Everything about UNIX kernels: development, configuration, compilation, design, etc.

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iptables - why do I get “Table does not exist (do you need to insmod?)”

I need to install some iptable ruels to block traffic that originates from a certain country, I found this script example on http://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/block-entier-country-using-iptables/ it works ...
6
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2answers
815 views

Asus X101H - Touchpad not recognized (want to disable while typing)

I have been struggling with this issue for a while and have done an exhaustive search for answers here and elsewhere before posting this question. On my Asus X101H, the touchpad is not recognized as ...
4
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2answers
16k views

Command to install linux headers fails

I need to install my linux headers for an Nvidia driver install. But I get an error when doing so: peter@peter-deb:~$ sudo apt-get install linux-headers-$(uname -r) Reading package lists... Done ...
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1answer
36 views

How does Linux kernel know that collisions occurred in Ethernet collision domain?

Let's say that I have a following network topology: Theoretical total(Tx + Rx) bandwidth for all four hosts in total is 100Mbps. Now if I execute Iperf in UDP mode in all four hosts simultaneously ...
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2answers
48 views

Windows Internals for Linux [closed]

I've recently been reading Windows Internals version 6 (from Microsoft Press), and found it thoroughly enjoyable. I'm now using Kubuntu on my work machine, and as such have some desire to learn a bit ...
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1answer
17k views

What is difference between User space and Kernel space?

Is Kernel space used when Kernel is executing on the behalf of the user program i.e. System Call? Or is it the address space for all the Kernel threads (for example scheduler)? If it is the first ...
2
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1answer
17 views

is it possible to run ubuntu kernel on fedora root filesystem?

My concern is theoretical possibility of running ubuntu kernel with fedora root filesystem (e.g. 3.2.58 ubuntu kernel on fedora 22). It's long story why I need this.. Also, I have no chance to make ...
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17 views

Test program to configure MPLS datapath in Latest Kernel 4.1.3

Latest Kernel supports MPLS datapath in kernel, However there is no test program, or any guide how to write user space program to configure a MPLS datapath in kernel. I browse the kernel code and ...
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1answer
583 views

Debian: GPG cannot fetch Linux Kernel key

I am in the process of recompiling the kernel on Debian. Following the instructions on kernel.org, the first step is to verify the signature. But GPG complains that it cannot find the public key: # ...
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1answer
4k views

bnx2: Can't load firmware file “bnx2/bnx2-mips-09-6.2.1b.fw”

I just compile the kernel 3.10.19 from kernel.org Support for bnx2 is enable. On my server when I try to start the eth0 interface I got the following error : bnx2: Can't load firmware file ...
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1answer
19 views

Increasing Kernel Mode Setting (KMS) scrollback buffer size

I'm using Kernel Mode Setting to set my server's tty resolution. I added GRUB_GFXMODE=1280x1024x24,auto to /etc/default/grub, and GRUB_GFXPAYLOAD_LINUX=keep was already there. There's no vga= or ...
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1answer
581 views

custom kernel and firmware loading

After I have compiled my kernel, and when I type make modules_install, not only are the modules copied into /lib/modules/ but also firmware is copied into /lib/firmware/. The following is the end of ...
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1answer
41 views

debian testing hangs on wakeup from s2disk / hibernate

My machine (ThinkPad x230) hangs on wake up from s2disk or s2ram after a recent aptitude safe-upgrade.† The hang looks like a blank screen with a blinking cursor in the upper right after loading data ...
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1answer
28 views

Understanding the relation between FreeBSD kernel configuration file and actual device

To my understanding, FreeBSD's kernel is configured via text files. Each kernel configuration entry is on a single line. Many entries also have comments set off with a hash mark. The GENERIC conf. ...
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1answer
72 views

Unable to install new kernel in ubuntu server. “gzip: stdout: No space left on device” error even though abundant disk space

I am trying to install a new kernel on Ubuntu Server and I am unable to complete it due to a "gzip: stdout: no space left on device" error. The full error was produced after running sudo make ...
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21 views

How do i apply this patch to my current kernel?

i am trying to install this patch to my current kernel /usr/src/linux-headers-3.19.0-25 in order to use the gspca module for a keychain camera device. i tried running patch command and the result ...
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3answers
882 views

Can I list the filesystems a running kernel can support?

