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31
votes
4answers
51k views

How to suspend and bring a background process to foreground

I have a process originally running in the foreground. I suspended by Ctrl+Z, and then resume its running in the background by bg <jobid>. I wonder how to suspend a process running in the ...
5
votes
2answers
889 views

Why jobs aren't killed at logout when executed with “> /dev/null 2>&1 &”?

When you run jobs like the example below, they're killed when you logout: $ ./job.sh & However, when you execute them as in the below example, redirecting stdout to /dev/null and stderr to ...
1
vote
2answers
361 views

What is the real-world use of the bg command?

This is the output: [USER@SERVER ~] ping localhost PING localhost (127.0.0.1) 56(84) bytes of data. 64 bytes from localhost (127.0.0.1): icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.037 ms 64 bytes from localhost ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

How to schedule something run once using anacron?

Frequently within my scripts I schedule auxiliary tasks for later in the form: at now + 8 hours <<< "rm -f workfile.$$ >> $worklog 2>&1 " or at 11pm + $(date +%M) minutes ...
0
votes
0answers
143 views

Job IDs and their meaning/reference

Using Red Hat, I sent few jobs to a cluster and got "job IDs" in return. Using qstat I can see only one is running, one was canceled and the rest are still in the queue. I wrote something like this: ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Basic job control: stop a job, add a job onto the stack, and `fg`

Job control is probably my favorite thing about Linux. I find myself, often, starting a computationally demanding process that basically renders a computer unusable for up to days at a time, and being ...
2
votes
1answer
302 views

Why doesn't an orphan process receive signals?

I have two shell scripts: launch_job.sh and sub_job.sh. If launch_job.sh uses the following method to run sub_job.sh: nohup sub_job.sh & sub_job.sh becomes an orphan, i.e. with PPID 1. I ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Why do backgrounded processes sometimes stop spontaneously?

Sometimes, some time after I've backgrounded a process with bg in bash, when I press Enter in the same shell to redisplay the prompt (just to check that I'm still in bash when some output from the ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Where do background jobs go?

From gnome-terminal I know the ability to suspend a job with C-z, and then send it to the background. When I close the terminal the process does not end. Where is the job being managed from, or is it ...
6
votes
4answers
3k views

How can I move a process into the background and also silence its output?

Say I start a process in the terminal and it sends output to standard error while it runs. I want to move the process into the background and also silence it at the same time. Is there a way to do ...
19
votes
4answers
4k views

What happens to the output of a process that has been disowned and lost its terminal?

If I close the virtual terminal, where some process was started, does the output just go straight to /dev/null, or can it pollute memory somehow? Can I anyhow grab the output to continue reading it at ...
0
votes
1answer
581 views

safely killing a background process

I'm writing data to a pipe in a parent process. The parent process creates a background job that reads data from the pipe & write it to the screen & to a log file. How can I know when to kill ...
8
votes
1answer
3k views

Non-blocking bash command

Let's say I have a bash script with the following: #!/bin/sh gedit rm *.temp When I execute it using sh ./test.sh, gedit pops-up but the rm part does not run until after I close gedit. I want the ...
4
votes
2answers
436 views

What are the virtues of multitasking with traditional job control vs Tmux/Screen?

tmux and screen let you run different processes (e.g. vim, a bash script, mysql, psql, etc) in different virtual windows. But traditional Unix job control (using CTRL-z, fg, bg, and jobs) seem to give ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Is it possible to transfer a running process to your terminal? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How can I pause up a running process over ssh, disown it, associate it to a new screen shell and unpause it? It is fairly easy to disown a process, or make it run ...
10
votes
1answer
8k views

How to suspend and resume processes like bash does

this question is a follow-up to: How to suspend and resume processes I have started firefox from a bash session in gnome-terminal. The process tree looks like this: $ ps -e -o pid,ppid,cmd -H 1828 ...
4
votes
1answer
786 views

Difference between process group and job?

What's the difference between a process group and a job? If I type pr * | lpr then is it both a process group as well a job? What exactly is the difference between a process group ID and a job ID? ...
16
votes
5answers
9k views

How can I close a terminal without killing its children (without running `screen` first)?

sometimes I run an app in the gnome-terminal, but then I suddenly have to restart gnome or something. I guess the answer to the question is also useful then I want to disconnect from SSH where ...
3
votes
1answer
403 views

Background task finished notification syntax

Last night, before abandoning my computer for the evening, I started a bunch of compiler jobs so they'd be ready in the morning, using make -f alpha.mak &>alpha.out &. When I came back and ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

ant script stops, waiting for input when run in background

I'm running an ant (Java build tool) script on CentOS 5.5 that execs another java process. When I run the ant script in the background: ant -f myfile.xml &> foo.out & The forked process' ...
3
votes
4answers
554 views

How can I turn the behavior of `gedit sOmEtHiNg & disown` into the default behavior when calling gedit from the command line?

When I gedit files from the command line, it's always locking the terminal, and I'm tired of explicitly commanding a detached process for it. I tried to alias gedit as something like gedit $* & ...
23
votes
2answers
8k views

What is the difference between a job and a process?

What is the difference between a "job" and a "process"?
82
votes
8answers
38k views

How can I disown a running process and associate it to a new screen shell?

I have a running program on a SSH shell. I want to pause it and be able to unpause its execution when I come back. One way I thought of doing that was to transfer its ownership to a screen shell, ...
173
votes
2answers
37k views

Difference between nohup, disown and &

What is the difference between $ nohup foo and $ foo & and $ foo & $ disown
12
votes
2answers
8k views

How to suspend and resume processes

In the bash terminal I can hit Control+Z to suspend any running process... then I can type fg to resume the process. Is it possible to suspend a process if I only have it's PID? And if so, what ...