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146
votes
2answers
29k views

Difference between nohup, disown and &

What is the difference between $ nohup foo and $ foo & and $ foo & $ disown
74
votes
8answers
32k views

How can I disown a running process and associate it to a new screen shell?

I have a running program on a SSH shell. I want to pause it and be able to unpause its execution when I come back. One way I thought of doing that was to transfer its ownership to a screen shell, ...
26
votes
3answers
36k views

How to suspend and bring a background process to foreground

I have a process originally running in the foreground. I suspended by Ctrl+Z, and then resume its running in the background by bg <jobid>. I wonder how to suspend a process running in the ...
22
votes
2answers
6k views

What is the difference between a job and a process?

What is the difference between a "job" and a "process"?
19
votes
4answers
3k views

What happens to the output of a process that has been disowned and lost its terminal?

If I close the virtual terminal, where some process was started, does the output just go straight to /dev/null, or can it pollute memory somehow? Can I anyhow grab the output to continue reading it at ...
16
votes
5answers
8k views

How can I close a terminal without killing its children (without running `screen` first)?

sometimes I run an app in the gnome-terminal, but then I suddenly have to restart gnome or something. I guess the answer to the question is also useful then I want to disconnect from SSH where ...
10
votes
1answer
7k views

How to suspend and resume processes like bash does

this question is a follow-up to: How to suspend and resume processes I have started firefox from a bash session in gnome-terminal. The process tree looks like this: $ ps -e -o pid,ppid,cmd -H 1828 ...
9
votes
4answers
6k views

How can I kill and wait for background processes to finish in a shell script when I Ctrl+C it?

I'm trying to set up a shell script so that it runs background processes, and when I Ctrlc the shell script, it kills the children, then exits. The best that I've managed to come up with is this. It ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Concept of controlling terminal in Unix

Can some one please explain in an easy to understand way the concept of controlling terminal in unix and unix like systems ? Is it related to a session ? If yes, then how ?
7
votes
1answer
3k views

Non-blocking bash command

Let's say I have a bash script with the following: #!/bin/sh gedit rm *.temp When I execute it using sh ./test.sh, gedit pops-up but the rm part does not run until after I close gedit. I want the ...
6
votes
4answers
3k views

How can I move a process into the background and also silence its output?

Say I start a process in the terminal and it sends output to standard error while it runs. I want to move the process into the background and also silence it at the same time. Is there a way to do ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Is it possible to transfer a running process to your terminal? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How can I pause up a running process over ssh, disown it, associate it to a new screen shell and unpause it? It is fairly easy to disown a process, or make it run ...
5
votes
4answers
350 views

When I run `./command.sh &` the background task is suspended. How can I keep it running?

This is what I'm running: alexandma@ALEXANDMA-1-MBP ./command.sh & [2] 30374 alexandma@ALEXANDMA-1-MBP [2] + suspended (tty output) ./command.sh I don't want it suspended to start, I want it ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

How to suspend and resume processes

In the bash terminal I can hit Control+Z to suspend any running process... then I can type fg to resume the process. Is it possible to suspend a process if I only have it's PID? And if so, what ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Why do backgrounded processes sometimes stop spontaneously?

Sometimes, some time after I've backgrounded a process with bg in bash, when I press Enter in the same shell to redisplay the prompt (just to check that I'm still in bash when some output from the ...
5
votes
2answers
835 views

Why jobs aren't killed at logout when executed with “> /dev/null 2>&1 &”?

When you run jobs like the example below, they're killed when you logout: $ ./job.sh & However, when you execute them as in the below example, redirecting stdout to /dev/null and stderr to ...
4
votes
1answer
381 views

why do background jobs hang depending on the size of the output?

I had some stress-testing scripts that were running in parallel and they would hang after finishing and would wait for a RETURN keystroke to exit. After investigating I discovered that it is not ...
4
votes
3answers
182 views

Get PID of any command in backgrounded piped sequence of commands

If, in bash, I execute: cmd1 | cmd2 | ... | cmdi | ... | cmdn & where the cmd{1..n} may not be distinct, how do I get the PID of cmdi? Alternatively, how can I signal the cmdi process? (For ...
4
votes
4answers
517 views

disabling job control in bash (CTRL-Z)

It happens to me sometimes, that I press CTRL+Z by accident and my application disappears into background. I know, I can bring it back with fg, so it's not such a big deal. But I am wondering about ...
4
votes
2answers
417 views

What are the virtues of multitasking with traditional job control vs Tmux/Screen?

tmux and screen let you run different processes (e.g. vim, a bash script, mysql, psql, etc) in different virtual windows. But traditional Unix job control (using CTRL-z, fg, bg, and jobs) seem to give ...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

How to recover a backgrounded job from a previous shell? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How can I disown a running process and associate it to a new screen shell? I launched a command that lasts a long time. I had to disconnect so I moved it in the ...
4
votes
1answer
142 views

Understanding when background process gets terminated

I have a script which starts a number of background processes and if works fine when called from the cmdline. However the same script is also called during my xsession startup and additionally on ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

ctrl c vs. ctrl z with foreground job

Ctrl+Z stops the job whereas Ctrl+C kills the job. Why is that? Wouldn't the other way make more sense? z@z-lap:~$ sleep 100& [1] 4458 z@z-lap:~$ sleep 200& [2] 4459 z@z-lap:~$ jobs [1]- ...
3
votes
5answers
935 views

Run a process to particular/dedicated pid only

I have a c program executable or shell script which I want to run very often. If I want to stop/pause or to notify something I will send signal to that process. So every time I have to check the pid ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Where do background jobs go?

From gnome-terminal I know the ability to suspend a job with C-z, and then send it to the background. When I close the terminal the process does not end. Where is the job being managed from, or is it ...
3
votes
2answers
95 views

What would stop a task from being run in the background?