I'm trying to detect what filesystems a kernel can support. Ideally in a little list of their names but I'll take anything you've got. Note that I don't mean the current filesystems in use, just ones ...
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2answers
950 views

Benefiting of sched_autogroup_enabled on the desktop

I am running a 2.6.37 kernel with sched_autogroup_enabled set to 1. I am not certain that I am seeing the benefits of this patch since: I am launching my applications from the desktop; applications ...
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2answers
40 views

Uboot pass arguments to kernel!

How uboot can pass command line argument to kernel? I did some googling and got to know that it uses bootargs environment variable.There it was mentioned that setenv bootargs key=value.Since I am ...
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7answers
24k views

Linux Kernel: Good beginners' tutorial [closed]

I'm interested in modifying the kernel internals, applying patches, handling device drivers and modules, for my own personal fun. Is there a comprehensive resource for kernel hacking, intended for ...
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3answers
10k views

What is the difference between the following kernel Makefile terms: vmlinux, vmlinuz, vmlinux.bin, zimage & bzimage?

While browsing through the Kernel Makefiles, i found these terms. So i would like to know what is the difference between vmlinux, vmlinuz, vmlinux.bin, zimage & bzimage?
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1answer
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CONFIG_NF_CONNTRACK is not set

I am trying to setup iptables on udoo quad but I hit a brick wall and cannot find a fix anywhere: root@udoo:/# uname -a Linux udoo 3.0.35 #10 SMP PREEMPT Wed Jul 30 18:16:10 CEST 2014 armv7l ...
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2answers
1k views

busybox initramfs loop mount

I'm trying to loop mount my root filesystem (a loop file) within a busybox initramfs. I try to run the command: mount /rootfs.raw /root ... which works on my Ubuntu laptop, however, I simply get ...
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1answer
160 views

To run modprobe for Wi-Fi at login

I would like to enable my wifi card automatically at the startup every time. However, the command below requires sudo. I see Hardware Disabled at the wireless connection which blocks the internet ...
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How to get the name of USB driver in use in linux

I'm running Ubuntu 14.04 on my laptop. I'm having USB related issues in my laptop. It works sometimes and sometimes doesn't. I thought of fixing the issue myself. So, I wanted to know if there is a ...
0
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0answers
66 views

grub2: error: /vmlinuz-3.16-ucs109-amd64.efi.signed has invalid signature

I am using a derivative of Debian, called Univention Corporate Server. It's a nice appliance that I use for my home server. Yesterday I upgraded to the newest version and since then my server does not ...
2
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1answer
3k views

modules make: *** /lib/modules/3.7-trunk-amd64/build: No such file or directory

I need to install Kali Linux updates without Internet access on my laptop. I think I need to do this because I'm trying to install the WiFi driver but I get an error when I try to make: make ...
0
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1answer
35 views

Option to configure Linux kernel to run userspace script when core dump occurs?

Is there any option in the kernel compilation or userspace setting to do the above? I'm looking to add a crash reported to my new embedded Linux system.
0
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1answer
24 views

SLES official repository connection (activation code available for SLES 12, not SLES 11 SP3) solution: use SLES SP4

How could I connected to official repository from my SLES 11 SP3? I need to update my kernel etc. Here my previos active-search post =) How to get 60 day SLES activation code
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6answers
41k views

disable transparent hugepages

We are installing SAP HANA in a RAID machine. As part of the installation step, it is mentioned that, To disable the usage of transparent hugepages set the kernel settings at runtime with echo ...
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1answer
31 views

How do kernel inform OSPF daemon when a physical interface status is down?

When a physical interface status is changed from up to down, there are 3 things related to the computer's current routing table and OSPF. The (connected) network for that interface and remote ...
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3answers
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How to disable USB autosuspend on kernel 3.7.10 or above?

I've updated my HTPC from kernel 3.7.10 to 3.10.7 and it seems CONFIG_USB_SUSPEND is now gone from the kernel options and included in PM. The main problem I'm facing is that I have an external HDD ...
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1answer
214 views

What does “kernel:NMI watchdog: BUG: soft lockup” followed by other errors mean?

