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25
votes
4answers
38k views

How is an Interrupt handled in Linux?

I just know that Interrupt is a hardware signal assertion caused in a processor pin. But I would like to know how Linux OS handles it. What all are the things that happen when an interrupt occurs?
22
votes
1answer
32k views

What are software and hardware interrupts, and how are they processed?

I am not sure if I understand the concept of hardware and software interrupts. If I understand correctly, the purpose of a hardware interrupt is to get some attention of the CPU, part of implementing ...
10
votes
3answers
6k views

What is the relationship between system calls, message passing, and interrupts?

I am reading the Wikipedia article for process management. My focus is on Linux. I cannot figure out the relation and differences between system call, message passing and interrupt, in their concepts ...
10
votes
3answers
12k views

How does the Linux kernel handle shared IRQs?

According to what I've read so far, "when the kernel receives an interrupt, all the registered handlers are invoked." I understand that the registered handlers for each IRQ can be viewed via ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

How does make continue compilation?

I know that I can interrupt a make process anytime without having to recompile the entire source tree again. As I know, make only compiles a target if it's not compiled yet, or the source code is ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Why can't ed be exited with C-c?

The program ed, a minimal text editor, cannot be exited by sending it an interrupt through using Ctrl-C, instead printing the error message "?" to the console. Why doesn't ed just exit when it ...
7
votes
4answers
5k views

Ctrl + c will not kill process

I have looked for answers and so far have found nothing to answer my question. I am currently logging in to my Ubuntu server and upon running a process I can not run any of the interrupts on it. Here ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Interrupt sequence CTRL+C does not work for user

In any terminal operating under GNOME, if I press Ctrl+C, I only see a question mark. Same goes for Ctrl+Z. The output of stty -a | grep intr is: intr = ^C; quit = ^\; erase = ^?; kill = ^U; eof = ...
6
votes
4answers
424 views

How can I handle SIGINT trap with a user prompt in shell script?

I am trying to handle SIGINT/CTRL+C interrupt in such a way that if a user accidentally presses ctrl-c, he is prompted with a message, "Do you wish to quit?(y/n)". If he enters yes, then exit the ...
5
votes
1answer
63 views

Ctrl+c and Ctrl+z to interrupt/suspend jobs

To kill a hanging job, I use Ctrl+c, to send an interrupt signal to the hanging job. Sometimes this wouldn't stop the job, at least not immediately. I can then use Ctrl+z to suspend the job and then ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

Making a IRQ SMP Affinity change permanent

I have to change the smp_affinity of a interrupt permanently. The following code needs to be executed when the server reboots: echo "1" > /proc/irq/152/smp_affinity_list echo "2" > ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

'fast interrupts' in Linux

as far as I know, Linux has 'fast interrupts', those that were requested with SA_INTERRUPT flag; fast interrupts are executed with all other interrupts disabled on the current CPU. But how does it ...
4
votes
2answers
365 views

How to programatically detect when a device raises an interrupt?

How to programatically detect when a device raises an interrupt? This can be when a device is connected or disconnected. And also this case: for example: when a finger is held over a fingerprint ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

What does Linux's “nointremap” option do?

Ubuntu 12.10 alpha 2 works perfectly on my new 11" 2012 Macbook Air, but only when I boot with the "nointremap" option. Supposedly this is not good to use as a permanent solution. What exactly does ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

What determines whether an interrupt is IO-APIC-edge or IO-APIC-level?

Looking at the contents of /proc/interrupts on an x86 Linux, I see that some of the interrupts are IO-APIC-edge while others are IO-APIC-level. I wonder what determines the interrupt type, is it the ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

change interrupt smp_affinity

As you can see below, nvidia is sharing the intrerrupt and the interrupt is using only CPU0, how can I change the interrupt for nvidia, and how can I make it use both CPU's ? Here is an article ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

re-entrency of interrupts in Linux

I was reading "Linux device drivers, 3rd edition" and don't completely understand a part describing interrupt handlers. I would like to clarify: are the interrupt handlers in Linux nonpreemptible? ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Are time interrupts always followed by a scheduler call?

