The "initial RAM file system" is the successor of initrd. It is a root filesystem that is embedded into the kernel and loaded early in the boot process.

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Arch Linux in Qemu : Failed to access perfctr msr error

I got the Arch Linux (march build) iso file through bittorrent lately. I tried to run it in VM, but it only gets up to the main screen (The screen where you select what you want to do) shown below: ...
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1answer
123 views

How to debug systemd “init” freeze during boot?

I'm trying to get my own init script running on some ARM hardware and Debian Jessie with systemd. The overall boot concept and init script is almost identical to a x86 variant, which works fine. For ...
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1answer
246 views

Relative path to anything not working (while running from initramfs)

I'm working in an embedded Linux system trying to get it booting its root file system in ram using initramfs. The system comes up for the most part but then has trouble in the init scripts. I've ...
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1answer
207 views

debian jessie volume group not found and cant boot

I have accidentally deleted my boot partition. OS is Debian Jessie with LUKS LVM. I have created a new partition and successfully reinstalled grub with chroot method. Now when I try to boot, my root ...
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1answer
339 views

Unpacking of initramfs is very slow

I am trying to improve the kernel boot time of my device and I would like some help. I am using OMAPL138 with kernel version 2.6.37 and it takes about 50 seconds until the boot process is finished, ...
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1answer
491 views

Where isoboot, boot=isolinux iso-scan/filename parameters are documented?

I see example (in dracut docs) linux (loop)/isolinux/vmlinuz0 boot=isolinux iso-scan/filename=$isofile root=live:LABEL=$isolabel ro rd.live.image these texts: ...
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263 views

Changing a root file system from initramfs to JFFS2

I am running Linux on an ARM based development board from flash memory. The rootfs is initramfs. I chose this in the configuration utility under "file system". Then I realized that I need ...
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0answers
67 views

update-initramfs failing after upgrading to stretch from jessie

I recently updated one of my Debian boxes to run with stretch, but unfortunately I run in an issue when it comes to the regeneration of the initramfs image. It seems that it doesn't recognize that I ...
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0answers
94 views

How to boot Linux Mint from USB drive via Grub2

I am trying to install Linux Mint Cinnamon 64 bit on a USB drive so I have a portable desktop wit persistence. I am trying to do this manually because I haven't fount a program that does this ...
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0answers
39 views

How do I prevent the kernel from pivoting and overwriting the initial file system?

How do I prevent the kernel from pivoting and overwriting the initial file system? What switches do I pass to the kernel? Do I need to add any code to the initramfs? I cross-compiled busybox and ...
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273 views

How do I add modules, binaries or scripts to initramfs in RHEL distributions?

I have an initramfs script I developed for Debian distributions that required some extra binaries to be loaded into the image. I'm now trying to port this to RHEL distributions and I'm struggling. To ...
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0answers
393 views

Unable to boot with dracut and luks: '/dev/resume' : file exists

I am installing gentoo and have performed my first reboot after configuration and installation within my chroot environment. I am using LUKS and LVM to manage encryption of my drives. I am encrypting ...
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554 views

Server won't boot, kernel panic - not syncing

After a reboot of a CentOS 6.2 server we are getting a kernel panic with the following error: Kernel panic - not syncing: Attempted to kill init! Panic occurred, switching back to text console ...
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699 views

Why do I need to specify two init images - initrd and boot - inside KVM to boot to bash?

My machine is running inside a KVM virtual machine (Parallels Desktop v8), having a BIOS (not UEFI), having one SATA drive connected, one GPT partition on that disk, the partition is ext4 formatted, ...
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605 views

Booting over the LAN using uboot

I am trying to boot my beaglebone over the LAN. I am able to download the Kernel uImage from the TFTP server. Here is what I did - U-Boot SPL 2011.09-00053-gb423c52 (Aug 10 2012 - 11:26:55) Texas ...
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56 views

switch_root with systemd: “Too many levels of symbolic links”

I'm trying to boot a proprietary kernel build and OS after an upgrade to libc and numerous other tools. I'm booting using an initramfs in the 3.2.0 kernel with some utilities, like busybox. However, ...
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29 views

No support for locale: en_US.utf8

I am on Linux Mint 17.3. I saw this in the syslog. Processing triggers for initramfs-tools (0.103ubuntu4.3) ... Apr 9 12:01:47 vb-nb-mint updates: update-initramfs: Generating ...
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21 views

