Everything about UNIX kernels: development, configuration, compilation, design, etc.

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2
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1answer
33 views

does the second kernel need kexec enabled

It's clear that you need the kexec syscalls in the 'first' kernel. But does the kernel that should get loaded (with kexec_load and reboot) need to be compiled with kexec? If yes, what extra code ...
39
votes
4answers
61k views

What is the difference between reboot , init 6 and shutdown -r now?

I just want to know difference between in reboot init 6 shutdown -r now and which is the safest and the best?
0
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0answers
53 views

linux vlan bridge feature backport to 2.6 kernels

The VLAN-aware bridge was introduced to the Linux mainline on the 3.x kernels, according to this article on lwn: VLAN filtering/VLAN aware bridge Has this feature been backported to the 2.x kernels ...
0
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0answers
30 views

3.10.17 Kernel i2c buses missing on embeded system

On my ARM embeded system I have 4 i2c buses and only one shows up in /dev and in /sys/device/... folders. Other 3 i2c buses are not loaded. There is also no warning message inside dmesg, but there is ...
2
votes
1answer
347 views

Kernel headers for VMware tools

I tried to compile VMware tools on my server. I compiled the kernel myself, I didn't use RPM. As VMware tools needs the kernel header files, I executed the following command in my kernel folder ...
0
votes
1answer
380 views

BUG: scheduling while atomic

I have just installed Linux (OpenSUSE), and when start the OS, I get an error BUG: scheduling while atomic: systemd_udevd plymounthd... what does it mean?
2
votes
1answer
56 views

ifup wlan0 causes kernel Oops

on my laptop, when I do ifup wlan0, sometimes I get following call trace in dmesg. Other times, the log looks perfectly normal, and there are no kernel Oops messages. In both cases (with errors and ...
0
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0answers
44 views

Suspend Crash in android 4.4

During suspend clocks are not turning off, meanwhile when we resume clocks are not getting turning on. I am getting crash like <4>[ 216.945252] WARNING: at ...
3
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2answers
462 views

What does LTR kernel mean?

I was reading some sites and came across (LTR) by the number of kernel. Can somebody explain what is means?
0
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1answer
290 views

Cannot boot latest kernel update after installing on new system

I recently built my own computer, and I was excited to finally get to the installation of the operating system. I chose Fedora 20 to use as my primary operating system, and I was able to successfully ...
24
votes
5answers
9k views

Who's consuming my inotify resources?

After a recent upgrade to Fedora 15, I'm finding that a number of tools are failing with errors along the lines of: tail: inotify resources exhausted tail: inotify cannot be used, reverting to ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Is hardware helping reducing crashes of OS X? [closed]

I am taking an OS course this semester, and we mentioned that device drivers can cause about 85% of crashes(for Windows). My understanding is that: since many personal computers are configured with a ...
0
votes
1answer
405 views

cc1: warnings being treated as errors when compile FreeBSD 8.2 Release

I am trying to compile FreeBsd 8.2 RELEASE kernel # uname -a FreeBSD 8.2-RELEASE FreeBSD 8.2-RELEASE #2: Sun May 18 00:07:10 PDT 2014 Build the kernel # pwd /usr/src # make buildkernel ... it ...
1
vote
1answer
131 views

Error compiling buildroot

I updated my buildroot for the version "2014.08" (stable version) and I updated the Kernel version (3.12.26) of my project, when the buildroot try to build the linux-headers-3.12.26 package, occurs ...
4
votes
1answer
372 views

How to enable VESA framebuffer as default in NetBSD 6.1

When booting NetBSD, the old Tecra 720CDT that I have, works quite nicely in 1024x768x15 mode with vesa fb. I always have to activate VESA when booting the system: > vesa on > vesa 0x116 > ...
0
votes
0answers
83 views

CPU load and power management (frequency)

question background In my understanding the load value (shown e.g. by top) allows (together with the knowledge how many CPU cores the system has) a very quick assessment which share of the ...
0
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0answers
184 views

loading ath9k_htc kernel driver fails

could someone please point me in the right direction to get my external wireless stick (TL-WN722N) working on my Xperia Neo (haida) smartphone? So far I've done the following: I downloaded ...
0
votes
0answers
69 views

Debian Squeeze: TCP/ICMP stops working suddenly (R8169 Driver)

we suddenly see our NETWORKING stops (TCP/UDP/ICMP) in our client system. tcp: We tried reaching our server every 5 seconds.But , there was no connection establishment TCPDUMP REF: ...
13
votes
3answers
4k views

Why is Linux NFS server implemented in the kernel as opposed to userspace?