I have my terminal always opened (Fedora 22), because all my work I do from there. Sometimes I search some info in browser or just have fun. After 20-30 minutes of browsing (browser starts not from ...
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2answers
117 views

How to call in a kernel level function in user space [closed]

I've developed some helper functions in the kernel. They're called by other functions in the kernel. Currently, they make my custom kernel panic :( For now (i.e. debugging), I made them as a passive ...
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0answers
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Automatic solution to reduce Linux kernel package size at compile time

Are there automatic solutions to disable unused Linux kernel parts (in particular unused modules) before compilation to fasten compilation? A daemon, that logs used kernel functions (or modules) at ...
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26 views

Signing a module for prebuilt kernel

I am developing linux driver for my own PCI device. I have stucked up on starting my module: [14941.205599] mymod321: module verification failed: signature and/or required key missing - tainting ...
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28 views

Linux: Two differen drivers for two (mostly) identical PCI devices

for some obscure reason I want to use two different drivers for two identical PCI devices on the same system. The drivers have different characteristics, which is why I want one physical device ...
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0answers
50 views

How do I crash Ubuntu Linux 14.04 LTS deliberately?

I'm trying to crash an instance on AWS so I can simulate what happens when it gets 'stuck'. I tried the top suggestions here How to cause kernel panic with a single command? but unforunately they ...
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1answer
83 views

Does Parallels support 3.18.0-kali3-amd64?

I'm not able to find information on which kernels Parallels supports. I'm trying to figure out if Parallels 10.1 supports this kernel since Parallels Tools will not install no matter what I try. ...
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1answer
15 views

Use of MODULE_FIRMWARE(filename) macro in Linux modules

What is the use of the MODULE_FIRMWARE(filename) macro in Linux kernel modules?
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0answers
314 views

Linux kernel dropping custom keyboard scan codes

I have a vintage IBM 122 key model M keyboard that I am adapting for use on a modern computer. I am using a Teensy 2.0 to do the encoding and to handle the USB side of things. I borrowed the firmware ...
4
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0answers
257 views

Centos 7 boot up with custom kernel problem

I have installed centos 7 on virtualbox machine which has kernel-3.10.0-123.20.1.el7.x86_64. I am trying to build Linux kernel from kernel sources. I downloaded the kernel source files from: ...
0
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1answer
91 views

Empty kernel directory but kernel-headers are installed

Host - Windows 7 Guest - CentOS I am trying to install kernel-headers using yum since during the installation of vmware-tools I get a message asking for the path to the kernel header files for the ...
0
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1answer
111 views

Kernel version not changing even though the new version is installed

Recently performed software update on a RHEL 6.6 (Santiago). Noticed that kernel version is not updated to latest one that was installed. kernel version before doing software update: [root@server01 ...
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1answer
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Why am I able to write a module parameter with READ ONLY permissions?

I wrote the following simple linux kernel module to test the param feature: #include<linux/module.h> int a = 5; module_param(a, int, S_IRUGO); int f1(void){ printk(KERN_ALERT "hello ...
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2answers
56 views

Linux fails with starting on a dualboot system after Windows update

I have Windows 7 and Kali Linux on my computer, normally I don't use windows anymore. But today I started windows and it updated itself. I am writing my thesis and all my stuff is in Linux so I really ...
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3answers
44k views

What's the difference of dmesg output and /var/log/messages?

AFAIK dmesg shows information about kernel and kernel modules, and /var/log/messages also shows information produced by kernel and modules. So what's the difference? Does /var/log/messages ⊂ output ...
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3answers
11k views

Cleaning log files under linux

I am using a kvm ubuntu 10.04 virtual machine to test some features of a kernel module. I grep through the /var/log files to observe the kernel messages about that module. To start from a clean ...
0
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1answer
51 views

kstat in Solaris 11+

I'm writing a kernel-level program in Solaris that monitors the workload of the system and reports the stats --something similar to netstats in linux and kstat in Solaris. Where the source code for ...