/etc/hosts is the configuration file with locally known mappings between domain name and ip address.

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102
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6answers
42k views

Can I create a user-specific hosts file to complement /etc/hosts?

Is it possible to add a list of hosts that are only specific to a certain user? Perhaps a user-specific hosts file? This mechanism should also complement the entries in the /etc/hosts file.
1
vote
2answers
380 views

Editing my /etc/hosts.deny

I'm being trolled by China, and don't know why I can't block their request to my server. //host.deny ALL: item.taobao.com ALL: 117.25.128.* But when I watch the error log on my webserver tail -f /...
9
votes
3answers
38k views

Format of /etc/hosts on Linux (different from Windows?)

Pasted below this question is a sample of a /etc/hosts file from a Linux (CentOS) and a Windows machine. The Linux file has two tabbed entries after the IP address (that is localhost.localdomain ...
14
votes
6answers
5k views

Host lookup that respects /etc/hosts

Utilities like host and dig let you see the IP address corresponding to the host name. There is also the getent utility that can be used to query /etc/hosts or other NSS databases. I am looking for ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Static IP address shifting to 192.168.1.251

I have a system with a static IP address of 192.168.1.150. I configured /etc/network/interfaces manually (i.e. without using NetworkManager.) It is a web server hosting three sites. I am having ...
-1
votes
2answers
105 views

Resolve domain script [closed]

How to make it work? Script 1: (This does not work) host=www.example.com ip=$(getent hosts | grep $host | awk '{ print $1}') echo $ip Script 2: (This does not work) host=www.example.com ip=$(...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

Why does SSH not consult /etc/hosts?

I'm administrating a networked environment where the users authenticate over NIS. All machines can be used to SSH into the server but one. On the machine in question, I get the message ssh: connect ...
3
votes
2answers
28k views

/etc/hosts for Debian

I was trying to get a perl script that contacts a PostgreSQL database to work on a server. This script was mysteriously failing. I then realised that localhost was not in the /etc/hosts file. The ...
1
vote
2answers
609 views

Simple command that switches between two host files

I am using /etc/host to map localhost to a web domain. I would like a fast way of doing this rather than searching and replacing every time. I put this in my .bashrc file. alias hostchange=' nowdir=$...
8
votes
2answers
6k views

Blocking Websites with /etc/hosts

There's a website, www.example.com, that I tried to block myself from accessing because it wastes too much of my time. So I configured my /etc/hosts file. I added the following lines, to block the ...
5
votes
2answers
148 views

Should /etc/hosts contain the domain name or the FQDN?

If I want to add an entry to /etc/hosts to resolve all traffic for example.com to 1.2.3.4, do I need to add 1.2.3.4 example.com 1.2.3.4 www.example.com 1.2.3.4 smtp.example.com 1.2.3.4 ...
1
vote
2answers
569 views

Browsers doesn't see an aliases in /etc/hosts

A firm where I'm working uses an internal site with documentation and etc. where all references made e.g. to «srv-moss» — this names should be defined in hosts file, where I did added it. It works ...
1
vote
1answer
235 views

Block a certain URL?

I want to deny access to a specific URL. It isn't a whole website, it's a specific URL. I want to do it simply so that some applications including browsers can't make requests for it. I tried this: $ ...
1
vote
2answers
568 views

Ping a host, check if alive or not, and send result to file via a shell script

To clean out my custom hosts file and remove dead domains on Windows I ping the hosts from domains.txt, and if I get a reply I add that host to result.txt: @echo off >result.txt ( for /f %%i ...