Everything about UNIX kernels: development, configuration, compilation, design, etc.

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linux vlan bridge feature backport to 2.6 kernels

The VLAN-aware bridge was introduced to the Linux mainline on the 3.x kernels, according to this article on lwn: VLAN filtering/VLAN aware bridge Has this feature been backported to the 2.x kernels ...
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3.10.17 Kernel i2c buses missing on embeded system

On my ARM embeded system I have 4 i2c buses and only one shows up in /dev and in /sys/device/... folders. Other 3 i2c buses are not loaded. There is also no warning message inside dmesg, but there is ...
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373 views

BUG: scheduling while atomic

I have just installed Linux (OpenSUSE), and when start the OS, I get an error BUG: scheduling while atomic: systemd_udevd plymounthd... what does it mean?
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Suspend Crash in android 4.4

During suspend clocks are not turning off, meanwhile when we resume clocks are not getting turning on. I am getting crash like <4>[ 216.945252] WARNING: at ...
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461 views

What does LTR kernel mean?

I was reading some sites and came across (LTR) by the number of kernel. Can somebody explain what is means?
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286 views

Cannot boot latest kernel update after installing on new system

I recently built my own computer, and I was excited to finally get to the installation of the operating system. I chose Fedora 20 to use as my primary operating system, and I was able to successfully ...
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401 views

cc1: warnings being treated as errors when compile FreeBSD 8.2 Release

I am trying to compile FreeBsd 8.2 RELEASE kernel # uname -a FreeBSD 8.2-RELEASE FreeBSD 8.2-RELEASE #2: Sun May 18 00:07:10 PDT 2014 Build the kernel # pwd /usr/src # make buildkernel ... it ...
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46 views

Is hardware helping reducing crashes of OS X? [closed]

I am taking an OS course this semester, and we mentioned that device drivers can cause about 85% of crashes(for Windows). My understanding is that: since many personal computers are configured with a ...
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82 views

CPU load and power management (frequency)

question background In my understanding the load value (shown e.g. by top) allows (together with the knowledge how many CPU cores the system has) a very quick assessment which share of the ...
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184 views

loading ath9k_htc kernel driver fails

could someone please point me in the right direction to get my external wireless stick (TL-WN722N) working on my Xperia Neo (haida) smartphone? So far I've done the following: I downloaded ...
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69 views

Debian Squeeze: TCP/ICMP stops working suddenly (R8169 Driver)

we suddenly see our NETWORKING stops (TCP/UDP/ICMP) in our client system. tcp: We tried reaching our server every 5 seconds.But , there was no connection establishment TCPDUMP REF: ...
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129 views

Error compiling buildroot

I updated my buildroot for the version "2014.08" (stable version) and I updated the Kernel version (3.12.26) of my project, when the buildroot try to build the linux-headers-3.12.26 package, occurs ...
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What exactly does struct nfs_unlinkdata do?

I been reading the source code of unlink() but i am stuck on nfs_unlinkdata and i can't find anything on it on the web. Thanks a lot for your help.
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HD 4800 lower fan speed

I've installed Linux Mint 17, most important thing for me is to lower the fan speed to 30% as I am doing in Windows because it's really too noisy. Note that the temperature stays at ~50°, so this ...
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real time kernel / low latency comes from the vanilla source

Does the vanilla source provide real time / low latency functionality ?
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NTPD Nanokernel

I had a couple of questions about the NTP Nanokernel as explained here: http://www.eecis.udel.edu/~mills/database/brief/nano/nano.pdf The big question is how does this Nanokernel manage to deliver an ...
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27 views

module prints to kernel log with delay

I've created a basic linux kernel module, which does the following: static __init int init(void) { printk(KERN_DEBUG "Banana"); return 0; } And of course: module_init(init); Strangely, I ...
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1answer
54 views

ifup wlan0 causes kernel Oops

on my laptop, when I do ifup wlan0, sometimes I get following call trace in dmesg. Other times, the log looks perfectly normal, and there are no kernel Oops messages. In both cases (with errors and ...
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94 views

Does each network packet cause an interrupt to CPU?

