mv /nbsd /bsd I understand that the first two lines remove ...
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0answers
47 views

“disagrees about version” message

I get a message "disagrees about version" on boot time, after compiling kernel and modules with KGDB. Why should this happen ? Is there any problem with KGDB ? This is the relevant log at boot: ...
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0answers
176 views

Resume from Suspend/Hibernate issues

I have a peculiar problem while trying to resume from both suspend and hibernate. I believe the problem to be within the kernel itself since I have tried different distros (Ubuntu, Suse, Mageia) on ...
2
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1answer
6k views

/lib/modules/2.6.37.6/build missing in linux puppy? what should I do?

I am new to linux as of yesterday. I'm using linux puppy to try to get the most out of a 10 year old, slow laptop. I installed it fine, no problems there, but as soon as I try to use my usb dongle's ...
3
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1answer
531 views

What happened to `vga=ask` in newer kernels?

I used to activate framebuffer mode in the "older" kernels with vga=ask, and later setting it to a value, once I've figured out which one works best for me. Now, this option seems to be gone, the ...
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0answers
69 views

How to boot on a ramdisk?

I'm working on a linux embedded for a custom board with a ARM9 processor. My kernel version is : 2.6.33 I'm trying to boot on a ramdisk, kernel correctly mount the file system but failed to execute ...
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1answer
917 views

Apt-Get Install Unmet Dependencies

My debian computer will not install the new kernel. It says I have unmet dependencies, and those dependencies say they have unmet dependencies. Many of these dependencies are already installed ...
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0answers
67 views

What does __ prefix before some kernel api's convey?

Why do some function calls in kernel specially have this prefix __ example: __init initialization(void) is __init a macro? What does this convey? Are these a special class of function calls inside ...
9
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1answer
1k views

How pipes work in Linux

I've been reading up about how pipes are implemented in the Linux kernel and wanted to validate my understanding. If I'm incorrect, the answer with the correct explanation will be selected. Linux ...
1
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1answer
86 views

/proc/config.gz is of 0 bytes

I have an Android TV stck I compiled Linux for IT from https://github.com/Galland/rk3x_kernel_3.0.36 But when I booted that Image I found /proc/config.gz is of 0 bytes can some please explain how ...
13
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3answers
644 views

Contents of /proc

Is there a site someplace that lists the contents of /proc and what each entry means?
3
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1answer
89 views

eCryptfs key in kernel image or initramfs

I have an embedded Linux system with unencrypted kernel image and initramfs in NAND flash. My RootFS is in SD card. I want to encrypted some files on SD Card as my SD card is easily accessible ...
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0answers
26 views

Module load map

How can I obtain a module load map? I've tried with the -m flag in insmod but it seems that since 2.6 there is no support for it. Thanks
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3answers
4k views

Can vmlinux be used instead of uImage?

I want to use an uncompressed kernel image and boot the BeagleBoard. Generally I use uImage to boot the kernel which is in compressed format. How do I use an uncompressed kernel image?
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1answer
50 views

install kernel headers without overwriting old headers

I've built a newer (3.16-rc2) kernel which is running fine. My userspace program needs to link against the newer headers as it uses some new definitions in fcntrl.h etc. My question is how do I ...
0
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2answers
293 views

Error Installinig Kernel on Centos (from Source)

I am running GNU/Linux (Centos 6) on kernel 2.6.32-431.17.1.el6.x86_64. I am trying to update the kernel to 3.2.61. I performed the following steps inside the 3.2.61 folder structure: make ...
2
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2answers
218 views

IPv6 NDP timer problem

Need to change Fedora Linux's IPv6 stack for NDP DAD timer changes. How to locate the Fedora's IPv6 and IPv4 stack in Fedora distribution dvd/site so that, we can recompile and generate new stack ?
1
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1answer
158 views

Is it possible to use XNU on GNU/Linux?

I was wondering whether it is possible to use the XNU kernel on a GNU/Linux system? But it would be, in effect, GNU/XNU. But is that possible? Does the kernel have sufficient drivers to boot on a ...
4
votes
1answer
393 views

How can I prevent drivers from binding USB devices on a certain bus?

I have a setup with two Logitech Unifying receivers, each receiver has a keyboard bound to it. One of the receiver is to be used by the physical machine to which the devices are connected, the other ...
2
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1answer
41 views

How do you patch a kernel? [duplicate]

I got diff text from lkml how do I patch it into a kernel source? I am very new to compiling kernels, and I couldn't find decent sources online I am using debian if it is relevant
20
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3answers
4k views

What does the vm.swappiness parameter really control?

