The scripts to be executed at boot, usually for starting deamons and mounting file systems.

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Auto-restart an process when it crashes

I have an app that I need to autostart when the OS starts. I am running in a CentOS 6, so I am using a LSB init script placed in /etc/init.d. So far this is fine and working. Now....besides that, ...
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2answers
9k views

How can I run a shell script as a daemon under Redhat?

I've got a shell script, which is essentially a one liner with some logging, which I'm trying to run this from an init script. I'm using the daemon function inside of /etc/init.d/functions to run it, ...
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2answers
402 views

davmail systemd launcher on headless server

I'm trying to follow the ArchWiki guide for writing a custom service file to launch DavMail as a system-wide daemon. Previously I had a line in my ~/.xinitrc that read nohup /usr/bin/davmail ...
3
votes
1answer
222 views

Mount /etc from disc into squashfs

I've created a gentoo-live system which should be booted from a CF-card. The whole file-system is in a squashfs. I've created a custom initrd which first mounts the CF-card and from there the squashed ...
2
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2answers
597 views

init.d script causes boot hang

I successfully installed a script to automatically launch in /etc/init.d on my new Raspberry Pi. Unfortunately, it is a node.js app that never returns, and therefore hangs the device during boot ...
0
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1answer
477 views

Converting update-rc.d redis_6379 defaults to chkconfig command

I'm trying to run the commmand below to Centos and of course I get command not found. How do I then convert it to chkconfig ? update-rc.d redis_6379 defaults
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1answer
2k views

How can I make this daemon/init run as a non root user?

I have an init script to kick off a daemon. The problem is it runs as root. I would like it to run as a user called "deploy". Ubuntu 12.04 #! /bin/sh # File: /etc/init.d/unicorn ### BEGIN INIT ...
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2answers
1k views

/etc/init.d/script, or /etc/inittab - respawn on die

I have a daemon/service (milter-regex), that is dying. I'm only using it temporarily (A few months), so don't care too much, but I want it to restart when it dies. It is an init.d script. 'service ...
1
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1answer
963 views

How to correctly remove mountnfs from /etc/init.d/

Cleaning up the boot process of a Debian squeeze installation running on kernel 3.2.0-0.bpo.3-amd64, I spotted several mountnfs scripts in /etc/init.d/: # ls /etc/init.d/ | grep mountnfs ...
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2answers
220 views

Jboss application startup and shutdown asks for password. How to automate with init script?

Jboss application startup and shutdown of BMC-IDM asks for password (called keystore password, some Java stuff). How to automate with init script? Stop application > stop_idm_suite.sh Suite ...
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0answers
108 views

Naming process in init scripts

I'm trying to write an init script that will start a service that needs to have started postgresql server before. Bellow is the postgresql's init header: #!/bin/sh # # postgresql This is the init ...
4
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1answer
268 views

inittab '-' character in process field

I have a an inittab file with the following entry: console::askfirst:-/bin/ash According to this Man page a '+' character in the process field means init will not do utmp and wtmp accounting ...
2
votes
1answer
186 views

Why does Redhat's daemon function not have a group setting?

Background: I'm a Ubuntu/Debian fan and most of my development experience has been on that platform but my current employer uses Redhat. I needed to write a simple init.d script and want the ...
9
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1answer
15k views

How to write startup script for systemd

I have 2 graphics cards on my laptop, one is IGP and another discrete, I've written a shell script to to turn off discrete graphics card. How I can convert it to systemd script, to runt at start-up?
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2answers
671 views

Can readahead-services be safely disabled?

I am just going through the service-list of a server (CentOS 5) - the question will probably apply to other RedHat, Fedora, ... versions, too. Note that my servers normally run in runlevel 3 (no GUI ...
2
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2answers
348 views

How do I determine whether my services are using runit or init?

How do I determine whether my services are using runit or init? I use Ubuntu 10.0.4. Such as nginx, chef, puppet, etc.
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votes
1answer
4k views

How to make unix service see environment variables?

