Questions about the various ways jobs can be controlled by the shell: suspending, resuming, terminating execution etc.

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3
votes
3answers
666 views

Quick access to work directory of background job

Minimal effort to reproduce what I am looking for, is as follows /$ sleep 1h & [1] 6564 /$ cd ~$ jobs [1]+ Running sleep 1h & (wd: /) When I use jobs to manage my ...
2
votes
1answer
297 views

mpd daemon prematurely ending jobs

I am a little out of my depth here so bear with me. I am trying to configure mpirun and mpiexec to run software called Materials Studio on a 1 node, 2 processor, 12 core cluster. The submission scheme ...
4
votes
1answer
302 views

Understanding when background process gets terminated

I have a script which starts a number of background processes and if works fine when called from the cmdline. However the same script is also called during my xsession startup and additionally on ...
4
votes
1answer
563 views

why do background jobs hang depending on the size of the output?

I had some stress-testing scripts that were running in parallel and they would hang after finishing and would wait for a RETURN keystroke to exit. After investigating I discovered that it is not ...
2
votes
1answer
357 views

Can I transfer running process from dead ssh [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How can I disown a running process and associate it to a new screen shell? I have started (as expected) a long copy process from ssh shell (putty) which died due to ...
2
votes
2answers
131 views

How to supress the display of previous job details?

When I run a process in the background the process ID gets displayed in the command prompt. For example: $ gvim 1 & [3] 9584 Now when I run another process the state of the previous one also ...
1
vote
1answer
378 views

Application in terminal still running but not directly accessible [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How to suspend and bring a background process to foreground I have kind of an odd problem which I haven't encountered before. Here's what I did: I started an ...
0
votes
1answer
539 views

How to make a scheduled task based on a file creation time?

The supercomputer I run my Analysis uses SGE to do the job management and requires each job duration not longer than 24 hours. And this feature is causing me quite a headache. Sadly, I was asked to ...
13
votes
2answers
3k views

Concept of controlling terminal in Unix

Can some one please explain in an easy to understand way the concept of controlling terminal in unix and unix like systems ? Is it related to a session ? If yes, then how ?
3
votes
3answers
4k views

How can I kill a job that was initiated in another shell (terminal window or tab)?

If I begin a process and background it in a terminal window (say ping google.com &), I can kill it using kill %1 (assuming it is job 1). However if I open another terminal window (or tab) the ...
1
vote
2answers
3k views

How to Kill Difficult Task in Mac Terminal

I ran this grep: grep -r "\-\-\-foo\-\-\-" * | grep -vi bar For the past 5 minutes my Mac has been running hot (I can hear the fan) and I can't hit Ctrlz or x or c to kill the current task. Even ...
17
votes
5answers
11k views

How can I kill and wait for background processes to finish in a shell script when I Ctrl+C it?

I'm trying to set up a shell script so that it runs background processes, and when I Ctrlc the shell script, it kills the children, then exits. The best that I've managed to come up with is this. It ...
1
vote
1answer
216 views

Is it possible to disconnect a GUI program launched within vifm from vifm?

One can launch GUI programs, for example, gv or xpdf from vifm in background in vifm's command line: :!gv %f & However, if gv is launched by pressing Enter on a file like aPSfile.ps in vifm, ...
8
votes
1answer
12k views

How to recover a backgrounded job from a previous shell? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How can I disown a running process and associate it to a new screen shell? I launched a command that lasts a long time. I had to disconnect so I moved it in the ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

How do I detach a process from its parent? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How can I disown a running process and associate it to a new screen shell? The problem is that the process is not a job inside of my active shell (as I've logged in from ...
1
vote
3answers
3k views

Bash wait for jobs and limit job count [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Four tasks in parallel… how do I do that? Suppose a loop invoking a command grep -v '#' < files.m3u | sed 's/\\\\/\/\//g' | sed 's/\\/\//g' | while read line ...
69
votes
4answers
119k views

How to suspend and bring a background process to foreground

I have a process originally running in the foreground. I suspended by Ctrl+Z, and then resume its running in the background by bg <jobid>. I wonder how to suspend a process running in the ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Why jobs aren't killed at logout when executed with “> /dev/null 2>&1 &”?

When you run jobs like the example below, they're killed when you logout: $ ./job.sh & However, when you execute them as in the below example, redirecting stdout to /dev/null and stderr to ...
1
vote
2answers
425 views

What is the real-world use of the bg command?

This is the output: [USER@SERVER ~] ping localhost PING localhost (127.0.0.1) 56(84) bytes of data. 64 bytes from localhost (127.0.0.1): icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.037 ms 64 bytes from localhost ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

How to schedule something run once using anacron?

