io redirection is the process of changing where the output and input of a program originate

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10
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echo vs <<<, or Useless Use of echo in Bash Award?

By now the Useless Use of cat Award is very well known, and there's also a mention of a Useless Use of echo (not relevant for this question). I'm wondering if there should be a "Useless Use of echo in ...
16
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2answers
7k views

How to diff a file and output from the command?

Normally you would write: diff file1 file2 But I would like to diff a file and output from the command (here I make command a trivial one): diff file1 <(cat file2 | sort) Ok, this work when I ...
5
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0answers
30 views

Piping the output of a bash script after redirecting stderr

because of the way my hoster does things I have to use a system for services. This service has a run file which it executes and pipes into a second run file. But I use a (given) python package that ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

One of several file-append redirections of “python --version” is repeatably 'overlooked' by bash, but the others aren't [closed]

Why is bash consistently passing one, specific redirected output from python --version to the console rather than appending to file, while every other output is redirected properly? I am developing a ...
2
votes
1answer
203 views

GoAccess won't redirect its output as a CGI script

I've been pulling my hair with this script: #!/bin/bash echo Content-type: text/html echo "" goaccess -f /var/www/log/access.log -a | tee Which runs perfectly on the command line (generates HTML ...
0
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0answers
21 views

Redirect keyboard input to unfocused program

I'm looking for some help with a computing issue. I'm running Openbox 3.5.2 on Raspbian/Pi3 and a single monitor. I want to have one program focused and in fullscreen while the keyboard outputs to ...
1
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0answers
13 views

How to limit/monitor a cgroup process's blkio when process has output redirection

I have some questions on cgroup blkio controller. I want to limit the IOPS on a specific process. This process uses IO redirection to write the stdout contents into a file. I tried to put the ...
0
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0answers
92 views

How to enter username and password automatically in jrerun command?

jrerun is a command belongs to IBM Process Manager tool. This command will re-run the failed job. I want to create a script that re-runs automatically if it fails before 1 hour from start time. The ...
57
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5answers
37k views

How to redirect output of wget as input to unzip?

I have to download a file from this link. The file download is a zip file which I will have to unzip in the current folder. Normally, I would download it first, then run the unzip command. $ wget ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Redirect bash variable into netcat

I am attempting to write a bash loop that passes a bash string into netcat. The command that I execute is: nc -nv [ipaddress] [port] << EOF 10000 EOF I am writing a bash loop to perform this ...
4
votes
1answer
844 views

KSH styling text based menu using STDERR

Is it possible to format the STDERR in order to have a better looking menu using the select command? I have a simple select select oChoice in $(<tempMenu.menu) ; do case "$oChoice" in ...
5
votes
4answers
5k views

Sending the output from 'dd' to awk/sed/grep

I'm trying to approximate the computer's write speed using dd: dd if=/dev/urandom of=/dev/null bs=1K count=10000 which gives the following output 10000+0 records in 10000+0 records out 10240000 ...
2
votes
1answer
30 views

How do I discard unwanted fail messages from an ssh command?

I'm trying to avoid printing messages to the console received when a lun is not found during an ssh command. SSH is to a NetApp filer. Command is being run on a Solaris 10 host. Here is some of the ...
1
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2answers
55 views

Bash redirection doesn't work for SQLite command

Bash allows for piping to stdin from another command in this way... $ ls /bin/aud* | cat /bin/audacity /bin/audiocompose /bin/audiosend ... ...and this way as well: $ cat <(ls /bin/aud*) /bin/...
0
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2answers
2k views

How to redirect output of a 'xterm -hold -e' command

I know you can use tee to log output from a command in a terminal, e.g.: df -h | tee ~/log.txt However, how can I do this with a more complex command like this: xterm -hold -e program arg1 arg2 ...
43
votes
6answers
59k views

Using while loop to ssh to multiple servers

I have a file servers.txt, with list of servers: server1.mydomain.com server2.mydomain.com server3.mydomain.com when I read the file line by line with while and echo each line, all works as ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Redircting stdout to file, but duplicating stderr to both file and terminal [duplicate]

