iptables allow creation of rules to define packet filtering behavior.

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Why do some TCP reset packets show up in my iptables log?

I started to add some basic iptables rules on my Debian Jessie server. My objective is to filter and log network traffic (for security and learning purposes). Disregarding ICMP packets, these are ...
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2k views

iptables multiple -d flags not allowed

I am trying to log all my outbound connections to a file using iptables. This is my rule: -A OUTPUT ! -o lo ! --destination 127.0.0.1 -m state --state NEW -j LOG --log-prefix "new_connection " ...
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3answers
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How can I redirect ports 80 and 443 to 8080 and 8443 with iptables?

I'm looking at the documentation for a Tomcat 6 webapp called DSpace, specifically in regardds to running Running DSpace on Standard Ports (80 for http:// and 443 for https://) I am trying to use ...
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2answers
666 views

Why can I reach a different interface's IP address?

I'm wondering about this, and I can't seem to find an explanation on the internet. I have a linux gateway which has multiple interfaces: eth0: external ip eth1: 172.16.1.1/24 eth2: 172.16.2.1/24 ...
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1answer
1k views

How does iptables recognize packet state?

Consider these two sets of rules: Set A -A INPUT -m conntrack --ctstate ESTABLISHED,RELATED -j ACCEPT -A INPUT -j REJECT -A OUTPUT -j ACCEPT Set B -A INPUT -m conntrack --ctstate ...
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1answer
1k views

How iptables tables and chains are traversed

I know linux has 3 built-in tables and each of them has its own chains as follow: FILTER: PREROUTING, FORWARD, POSTROUTING NAT: PREROUTING, INPUT, OUTPUT, POSTROUTING MANGLE: PREROUTING, INPUT, ...
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611 views

Can iptables rules manipulate IP sets?

In iptables-extensions(8) the set module is described and it is discussed that it is possible to react to the presence or absence of an IP or more generally a match against an IP set. However, it ...
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1answer
5k views

How to Block SSH Brute Force via Iptables and How does it work?

I'm planning to add the following rules to iptables to stop ssh brute force attack which are common these days. -A INPUT -i eth0.103 -p tcp -m tcp --dport 4522 -m state --state NEW -m recent --set ...
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1answer
392 views

How to deny access to specific port when destination is NOT a specific host?

I'm trying to DENY access to port 1000 when it is being accessed through any host or IP that is NOT a specific host. I.e. If I try to access the service on sub.domain.com:1000 I should get in. If I ...
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1answer
516 views

Can iptables be used to monitor TCP timeouts/resets system-wide?

I'm trying to determine if an application's connection to a database is internal to the application or due to a networking event. This seems like something netfilter would have system-wide visibility ...
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2answers
388 views

What tool to execute a command on repeated syslog entries?

Occasionally, one VPS under my control gets bombarded with POP3 login attempts. They all fail, but the huge number of spawned processes and active connections pretty much amount to a DoS attack. When ...
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2answers
237 views

Why were tables built into ipchains?

Why are tables built into ipchains? What was the benefit of adding tables to ipchains? Is there a simple scenario that would illustrate how tables are used to increase performance or offer some other ...
4
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1answer
284 views

forward all mysql traffic to a ssh tunnel

I have a local application that needs to connect to a remote mysql server at 40.40.40.40:3306 The main firewall blocks all connections but ssh, I can set up a ssh tunnel and connect to the server ...
4
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1answer
48 views

Is it possible to reduce information in iptables log?

I noticed that there are data in the iptables log that I don't need, so I was wondering if it's possible to change some configuration so that the log has less information, thus reducing the log's ...
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2answers
289 views

set connection limit via iptables

I want to limit the IP traffic of an application (AceStream Player). The problem is that I get disconnected, if too many IP connections are established. Does anyone know, how to use iptables to limit ...
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2answers
607 views

Redirecting loopback traffic through a router

For some tests purposes, I am running multiple socket-based applications on one machine and want to simulate "real" network conditions between them. I thought the simplest would be to redirect all ...
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4answers
7k views

Restrict bandwidth with DD-WRT

I have DD-WRT installed on my router and I would like to be able to restrict the bandwidth both up and down on a certain IP or Mac address. I am happy to get my hands dirty and use console. I am sure ...
4
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1answer
40 views

port forwarding to application in network namespace with vpn

I was able to set up a network namespace, establish a tunnel with openvpn and start an application that uses this tunnel inside the namespace. So far so good, but this application can be accessed via ...
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2answers
6k views

set packet rate limit via iptables

I have a packet rate limit (max. 10 per seconds) which is set by my internet provider. This is a problem if I want to use the AceStream player, because if I exceed the limit I get disconnected. How ...
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2answers
124 views

Did this tutorial block pings to my server?

