init.d (usually /etc/init.d) is a directory holding configurations regarding programs to be started at boot time by the `init` process. For questions regarding the `init` process itself, use [init].

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19
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2answers
21k views

How does systemd use /etc/init.d scripts?

I just switched to debian jessie, and most things run okay, including my graphical display manager wdm. The thing is, I just don't understand how this works. Obviously my /etc/init.d/wdm script is ...
17
votes
1answer
25k views

How do I set the user of php-fpm to be php-user instead of www-data?

I am using php-fpm on debian with nginx for php5 support. I would like to have php-fpm to be under the user&group php-user instead of www-data. I thought the init.d script would have the user ...
14
votes
2answers
2k views

How secure is keeping non-root owned scripts in /etc/init.d?

I have an application which runs as a daemon and is controlled by a script in /etc/init.d Sometimes we need to change some parameters of startup/control of these scripts and then restart the daemon. ...
11
votes
3answers
24k views

The rc0.d,rc1.d,… directories in /etc

I'm running Ubuntu where I have the directories /etc/rc0.d, /etc/rc1.d, /etc/rc2.d, ..., /etc/rc6.d. Example files from my machine: directory example symlinks in the dir ------------------------...
11
votes
1answer
5k views

What is the difference between start-stop-daemon and running with &?

I am setting up a service in /etc/init.d. I am looking at various scripts in there, some are implemented with start-stop-daemon ... and some with /path/to/script &. All of them save the pid in a ...
11
votes
4answers
613 views

Is there a standard way to start and stop services on Linux?

Until recently there was a simple and effective way to start/stop/restart services: service nginx start|stop|restart This worked perfectly for so many years,... until some smart-pants decided to ...
10
votes
7answers
33k views

hostapd will not start via “service” — but will start directly

I am having trouble getting hostapd to start as a service. It fails when I try to start it: $ sudo service hostapd start [FAIL] Starting advanced IEEE 802.11 management: hostapd failed! From what ...
8
votes
3answers
8k views

disable init.d script in systemd

I changed the init system from sysvinit to systemd on a raspbian installation. The install boots fine, but now starts lightdm on boot. I don't want it to do that. I noticed lightdm.service is started ...
7
votes
3answers
19k views

Running a script during booting/startup; init.d vs cron @reboot

I am currently trying to understand the difference between init.d and cron @reboot for running a script at startup/booting of the system. The use of @reboot (this method was mentioned in this forum ...
7
votes
1answer
15k views

Create and control start up scripts in BusyBox

I have compiled a custom linux kernel in BusyBox. BusyBox init does not support runlevels. When the kernel boots up in BusyBox, it first executes init which looks for the specified runlevel in /etc/...
7
votes
1answer
9k views

Is there an init.d start log?

I am experiencing a problem with an init.d script (the service won't start), so I'm wondering if a log is available so I can fix the problem.
6
votes
2answers
391 views

Why vim does not recognize new runlevel7 in inittab?

Mainly for test purpose, I wish to modify /etc/inittab and add a new runlevel to my system (/etc/rc7.d). I have not save my modification yet, because I'm confused by Vim behavior. Indeed, the editor ...
6
votes
2answers
4k views

How to regenerate /etc/init.d/.depend.(boot|start|stop) on Debian?

Suppose one deleted the following files. /etc/init.d/.depend.boot /etc/init.d/.depend.start /etc/init.d/.depend.stop How to regenerate them?
6
votes
3answers
6k views

Difference between /etc/init.d/networking restart and invoke-rc.d networking restart

Is there any real difference between /etc/init.d/networking restart and invoke-rc.d networking restart (Debian)?
6
votes
2answers
22k views

How to debug init.d script that isn't being run

I am trying to get god to start during boot on Debian. I added a script to the /etc/init.d/ directory which looks like this. #!/usr/bin/sh ### BEGIN INIT INFO # Provides: god # Required-...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

How to specify daemon dependency upon another daemon

in /etc/init.d/ first daemon # Provides: first # Required-Start: $remote_fs $syslog second daemon # Provides: second # Required-Start: $remote_fs $syslog first Is this ...
6
votes
1answer
461 views

Is it possible to write portable service scripts to control a daemon?