When a timer interrupt occurred the ISR is called to service the interrupt. Is it okay to assume that every timer interrupt ends with a call to the scheduler on which process should continue running ...
3
votes
1answer
623 views

Why EC2 instance spends all its time in “IRQ” and what to do about it?

I have an m1.small EC2 instance that is mostly just running Apache as a web server for several simple PHP web sites (that use RDS as a database). The server is constantly with a very high load average ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

Can system calls be interrupted?

Please comment on the following sentence: On the standard Linux kernel without the rt patch, interrupts can't interrupt ongoing system calls. The reason why our machine doesn't stop working ...
2
votes
1answer
843 views

Is there a utility that interprets /proc/interrupts data in time?

is there something out there ? Like top is for ps
2
votes
1answer
830 views

Are threads which are executing blocking system calls awoken by interrupts?

I've been reading a bit about threads and interrupts. And there is a sections which says that parallel programing using threads is simpler because we don't have to worry about interrupts. However, ...
2
votes
1answer
210 views

When is `irqbalance` needed in a Linux VM under VMware?

I have a Linux farm in VMware Enterprise 5.5. The VMs are (mostly) 64-bit amd64 Debian Jessie servers with SysVinit and not systemd. The VMs have open-vm-tools installed. I paravirtualized their ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

How to debug causes of excessive ksoftirqd resource usage?

man ksoftirqd indicates that: If ksoftirqd is taking more than a tiny percentage of CPU time, this indicates the machine is under heavy soft interrupt load. I'm working with a Debian Wheezy ...
2
votes
1answer
423 views

Does each network packet cause an interrupt to CPU?

While I know that lot of packet processing(CRC calculations, packet segmentation handling, etc) can be offloaded to NIC, then does each packet still cause an interrupt to CPU? Is there a difference if ...
2
votes
1answer
146 views

Minimizing hardware interrupts

I am using a modified Linux kernel as a soft real-time OS, on a system that has an architecture like this: CPU1 and CPU2 have 8 cores each. I have 4 processes that need to be run with minimum ...
2
votes
2answers
145 views

Is there any Syscall table just like Interrupt Table?

Are the system calls like fork(), exit() saved in some kind of function pointer table , just like the Interrupt Descriptor Table ? where does my OS go when I call my fork() or exit() ? I guess this ...
2
votes
1answer
278 views

How to know if an IRQ value is free to use

If we add a device that does not support PNP (Plug-an Play), the manufacturer will hopefully provide explicit directions on how to assign IRQ values for it. However, if we don't know what IRQ value ...
2
votes
1answer
539 views

Generate interrupts for purpose of stress testing

I'm testing the quality of a generated PWM signal on a Raspbery Pi. I would like to test how it behaves if there are lots of interrupts coming. Is there a way to fake interrupts or force 2000 ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

Is “top” accounting for Kernel Interrupts?

I have a simple interrupt that is triggered by a GPIO-input. The IRQ only increments a variable and returns. When I turn the frequency of the interrupts up to somewhere around 10-20 kHz, the system ...
2
votes
0answers
93 views

How does an X86 Linux system maintain the system time, when no NTP etc. is in play?

When an x86 Linux system is powered up and running, how does it keep track of software time? E.g. is it incrementing a software counter based on hardware interrupts from the RTC, or is there some ...
2
votes
0answers
654 views

How to configure FreeBSD to run headless without hitting high interrupt rates?

When running headless (without monitor, keyboard, mouse attached) FreeBSD versions 8.2, 8.3, 9.0 and NetBSD version 5.0 has known issues (FreeBSD PR 156596, NetBSD 46596) to generate extremely high ...
2
votes
0answers
135 views

Which counter generates timer interrupts?

I did a iotop to observe the interrupts on my computer. This is the interrupt shown most often. 0 [PIC-edge time] 247 Ints/s (max: 389) I believe it's the timer interrupt, well since ...
2
votes
0answers
875 views

“Remote function call interrupts” (CAL in /proc interrupts). What is it?