Per the kernel documentation: This control is used to define how aggressive the kernel will swap memory pages. Higher values will increase aggressiveness, lower values decrease the amount of swap. ...
3
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0answers
41 views

Kernel bisect: when a patch is failing for a reason other than original bisect purpose, what do you do? [closed]

Let's say you're trying to find the cause of a bug between 3.11.0 and 3.12.0. The bug is really difficult to catch, because it may or may not manifest itself over several days of regular workload ...
20
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1answer
24k views

How is a message queue implemented in the Linux kernel?

I would like to know how Message Queues are implemented in the Linux Kernel.
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0answers
28 views

CPUFreq Kernel module

I would like to try the CPUFreq module on my board (Marvell Soc based on ARMv7 running a v3.15 linux kernel). My architecture is obviously not supported by the default source code (located in the ...
0
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0answers
619 views

nfsd fails to start: modprobe: FATAL: Could not load /lib/modules/2.6.18-238.1.1.el5/modules.dep: No such file or directory

Before asking, here are some system specs: [root@SERVER ~]# cat /etc/*release **##############CARS build log for cars20-rhel-x86_64############## Date: Mon Feb 28 20:06:05 PST 2011 Builder: ...
7
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2answers
277 views

Linux kernel headers' organization

While I was doing some reading on system calls, I did a search for "syscalls.h" to find the header file in LXR. The search results puzzled me. There is a dozen of "syscalls.h" files coming from ...
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1answer
83 views

Built new kernel, LVM won't mount from initrd

I need to upgrade my kernel on a RHEL 5 system to build with some experimental drivers. I have configured the kernel with module loading for LVM (dm_* modules). Once the initrd runs the /init ...
1
vote
1answer
176 views

Which kernel module name is currently correct “usb-storage” or “usb_storage”?

I have found a number of examples how to prevent a kernel module from being loaded. One of them is about USB storage module. The next code has been provided: echo "blacklist usb-storage" | sudo tee ...
6
votes
2answers
5k views

Why would the kernel drop packets?

I interrupted tcpdump with Ctrl+C and got this total summary: 579204 packets captured 579346 packets received by filter 142 packets dropped by kernel What are the "packets dropped by kernel"? Why ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

Is there a man section or other doc repository for data structure definitions?

For the millionth time or so I had to look in /usr/include/foo.h to find the members of a struct foo or foo_t or whatever. There's a man section for library and kernel calls, some of which include ...
0
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0answers
83 views

SLES 10 SP4 - how to get specific kernel source?

I want to look at the kernel source for some specific kernel versions on SLES 10 SP4. I don't want to see just the Linux kernel source, but the one SLES is actually running. Suppose I wanted to get ...
1
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1answer
149 views

ncurses-devel problems in SuSE Linux Enterprise Desktop 11

Searching on the WEB, I found this tutorial (the only one that has convinced me) for installing a new kernel and I followed the steps provided. But, I got these problems: In the first step I tried ...
10
votes
4answers
199 views

Why does *BSD uses driver specific names for network interfaces? Does it imply limitations?

I notice that depending on the brand of the network card, interface names differ (driver dependent I suppose). Why does *BSD uses driver specific names for network interfaces? Does it mean there is ...
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0answers
82 views

Calling speaker-test from usermode-helper API

I needed to call come audio-producing applications from kernel in a toy module. In order to test that, I thought of calling speaker-test from a simpler module, but no sound would ever come from it. I ...
2
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3answers
75 views

Un-mount active partition

Is it possible to umount the partition, whose files/directories are in use? The underlying files and directories are in memory so un-mounting the partition is technically safe (I guess). But umount ...
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2answers
975 views

Configure timestamp format of kernel log?

Is there a way to change the format of timestamp in kernel logs? It was something like 2012-08-27T8:54:35.939421+03:00 now, I also checked sysctl -a | grep log, nothing found really.
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0answers
96 views

cross compile embedded arm

I have the android 4.2.2 code in directory /home/sghPhone2 which compiles normal with make menuconfig but I need to compile a 4.4 kernel and possibly patch it but when I download the source from ...
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3answers
82 views

Could it cause any problem if I not reboot after a kernel upgrade?

I know there are solution for not rebooting after kernel update: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ksplice But If Ksplice isn't installed, and the user doesn't reboots it's notebook after even several ...