General questions about hardware under Linux/Unix. Use a more specific tag if applicable.

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10
votes
7answers
8k views

How to know if /dev/sdX is a connected USB or HDD?

How can I know if /dev/sdX is a local HDD or usb key ? best doing this without root privileges. OK , udevadm helped a lot: For local HDD: udevadm info --query=all --name=sdb | grep ID_BUS E: ...
24
votes
3answers
16k views

How to Determine the Amount of RAM Slots In Use?

I forgot how many RAM modules are installed on my laptop. I do not want to unscrew it but want to look it up on the console using bash. How do I gather this information?
1
vote
1answer
729 views

Can I use a parallel port as a CUPS input device?

I have an old piece of a hardware that does diagnostics on medical equipment. It prints out results over a parallel port. Is there any way to have CUPS accept jobs from a parallel port and redirect ...
1
vote
0answers
10 views

How and when is keyboard data encoded from keyboard to application? [duplicate]

I hope this is not the wrong place to ask this, if it is, please point me in the right direction. As the title says, how and when is keyboard data encoded? I just wanna know in basic terms the ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Why are the up and down arrows keys not always working on multiple platforms?

Very recently, maybe within the last two weeks this issue has started cropping up: once maybe every two days or so, the up and down arrow keys simply stop working for a while - I can move the cursor ...
75
votes
12answers
279k views

How do I find out what hard disks are in the system?

I need to know what hard disks are available, including ones that aren't mounted and possibly aren't formatted. I can't find them in dmesg or /var/log/messages (too much to scroll through). I'm hoping ...
2
votes
1answer
717 views

azap from LinuxTV dvb-apps strange signal behavior with Hauppauge WinTV-HVR 950Q

What I want to do I have a Hauppauge WinTV-HVR 950Q USB-TV-Stick. I want to use this stick to successively tune to and read in a certain live TV stream. What I do I trigger a scan and save the scan ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Problem with internal USB hub & my smartphone

I have a problem when plugging in a smartphone, as journalctl shows below: jul 19 17:28:43 newhope.belkin.home kernel: usb 1-1: new full-speed USB device number 2 using xhci_hcd jul 19 17:28:43 ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

Fresh install Debian Jessie over existing Debian Wheezy on laptop

I am very new to Linux and any sort of communities for that matter so if I'm posting to the wrong place please let me know. I was hoping I could find a solution to my "problem". I installed Debian ...
5
votes
2answers
579 views

What is causing a pause during the system device probe?

I am running FreeBSD 10.0-RELEASE. During the boot device probe there is a two-times 30 second pause. The output relevant to this is # dmesg ... (aprobe0:ata0:0:1:0): ATAPI_IDENTIFY. ACB: a1 00 00 ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

lsusb shows USB devices that are not connected

I have the weird issue that lsusb shows USB devices that are not connected. We have a couple of devices connected via USB. To disconnect them from the system we disable the power to the USB port with ...
3
votes
0answers
963 views

Kernel does not detect Hardware / Software or Hardware fault

I've got more of a basic question for you: My linux kernel (I tried several here from stock 2.6, 3.2 and 3.5 as well as a custom 3.7.3 one) does not detect my synaptics touchpad - or I'am too dumb ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Chrome with YouTube uses a lot of CPU on Asus Eee PC

Is it possible to play 480p videos smoothly on my Asus Eee PC 1025CE with LM17 onboard? I've seen discussion about this on other sites online, but nothing here. PC: Asus Eee PC 1025CE Chrome: Version ...
3
votes
1answer
865 views

Debian Sid, AMD RS880 [Radeon HD 4250], black screen on boot

My computer booted under Debian Wheezy (3.2 kernel) with no graphics problems whatsoever. After updating to sid (3.10 kernel), the screen goes black (that is, the display flashes a bit and then goes ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Problem with former RAID hard drive settings in Linux Mint 17

I'm new to Linux, just installed Linux Mint for the first time. I have two hard drives which were previously in a RAID configuration. Now before I have installed Linux I've changed them to individual ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Get device's bus port

How can I get a list of device bus ports? For example the parallel port is the 0x378. Is there a command to list each port and its device? On Windows it is possible looking device detail in the ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

Ubuntu 14.04 - Multiple Griffin Technology Powermate Knobs

I am running Ubuntu 14.04, and I want to run multiple griffin powermate knobs: https://store.griffintechnology.com/powermate. I want to map them to different keys other than audio control. I want to ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

New-installed debian system hangs on boot (probably a hardware issue, likely USB, maybe Ethernet?)

