IP stands for "Internet Protocol". It is one of the fundamental protocols that powers the internet. IP is how data is able to be routed to the correct destination - your computer is assigned an IP address, and when you need to get data back, that data gets sent to your IP address.

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How can I get my external IP address in bash?

I need to find my external IP address from a bash script. At the moment I use this function: myip () { lwp-request -o text checkip.dyndns.org | awk '{ print $NF }' } But it depends on ...
35
votes
2answers
3k views

How does SSH connection survive a network restart?

From a Linux SSH shell, type /etc/init.d/network restart to restart the network service. I expect my SSH connection to die since the network service goes down. But it doesn't. Very cool. But how does ...
28
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2answers
2k views

How is it that missing 0s are automatically added in IP addresses? (`ping 10.5` equivalent to `ping 10.0.0.5`)

I accidentally typed ssh 10.0.05 instead of ssh 10.0.0.5 and was very surprised that it worked. I also tried 10.005 and 10.5 and those also expanded automagically to 10.0.0.5. I also tried ...
19
votes
1answer
3k views

Why doesn't Linux use the IANA Ephemeral port range?

According to Wikipedia The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) suggests the range 49152 to 65535 for dynamic or private ports. Many Linux kernels use the port range 32768 to 61000. Even ...
15
votes
2answers
860 views

Is there an easy way to programmatically extract IP address?

Is there an easy way to programmatically extract IP address, without tedious parsing of ifconfig? I would not mind simple command output processing using sed to do it but not processing multiline ...
13
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6answers
8k views

How to get my own IP address and save it to a variable in a shell script?

How can I get my own IP address and save it to a variable in a shell script?
9
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3answers
1k views

Parsing log files for frequent IP's

So, I hacked this together while undergoing a DDOS attack to pull naughty ips out of my logs. Anyone have any improvements or other suggestions to make it better? Here's the general idea: pull ...
9
votes
1answer
224 views

Is it better to set -j REJECT or -j DROP in iptables?

There's an example of iptables rules on archlinux wiki: # Generated by iptables-save v1.4.18 on Sun Mar 17 14:21:12 2013 *filter :INPUT DROP [0:0] :FORWARD DROP [0:0] :OUTPUT ACCEPT [0:0] :TCP - ...
8
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2answers
989 views

Measuring internet connection quality

I'm having WLAN trouble on my dualbooting win/linux laptop - the connection on linux side has occasional trouble, and seems somewhat slow and chunky. I would try to fix this issue by fiddling with all ...
8
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1answer
2k views

IP to Country console command

Is there a console command that takes an IP address as an input and shows its geographical information like city, country, ISP, etc.?
8
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2answers
1k views

How can I disable TCP/IP for an Ethernet adapter?

I have CentOS 6.3 running in a (virtual) machine with two Ethernet adapters. I have eth0 connected to a TCP/IP LAN and eth1 connected to a DSL modem. The system is intended as a dedicated ...
8
votes
1answer
168 views

Send a packet over the network even when its target is the local host

Under Linux if you send a packet to the address of one of its network interfaces, this packet is routed internally, it is never sent over the network. That's the right thing in 99.99% of the cases. ...
8
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1answer
3k views

Linux always send ICMP redirect

I have several Debian Squeeze (6.0.6 up to date) used as routers. When a link is down, they send ICMP redirects to local hosts. This is the default behaviour of Debian and several others. So once the ...
7
votes
3answers
3k views

What's the last number in this ip address?

An IP address like this 223.248.0.0/24 or 223.248.0.0/16 What's the last number mean in the IP address (24 or 16 in the above example)? Is there a simple way to understand how to set the number ...
7
votes
2answers
35 views

SSH session through OpenVPN cuts off / locks up after a few lines

I have a large number of identical fanless PCs running debian 6 (ARM). Most of these are connected via comcast and work ok. There are some that are connected to 'WiMax' modems and are having ...
7
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1answer
1k views

Change remote host IP address without losing control (Linux)

How can I change a remote host primary IP address without getting disconnected at all (without being in a "no IP addr" state). The matter is poorly discussed on Internet (according to my research). ...
7
votes
4answers
9k views

How to find the IP address of a KVM Virtual Machine, that I can SSH into it?

