The scripts to be executed at boot, usually for starting deamons and mounting file systems.

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1
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2answers
5k views

Changing user in a script?

I am trying to change user in order to execute a specific command during startup. It fails silently and apparently the userchange isn't carried out as I can tell that the command isn't executed. What ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

Gentoo on VM setting IP Manually

I installed Gentoo on Virtualbox with the minimal image. This is the first time I am running gentoo. I need to do ifconfig eth0 192.168.0.10 route add default gw 192.168.0.1 everytime it boots on ...
5
votes
2answers
940 views

What's the difference between /etc/rc.d/rc*.d and /etc/rc*.d

I know that rc*.d directories are used at startup, or reboot, or so on time, for starting or stopping programs. Can anybody explain me what's the difference between the rc*.d folders placed under the ...
0
votes
3answers
488 views

Prevent init daemon echoing on TTY

Below is an init script which starts/stops a daemon. The daemon is unfortunately printing the parsed packet data (from /home/nuthan/program/server), a socket server written in perl, listening to a ...
7
votes
4answers
3k views

What's the connection between “/etc/init.d” and “/etc/rcX.d” directories in Linux?

I am learning command line from a book called "Linux Command Line and Shell Scripting Bible, Second Edition." The book states this: Some Linux implementations contain a table of processes to start ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

How to make “notify-send” work from daemon application [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Can I launch a graphical program on another user's desktop as root? I wrote a script which starts from init.d .When it finishes I need it to notify-send a message to ...
8
votes
3answers
3k views

Why does initramfs mount the root filesystem read-only

What is the reason for the root filesystem being mounted ro in the initramfs (and in initrd). For example the Gentoo initramfs guide mounts the root filesystem with: mount -o ro /dev/sda1 /mnt/root ...
1
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2answers
2k views

Can a service script put inside init.d be called at startup and shutdown?

I'm running Red Hat 5.1. I have a script called sysinit that I added as a service using chkconfig --add sysinit. I have the following set in the file: #chkconfig 4 01 01 This creates one symlink ...
4
votes
3answers
16k views

How to create an unprivileged user in CentOS?

I want to create an unprivileged user to run my RhodeCode server and Celery daemon on a CentOS instance. I think the accepted definition of this is no home directory, login disabled, and no shell ...
0
votes
1answer
683 views

Init Script initializing daemonized process, but won't return [ok]

I'm new to init scripts, but the one I'm using I've copied almost verbatim (I did have to change a few things around from the source I found to work with Fedora). The daemon initializes fastcgi just ...
5
votes
3answers
11k views

How to run a program on boot up?

So I have this program which I manually run as root : sudo gammu-smsd -c /etc/gammu-smsdrc -d What this does is it runs the Gammu (software to manage gsm modems) and 'daemonize' it. My problem is ...
0
votes
2answers
794 views

Detecting monitor on boot time?

I am using my laptop in several monitor configurations that do require xorg.conf (say, I am driving a T221 from my laptop) and it's very inconvenient to manually switch them. Is there something in ...
24
votes
3answers
70k views

How can I make a script in /etc/init.d start at boot?

I think I read something a while back about this, but I can't remember how it's done. Essentially, I have a service in /etc/init.d which I'd like to start automatically at boot time. I remember it ...
3
votes
1answer
441 views

SysV init run levels

On a system that uses SysV init run levels such as Centos 5, when the OS is booting, does it go straight to the run level defined in /etc/inittab? If I change my run level using the init command do ...
3
votes
1answer
6k views

In Debian 6, how to start a daemon as a different user?

I'm trying to start the Tor daemon as another user. When it installs, Tor automatically creates a new user "debian-tor", however, it does not run as this user, but rather as root. In Debain 5 I ...
5
votes
3answers
11k views

Missing init.d/apache2 file

I am new to linux and just recently messed up my first apache/tomcat configuration. After trying to delete apache and tomcat, and now trying to reinstall apache 2, I am missing the init.d/apache2 file ...
2
votes
1answer
130 views

how can 'init' and 'service' command can cross normal-user life?

i'm just moved to linux world in ubuntu 10.10. i'm using it for normal life, internet and social networks, multimedia enterainement like musics and movie, a bit of coding with c and python.. i've ...
11
votes
3answers
38k views

No such file or directory /etc/init.d/functions

I created a startup script to start/restart/stop a group of applications. I used the lib /etc/init.d/functions in my script. It is working well on my system, but it not working for my client; he is ...
4
votes
2answers
358 views

Are certain parts of startup scripts necessary or just good practice?

I'm currently exploring creating a startup script in the form of a system process located in the /etc/init.d/ on my Fedora 14 Linux installation. It sounds like the following two lines are bare ...
3
votes
1answer
212 views

Is there a standard way to configure what policy iptables loads on startup under Debian?

I've just started playing with Debian 6.0 (Squeeze) in a VPS environment, as a way to learn more about system administration. One thing I'd like to configure is a default packet filtering policy. ...
2
votes
1answer
391 views

load program/module at boot

I'm trying to load a program I wrote at boot. The program is also a module.ko and a small bash script. For the module I tried doing depmod mymodule.ko and modprobe -a and messing around with modprob ...
2
votes
1answer
119 views

rc control user

I am playing around with rc scripts. I am starting a daemon from rc.local. I would like to know how I start the process under a specific user instead of root?
11
votes
2answers
593 views

Removing abstraction from Ubuntu boot process

I have been using Linux after almost 5 years and observed that boot process has been almost abstracted. I mean, not much is visible to the user what is going on behind the scenes (Due to splash ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

Why do I need to hit enter to get my shell prompt after my init.d script completes?

I had to write my own CentOS init.d script for celery because it only ships with one for Debian. You can see the script I wrote when I answered my own stack overflow question 3989656. But there's a ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Run daemon on startup in Fedora 13 after wireless interface is up

I want to have radvd (the IPv6 router advertisement daemon) run on startup on Fedora 13. However, the network interface that it will use must be up, otherwise the daemon won't start. If I run the ...
9
votes
4answers
7k views

/etc/rc.d vs /etc/init.d

Is ubuntu's /etc/init.d directory exactly equivalent (functionally) to what I presume to be the more standard /etc/rc.d/ (at least on arch)? Is there any particular reason canonical used init.d ...
7
votes
1answer
339 views

difference between Fedora's, openSUSE's, and Mandriva's initscripts?

I'm trying to figure out how the init system works for these distributions, but they seem to use different layouts... How do each of them work?
2
votes
3answers
1k views

How do I set the group (gid) of a process I'm about to launch?

I'm porting a Debian init.d script to CentOS. In the Debian script, it uses start-stop-daemon for launching the process. The script uses start-stop-daemon's --group flag to change to a different ...
4
votes
5answers
8k views

Create directory in /var/run/ at startup

I'm using apache2 and postgres running on Ubuntu Server 10.04. I have removed the startup scripts for both of these apps and I'm using supervisor to monitor and control them. The problem I have run ...