I'm running a test program which generates a large number of threads and asynchronous I/O. I'm seeing very high counts of these interrupts in /proc/interrupts, the program cannot scale beyond a ...
1
vote
2answers
86 views

Main stacks in Linux

What are the main stacks in Linux? What I mean is, for example when an interrupt occurs what stack will be used for it, and what is the difference between user process and kernel process stacks?
1
vote
2answers
4k views

How to generate signal interrupt on a file descriptor in Linux?

How can I generate a signal interrupt on a file descriptor in Linux? Motivation is to generate a interrupt in userland as we have in microcontrollers. I'll have file descriptor for I/O, and want to ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Threads vs interrupts

What does it mean when threads are time-sliced? Does that mean they work as interrupts, don't exit while routine is not finished? Or it executes one instruction from one thread then one instruction ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

What happens after a page fault?

When a page fault occurs in a Linux system, the interrupt-handler has to figure out the reason why the page fault happened. But how ? Is there anywhere a special number for that !? If yes, where is ...
1
vote
2answers
93 views

How to interrupt uninterruptible program?

If I run mysqld from the command line, it displays some startup messages, and then stops responding. It doesn't produce output, and ignores any input, and there seems to be no way to get rid of it. ...
1
vote
2answers
206 views

What happens to the signals requested recursively?

People often hit Ctrl + c or Ctrl + z to cancel or abandon the job if the process gets sluggish, in this case which of these signals get processed, the first one or the last one? is each signal ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Programmatically determine the IRQs associated with a network interface

What is the most reliable way to programmatically determine the IRQs associated with a network interface, given the name of the interface (e.g. eth0)? I'm okay with a best-effort approach, but I'd ...
1
vote
2answers
114 views

Triggering hardware interrupts by connecting parallel port pins 9 and 10 does not work

I want to trigger hardware interrupts as described in the book Linux Device Drivers by connecting pins 9 and 10 with a wire. I tried that but apparently there's no interrupt beeing triggered: cat ...
1
vote
1answer
221 views

What is the functionality of SCHED_SOFTIRQ in linux?

Who raises this softirq? Is it raised on every time tick( based on timer interrupt?) Does this make the kernel to shedule a runnable process? If yes, how does the handlers of lower priority softirqs ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Linux Interrupts [closed]

I'm trying to write my own interrupt controller but I'm having some difficulties finding good documentation. Where can I find some information about interrupt management in Linux? To be more ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

High IO-APIC-fasteoi interrupt usage eth0

I believe this is due to an rsync cronjob which runs every 15 minutes. This is a RHEL 6 box running in ESXi. /proc/interrupts shows: 18: 3386804969 IO-APIC-fasteoi eth0 and the system load ...
1
vote
1answer
652 views

How to troubleshoot high kernel time (high network usage; high interrupts)

I've noticed that I have high kernel time when doing a lot of network traffic in Linux. I also noticed that 45% of my CPU is spent doing interrupts. How can I further troubleshoot this?
1
vote
1answer
253 views

Can an interupt be processed by software, without hardware support? [closed]

Can an interrupt be processed by software without the need for hardware suppport? Assume an x86 architecture.
1
vote
0answers
59 views

kernel: hpet1: lost 19 rtc interrupts

I have this error that flooding my syslog every day. As a solution on arch linux forum is hpet=disable in kernel command line, but I think it is a bad idea and I searching for another solution. Is ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Why do interrupted processes show up in nvidia-smi?

When ​I kill processes in terminal using C-c and run nvidia-smi, the process are still shown as "compute processes". These processes are no longer in the top resu​lts. I have to kill -9 to clean them ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Why I am not able to bind the interrupts with code LOC, IWI, RES when irqbalance is disabled?

On Ubuntu 14.04, I am trying to bind all the interrupts to core 0 and 1 out of 4 cores. I have disabled the irqbalance daemon via file /etc/init/irqbalance.override. Then I went to every interrupt in ...