I have follow this guide (Virtualization With KVM On Ubuntu 11.10) to setup my KVM (Virtual Machines Software) on my Ubuntu 11.10 Server. However, I didn't setup my VM's IP address when creating the ...
6
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3answers
3k views

Can't access select https sites on Linux over PPPoE

My internet connection used to be a direct LAN connection to my provider. Back then, everything would load fine on both Windows and Ubuntu (dual boot). However, a while ago they started needing me to ...
6
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2answers
2k views

How to build a gateway from my Linux OS

I want to configure my Linux so that it will be used as a network router (gateway). Can anybody give me some hints on this? (links are welcome!)
6
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7answers
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Assigning IP address to environment variable [duplicate]

How can I assign the IP address of eth0 to an environment variable, say $ip, as easily as possible? Update: Distro is Ubuntu Server 12.04 LTS.
6
votes
3answers
12k views

Why are my two virtual machines getting the same IP address?

I have two virtual machines both running on a Linux host (Fedora 16). I set both adapters as attached to NAT. When I boot them up they both have their default gateway set to 10.0.2.2. They also ...
6
votes
2answers
5k views

How can I block a range of IP addresses with an Amazon EC2 instance?

I know a certain range of IP addresses are causing problem with my server, 172.64.*.* what is the best way to block access to my Amazon EC2 instance? Is there a way to do this using security groups or ...
6
votes
3answers
74 views

How does one capture traffic on virtual interfaces?

I would like to capture traffic on Linux virtual interfaces, for debugging purposes. I have been experimenting with veth, tun and dummy interface types; on all three, I am having trouble getting ...
6
votes
1answer
483 views

Load Balancer Solution with linux

I need a suggestion to realize a proper solution to this problem: As you can see in the image above, I have 2 application servers that need to talk with and external third party provider over the ...
6
votes
3answers
357 views

SpamAssassin Under Linux VPS

I am getting bald with this guys: On a Linux VPS (CentOS), I have setup a mail server (Exim+Dovecot+Clamav+SpamAssassin) but scanning mail for spam using SpamAssassin is proving to be a challenge. I ...
5
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3answers
9k views

How to find out if Ubuntu is using DHCP (Ubuntu 12.04 LTS GUI)

How can I find out if my IP address is DHCP, Fixed or Dynamic? I need to tell my network administrator what the IP address is, that my Virtual Machine is using. I know the numbers, but I don't know ...
5
votes
4answers
219 views

History of IP addresses that accesed a server via ssh

It has come to my attention that a server of mine has been hacked and infected with a known chinese botnet. It was a prototype/testing virtual machine with its own static IP(US address) so no harm ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Routing for multiple uplinks/providers

I have a PC with two internet connections. The first one is an Ethernet interface to connect to my local network and access internet via my router. The second one use a GSM modem to connect with ppp. ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

How can I get the netmask from an IP address?

How do I get a netmask from the IP address? Is there a command to get it?
4
votes
4answers
6k views

How do I know what service is running on a particular port in linux?

I am trying to run weblogic server on my linux machine and I am getting the following error : ERROR: transport error 202: bind failed: Address already in use ERROR: JDWP Transport dt_socket failed to ...
4
votes
4answers
11k views

How to remove all default gateways

I'm commanding a customarily built linux machine so not all linux commands are available. I execute network related commands so I need to set a default gateway right before I run my command, then ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Can't ping broadcast

We're running four computers connected to a hub (yes a hub not a switch) on Fedora 13. They were installed using images from a colleague that has recently left us to go back to school, they may have ...
4
votes
5answers
8k views

How to route specific adresses through a tunnel?

There are certain websites/services which I can only access from the subnet on which my server is located (think of the typical intranet scenario). Is there a way to transparently route traffic that ...
4
votes
2answers
366 views

What is the difference between `/sbin/ip route` and `/sbin/route`?

Linux comes with two utilities /sbin/route /sbin/ip route What is the difference between the two and what is the rule of thumb to use when you decide which one of the two you should use? I know ...
4
votes
2answers
316 views

is it possible to send the remote connector ip via netcat?