I am a programmer teaching myself linux admin stuff. I followed this tutorial to setup a firewall on a VPS. As a part of that tutorial, I block all traffic except for web traffic and SSH traffic. I ...
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1answer
5k views

iptables: how to allow traffic from redirected port

I have a web service running on debian 7 and listening on port 8080. I want to redirect 80 to 8080 for inbound connections and allow only port 80. Here is my iptables configuration: root@localhost:~# ...
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2answers
288 views

Is it possible to set-up a VPN in such a way that I disconnect from the Internet if it goes down?

How can I set-up a VPN so I loose connection to the Internet if it goes down? I use Ubuntu and have used the network-dialog to use a VPN; but if the VPN goes down, it just switches to the non-VPN ...
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1answer
1k views

tc on bridge port

I have a 4 port bridge: root@Linux-Switch:~# brctl show bridge name bridge id STP enabled interfaces br0 8000.000024cd2cb0 no eth0 eth1 ...
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2answers
1k views

Having Linux port remap to itself

I have a scenario: I have 4 server and 3 web inbound requests that I have to allow through a modem/router. the ports are https(ssl)443 ssh22 and http80. All 4 servers want them. I had set up the ...
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1answer
983 views

Force VPN using IPtables?

I want to force the use of VPN using iptables, therefore while VPN is disabled no outgoing traffic shall be allowed (except maybe some DHCP stuff...). Now i guess I could just block everything not ...
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3answers
2k views

IPTables and transparent proxies

I have set up a local, transparent TCP proxy on localhost. I want to redirect ALL TCP traffic to this proxy, so it can handle it and nothing "leaks out," circumventing the proxy. I need to use ...
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1answer
93 views

Using tc for traffic quotas?

Is it possible to implement traffic quotas (absolute limits, not rate limits) based on the network classifier cgroup? I see there is the iptables netfilter 'quota' extension, which seems to do ...
4
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1answer
351 views

Debian Wheezy subnet configuration (proxy, MASQUARADing etc.)

I have a "server" with eth1 having a full IP address, DNS, gateway and proxy name connected to the university internet/intranet provider and eth0 IP 192.168.1.2 connected by a gigabit switch with two ...
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2answers
525 views

How can I prevent iptables from counting bytes and packets on empty chains?

Background I occasionally have firewall rules that I need to use for maintenance windows, but don't want active (and therefore consuming CPU cycles or slowing the network interface) the rest of the ...
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1answer
334 views

How do you do NAT port redirection with PF?

In Linux, you can do NAT port redirection with a command like this: iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING -i eth0 -p tcp --dport 80 -j REDIRECT --to-port 8000 What is the equivalent with BSD's PF?
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809 views

fail2ban log parsing too slow on Raspberry Pi - options?

I'm running fail2ban on a Raspberry Pi at 950MHz which I cannot overclock further. The Pi is occasionally subject to SYN floods on particular ports. I've set up iptables to throttle the rate of SYNs ...
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iptables port forwarding

I have a CentOS server with Java/J2EE(Tomcat) installed on TCP port 8080. I have two interfaces, eth0 and lo. I need to forward all incoming connection on TCP port 80 to 8080. I tried doing the ...
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1answer
4k views

How can I redirect all traffic except local through external proxy with iptables in dd-wrt?