Frequently within my scripts I schedule auxiliary tasks for later in the form: at now + 8 hours <<< "rm -f workfile.$$ >> $worklog 2>&1 " or at 11pm + $(date +%M) minutes ...
0
votes
0answers
195 views

Job IDs and their meaning/reference

Using Red Hat, I sent few jobs to a cluster and got "job IDs" in return. Using qstat I can see only one is running, one was canceled and the rest are still in the queue. I wrote something like this: ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Basic job control: stop a job, add a job onto the stack, and `fg`

Job control is probably my favorite thing about Linux. I find myself, often, starting a computationally demanding process that basically renders a computer unusable for up to days at a time, and being ...
2
votes
1answer
350 views

Why doesn't an orphan process receive signals?

I have two shell scripts: launch_job.sh and sub_job.sh. If launch_job.sh uses the following method to run sub_job.sh: nohup sub_job.sh & sub_job.sh becomes an orphan, i.e. with PPID 1. I ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Why do backgrounded processes sometimes stop spontaneously?

Sometimes, some time after I've backgrounded a process with bg in bash, when I press Enter in the same shell to redisplay the prompt (just to check that I'm still in bash when some output from the ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

Where do background jobs go?

From gnome-terminal I know the ability to suspend a job with C-z, and then send it to the background. When I close the terminal the process does not end. Where is the job being managed from, or is it ...
7
votes
4answers
5k views

How can I move a process into the background and also silence its output?

Say I start a process in the terminal and it sends output to standard error while it runs. I want to move the process into the background and also silence it at the same time. Is there a way to do ...
20
votes
4answers
6k views

What happens to the output of a process that has been disowned and lost its terminal?

If I close the virtual terminal, where some process was started, does the output just go straight to /dev/null, or can it pollute memory somehow? Can I anyhow grab the output to continue reading it at ...
0
votes
1answer
688 views

safely killing a background process

I'm writing data to a pipe in a parent process. The parent process creates a background job that reads data from the pipe & write it to the screen & to a log file. How can I know when to kill ...
9
votes
1answer
6k views

Non-blocking bash command

Let's say I have a bash script with the following: #!/bin/sh gedit rm *.temp When I execute it using sh ./test.sh, gedit pops-up but the rm part does not run until after I close gedit. I want the ...
4
votes
2answers
500 views

What are the virtues of multitasking with traditional job control vs Tmux/Screen?

tmux and screen let you run different processes (e.g. vim, a bash script, mysql, psql, etc) in different virtual windows. But traditional Unix job control (using CTRL-z, fg, bg, and jobs) seem to give ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Is it possible to transfer a running process to your terminal? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How can I pause up a running process over ssh, disown it, associate it to a new screen shell and unpause it? It is fairly easy to disown a process, or make it run ...
11
votes
1answer
9k views

How to suspend and resume processes like bash does

this question is a follow-up to: How to suspend and resume processes I have started firefox from a bash session in gnome-terminal. The process tree looks like this: $ ps -e -o pid,ppid,cmd -H 1828 ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Difference between process group and job?

What's the difference between a process group and a job? If I type pr * | lpr then is it both a process group as well a job? What exactly is the difference between a process group ID and a job ID? ...
22
votes
6answers
14k views

How can I close a terminal without killing its children (without running `screen` first)?

sometimes I run an app in the gnome-terminal, but then I suddenly have to restart gnome or something. I guess the answer to the question is also useful then I want to disconnect from SSH where ...
3
votes
1answer
439 views

Background task finished notification syntax

Last night, before abandoning my computer for the evening, I started a bunch of compiler jobs so they'd be ready in the morning, using make -f alpha.mak &>alpha.out &. When I came back and ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

ant script stops, waiting for input when run in background

I'm running an ant (Java build tool) script on CentOS 5.5 that execs another java process. When I run the ant script in the background: ant -f myfile.xml &> foo.out & The forked process' ...
3
votes
4answers
704 views

How can I turn the behavior of `gedit something & disown` into the default behavior when calling gedit from the command line?

When I gedit files from the command line, it's always locking the terminal, and I'm tired of explicitly commanding a detached process for it. I tried to alias gedit as something like gedit $* & ...
28
votes
3answers
14k views

What is the difference between a job and a process?

What is the difference between a "job" and a "process"?
111
votes
8answers
60k views

How can I disown a running process and associate it to a new screen shell?

I have a running program on a SSH shell. I want to pause it and be able to unpause its execution when I come back. One way I thought of doing that was to transfer its ownership to a screen shell, ...
255
votes
2answers
73k views

Difference between nohup, disown and &

What is the difference between $ nohup foo and $ foo & and $ foo & $ disown
48
votes
2answers
40k views

How to suspend and resume processes

In the bash terminal I can hit Control+Z to suspend any running process... then I can type fg to resume the process. Is it possible to suspend a process if I only have it's PID? And if so, what ...