Everything about UNIX kernels: development, configuration, compilation, design, etc.

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What directory houses the scripts that get executed with new kernel installations?

This one is pretty much a straightfoward question/answer I just can't locate the information. I'm trying to automate the re-installation of VMWare tools based off when a new kernel is installed. I ...
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RHEL 6.5 erroneously marking Fusion-io RAID1 card as failed

I am getting the following error every hour for a Fusion-io ioscale2 RAID1 (mirror) configuration. However, the logical volume is mounted and accessible. I do not see similar error in the ...
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53 views

How can I boot into Ubuntu with a linux kernel with an earlier version?

Part of the output of ls -ld /usr/src/linux-headers* on ubuntu 12.04 is: drwxr-xr-x 24 root root 4096 Jun 4 2013 /usr/src/linux-headers-3.2.0-45 drwxr-xr-x 7 root root 4096 Jun 4 2013 ...
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How/where are linux device capabilities / bitfields set?

I have a device that has this output in /proc/bus/input/devices: I: Bus=0003 Vendor=05b8 Product=3280 Version=0111 N: Name="PixArt USB Optical Mouse" P: Phys=usb-0000:00:1a.0-1.1/input0 S: ...
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How do I set kernel-ml default in CentOS?

I have installed kernel-ml package from http://elrepo.org/tiki/kernel-ml Now I have both the original CentOS kernel and kernel-ml. How do I set kernel-ml as default on boot? Thank you!
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91 views

iwlwifi: timeout delays firmware to be loaded

I'm using OpenSuSE 13.2 beta (which runs by the way very nicely). When starting up, my wireless adapter (Intel Centrino Ultimate-N 6300 AGN/Thinkpad T420) delays about one minute... But then it works ...
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119 views

yum update returns kernel error

I want to install virtualbox in fedora20. I have followed the instruction here: http://www.if-not-true-then-false.com/2010/install-virtualbox-with-yum-on-fedora-centos-red-hat-rhel/ but when I ...
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45 views

How can I check if a certain patch is already installed in my system?

I am about to install a patch for wireless drivers named Compat Wireless in order to solve a problem with my WiFi channel (it locks on the not existing -1 channel) on my Ubuntu Linux v12.04 and Kali ...
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170 views

IPTABLES comment: No chain/target/match by that name

Faced with error when adding new rule with 'comment': # iptables -I INPUT 1 --source 66.***.***.78 -j REJECT -m comment --comment "Some" iptables: No chain/target/match by that name. Without ...
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Surface Pro Compatible Wireless cards and drivers

In reference to this post: Surface Pro Wifi Issues on Mint KDE 17 there doesn't seem to be any solution to fixing the wifi issues on the Surface Pro when running Linux. The Marvell card doesn't even ...
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101 views

Which Debian kernel should I install?

I've started installing Debian testing on amd64 and I've come to a screen asking me to install a kernel. It gives me a choice between linux-image-3.16-2-amd64, linux-image-amd64, and none. What is ...
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Linux Distro name API to get name of linux distro in a driver code?

I am writing a common code in a driver to get the distros name and host name. host name i am taking from struct utsname{nodename[]}, but how do I get the distro name?
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92 views

How to change the kernel max PID number? [duplicate]

The default PID max number is 32768. To get this information type: cat /proc/sys/kernel/pid_max 32768 or sysctl kernel.pid_max kernel.pid_max = 32768 Now, I want to change this number... but I ...
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88 views

Role of the Intel P state driver

I searched high and low for what “Intel P state” is and what it does. I found out that it has to do with performance and power consumption. I learned that if you build it in the kernel, it'll becomes ...
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64 views

How to display printk messages filtered by level as they come?