While I know that lot of packet processing(CRC calculations, packet segmentation handling, etc) can be offloaded to NIC, then does each packet still cause an interrupt to CPU? Is there a difference if ...
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latest arch linux on beaglebone black

I have installed arch linux using what I assumed was the latest kernel at http://archlinuxarm.org/os/ArchLinuxARM-am33x-latest.tar.gz But this only installs 3.8.13 and I understand that there are ...
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69 views

Changing linux config from 32 bit to 64 bit loses RTC

I have a config from a 32-bit linux 3.12.18, and was trying to compile a 64 bit version with most settings like selected drivers etc. the same as in 32 bit version. For this I used make menuconfig ...
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66 views

Changing CPU frequency programmatically

I have seen that standard CPU Frequency driver(comes with default package with linux kernel) can change the CPU frequency at runtime, when being used under the supervision of "Ondemand" governor. ...
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1answer
297 views

Kernel 3.14 not working with ATIProprietary fglrx?

On my debian laptop I installed kernel 3.14 so I have the alx driver so my ethernet works, I originally had the 3.2 kernel (Debian 7.7). AFter installing the new kernel, gnome3 went back to the ...
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memory limit of the Linux kernel

I have a perplexing problem. I have a library which uses sg for executing customized CDBs. There are a couple of systems which routinely have issues with memory allocation in sg. Usually, the sg ...
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76 views

Walk-through into make (menu)config's options [closed]

I need to customize the kernel a lot for a custom system. Most of my changes concern the kernel's memory usage (something like an embedded kernel). There are a lot of things enabled by default in the ...
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148 views

Fatal error: linux/smp_lock.h: no such file or directory when trying to compile tiusb

I am trying to compile the TI-Graph Link USB Drivers? So I downloaded it, and ran make in the directory libusb. It produced the following: ~/Téléchargements/tiusb/tiusb-1.10$ make make -C ...
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How to suppress input overrun messages

I have a Raspberry Pi running Raspbian (a Debian flavor: Linux version 3.12-1-rpi (debian-kernel@lists.debian.org) (gcc version 4.7.2 (Debian 4.7.2-5+rpi1) ) #1 Debian 3.12.9-1+rpi1 (2014-05-19) ). ...
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195 views

Calls to sync/fsync slow down after 30 minutes uptime

After 30 minutes of uptime using Ubuntu 14.04 with a hybrid SSD I see many processes blocking IO using iotop. This is during disk writes, for example if I open and close an empty file in gedit it can ...
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3k views

Turning off power to usb port. Or turn off power to entire usb subsystem

I have a usb lamp which I specifically bought in order to turn it off programmatically at a certain time, thus I need to remove the power to its usb port. I believe I have a usb-hub at usb6. The lamp ...
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101 views

can't filter printk messages

I'm writing a driver and usually I implement my own log-level scheme. However, this time I figured that I would try to utilize the printk scheme that is built into Linux. I see that I can adjust the ...
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open() sys call [closed]

Process A wants to open a file fd1 = open("/var/file1", O_RDONLY); In the process of opening file1 which table is referred first system wide file table or file descriptor table or in-core inode ...
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41 views

How can I compile and run a program designed for an older kernel version (2.6) in a newer kernel (3.16)?

I'm trying to run a driver for a network card, but it only supports kernels up to 2.6.32. I need to be able to use this piece of hardware to connect to the Internet. The device I'm using is "VIA ...
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492 views

FreeBSD boot problem, UEFI or LEGACY and GPT disk

i have a computer based on GPT disks with triple boot. For the moment i have two OSes working on my computer (OSX and Windows). I want to make a FreeBSD installation, he work perfectly when i boot on ...
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How did the Linux Kernel project track bugs in the Early Days?

We all know that Linus Torvalds created Git because of issues with Bitkeeper. What is not known (at least to me) is, how were issues/tickets/bugs tracked up until then? I tried but didn't get anything ...
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Which function in Linux kernel do the powering off action?