I have a router with dd-wrt. I have a firewall running to direct all traffic through an external proxy. It works great except that it also redirects local Ips and my proxy does not allow Ips, so I can ...
4
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1answer
149 views

iptables change log

Somehow an iptables rule was added to one of my systems. Does (or can) iptables keep a log about when and (maybe) who made a rule change? If iptables itself can't, is there a wrapper that might do ...
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1answer
611 views

NAT with transparent proxy

is there a way to redirect all non local http requests that through my computer to use my transparent proxy, so i can log all websites are they visiting? and if possible all https requests too.. my ...
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2answers
1k views

Screen session running as root? (it shouldn't be) node.js

cd /serv screen -R node {in the screen} node test.js C^a d initially, ls -l /dev/pts total 0 crw--w---- 1 tick-tock tty 136, 0 2011-04-19 16:41 0 crw--w---- 1 tick-tock tty 136, ...
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1answer
2k views

multigateway routing for specific src port

I have two gateway to access internet, somehow I want to load balancing it, so far its working, but some connection or service need persistent gateway IP to be used, so the client should never change ...
4
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1answer
374 views

Dovecot/Postfix mail server replies to [SYN] with [RST, ACK] when user attempts to connect (POP3). Likely iptables?

Currently I'm trying to troubleshoot an e-mail server that will allow users to send e-mail, but not log in to the server (POP3) or receive e-mail using their Outlook clients. Previously this was ...
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iptables rule no actions on scapy packets

I wrote this rule to change all udp destination IP addresses to 8.8.8.8 when dport is 53: iptables -t nat -A OUTPUT -p udp -m udp --dport 53 -j DNAT --to-destination 8.8.8.8 The rule worked when ...
4
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1answer
70 views

Is there any difference between these two configuration options?

Is there any actual difference between iptables -P FORWARD DROP and net.ipv4.ip_forward = 0 ? I know that one is a firewall command while the other one is a kernel option. But: I don't know ...
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3answers
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Port fowarding and load balancer in ubuntu server 12.04

I am looking to create a load balancing server. Essentially here is what I want to do: I have a public IP address, lets say 1.1.1.1 I have a second public IP address, lets say 2.2.2.2. I have a ...
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714 views

Policy routing with load balanced ppp connections

This my setup using Debian 6.0. 6. It's role is a proxy server and a load balancer using eight 3G modems. Whenever a ppp connection dials it takes over the default gateway which is ok but it also ...
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3answers
3k views

dmesg flooded with firewall logs

In my iptables, I have a rule which logs dropped packets: -A INPUT -i eth0 -j LOG --log-prefix "FW: " --log-level 7 -A INPUT -i eth0 -j DROP And in /etc/rsyslog.conf, I have ...
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2answers
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Iptables GEOIP not working under Debian Squeeze

I've just installed xtables-*, compiled the geoip database, but when I try to use an iptables command it always gives back the following error: Command iptables -I INPUT -p tcp --dport 80 -m geoip ...
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3answers
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Undo iptables modification

I ran the following iptables commands to create a blacklist rule but used the wrong port: iptables -A INPUT -p tcp --dport 22 -m state --state NEW -m recent --set --name SSH iptables -A INPUT -p tcp ...
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3answers
782 views

How to get all IPtables rules

I'm trying to see a list of all the rules in IPtables in a Debian 7 server. when I try: iptables -L -n I only get one rule (which I entered 5 minutes ago). I have many others, for port 80, mysql ...
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2answers
6k views

iptables log file

I have ubuntu and I want to know where can I find the log file of iptables? I find out /var/log/messages, but I am not sure this is a correct log file or not. And I also want to know when this log ...
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3answers
9k views

bash: iptables: command not found

How do I fix the iptables: command not found problem that happened to Debian 7.6? batman@gotham:~$ uname -a Linux gotham 3.14-0.bpo.2-amd64 #1 SMP Debian 3.14.13-2~bpo70+1 (2014-07-31) x86_64 ...
3
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1answer
21k views

iptables forward all traffic to interface

I have two interfaces eth1 and eth0. I want all traffic on eth0to be forwarded to eth1. I created an iptable rule like this: iptables -A FORWARD -s 0/0 -i eth0 -p tcp -o eth1 -j ACCEPT But this ...
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735 views

Meaning of log entries from an iptables configuration

My router has Linux as its OS. The system log has a lot of rows about iptable and klogd that I don't understand, could someone explain them to me? The iptables setup: iptables -t nat -A PREROUTING ...