I have a script I'm trying to launch with php ./Script.php & The task goes into the background but it is stopped. When I try to run it with bg it simply stays stopped. $ jobs [1]+ Stopped ...
3
votes
3answers
263 views

Quick access to work directory of background job

Minimal effort to reproduce what I am looking for, is as follows /$ sleep 1h & [1] 6564 /$ cd ~$ jobs [1]+ Running sleep 1h & (wd: /) When I use jobs to manage my ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

What is “Exit 2” from finished background job status?

I have an exercise to put in a file some data (*conf from some directories) and need to do this in background. I did it and I am wondering what is the meaning of output messages: [A@localhost tests]$ ...
3
votes
3answers
708 views

Pipe command output to input of running/backgrounded command

In Bash 4.X It it possible to do something like: command that expects input & echo some output | %1 Where %1 represents the first backgrounded command?
3
votes
1answer
388 views

Background task finished notification syntax

Last night, before abandoning my computer for the evening, I started a bunch of compiler jobs so they'd be ready in the morning, using make -f alpha.mak &>alpha.out &. When I came back and ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

How to schedule something run once using anacron?

Frequently within my scripts I schedule auxiliary tasks for later in the form: at now + 8 hours <<< "rm -f workfile.$$ >> $worklog 2>&1 " or at 11pm + $(date +%M) minutes ...
3
votes
1answer
719 views

Difference between process group and job?

What's the difference between a process group and a job? If I type pr * | lpr then is it both a process group as well a job? What exactly is the difference between a process group ID and a job ID? ...
3
votes
1answer
710 views

How do I detach a process from its parent? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How can I disown a running process and associate it to a new screen shell? The problem is that the process is not a job inside of my active shell (as I've logged in from ...
2
votes
3answers
122 views

Running a timed background job in bash

I would like to execute a command in bash every 30 seconds and have it run as a background job. Form this post, I gather that using the watch command is useful. However every time I attempt to ...
2
votes
3answers
512 views

How can I turn the behavior of `gedit sOmEtHiNg & disown` into the default behavior when calling gedit from the command line?

When I gedit files from the command line, it's always locking the terminal, and I'm tired of explicitly commanding a detached process for it. I tried to alias gedit as something like gedit $* & ...
2
votes
1answer
231 views

Queue a task in a running shell

I often start a long running command that is bound to either CPU, Disk, RAM or Internet connection. While that is running, I find that I want to run a similar command. Let's say downloading something ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

What is the purpose of abstractions, session, session leader and process groups?

I understand from Informit article that sessions and process groups are used to terminate descendant processes on exit and send signals to related processes with job control. I believe this ...
2
votes
2answers
98 views

How to supress the display of previous job details?

When I run a process in the background the process ID gets displayed in the command prompt. For example: $ gvim 1 & [3] 9584 Now when I run another process the state of the previous one also ...
2
votes
1answer
284 views

Why doesn't an orphan process receive signals?

I have two shell scripts: launch_job.sh and sub_job.sh. If launch_job.sh uses the following method to run sub_job.sh: nohup sub_job.sh & sub_job.sh becomes an orphan, i.e. with PPID 1. I ...
2
votes
1answer
119 views

mpd daemon prematurely ending jobs

I am a little out of my depth here so bear with me. I am trying to configure mpirun and mpiexec to run software called Materials Studio on a 1 node, 2 processor, 12 core cluster. The submission scheme ...
2
votes
1answer
268 views

Can I transfer running process from dead ssh [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How can I disown a running process and associate it to a new screen shell? I have started (as expected) a long copy process from ssh shell (putty) which died due to ...
1
vote
2answers
338 views

What is the real-world use of the bg command?

This is the output: [USER@SERVER ~] ping localhost PING localhost (127.0.0.1) 56(84) bytes of data. 64 bytes from localhost (127.0.0.1): icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.037 ms 64 bytes from localhost ...
1
vote
3answers
2k views

How can I kill a job that was initiated in another shell (terminal window or tab)?

If I begin a process and background it in a terminal window (say ping google.com &), I can kill it using kill %1 (assuming it is job 1). However if I open another terminal window (or tab) the ...
1
vote
3answers
7k views

How to get the Job ID? [duplicate]

As we know, the shell enables the user to run background processes using & at the command line's end. Each background process is identified by a job ID and, of course, by it's PID. When I'm ...
1
vote
4answers
70 views

how to close the jobs one by one? is there any options?

There is list of jobs running. pdf is opened image is opened text file opened It's all in fg/bg . Is there any option to close the particular job forcefully? Also, I want to know if the jobs can ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Run program while computer is cool

I'm trying to compile a program on a computer with inadequate cooling. The program, specifically, is the linux-ck kernel with -mtune=native march=native processor-specific optimizations, so simply ...
1
vote
3answers
2k views

Bash wait for jobs and limit job count [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Four tasks in parallel… how do I do that? Suppose a loop invoking a command grep -v '#' < files.m3u | sed 's/\\\\/\/\//g' | sed 's/\\/\//g' | while read line ...
1
vote
1answer
200 views

fg a bg process because you forgot to redirect output to /dev/null

I did Ctrl+Z bg with the intention of disowning next, but I forgot to redirect, now I cant get to my terminal because the scrolling of the output (tarballed a huge directory with verbose set). How do ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

Replacement queue now that batch doesn't accept input files?

Background I work at a research institute, and have for a long time used the batch command to submit job queues to our machines. However, a recent update changed the batch command to be ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Start a background process from a script and manage it when the script ends

I'd like to run and configure a process similarly to a daemon from a script. My shell is zsh emulated under Cygwin and the daemon is SFK, a basic FTP server. For what matters here, the script ...