Redirecting stderr to file and duplicating stdout to both file and terminal is easy: $ prog 2>error.log | tee output.log tee will duplicate stdout, printing it to both terminal and output.log. ...
1
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1answer
57 views

stderr not redirected to stdout

I run a TACACS+ server which sends debug information to stderr. As I would like to grep specific data from this debug information, I redirected stderr to stdout: tac_plus -f /usr/local/etc/tac_plus....
0
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0answers
21 views

Bash Script to start a service on Ubuntu Linux 16.04

Does the following Ubuntu 16.04 bash script command: exec /usr/lib/mono/4.5/mono-service.exe \ /home/frank/Debug/My_Camera_Recorder.exe "$@" >& /dev/null start the My_Camera_Recorder ...
2
votes
5answers
3k views

Why does the command shuf file > file leave an empty file, but similar commands do not?

I know this is sort of a duplicate of another question (Why this sort command gives me an empty file?) but I wanted to expand on the question in response to the answers given. The command shuf ...
66
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5answers
207k views

How to append multiple lines to a file with bash

I am writing a bash script to look for a file if it doesn't exist then create it and append this to it: Host localhost ForwardAgent yes So "line then new line 'tab' then text" I think its a ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

How to redirect the warning message from command line to a log file?

I have a below loop that is used to check the active namenode in Hadoop cluster and if the first node is inactive it picks up the second. for (( i=0;i<$(($(wc -l < $LOCAL_DIR/'tempip.txt')/3));...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Cache not filling error when using mplayer to read from stdin

I have a program that's generating audio and I can't get mplayer to play it. I'm doing ./myprogram | mplayer - -cache 1024 -cache-min 30 -noconsolecontrols And I get the message Cache fill: X% (Y ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

redirect split output

I split a gz file using gunzip piped to split: time gunzip -c file.gz | split -l 500 -d -a 4 - pref_ Which generates the following files: pref_0000 pref_0001 I'd like to pipe those files to zip ...
0
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2answers
52 views

Can sed save its output to a file?

> can do it. echo "text" > file tee can do it. echo "test" | tee file Can sed do it without using either of the above? Is it possible to save the output of a sed command to a file without ...
2
votes
2answers
60 views

What does the < (left chevron / triangle bracket) do? [duplicate]

I am having a difficult time wrapping my head around this. I understand that the > (right chevron) is for redirecting the STDOUT of a program to a file, as in echo 'polo' > marco.txt will ...
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0answers
15 views

Redirect all output, including input prompts [duplicate]

I know that doing command &> /dev/null suppresses all output file descriptors. But I notice that it does not work for commands that request input from the user, most notably ssh: > ssh ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Bash, remove lines containing string with grep

This is currently deleting the whole contents of the file in question: #!/bin/bash rpc_port="9201"; dir="/etc/apache2/ports.conf" cat $dir | grep -v "Listen $rpc_port" > $dir The file contents: ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Redirect output of: yum repolist all

If you run the command: yum repolist all you will see there are basically four columns of data. repo id, repo name, status, install count. If however your run something like: yum repolist all > ...
4
votes
2answers
358 views

Linux init script what does 0<&- &> achieve

I looking into writing my own init.d scripts to control several services running on my Linux server. I came across an example online which contained: nohup $EXEC_SCRIPT 0<&- &> $...
0
votes
2answers
30 views

nohup with at the end <&- [duplicate]

nohup grunt server:debug >grunt.out 2>&1 <&- & I have a nohup command that ends with <&- . What does this direction do? Can some explain with pointers. I did search ...
3
votes
2answers
507 views

Redirecting/grep'ing an existing shell's STDOUT

I run a lot of long running processes (simulations) that print progress to STDOUT. I occasionally forget to redirect to STDOUT to a file I can grep, and it's usually too far along to restart. ...
21
votes
4answers
18k views

combine output from two commands in bash

Is it possible to combine output from these two commands? node ~/projects/trunk/index.js python ~/projects/trunk/run.py run Neither command exits so I'm not sure how to do this.
0
votes
2answers
30 views

operate on different sections of stdin without intermediate file

Is there a simple way to do this with redirection or pipes without creating FILE1? I want to apply process2 to the body of the output of process1, without touching the first and last few lines. ...
8
votes
5answers
473 views