Invalid module format

I try to install a module using this command: sudo insmod mymod.ko [arg1] [arg2] but I get this error while loading the module: insmod: error inserting 'mymod.ko': -1 Invalid module format my ...
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26 views

Keyboard isn't working when it comes to enter the password for encrypted root

Hello I installed Debian, the entry in the NVRAM made by the installer isn't working so I boot it with refind using the following kernel parameters : rw nomodeset root=/dev/mapper/cryptroot ...
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74 views

Cannot boot kali linux after dist-upgrade, stucks at 'Loading initial ramdisk …'

I did a dist-upgrade from 4.3.0-kali1-amd64 to 4.4.0-kali1-amd64 but when I restart, the screen stucks at 'Loading initial ramdisk ...'. I had to use the advanced boot options to boot using ...
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60 views

Initramfs in debootstrap chroot of fully encrypted system

I'm working on a script to create a fully encrypted washable system from debootstrap. It's doing some good, but the initramfs image that comes out does not pick up the cryptroot properly. After ...
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36 views

Make changes to busybox/initramfs that are persistent?

I am in the process of recovering my 32-bit Debian Jessie box with a lvm+LUKS disk. I am coming back from a system that had a root partition but no boot partition. Grub executes, but either vmlinuz or ...
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62 views

How to Modify Android Boot Sequence in Order to Boot From an SD Card

I've been looking into how to boot Android form an SD card, and I came across this thread on XDA, but I am too much of a noob to understand it, and user has stated that she doesn't have the time to ...
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65 views

Mounting real rootfs after initial booting using initrd

I'm booting kernel with root=/dev/ram0 on a embedded environment. After initial booting, how can I mount real rootfs present at /dev/mtd3 and make it as the only rootfs. I'm using root=/dev/ram0 ...
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18 views

dracut md5sum boot directory

This has been going on for a few months now, but my initramfs (and kernel) for that matter have been placed in /boot/{some hash}/{kernel version}/{initramfs,linux}. Did dracut or some other module ...
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174 views

Disable KMS on Debian Sid

I've recently started having trouble resuming my Sid laptop from suspend. I'm not sure if this was caused by an upgrade or by me tinkering to try and get a splash screen working, but anyway, I have my ...
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55 views

Chainload Windows from initramfs

Is there any way to chainload Windows from/within initramfs ? I am having grub on MBR. An entry in grub.conf, Will boot into the initramfs, execute some task and then boot into the windows (of-course ...
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523 views

module scsi_wait_scan not found on CentOS kernel-ml causes kernel panic on boot

I am attempting to upgrade from kernel-lt to kernel-ml, following the instructions here, however on boot the console is flooded with module "scsi_wait_scan" not found This leads to a general kernel ...
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37 views

Kernel compilation for minimum program execution

Compiling the Kernel requires me to configure modules. I am unsure how to configure a Kernel which only supports following things: Programs compiled with gcc on other machines (glibc). I want to run ...
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103 views

How to abort/cancel a running command in initramfs?

When I invoke a long-running command, e.g. du, I don't see a way to abort/cancel it (Strg/Ctrl+c doesn't work), other shells/ttys aren't available. Am I completely doomed after having started a long ...
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339 views

How to regenerate an initramfs with ash built-in shell?

I foolishly edited my /etc/mkinitcpio.conf and now my computer won't boot. It drops down to (initramfs). It claims it cannot find the root device. However, cat /proc/cmdline shows the correct UUID of ...
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127 views

MDADM Array Detection Slowing Down Boot - Why?

I have an AMD64 Gentoo (running systemd) build with a RAID0 root and some other arrays (RAID1 boot, RAID1 home etc..). The boot process is being slowed down quite dramatically as mdadm searches the ...
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184 views

How can I replace root / filesystem with another filesystem?