I recently migrated an entire system from Crunchbang 11 to vanilla Debian 8.1 (in the cleanest way possible --- backed it all up, blew away the old install, reinstalled the old /home and /usr/local, ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Switching to Linux permanently [closed]

I have searched through the forum for similar answers but I had no success in finding a satisfactory one. Windows and I had a fight last night and I decided to break up with 'it'. :)) Therefore I ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

How verify server's hardware before install it into data center? [closed]

could anybody help to understand me how is it possible verify and validate server's hardware configuration that I'm going to install into datacenter? The problem is that the customer bought noname ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

How to check firmware version in solaris?

I have searched in /usr/platform/sun4u/sbin path. But not sure how to get the firmware version.
3
votes
4answers
13k views

Harddisk serial number from terminal?

I have multiple harddisks which get connected to my server and I'm not sure which one is what in the view of sdXY . If I can see the serial numbers of my harddisks from terminal, I can easily identify ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

X server error due to possible hardware issue?

I am running Linux Mint 17, and have encountered an X server error that prevented the OS from booting, similar to the error described here. Typically, such an error suggests a problem with the ...
1
vote
0answers
110 views

SSD installed, but shows as HDD in command output

Strange issue here. I have a 480GB SSD drive installed in this server. I installed it myself. I see it, it's there. But, I'm getting an incorrect output on a typically used command to determine if ...
0
votes
1answer
166 views

Intel 6300 wireless card won't work on CentOS 7 - worked during install though!

I installed centos 7 on a laptop with an intel 6300 wireless card in it. During the install, the wireless card was available and I was able to connect to my lan. After the install, I don't see the ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Enable virtualization with gigabyte ud3 990fx

I'm trying to get the virtualization running : I have the following settings: Mainboard: gigabyte ud3 990fx CPU: fx-9590 Kernel: 3.11.0-12-generic Linux Mint 17 In the bios both svm as well as ...
0
votes
0answers
193 views

How to setup “Creative Sound Core 3D” on Debian Jessie correctly?

I justed installed Debian Jessie and was happy to see (or hear) that my Creative Sound Core 3D (as onboard chip on my Gigabyte GA-X99-Gaming 7 WIFI mainboard) worked out of the box when trying to play ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Linux Mint keyboard and mouse take a long time to work after boot

I turn my computer on, select my linux harddrive, and then I end up at the Linux mint encryption password area. I have to wait about 1 minute just for my keyboard and mouse to actually light up and ...
1
vote
2answers
52 views

why do some network cards need to load external firmware?

I have read this question/answer, but I still do not understand why some network cards work perfectly well without any additional firmware, whereas others need to load firmware to work. As a specific ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

Set NetworkManager to ignore rfkill

My notebook does not have a hardware button to disable wireless. But NetworkManager and rfkill see wireless as hard blocked. Wicd and iwconfig works well. Is there any way to disable hard block check ...
2
votes
0answers
106 views

Wireless LED indicator issue

The question itself: is there any way to make this indicator be turned ON and OFF depending on wireless status (not just blink when there is wireless activity)? After having installed Linux, I saw ...
1
vote
2answers
39 views

Log and plot temperature-time curve over given time intervall

How can I log and plot a graph of all available hardware temperatures (CPU, SSD, etc). CPU load over a given time (say a day or a week) in linux? The CPU is i7 haswell if this matters, I have ...
1
vote
0answers
105 views

What does mt -f /dev/st0 erase do exactly on a tape drive?