Is there a tool to dynamically redirect output to a new file on request

I'm currently redirecting the output of a monitoring tool to a file, however what I'd like to do, is to redirect this output to a new file on my request (using a keybinding), without stopping the said ...
0
votes
2answers
39 views

Why cant I overwrite a file with processed value?

This question prompted a thought I was not sure I understood well. I know that it is not possible or correct to use pipelines like cat myfile | grep -v mypattern > myfile due to how file handles ...
5
votes
2answers
32 views

What exactly happens if input and output file is the same?

Let's say that I execute following command: tr a-z A-Z < file > file There are two redirections: < file and > file. Both are processed before tr command and as far as I know, if there ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

unzip without replacing original file and report to log

I want to write a bash script to decompress a file without overwriting the original one and redirect the operation result into a log file. I found an answer to the first part of my question at: How ...
8
votes
4answers
579 views

Bash program not executed if redirection would fail

In bash, I notice that if a command using redirection would fail, any programs which run prior to that are not run. For example, this program opens the file "a" and writes 50 bytes to file "a". ...
2
votes
1answer
5k views

Correct syntax to avoid bash 'ambiguous redirect' message

I am trying to execute a command which accumulates stdout into an existing file and sends the error messages to another using the command below. commmand >> /home/user/accumulate_output.log 2&...
0
votes
1answer
277 views

Ambigous redirect done >$2

I have finished my bash script but I am still getting two errors. I've also searched for related issues but none worked: #!/bin/bash avem_element () { local e for e in "${@:2}"; do [[ "$e" == "$...
2
votes
2answers
249 views

Error message on terminal despite using 2> symbol

Why does this command show error message despite using 2> symbol? cat < foo 2>bar bash : cannot open foo : No such file or directory
6
votes
1answer
117 views

Extra output on input redirection

I have a folder with three files: $ ls a b c If I pipe the output of ls to wc, I get the right result: $ ls | wc -l 3 However, when I specify the input to wc as the output of ls, I get extra ...
7
votes
2answers
332 views

Redirecting standard error output to bash variable

Here's a C code snippet that will cause segfault: // segfault.c #include <string.h> int main() { memset((char *)0x0, 1, 100); return 1; } Compile it with: gcc segfault.c -o ...
2
votes
2answers
365 views

How can I redirect the output of a child process?

I am running the following git clone command through sudo and bash and I want to redirect STDOUT to a log file: % sudo -u test_user bash -c "git clone https://github.com/scrooloose/nerdtree.git /home/...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

Unable to redirect stdout/stderr to log file [duplicate]

I have a script tmp.sh #!/bin/bash echo hello sleep 3 echo 3 I want to log the script running time (as well as script stdout) to a log file. user$ time ./tmp.sh >& log.tmp real 0m3....
40
votes
5answers
15k views

When would you use an additional file descriptor?

I know you can create a file descriptor and redirect output to it. e.g. exec 3<> /tmp/foo # open fd 3. echo a >&3 # write to it exec 3>&- # close fd 3. But you can do the same ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Deleted file being written to by running process, can I recreate it? [duplicate]

I've started a long running process with nohup and redirected it's output to a log file Example: nohup ./bin/zkServer.sh start-foreground > /usr/local/myuser/logs/zkout.log 2>&1 & I ...
2
votes
1answer
28 views

Connect via telnet and doing certain operations

I'm trying to code a script where I can connect via telnet to another server and execute certain operations, but I'm having problems with the result of this process. The objective is to connect to a ...
4
votes
4answers
3k views

Getting stdin from a named pipe

What I am trying to do is run python in a terminal window and redirect it's stdin from a named pipe. Then I write to the named pipe in another terminal and have that command execute on python. ...