I have set my environment variable using /etc/profile: export VAR=/home/userhome Then if I do echo $VAR it shows /home/userhome But when I put reference to this variable into the ...
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2answers
164 views

Is it good practice to create a background job within an init script if the process can not daemonize itself?

I am fairly new to *nix, and have come across the need to drop multiple processes, that should be run 100% of the time. to background using &. I use the following line in an init.d script to do ...
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2answers
4k views

How to write init.d script log messages to disk?

I'm running Debian wheezy. Many scripts in /etc/init.d/ use various logging functions defined in the Linux Standard Base, like log_success_msg and log_warning_msg. The LSB documentation seems a bit ...
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3answers
497 views

Aliases for 'sudo /etc/init.d/'

Are there any standards for aliasing sudo /etc/init.d/? I'm sure many people have considered cutting down these 17 characters to just 2 or so.
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3answers
404 views

Why is bash used in boot scripts?

Why programs run at boot/shutdown are written in bash script? If a compiled language (or a faster interpreted language, like Python) was used, then its running time would be shorter.
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3answers
3k views

Difference between /etc/init.d/networking restart and invoke-rc.d networking restart

Is there any real difference between /etc/init.d/networking restart and invoke-rc.d networking restart (Debian)?
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1answer
444 views

Running script before shutdown seemingly not working

I created a small script backup_files.sh and placed it in /etc/init.d: #/bin/sh logfile=/media/verbatim/log date >> $logfile rsync -av /home/philipp/Documents /media/verbatim/ >> $logfile ...
2
votes
1answer
813 views

VMWare daemon doesn't startup when system starts

I have installed VMware Player on my Debian squueze, but after the reboot the vmware daemon(/etc/init.d/vmware) does not start up automatically, i have tried without any success to set the daemon ...
2
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1answer
243 views

Bash Script Detects Key Down At Boot

I want to customize my run level scripts based upon a key combo pressed at boot. How to I test for key presses as early as possible from boot? Do I need to do something special, like for example: ...
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4answers
1k views

add command to /etc/init.d/rc.local file that's missing

Want to add the command sudo mount -t vboxsf H_DRIVE /media/windows7share to /etc/init.d/rc.local file, to run the command every time when system starts up but I don't have such a file (rc.local) ...
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2answers
3k views

Changing user in a script?

I am trying to change user in order to execute a specific command during startup. It fails silently and apparently the userchange isn't carried out as I can tell that the command isn't executed. What ...
2
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1answer
98 views

Gentoo on VM setting IP Manually

I installed Gentoo on Virtualbox with the minimal image. This is the first time I am running gentoo. I need to do ifconfig eth0 192.168.0.10 route add default gw 192.168.0.1 everytime it boots on ...
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0answers
323 views

Need help to create a Unix shell startup script [closed]

Is there a way to create a Unix shell script (on HP-UX) that will start on server at boot time only, and will execute the following commands in order: # cd /mysql # ./bin/safe_mysqld --user=root ...
5
votes
2answers
476 views

What's the difference between /etc/rc.d/rc*.d and /etc/rc*.d

I know that rc*.d directories are used at startup, or reboot, or so on time, for starting or stopping programs. Can anybody explain me what's the difference between the rc*.d folders placed under the ...
0
votes
3answers
356 views

Prevent init daemon echoing on TTY

Below is an init script which starts/stops a daemon. The daemon is unfortunately printing the parsed packet data (from /home/nuthan/program/server), a socket server written in perl, listening to a ...
4
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4answers
868 views

What's the connection between “/etc/init.d” and “/etc/rcX.d” directories in Linux?

I am learning command line from a book called "Linux Command Line and Shell Scripting Bible, Second Edition." The book states this: Some Linux implementations contain a table of processes to start ...
3
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2answers
993 views

How to make “notify-send” work from daemon application [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Can I launch a graphical program on another user's desktop as root? I wrote a script which starts from init.d .When it finishes I need it to notify-send a message to ...
6
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3answers
2k views

Why does initramfs mount the root filesystem read-only

What is the reason for the root filesystem being mounted ro in the initramfs (and in initrd). For example the Gentoo initramfs guide mounts the root filesystem with: mount -o ro /dev/sda1 /mnt/root ...
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2answers
1k views

Can a service script put inside init.d be called at startup and shutdown?