Actually I want to make something like ifconfig.me functionality but only for my internal network. I see it the way smth on server listens some port and send ip of connected remote machine. Seems nc ...
4
votes
2answers
322 views

How can I use one network port for VPN and the other for everything else?

My Linux machine has two network ports with two IP addresses. I want to use one port for my VPN and accounting, and the other port for other usages. How can I tell Linux not to allow any requests from ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

What tools do I need to intercept and change an incoming packet on a WP2-Personal wifi hub

Which tools should I research into to intercept a plain text packet, edit it and then continue it on it's way. I am using Ubuntu 11.04 and Backtrack 5; my wifi is WPA2-person encrypted. I need to edit ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

How to know if a network interface is tap, tun, bridge or physical?

As far as i know, there are 4 main types of network interfaces in linux: tun, tap, bridge and physical. When i'm doing sys admin on machines running KVM, i usually come accross tap, bridge and ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

How to filter IPv4 and IPv6 addresses?

echo "1.1.1.1" | awk '/[0-9]*\.[0-9]*\.[0-9]*\.[0-9]*/ {print $1}' How can I filter IPv4 addresses in a script, and how can I filter IPv6 addresses. I mean more precisely then this so the oneliner ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

avoid IPv6 link local address on interface

I have a setup with virtual Xen hosts connected to a set of VLAN-s. On Dom0, I have set up a bridge for each of my VLAN-s to connect DomU-s to. Bridges are set up in /etc/network/interfaces like ...
4
votes
2answers
134 views

Static IP for 2 PCs on crossover cable in interfaces(5) file?

I've got 2 PCs connected on an Ethernet crossover cable. On PC1 I run: sudo ip addr add 192.168.2.1 peer 192.168.2.2 dev eth0 sudo ip link set dev eth0 up On PC2 I run: sudo ip addr add ...
4
votes
2answers
646 views

How to configure Linux to use DHCP or static IP depending on presence/absence of DHCP server?

I would like to configure a network interface to make use of DHCP if a DHCP server is present on the network during boot, but otherwise default to some default static IP address.
4
votes
1answer
35 views

Send traffic to self over physical network on Ubuntu

I have a dual port ethernet NIC and let's say I have connected both ports in a loop and assigned the following IPs to the 2 ethernet interfaces: eth2 -> 192.168.2.1 eth3 -> 192.168.3.1 I want to ...
4
votes
2answers
497 views

Discover MTU between me and destination IP

In a case I can use only UDP and ICMP protocols, how can I discover, in bytes, the path MTU for packet transfer from my computer to a destination IP?
4
votes
1answer
411 views

Control source address for whois queries

is it possible to execute the command "whois" and choose the outgoing ip for the query? I have mounted several IP's on my network interface "/etc/network/interfaces" for ssl porpuses, but would be ...
4
votes
1answer
230 views

Inserting a nat solution into a network while it's not the gateway

I have tried this a few different ways. Currently trying with pf on freebsd 8.2 I am trying to insert a nat solution into an existing network that will redirect traffic from an outside ip address to ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

Send duplicate packets over two Internet connections

I need to duplicate an RTP stream over two different (non-reliable) Internet connections. On the receiver side, I will probably run a custom program that will use a buffer and rebuild the stream ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

multigateway routing for specific src port

I have two gateway to access internet, somehow I want to load balancing it, so far its working, but some connection or service need persistent gateway IP to be used, so the client should never change ...
4
votes
1answer
64 views

Why is this static route not taking effect?

Original Question I am running Ubuntu and network manager. I have two different interfaces, eth0 and eth1. Network manager has (as far as I can tell) correctly added this manual route: ~$ ip route ...
4
votes
1answer
176 views

Looking for elegant iproute2 solution for host w/ 2 interfaces on 2 networks and 3 gateways

I've got a Linux webserver with 192.168.0.2/24 assigned to eth0 and 172.16.0.2/24 assigned to eth1. I must not change this. Here's the routing so far: 172.16.0.0/24 dev eth1 proto kernel scope link ...