The scripts to be executed at boot, usually for starting deamons and mounting file systems.

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Distro agnostic init script dependencies

I'm trying to write an init script which will be able to handle basic dependencies (for example, It has to be started (just) before MySQL service starts). Is there a distro agnostic way to write such ...
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0answers
681 views

Why does my server not shutdown properly?

When I run $ reboot on my embedded FreeNAS 0.7 (FreeBSD 7.2) it does start the shut down procedure but seemingly hangs. I have registered a command to start a service script which is executed on ...
0
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3answers
135 views

Networking starts up but interface has no IP

I have a box that is supposed to run headless. When I boot and manually run /etc/init.d/networking everything starts fine. When I add it to my startup scripts (/etc/rcS.d) as placed by sysv-rc-conf ...
4
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1answer
118 views

Displaying all sysvinit init scripts

Is there some tool that displays all available init scripts (on Debian), short of one having to remember a location like /etc/init.d, not to mention that not everything in there is an init script?
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1answer
1k views

What are the chkconfig directives (classic style) into init.d scripts?

To ask my question, I must first clarify the context. Every init script in /etc/init.d (on RedHat and Centos distros) is prepared to be managed with the chkconfig command-line tool utility. This ...
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1answer
582 views

“provide net” in gentoo init script doesn't work as I thought

I'm running into a strange (to me) problem. I'm running a gentoo with two net interfaces: enp5s0 (wired interface) and wlan0 (wifi). When I try to run a program, for example openvpn, from its script ...
0
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1answer
6k views

Auto-restart an process when it crashes

I have an app that I need to autostart when the OS starts. I am running in a CentOS 6, so I am using a LSB init script placed in /etc/init.d. So far this is fine and working. Now....besides that, ...
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2answers
22k views

How can I run a shell script as a daemon under Redhat?

I've got a shell script, which is essentially a one liner with some logging, which I'm trying to run this from an init script. I'm using the daemon function inside of /etc/init.d/functions to run it, ...
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2answers
927 views

davmail systemd launcher on headless server

I'm trying to follow the ArchWiki guide for writing a custom service file to launch DavMail as a system-wide daemon. Previously I had a line in my ~/.xinitrc that read nohup /usr/bin/davmail ...
3
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1answer
375 views

Mount /etc from disc into squashfs

I've created a gentoo-live system which should be booted from a CF-card. The whole file-system is in a squashfs. I've created a custom initrd which first mounts the CF-card and from there the squashed ...
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2answers
1k views

init.d script causes boot hang

I successfully installed a script to automatically launch in /etc/init.d on my new Raspberry Pi. Unfortunately, it is a node.js app that never returns, and therefore hangs the device during boot ...
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1answer
1k views

Converting update-rc.d redis_6379 defaults to chkconfig command

I'm trying to run the command below on CentOS and of course I get command not found: $ update-rc.d redis_6379 defaults How do I then perform the equivalent using chkconfig?
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1answer
8k views

How can I make this daemon/init run as a non root user?

I have an init script to kick off a daemon. The problem is it runs as root. I would like it to run as a user called "deploy". Ubuntu 12.04 #! /bin/sh # File: /etc/init.d/unicorn ### BEGIN INIT ...
2
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2answers
4k views

/etc/init.d/script, or /etc/inittab - respawn on die

I have a daemon/service (milter-regex), that is dying. I'm only using it temporarily (A few months), so don't care too much, but I want it to restart when it dies. It is an init.d script. 'service ...
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1answer
1k views

How to correctly remove mountnfs from /etc/init.d/

Cleaning up the boot process of a Debian squeeze installation running on kernel 3.2.0-0.bpo.3-amd64, I spotted several mountnfs scripts in /etc/init.d/: # ls /etc/init.d/ | grep mountnfs ...
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2answers
376 views

Jboss application startup and shutdown asks for password. How to automate with init script?