I (or one of my colleagues) need to write one or more shell scripts to control the execution of a daemon. We need to be able to start the daemon, tell it to gracefully shut down, and force a shutdown. ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

What's the difference between /etc/rc.d/rc*.d and /etc/rc*.d

I know that rc*.d directories are used at startup, or reboot, or so on time, for starting or stopping programs. Can anybody explain me what's the difference between the rc*.d folders placed under the /...
5
votes
1answer
168 views

“service {FOO} start” vs. “/etc/init.d/{FOO} start”? [closed]

I use CrashPlan on my Debian 8 desktop. I have a script where I must stop the CrashPlan service at the beginning and then start it before exiting. I was using /etc/init.d/crashplan start for the ...
5
votes
2answers
468 views

Trigger an init script when a specific device is up and a kernel module has been loaded

On my ubuntu 12.04 servers, I need to write an init.d script that waits until the infiniband interface (device: mlx4_0, interface: ib0) is completely up, and until the knem kernel module is loaded. ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

Is it possible to execute a script as first at shutdown/reboot on Debian?

I am currently trying to register a script (located in the /etc/init.d) in a way that makes this script being executed as the first script/programm at shutdown/reboot (change to running level 0 or 6). ...
5
votes
2answers
51 views

Making environment variables available for downstream processes started within an init.d script

This questions stems from @FrustratedWithFormsDesigner comment. How do I make export environment variables set within an init.d script available to downstream processes started within that same init....
5
votes
1answer
4k views

Where is my /etc/init.d/skeleton on OpenSuse 12.3?

On a fresh install of OpenSuse 12.3, I want to "daemonize" a program. And, on all examples found on Internet, I see I have to create first a /etc/init.d/myscript based on the /etc/init.d/skeleton... ...
5
votes
3answers
632 views

sshd not starting after boot on embedded linux built with buildroot?

I've done a minimal install using buildroot's default config for the Raspberry Pi. I also selected openssh and openssl from menuconfig: Package Selection for the target ---> [*] Networking --...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

Use start-stop-daemon for a PHP server

I'm working on a socket server written in PHP. This part of the work is done but now I need to run it as a daemon. For this I've tried to use start-stop-daemon but it doesn't work. My server is ...
4
votes
4answers
35k views

How to run my script after SuSE finished booting up?

I want my server to notify me (via growl) that the (re)booting finished. I have the php file that sends out the growl ready but I do not know what file I should add the line in. What file I need to ...
4
votes
2answers
474 views

How to make /etc/init.d script act like it's launched under X?

I'm trying to track down some quirkiness with a Java application that misbehaves when launched via a startup script in /etc/init.d , but runs fine when you open a GUI terminal window and run it ...
4
votes
2answers
771 views

When running to a run level does it execute previous run levels?

If I tell my system to go to run level 3 does that mean that it first runs through run level 0, 1, 2, and then finally runs through run level 3? I thought the answer to this question was yes. But ...
4
votes
1answer
519 views

What does the hyphen mean in chkconfig run level in an /etc/init.d script?

I just have a simple question but scouring the search engines I have not found any explanation of what the - (hyphen) in the chkconfig run level actually stands for within the init script file. For ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

How does init determine which devices to modprobe?

I'm building a totally custom initramfs for a netbooting project and in the process learning a lot about it, but I'm a little puzzled by the loading of modules. I know modprobe can be used to load ...
4
votes
1answer
88 views

Understanding the linux boot order in /etc/init.d

This question is about Debian, but I guess it's the same in many linux environments. The /etc/init.d directory defines the services that run at boot-time. As I see it, there are two mechanisms that ...
4
votes
2answers
11k views

Run script on start up after everything else

OK, so there's a service (nagios) running on a Debian box that runs just fine, except for one very specific issue that only occurs after the box has been re-started. The issue is easily fixed by re-...
4
votes
1answer
5k views