I wrote a hello word module that performs a printk when it is loaded in level ALERT and another printk when it is released with level INFO: #include <linux/module.h> #include ...
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235 views

How to force Linux kernel to “freeze” (or nearly freeze) for a few hundred milliseconds

We are running a real-time process on a non real-time kernel (CentOS 6), and this is probably not going to change. We have a streaming video application that requires about 500 MB/s of PCIe traffic ...
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40 views

Best approach to adding a kernel driver

I have a task to complete. An LED must be controlled immediately after the kernel loads and into the launch of a Debian system. It also must be controlled in user land. I already have basic LED ...
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44 views

What does kernel-wedge do?

After looking at the package description and using kernel-wedge help, I'm not really sure what it does. Does it take a .deb kernel package and split it into smaller packages? Does it compile a ...
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27 views

How to recompile official OpenSUSE kernel & initrd?

But it is not okay. I want all of the suse patches applied, I want an official initrd to be generated, and I want to make rpms from all of them. So, I want to recompile the kernel just as the SuSE ...
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81 views

Explanation of the building process of the kernel on Ubuntu/Debian systems

I'm getting into Linux kernel programming and I have successfully built my own kernel several times now. However, I have done it using step by step guides found from the internet and I don't really ...
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62 views

Fedora 20 won't startup after shutdown during kernel update

I had a few bugs in my System(System Settings not opening and Firefox not starting) and I thought a kernel update(via yum) could do it some good. During that update, I suddenly got logged out as if ...
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Full UEFI System, Grub 2 self-compiled + Clover 2, Debian kFreeBSD installation?

I've a computer with full installation UEFI system, with 2 bootloaders (GRUB & Clover on ESP) clover is the primary bootloader that allows me to load OSX and grub2. I want to make a new install of ...
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62 views

Compilation error when building a custom kernel

I'm trying to build a custom kernel from a git repository on my Ubuntu virtual machine. I run the make command as follows : sudo apt-get install vim libncurses5-dev gcc make git exuberant-ctags mkdir ...
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Binding to not existing interface

I've just noticed the very weird situation I don't have a good explanation for. The machine (debian) has one interface with one IP address assigned: # ifconfig vmbr0 |grep inet inet ...
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Linux Oracle - Random crash CPU Stuck

I have several Linux oracle VMs running under hyper-V. Kernel version is 2.6.32-358.el6.x86_64. Sometimes, the VM stuck, we still can ping it, but we cannot ssh, or through the hyper-v console this ...
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How build wireless-compat-old in-kernel?

I'm running linux 2.6.24 with custom patches from Freescale, on an embedded board. I want to use a usb wlan modem that uses the Realtek rtl8191su chipset. Realtek provides a driver out of tree, ...
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173 views

ZFS support for linux kernel versions 3.16

Attempting to boot Funtoo with a debian-sources-3.16.2-3 kernel, in a system where the root file-system lives in a zpool, drops off to the rescue shell after failing to import the pool properly. Does ...
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extract Embedded initramfs

I have a kernel in which one initramfs is embedded. I want to extract it. I got the output x86 boot sector when I do file bzImage I have System.map file for this kernel image. Is there any way to ...
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41 views

How to find the source of a currently running kernel on my machine?

I have a Linux 3.14.0 kernel(CentOS 6.2) running on my machine, but the source isn't in /usr/src/. Is there any way to find out the source from which it was compiled? The source is most definitely ...
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Why will plymouth not update?

I admit I don't update my kernel very often. I used to everytime a stable release of sys-kernel/gentoo-sources came out so I'm very adept at doing it. This last weekend I attempted to update from ...
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Mount JFFS2 FS in openwrt

I'm trying to mount 1[MB] of flash as JFFS2 FS in openwrt environment, using 128[MB] NAND flash (4 bit ECC). I'm using the following sequence - flash_eraseall -j dev/mtd6 mount -t jffs2 -o noatime ...
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325 views

Kali Linux - “package has no installation candidate” (also thinkpad-acpi)

I was trying to install the thinkpad-acpi package unsuccesfully, since it had not found the directories needed at all. (no such file or directory response after running the cat ...
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186 views

yum install kernel-devel: “Nothing to do” [SOLVED]