Jboss application startup and shutdown of BMC-IDM asks for password (called keystore password, some Java stuff). How to automate with init script? Stop application > stop_idm_suite.sh Suite ...
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0answers
118 views

Naming process in init scripts

I'm trying to write an init script that will start a service that needs to have started postgresql server before. Bellow is the postgresql's init header: #!/bin/sh # # postgresql This is the init ...
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1answer
552 views

inittab '-' character in process field

I have a an inittab file with the following entry: console::askfirst:-/bin/ash According to this Man page a '+' character in the process field means init will not do utmp and wtmp accounting ...
2
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1answer
225 views

Why does Redhat's daemon function not have a group setting?

Background: I'm a Ubuntu/Debian fan and most of my development experience has been on that platform but my current employer uses Redhat. I needed to write a simple init.d script and want the ...
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1answer
41k views

How to write startup script for systemd

I have 2 graphics cards on my laptop, one is IGP and another discrete, I've written a shell script to to turn off discrete graphics card. How I can convert it to systemd script, to runt at start-up?
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2answers
1k views

Can readahead-services be safely disabled?

I am just going through the service-list of a server (CentOS 5) - the question will probably apply to other RedHat, Fedora, ... versions, too. Note that my servers normally run in runlevel 3 (no GUI ...
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3answers
686 views

How do I determine whether my services are using runit or init?

How do I determine whether my services are using runit or init? I use Ubuntu 10.0.4. Such as nginx, chef, puppet, etc.
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3answers
12k views

How to make unix service see environment variables?

I have set my environment variable using /etc/profile: export VAR=/home/userhome Then if I do echo $VAR it shows /home/userhome But when I put reference to this variable into the ...
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2answers
234 views

Is it good practice to create a background job within an init script if the process can not daemonize itself?

I am fairly new to *nix, and have come across the need to drop multiple processes, that should be run 100% of the time. to background using &. I use the following line in an init.d script to do ...
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2answers
6k views

How to write init.d script log messages to disk?

I'm running Debian wheezy. Many scripts in /etc/init.d/ use various logging functions defined in the Linux Standard Base, like log_success_msg and log_warning_msg. The LSB documentation seems a bit ...
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3answers
742 views

Aliases for 'sudo /etc/init.d/'

Are there any standards for aliasing sudo /etc/init.d/? I'm sure many people have considered cutting down these 17 characters to just 2 or so.
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3answers
458 views

Why is bash used in boot scripts?

Why programs run at boot/shutdown are written in bash script? If a compiled language (or a faster interpreted language, like Python) was used, then its running time would be shorter.
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3answers
4k views

Difference between /etc/init.d/networking restart and invoke-rc.d networking restart

Is there any real difference between /etc/init.d/networking restart and invoke-rc.d networking restart (Debian)?
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1answer
789 views

Running script before shutdown seemingly not working

I created a small script backup_files.sh and placed it in /etc/init.d: #/bin/sh logfile=/media/verbatim/log date >> $logfile rsync -av /home/philipp/Documents /media/verbatim/ >> $logfile ...
2
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1answer
1k views

VMWare daemon doesn't startup when system starts

I have installed VMware Player on my Debian squueze, but after the reboot the vmware daemon(/etc/init.d/vmware) does not start up automatically, i have tried without any success to set the daemon ...
2
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1answer
280 views

Bash Script Detects Key Down At Boot

I want to customize my run level scripts based upon a key combo pressed at boot. How to I test for key presses as early as possible from boot? Do I need to do something special, like for example: ...
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4answers
2k views

add command to /etc/init.d/rc.local file that's missing

Want to add the command sudo mount -t vboxsf H_DRIVE /media/windows7share to /etc/init.d/rc.local file, to run the command every time when system starts up but I don't have such a file (rc.local) ...
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2answers
5k views

Changing user in a script?