I'm running Red Hat 5.1. I have a script called sysinit that I added as a service using chkconfig --add sysinit. I have the following set in the file: #chkconfig 4 01 01 This creates one symlink ...
3
votes
3answers
8k views

How to create an unprivileged user in CentOS?

I want to create an unprivileged user to run my RhodeCode server and Celery daemon on a CentOS instance. I think the accepted definition of this is no home directory, login disabled, and no shell ...
0
votes
1answer
509 views

Init Script initializing daemonized process, but won't return [ok]

I'm new to init scripts, but the one I'm using I've copied almost verbatim (I did have to change a few things around from the source I found to work with Fedora). The daemon initializes fastcgi just ...
5
votes
3answers
6k views

How to run a program on boot up?

So I have this program which I manually run as root : sudo gammu-smsd -c /etc/gammu-smsdrc -d What this does is it runs the Gammu (software to manage gsm modems) and 'daemonize' it. My problem is ...
0
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2answers
709 views

Detecting monitor on boot time?

I am using my laptop in several monitor configurations that do require xorg.conf (say, I am driving a T221 from my laptop) and it's very inconvenient to manually switch them. Is there something in ...
8
votes
3answers
23k views

How can I make a script in /etc/init.d start at boot?

I think I read something a while back about this, but I can't remember how it's done. Essentially, I have a service in /etc/init.d which I'd like to start automatically at boot time. I remember it ...
3
votes
1answer
292 views

SysV init run levels

On a system that uses SysV init run levels such as Centos 5, when the OS is booting, does it go straight to the run level defined in /etc/inittab? If I change my run level using the init command do ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

In Debian 6, how to start a daemon as a different user?

I'm trying to start the Tor daemon as another user. When it installs, Tor automatically creates a new user "debian-tor", however, it does not run as this user, but rather as root. In Debain 5 I ...
5
votes
3answers
6k views

Missing init.d/apache2 file

I am new to linux and just recently messed up my first apache/tomcat configuration. After trying to delete apache and tomcat, and now trying to reinstall apache 2, I am missing the init.d/apache2 file ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

how can 'init' and 'service' command can cross normal-user life?

i'm just moved to linux world in ubuntu 10.10. i'm using it for normal life, internet and social networks, multimedia enterainement like musics and movie, a bit of coding with c and python.. i've ...
8
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3answers
20k views

No such file or directory /etc/init.d/functions

I created a startup script to start/restart/stop a group of applications. I used the lib /etc/init.d/functions in my script. It is working well on my system, but it not working for my client; he is ...
4
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2answers
320 views

Are certain parts of startup scripts necessary or just good practice?

I'm currently exploring creating a startup script in the form of a system process located in the /etc/init.d/ on my Fedora 14 Linux installation. It sounds like the following two lines are bare ...
3
votes
1answer
202 views

Is there a standard way to configure what policy iptables loads on startup under Debian?

I've just started playing with Debian 6.0 (Squeeze) in a VPS environment, as a way to learn more about system administration. One thing I'd like to configure is a default packet filtering policy. ...
2
votes
1answer
324 views

load program/module at boot

I'm trying to load a program I wrote at boot. The program is also a module.ko and a small bash script. For the module I tried doing depmod mymodule.ko and modprobe -a and messing around with modprob ...
2
votes
1answer
116 views

rc control user

I am playing around with rc scripts. I am starting a daemon from rc.local. I would like to know how I start the process under a specific user instead of root?
10
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2answers
521 views

Removing abstraction from Ubuntu boot process

I have been using Linux after almost 5 years and observed that boot process has been almost abstracted. I mean, not much is visible to the user what is going on behind the scenes (Due to splash ...