init is the first actual process (PID 1) spawned during the boot sequence of a UNIX system. Some systems may rely on alternative solutions such as systemd or Upstart (Ubuntu).

learn more… | top users | synonyms

2
votes
1answer
3k views

“INIT: version 2.86 reloading” - cause and fix?

INIT: version 2.86 reloading appears on screen. Encountered this error and it seems there is no other way to fix this other than rebooting the system. unable to ssh in, unable to login via ...
8
votes
2answers
11k views

Launch process as another user/group (in init.d script)

I am editing a init.d script. The init.d script runs a utility script which then runs an process. From either bash scripts how would I make it launch the main process as a specific user and group?
0
votes
1answer
654 views

Init Script initializing daemonized process, but won't return [ok]

I'm new to init scripts, but the one I'm using I've copied almost verbatim (I did have to change a few things around from the source I found to work with Fedora). The daemon initializes fastcgi just ...
1
vote
0answers
199 views

System got stuck, cannot return to console

I am using Solaris on a Sun Netra 240 box. In the ok prompt I ran init 3 by accident, and now the system is stuck and I can't write anything. I have access to the ALOM prompt, but when I run a console ...
16
votes
10answers
3k views

Detect init system using the shell

This may have more to do with detecting operating systems, but I specifically need the init system currently in use on the system. Fedora 15 now uses systemd, Ubuntu uses Upstart, while others use ...
6
votes
2answers
711 views

How do I start my service at boot-time?

I'm trying to run a CherryPy app on my NetBSD 5.1 box. To have it start automatically, I've added this line to my /etc/rc.local: /bin/httpd & When I boot the machine, some of the output of the ...
14
votes
1answer
5k views

init process: ancestor of all processes?

I have always learned that the init process is the ancestor of all processes. Why does process 2 have a PPID of 0? $ ps -ef | head -n 3 UID PID PPID C STIME TTY TIME CMD root ...
17
votes
2answers
24k views

How can I kill a <defunct> process whose parent is init?

Transmission is intermittently hanging on my NAS. If I send SIGTERM, it doesn't disappear from the process list and a <defunct> label appears next to it. If I send a SIGKILL, it still doesn't ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

How can you get console backgrounds for Arch Linux?

I have tested out openSUSE and found that the tty1 is a bit different from other systems as the tty has got a background. I know that Knoppix has a tux penguin for each core the computer has, but I'm ...
20
votes
7answers
17k views

Can root kill init process?

Can root kill init process (the process with pid 1)? What would be its consequences?
71
votes
4answers
34k views

What are the pros/cons of Upstart and systemd?

It appears systemd is the hot new init system on the block, same as Upstart was a few years ago. What are the pros/cons for each? Also, how does each compare to other init systems?
21
votes
7answers
27k views

Start tomcat at startup with administrative privileges

I need one process run before log in to system. How to run it like services? how do I make services in Linux? In Ubuntu and Fedora? The service is customized tomcat