I am trying to change user in order to execute a specific command during startup. It fails silently and apparently the userchange isn't carried out as I can tell that the command isn't executed. What ...
2
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1answer
113 views

Gentoo on VM setting IP Manually

I installed Gentoo on Virtualbox with the minimal image. This is the first time I am running gentoo. I need to do ifconfig eth0 192.168.0.10 route add default gw 192.168.0.1 everytime it boots on ...
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0answers
402 views

Need help to create a Unix shell startup script [closed]

Is there a way to create a Unix shell script (on HP-UX) that will start on server at boot time only, and will execute the following commands in order: # cd /mysql # ./bin/safe_mysqld --user=root ...
5
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2answers
790 views

What's the difference between /etc/rc.d/rc*.d and /etc/rc*.d

I know that rc*.d directories are used at startup, or reboot, or so on time, for starting or stopping programs. Can anybody explain me what's the difference between the rc*.d folders placed under the ...
0
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3answers
453 views

Prevent init daemon echoing on TTY

Below is an init script which starts/stops a daemon. The daemon is unfortunately printing the parsed packet data (from /home/nuthan/program/server), a socket server written in perl, listening to a ...
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4answers
2k views

What's the connection between “/etc/init.d” and “/etc/rcX.d” directories in Linux?

I am learning command line from a book called "Linux Command Line and Shell Scripting Bible, Second Edition." The book states this: Some Linux implementations contain a table of processes to start ...
4
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1answer
1k views

How to make “notify-send” work from daemon application [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Can I launch a graphical program on another user's desktop as root? I wrote a script which starts from init.d .When it finishes I need it to notify-send a message to ...
7
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3answers
3k views

Why does initramfs mount the root filesystem read-only

What is the reason for the root filesystem being mounted ro in the initramfs (and in initrd). For example the Gentoo initramfs guide mounts the root filesystem with: mount -o ro /dev/sda1 /mnt/root ...
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2answers
2k views

Can a service script put inside init.d be called at startup and shutdown?

I'm running Red Hat 5.1. I have a script called sysinit that I added as a service using chkconfig --add sysinit. I have the following set in the file: #chkconfig 4 01 01 This creates one symlink ...
3
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3answers
13k views

How to create an unprivileged user in CentOS?

I want to create an unprivileged user to run my RhodeCode server and Celery daemon on a CentOS instance. I think the accepted definition of this is no home directory, login disabled, and no shell ...
0
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1answer
657 views

Init Script initializing daemonized process, but won't return [ok]

I'm new to init scripts, but the one I'm using I've copied almost verbatim (I did have to change a few things around from the source I found to work with Fedora). The daemon initializes fastcgi just ...
5
votes
3answers
9k views

How to run a program on boot up?

So I have this program which I manually run as root : sudo gammu-smsd -c /etc/gammu-smsdrc -d What this does is it runs the Gammu (software to manage gsm modems) and 'daemonize' it. My problem is ...
0
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2answers
777 views

Detecting monitor on boot time?

I am using my laptop in several monitor configurations that do require xorg.conf (say, I am driving a T221 from my laptop) and it's very inconvenient to manually switch them. Is there something in ...
18
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3answers
56k views

How can I make a script in /etc/init.d start at boot?

I think I read something a while back about this, but I can't remember how it's done. Essentially, I have a service in /etc/init.d which I'd like to start automatically at boot time. I remember it ...
3
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1answer
424 views

SysV init run levels

On a system that uses SysV init run levels such as Centos 5, when the OS is booting, does it go straight to the run level defined in /etc/inittab? If I change my run level using the init command do ...
3
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1answer
5k views

In Debian 6, how to start a daemon as a different user?

I'm trying to start the Tor daemon as another user. When it installs, Tor automatically creates a new user "debian-tor", however, it does not run as this user, but rather as root. In Debain 5 I ...
5
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3answers
10k views

Missing init.d/apache2 file

I am new to linux and just recently messed up my first apache/tomcat configuration. After trying to delete apache and tomcat, and now trying to reinstall apache 2, I am missing the init.d/apache2 file ...
2
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1answer
127 views

how can 'init' and 'service' command can cross normal-user life?

i'm just moved to linux world in ubuntu 10.10. i'm using it for normal life, internet and social networks, multimedia enterainement like musics and movie, a bit of coding with c and python.. i've ...