What does mt -f /dev/st0 erase do exactly with a (LTO-6) tape drive at /dev/st0? It takes hours and seems to write many times. Does it write random data on the tape several times to delete the ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Linking two hardware serial ports

I have two micro-controllers which are connected to my computer(ubuntu 12.04) through serial-USB cables. One of the controllers (ttyUSB0) is programmed such that it sends data serially and another ...
1
vote
5answers
99 views

Prevent encrypted partition from running on other PC

Concise question: Is it possible to somehow bind partition encryption to hardware so it is impossible(very hard) to copy system to another PC and run there? Full story: We have a small embedded PC ...
1
vote
2answers
211 views

Installing an unauthorized wifi card in a Lenovo thinkpad edge 14

I took out a my Intel dual band Wireless AC 7260 card model number 7260HMW from another laptop. I wanted to install it in my thinkpad. Upon doing so and rebooting, the computer said unauthorized wifi ...
0
votes
0answers
69 views

Check for hardware damage (GPU)

I need to check for damage to my graphics card. I suspect I have done damage to my gpu through overclocking. Now, whenever I do anything graphically intensive my screen will flash various colours and ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

How to determine bitness of hardware and OS?

Output of uname -a on my RHEL 5.4 machine is: Linux <machine name> 2.6.18-164.el5 #1 SMP Tue Aug 18 15:51:48 EDT 2009 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux Does it mean that hardware is 64 bit ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

Retrieve device manufacturer without sudo

I need to retrieve the manufacturer model of a linux device (laptop or desktop). I saw that you could use dmidecode | grep -A3 '^System Information' but it needs admin rights. There is any way to do ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

How to get the Adaptec 1200A to work under Linux at UDMA/100 (instead of 66)

A while ago, I got myself a used Adaptec 1200A controller card to keep my onboard slots free for easier connect/disconnect of drives and now I am wondering why this card will only operate at UDMA 66. ...
2
votes
1answer
984 views

List All Network Printers (including ones not installed)

It is easy to list the printers you've already installed with this command: lpstat -a However, this does not list network printers you have NOT installed. nmap will scan for all open ports on the ...
2
votes
3answers
785 views

MCE error: MCA: Internal parity error

I have an unstable machine running Ubuntu 14.04 LTS which passes 9 hours of memtest86. I get these: Hardware event. This is not a software error. MCE 0 CPU 1 BANK 0 TIME 1414735539 Fri Oct 31 ...
7
votes
3answers
18k views

How to check the life left in SSD or the medium's wear level?

We all know that SSDs have a limited predetermined life span. How do I check in Linux what the current health status of an SSD is? Most Google search results would ask you to look up S.M.A.R.T. ...
2
votes
1answer
591 views

How can I get the Bluetooth working on my Lenovo Yoga 3?

I have a Lenovo Yoga 3 that apparently has a new Broadcom Bluetooth device. The bluetooth is detected at boot and when I try to pair a something in gnome, I can see a list of devices but none of them ...
1
vote
0answers
286 views

Understanding “Hardware error from APEI Generic Hardware Error Source” error message

Summary: I'm trying to understand exactly what the following error message means: [17016.923750] {4}[Hardware Error]: Hardware error from APEI Generic Hardware Error Source: 1 [17016.923758] ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

HW RAID10 without TRIM support with SSD

Recently we purchased new server for Database with 1TB x 4 SSD in Hardware RAID 10, but my Hardward RAID doesn't support TRIM so you think it is going to be big deal? Is there anyway i can do ...
1
vote
1answer
185 views

how to choose appropriate linux hardware - poor graphics performance

I can't believe I am asking this question here myself. Apologies if this is not the right place for this question. I've been using linux since 1996, SuSE version 4.1... And yet I am still not able ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

searching for hardware via lspci

I just bought Lenovo ThinkPad X201 t. I have installed Debian Jessie (testing). I was able to make working all of its hardware, but with one exception. And that is mobile broadband modem. I have ...
10
votes
9answers
7k views

How to flash firmware under Linux in practice?

Well, I am feeling too old for jumping through several burning hoops to upgrade several firmwares via the usual vendor-specific way: Download some DOS tools, waste some time creating a (Free-)DOS boot ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Unique hardware signatures in BSD?

What unique hardware signatures can you get from, for example, a FreeBSD system? I am right now using the ethernet mac address (getifaddrs(3)) but as we all know this can easily be changed with ...