I was just wondering why the Linux NFS server is implemented in the kernel as opposed to a userspace application? I know a userspace NFS daemon exists, but it's not the standard method for providing ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

“select” vs “depends” in kernel Kconfig

What are the differences in dependencies between select and depends on in the kernels Kconfig files? config FB_CIRRUS tristate "Cirrus Logic support" depends on FB && (ZORRO || PCI) select ...
2
votes
0answers
113 views

Why will plymouth not update?

I admit I don't update my kernel very often. I used to everytime a stable release of sys-kernel/gentoo-sources came out so I'm very adept at doing it. This last weekend I attempted to update from ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

What exactly does struct nfs_unlinkdata do?

I been reading the source code of unlink() but i am stuck on nfs_unlinkdata and i can't find anything on it on the web. Thanks a lot for your help.
1
vote
0answers
49 views

HD 4800 lower fan speed

I've installed Linux Mint 17, most important thing for me is to lower the fan speed to 30% as I am doing in Windows because it's really too noisy. Note that the temperature stays at ~50°, so this ...
0
votes
2answers
151 views

Fatal error: linux/smp_lock.h: no such file or directory when trying to compile tiusb

I am trying to compile the TI-Graph Link USB Drivers? So I downloaded it, and ran make in the directory libusb. It produced the following: ~/Téléchargements/tiusb/tiusb-1.10$ make make -C ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

How to get ondemand governor on fedora

In Ubuntu 13.10 on my (Dual Core i5 Lenovo G570) laptop, I recently discovered the wonders of indicator-cpufreq, so I can extend my battery life dramatically by setting it to 'ondemand' or 'powersave' ...
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0answers
42 views

real time kernel / low latency comes from the vanilla source

Does the vanilla source provide real time / low latency functionality ?
4
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0answers
54 views

NTPD Nanokernel

I had a couple of questions about the NTP Nanokernel as explained here: http://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mills/database/brief/nano/nano.pdf The big question is how does this Nanokernel manage to deliver an ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

module prints to kernel log with delay

I've created a basic linux kernel module, which does the following: static __init int init(void) { printk(KERN_DEBUG "Banana"); return 0; } And of course: module_init(init); Strangely, I ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Does each network packet cause an interrupt to CPU?

While I know that lot of packet processing(CRC calculations, packet segmentation handling, etc) can be offloaded to NIC, then does each packet still cause an interrupt to CPU? Is there a difference if ...
0
votes
1answer
149 views

Questions about behaviour of running LiveCD Linux after unmounting a CD-ROM

Could anyone explain what happens in system after unplugging CD-ROM during working with LiveCD session? Suppose that I'm using Ubuntu LiveCD and suddenly by accident the CD-ROM disconnect for a ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

How to Find and reload specific driver from kernel?

I am using Crunchbang 64 bit O.S. with a ASUS N150 wireless adapter. Everytime I close my laptop and it enters sleep mode, when I "wake it up" I am unable to connect back using the wireless adapter, I ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Changing linux config from 32 bit to 64 bit loses RTC

I have a config from a 32-bit linux 3.12.18, and was trying to compile a 64 bit version with most settings like selected drivers etc. the same as in 32 bit version. For this I used make menuconfig ...
0
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0answers
64 views

latest arch linux on beaglebone black

I have installed arch linux using what I assumed was the latest kernel at http://archlinuxarm.org/os/ArchLinuxARM-am33x-latest.tar.gz But this only installs 3.8.13 and I understand that there are ...
0
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0answers
66 views

Changing CPU frequency programmatically

I have seen that standard CPU Frequency driver(comes with default package with linux kernel) can change the CPU frequency at runtime, when being used under the supervision of "Ondemand" governor. ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

