I made a png from a pdf using ghostscript. It was converted very fast (not more than 1 sec), and has good quality. $ identify 1.png 1.png PNG 3508x2480 3508x2480+0+0 8-bit PseudoClass 2c 51KB 0.000u ...
In Ubuntu Natty and in Fedora 12, I have urxvt (with 256 colours), and use ImageMagick (display -window root [...]) to set the root window to a picture. When I use the transparency (-tr) option on ...