I need the kernel-devel package to compile a program(How to check if USB WiFi-Adapter is not working or router is out of range?), but when I try to install it via yum, this is the only output: yum ...
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68 views

How to recover firmware on a embedded device with corrupted u-boot and kernel image? [closed]

My embedded device is not working after updating firmware. Thus I tried to update firmware using u-boot. I could successfully get u-boot console via serial connection, but updating firmware failed due ...
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third party linux auditing software

Linux has a audit system built-in in its kernel and a user space process called auditd reading the system calls intercepted by the kernel. Are there alternate solutions to the Linux Audit system ? I ...
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Linux 3.x init ramdisk embedded in bzImage?

Is the initial ramdisk embedded into the bzImage? How to load an rootfs.cpio as a ramdisk and switch the root?
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Linux 0.0.1 Kernel - Starting Kernel Programming

To start kernel programming, instead of reading the books, the online references suggested to download the linux 0.0.1 source and find bugs. I have downloaded it and I am going through the code with ...
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243 views

Real time processes scheduling in Linux

I have been learning some scheduling concepts. Currently my understanding so far is as below. There are real time processes and non real time processes. Non real time processes can have nice values ...
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Patching and Compiling my Kernel

So I have an issue with my USB 2.0 ports and I believe I have found a solution for it, which is in the below link. https://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/+source/linux/+bug/1210858/comments/32 I have ...
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263 views

Debian stable: Only GNOME classic with custom 3.16

I compiled a custom 3.16.2 today, which works flawlessly except that GNOME only starts in classic mode. Maybe this is due to changes in the drm i915 driver, but how would I debug this? System is a ...
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1answer
61 views

strace works for some builtin commands

I'm trying to understand some kernel level concepts in Linux. I was checking on the difference between shell builtin commands and the other executable commands. This wonderful answer clearly tells ...
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rebuilding kernel without using apt-get

I am setting up my Macbook Air 6.2 with Debian Jessie. since I do not have any wireless, I need to set it up manually, but all documentation I find how to do it are using apt-get apt-get install ...
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USB Keyboard Hotplug Module not Working

The following module could be compiled and loaded without any error: #include <linux/module.h> #include <linux/kernel.h> #include <linux/usb.h> #include <linux/usb/input.h> ...
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Why does each process folder under /proc contain the same information?

Under /proc/<PID>/net pseudo-file system each process seems to have files with the same content. For example I use cat /proc/<PID>/net/ip_tables_names to list iptables tables under the ...
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how to limit dma address to specific range in linux kernel?

I want to limit the dma address the device can access to 0x0100_0000~0x03ff_ffff. But I don't know how to set the dma_mask and coherent_dma_mask. It's easy to set the "dma mask" for a range start ...
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Noob Kernel Image Question

I'm playing about with CM-FX6 , an iMX6 based SOC. The chip comes with the following: http://www.compulab.co.il/workspace/mediawiki/index.php5/CM-FX6:_Linux:_Kernel **images** uImage-cm-fx6 - ready ...
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Why is there no rootfs file system present on my system?

The linux kernel documentation claims: Rootfs is a special instance of ramfs (or tmpfs, if that's enabled), which is always present in 2.6 systems. You can't unmount rootfs … On all linux ...
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Booting into a kernel image

I have a recently-compiled Linux kernel image (vmlinuz file) and I want to boot into it. I am aware that this won't give me a familiar Linux system, but I am hoping to be able to at least run some ...
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586 views

How does bash execute an ELF file?

When I'm on my Linux Box I use bash as a shell. Now I wondered how bash handles the execution of an ELF file, that is when I type ./program and program is an ELF file. I grepped the bash-4.3.tar.gz, ...
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LVM2 Mirror Support Missing from Kernel after System Migration

I had a system that was running on a small netbook that had LVM2 set up to group two external USB hard drives into a volume group, and to use that volume group to create a mirrored logical volume. ...