init is the first actual process (PID 1) spawned during the boot sequence of a UNIX system. Some systems may rely on alternative solutions such as systemd or Upstart (Ubuntu).

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File in Ubuntu equivalent to /etc/inittab file in RedHat

I searched a lot but can't get any solution. My question is what file in Ubuntu is equivalent to /etc/inittab file in RedHat. In RedHat /etc/inittab file contains the setting related to runlevel in ...
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What can make passing init=/path/to/program to the kernel not start program as init?

I'm trying to debug an init script on a Linux system; I'm trying to pass init=/bin/sh to the kernel to make it start sh without starting init so I can run through the init sequence manually. What ...
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5answers
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How can I run a daemon with custom parameters

I am wondering how I can run a daemon, in this case NTP, with custom parameters. For example in my Ubuntu PC I observe that I've got ntpd running this way: $ ps aux | grep ntpd ntp 5936 ... 0:00 ...
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1answer
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Ubuntu 11.04 Startup Applicatation vs /etc/init.d

Is there any difference between these two methods for application to start on boot? I need an application to start before a logon occurs and am questioning whether or not Ubuntu's Startup Application ...
2
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1answer
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“INIT: version 2.86 reloading” - cause and fix?

INIT: version 2.86 reloading appears on screen. Encountered this error and it seems there is no other way to fix this other than rebooting the system. unable to ssh in, unable to login via ...
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Launch process as another user/group (in init.d script)

I am editing a init.d script. The init.d script runs a utility script which then runs an process. From either bash scripts how would I make it launch the main process as a specific user and group?
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1answer
657 views

Init Script initializing daemonized process, but won't return [ok]

I'm new to init scripts, but the one I'm using I've copied almost verbatim (I did have to change a few things around from the source I found to work with Fedora). The daemon initializes fastcgi just ...
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0answers
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System got stuck, cannot return to console

I am using Solaris on a Sun Netra 240 box. In the ok prompt I ran init 3 by accident, and now the system is stuck and I can't write anything. I have access to the ALOM prompt, but when I run a console ...
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Detect init system using the shell

This may have more to do with detecting operating systems, but I specifically need the init system currently in use on the system. Fedora 15 now uses systemd, Ubuntu uses Upstart, while others use ...
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2answers
727 views

How do I start my service at boot-time?

I'm trying to run a CherryPy app on my NetBSD 5.1 box. To have it start automatically, I've added this line to my /etc/rc.local: /bin/httpd & When I boot the machine, some of the output of the ...
14
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1answer
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init process: ancestor of all processes?

I have always learned that the init process is the ancestor of all processes. Why does process 2 have a PPID of 0? $ ps -ef | head -n 3 UID PID PPID C STIME TTY TIME CMD root ...
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How can I kill a <defunct> process whose parent is init?

Transmission is intermittently hanging on my NAS. If I send SIGTERM, it doesn't disappear from the process list and a <defunct> label appears next to it. If I send a SIGKILL, it still doesn't ...
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1answer
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How can you get console backgrounds for Arch Linux?

I have tested out openSUSE and found that the tty1 is a bit different from other systems as the tty has got a background. I know that Knoppix has a tux penguin for each core the computer has, but I'm ...
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7answers
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Can root kill init process?

Can root kill init process (the process with pid 1)? What would be its consequences?
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4answers
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What are the pros/cons of Upstart and systemd?

It appears systemd is the hot new init system on the block, same as Upstart was a few years ago. What are the pros/cons for each? Also, how does each compare to other init systems?
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Start tomcat at startup with administrative privileges

I need one process run before log in to system. How to run it like services? how do I make services in Linux? In Ubuntu and Fedora? The service is customized tomcat