Turning off power to usb port. Or turn off power to entire usb subsystem

I have a usb lamp which I specifically bought in order to turn it off programmatically at a certain time, thus I need to remove the power to its usb port. I believe I have a usb-hub at usb6. The lamp ...
0
votes
0answers
492 views

FreeBSD boot problem, UEFI or LEGACY and GPT disk

i have a computer based on GPT disks with triple boot. For the moment i have two OSes working on my computer (OSX and Windows). I want to make a FreeBSD installation, he work perfectly when i boot on ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

memory limit of the Linux kernel

I have a perplexing problem. I have a library which uses sg for executing customized CDBs. There are a couple of systems which routinely have issues with memory allocation in sg. Usually, the sg ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Does Linux log when a process is started, and the PID that gets assigned to it? Where can I find that log?

When my Ubuntu server starts up, I see a message that says: kernel: [11.895392] init: failsafe main process (631) killed by TERM signal. I would like to know what process this is but I'm not sure ...
5
votes
1answer
198 views

Calls to sync/fsync slow down after 30 minutes uptime

After 30 minutes of uptime using Ubuntu 14.04 with a hybrid SSD I see many processes blocking IO using iotop. This is during disk writes, for example if I open and close an empty file in gedit it can ...
1
vote
1answer
299 views

Kernel 3.14 not working with ATIProprietary fglrx?

On my debian laptop I installed kernel 3.14 so I have the alx driver so my ethernet works, I originally had the 3.2 kernel (Debian 7.7). AFter installing the new kernel, gnome3 went back to the ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

Walk-through into make (menu)config's options [closed]

I need to customize the kernel a lot for a custom system. Most of my changes concern the kernel's memory usage (something like an embedded kernel). There are a lot of things enabled by default in the ...
3
votes
2answers
608 views

Why CONFIG_NO_HZ is not set by default

In the Linux Kernel CONFIG_NO_HZ is not set. But an initial reading suggests that setting that option would be nice from a performance point of view. But reading some posts like this made me think ...
1
vote
0answers
157 views

How to suppress input overrun messages

I have a Raspberry Pi running Raspbian (a Debian flavor: Linux version 3.12-1-rpi (debian-kernel@lists.debian.org) (gcc version 4.7.2 (Debian 4.7.2-5+rpi1) ) #1 Debian 3.12.9-1+rpi1 (2014-05-19) ). ...
0
votes
1answer
266 views

IPTABLES comment: No chain/target/match by that name

Faced with error when adding new rule with 'comment': # iptables -I INPUT 1 --source 66.***.***.78 -j REJECT -m comment --comment "Some" iptables: No chain/target/match by that name. Without ...
1
vote
1answer
214 views

Full UEFI System, Grub 2 self-compiled + Clover 2, Debian kFreeBSD installation?

I've a computer with full installation UEFI system, with 2 bootloaders (GRUB & Clover on ESP) clover is the primary bootloader that allows me to load OSX and grub2. I want to make a new install of ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

open() sys call [closed]

Process A wants to open a file fd1 = open("/var/file1", O_RDONLY); In the process of opening file1 which table is referred first system wide file table or file descriptor table or in-core inode ...
0
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0answers
42 views

How can I compile and run a program designed for an older kernel version (2.6) in a newer kernel (3.16)?

I'm trying to run a driver for a network card, but it only supports kernels up to 2.6.32. I need to be able to use this piece of hardware to connect to the Internet. The device I'm using is "VIA ...
0
votes
3answers
66 views

Linux Distro name API to get name of linux distro in a driver code?

I am writing a common code in a driver to get the distros name and host name. host name i am taking from struct utsname{nodename[]}, but how do I get the distro name?
0
votes
3answers
1k views

Who wrote the “Linux kernel” (Linus Torvalds and his team)?

Who are the authors of the pure Linux kernel from scratch, which was integrated with GNU tools and formed the full GNU/Linux Operating system in the 1990s? I have read some wiki articles but I haven't ...
1
vote
2answers
70 views

Which function in Linux kernel do the powering off action?

I am not asking how to shut down. I am asking how to cut of the power. What is the function in Linux kernel code do the action of cutting of the power? And please explain the code.