I am not asking how to shut down. I am asking how to cut of the power. What is the function in Linux kernel code do the action of cutting of the power? And please explain the code.
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34 views

What directory houses the scripts that get executed with new kernel installations?

This one is pretty much a straightfoward question/answer I just can't locate the information. I'm trying to automate the re-installation of VMWare tools based off when a new kernel is installed. I ...
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RHEL 6.5 erroneously marking Fusion-io RAID1 card as failed

I am getting the following error every hour for a Fusion-io ioscale2 RAID1 (mirror) configuration. However, the logical volume is mounted and accessible. I do not see similar error in the ...
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79 views

How can I boot into Ubuntu with a linux kernel with an earlier version?

Part of the output of ls -ld /usr/src/linux-headers* on ubuntu 12.04 is: drwxr-xr-x 24 root root 4096 Jun 4 2013 /usr/src/linux-headers-3.2.0-45 drwxr-xr-x 7 root root 4096 Jun 4 2013 ...
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How/where are linux device capabilities / bitfields set?

I have a device that has this output in /proc/bus/input/devices: I: Bus=0003 Vendor=05b8 Product=3280 Version=0111 N: Name="PixArt USB Optical Mouse" P: Phys=usb-0000:00:1a.0-1.1/input0 S: ...
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How do I set kernel-ml default in CentOS?

I have installed kernel-ml package from http://elrepo.org/tiki/kernel-ml Now I have both the original CentOS kernel and kernel-ml. How do I set kernel-ml as default on boot? Thank you!
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169 views

iwlwifi: timeout delays firmware to be loaded

I'm using OpenSuSE 13.2 beta (which runs by the way very nicely). When starting up, my wireless adapter (Intel Centrino Ultimate-N 6300 AGN/Thinkpad T420) delays about one minute... But then it works ...
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138 views

yum update returns kernel error

I want to install virtualbox in fedora20. I have followed the instruction here: http://www.if-not-true-then-false.com/2010/install-virtualbox-with-yum-on-fedora-centos-red-hat-rhel/ but when I ...
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77 views

How can I check if a certain patch is already installed in my system?

I am about to install a patch for wireless drivers named Compat Wireless in order to solve a problem with my WiFi channel (it locks on the not existing -1 channel) on my Ubuntu Linux v12.04 and Kali ...
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266 views

IPTABLES comment: No chain/target/match by that name

Faced with error when adding new rule with 'comment': # iptables -I INPUT 1 --source 66.***.***.78 -j REJECT -m comment --comment "Some" iptables: No chain/target/match by that name. Without ...
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Surface Pro Compatible Wireless cards and drivers

In reference to this post: Surface Pro Wifi Issues on Mint KDE 17 there doesn't seem to be any solution to fixing the wifi issues on the Surface Pro when running Linux. The Marvell card doesn't even ...
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235 views

Which Debian kernel should I install?

I've started installing Debian testing on amd64 and I've come to a screen asking me to install a kernel. It gives me a choice between linux-image-3.16-2-amd64, linux-image-amd64, and none. What is ...
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Linux Distro name API to get name of linux distro in a driver code?

I am writing a common code in a driver to get the distros name and host name. host name i am taking from struct utsname{nodename[]}, but how do I get the distro name?
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271 views

How to change the kernel max PID number? [duplicate]

The default PID max number is 32768. To get this information type: cat /proc/sys/kernel/pid_max 32768 or sysctl kernel.pid_max kernel.pid_max = 32768 Now, I want to change this number... but I ...
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157 views

Role of the Intel P state driver

I searched high and low for what “Intel P state” is and what it does. I found out that it has to do with performance and power consumption. I learned that if you build it in the kernel, it'll becomes ...
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168 views

How to display printk messages filtered by level as they come?

I wrote a hello word module that performs a printk when it is loaded in level ALERT and another printk when it is released with level INFO: #include <linux/module.h> #include ...