Make screen start as Daemon for a Minecraft server

I made a script that runs fine manually, but can't get it to run with the description in How to start a script file on boot?. I have run update-rc.d -f minecraft.start defaults This is what my /etc/...
3
votes
1answer
31 views

Executing multiple commands in init.d script

I have the following init.d script: #! /bin/sh ### BEGIN INIT INFO ...
3
votes
2answers
142 views

(Raspian) DHCP startup race conditions - lots of service failures at startup (no DNS for ~5-10 seconds)

(Edit: This applies to much more than postfix; it's just where I noticed/debugged it) I've installed postfix, but when it starts up and creates its chroot, it gets an empty copy of /etc/resolv.conf ...
3
votes
1answer
6k views

How does killproc knows what PID to kill?

When I look at my /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions, I see the following under my killproc() function. if [ -n "${LSB:-}" -a -n "$killlevel" ]; then RC=7 # Program is not running ...
3
votes
2answers
55 views

Unblocking wifi using rfkill on startup

I'm using Debian wheezy on an embedded platform (iMX.6 on Solidrun Hummingboard), and I have rfkill blocking my WiFi. the command sudo rfkill unblock wifi works, so I've created a script called ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Can't start a ZNC service

I try to start ZNC using the following command service znc start I get this error Starting znc: /usr/bin/dirname: extra operand `2>&1.pid' Try `/usr/bin/dirname --help' for more information....
3
votes
1answer
2k views

PID file not accessible after update of nginx

After I removed the version 0.7.x which was delivered by the Debian standard packages, I installed the version 1.4.1 of nginx by source. It is possible to start nginx with service nginx start and I ...
3
votes
2answers
323 views

how does systemd determine service is stopped?

Our application uses an init.d script to start and stop the application as a service. Under CentOS 7, /sbin/init is symlinked to systemd, so I can start my application using either: service myapp ...
3
votes
1answer
957 views

MongoDB will not uninstall

So, it would appear that following the official MongoDB installation instructions when installing on Debian - you're heading for a world of pain. Firstly, it didn't install correctly so now - i'm ...
3
votes
2answers
6k views

start-stop-daemon won't start my Python script as service

I am trying to run Google AppEngine on my Debian machine, I created a file init.d/gae: . /lib/lsb/init-functions # # Initialize variables # name=gae user=$name pid=/var/run/$name.pid prog="python /...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

How do I restart tor?

I have been trying to restart tor (for the sole purpose of changing my IP address). So what I did was make an alias to pkill -x tor; tor. But that gives me the usual tor is already in use/the ip ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How to update an init script

What is the proper way to update an init script an ubuntu system? I am trying to upgrade my version of gitlab from 6-0 to 6-1, part of the upgrade consists of replacing the init script. Upgrade ...
3
votes
1answer
124 views

Why do packages come without init.d scripts?

I am running Raspbian on my raspberry pi. I downloaded and installed the custom drivers from Realtek for my wifi dongle After compiling and moving the binary created to /usr/sbin/ I saw that I could ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

How does one check if a init.d script is working?

I've had the displeasure of bitterly realizing that (after a few days) upon rebooting of my system, that init.d scripts written by myself were not executed. This caused a bit of problems, but I think ...
3
votes
1answer
5k views

systemd: default value for environment variable

I would like to migrate some OpenRC init script to systemd but I think that it is general problem of environment variables handling in systemd. Original OpenRC files There is a file e.g. /etc/conf.d/...
3
votes
0answers
104 views

How do I make a service stop all at once?

I used the script here to create a service to start and stop a Minecraft server on boot and shutdown. The script basically starts the server jar file in a GNU screen (it also does backups and updates ...
3
votes
2answers
5k views

Nginx init.d script

After a dist-upgrade on my debian machine yesterday I am having some problems with the nginx init script. Whenever I try to start nginx using the init script it comes up with a error message: # ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

init.d script not being run on boot

My script is not running on boot in a vagrant box under Ubuntu. My script looks like this - #!/bin/bash # /etc/init.d/mailcatcher ### BEGIN INIT INFO # Provides: scriptname # Required-Start: $...