When the Linux kernel starts up, it uses initrd as the root / filesystem, then replaces that with a filesystem partition in fstab. Based on a test in an early init script, I want to replace that root ...
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462 views

Replacing default initramfs with my own

I followed this article to develop my own sample intramfs.cpio Now I have to put this in my kernel and compile. The procedure that I follw for petlinux is that I first run petalinux-config (and ...
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58 views

Kiwi produces huge initramfs

I'm using Kiwi to build a boot CD based on OpenSUSE 13.1. I want the disk ISO image to be as tiny as possible. I managed to get the read-only filesystem down to only 100MB, but for reasons unknown, ...
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281 views

unionfs filesystem

I recently learned about unionfs and aufs and would like to put it to some real use. The scenario I have in mind is the following. Boot a machine with ubuntu on it which will serve as our base. Make ...
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23 views

$sudo ls -l boot returns ls: cannot access root: No such file or directory

This relates to a problem with initramfs and trying to boot into my system. I have my drive encrypted(sdb5), so I have to enter a password to get to the login screen on Ubuntu 15.10 running on an ...
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0answers
13 views

How to change the order of HOOKS in debian iniramfs configuration?

Hello I installed Archlinux to learn and now I'm insalling Debian but the initramfs setup is quite different from the mkinitcpio from Arch. My question is : where do I find the order in which the ...
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0answers
18 views

Cannot boot Debian “ata6.00: irq_stat 0x08000000, interface fatal error”

I'm running Debian 8 (Jessie). I tried to install a package but apt-get gave me an error about a read-only file system. I can't remember sudo emitted the error or apt-get. I found this question: ...
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24 views

Need a hint about system's verbiage at bootup

I've got a dual boot W10/Ubuntu 14.04 laptop. I use GRUB2 as a boot loader. In the BIOS I chose "Legacy BIOS" option (the laptop was purchased with EUFI enabled system and W8 OEM). I don't know, maybe ...
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56 views

failed windows install Linux boot error to initramfs busybox vg-root no such device. ubipartman when try to fresh install? Please help

Had Linux 15 installed, was running so decided to install windows. Was trying to install Windows 7 and then 8. Both failed,but not before requiring me to create a new partition.(Windows said it ...
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0answers
75 views

stop while booting giving error of Genetrating “/run/initramfs/rdsosreport.txt”

I am getting following error while booting my centos 7 machine Generating "/run/initramfs/rdsosreport.txt" Entering emergency mode. Exit the shell to continue. Type "journalctl" to view system logs. ...
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0answers
32 views

dracut run hook after root is mounted

I want to run a hook after the root block device is mounted. I'm not sure what I need to do in my module-setup.sh script to get my script to run and run in the right order. I was using the ...
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0answers
114 views

(Linux) unable to mount from initramfs

I am trying to install Linux (Debian) on a new laptop. This requires special care because the laptop keyboard needs a kernel patch (and I have not compiled a kernel for about 10 years). Also, because ...
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0answers
109 views

How do I bypass entering exit manually at the initramfs prompt?

I installed lubuntu onto my desktop PC and it does not have any other OS on it. Everytime the system boots up, I get to the initramfs prompt. It does not show any errors. If I enter exit, the system ...
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110 views

Initramfs error installing Blackbuntu through Grub

I'm trying to install Blackbuntu through Grub. Once I click the ISO in grub it displays the Blackbuntu loading logo, but then I get this error: Initramfs error: unexpectedly disconnected from boot ...
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0answers
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“Illegal instruction (core dumped)” in __lll_lock_elision() for various programs after suspend with initramfs (Arch/Manjaro)

I am getting random "Illegal instruction (core dumped)" on various programs in my Arch Linux system, since I ran some system updates. The crashes are quite random. E.g. sometimes "git status" crashes ...
0
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0answers
35 views

Optimizing initramfs : Enter dm-crypt password with targeted initramfs?

All my Linux partitions except /boot lie on an encrypted LVM volume, like a typical modern Debian installation. In theory, I could shrink my initrd file by replacing the line MODULES=most in ...
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0answers
364 views

How can I resolve the initramfs issue during installation of Ubuntu 14.10 with an ISO file?

My system specs are: HP Probook 4445s, Windows 7 SP1, 64-bit, 4GB RAM, AMD A8-4500 APU I want to have both Windows 7 and Ubuntu on my laptop. I am installing Ubuntu 14.10 from an ISO file. I would ...
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95 views

Change Initramfs script

I made RAID 0 by mdadm'ing partition located on dmraid VIA VT6421 and Western Digital hdd. Installed Ubuntu on that RAID. Now, when I boot, I get (initramfs) ash prompt. There, I have to write mdadm ...