General questions about hardware under Linux/Unix. Use a more specific tag if applicable.

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is this a keyboard hardware limitation?

I have remapped Caps_Lock to Ctrl_L on an ancient mechanical keyboard. It is still impossible to use the caps lock key to produce key combinations like C-e. xev shows the following sequences are ...
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0answers
210 views

How to diagnose CPU performance problems?

Recently I bought a new netbook based on AMD A4-1200 CPU and installed Linux Mint 17 with XFCE. RAM is 4GB So, testing some of my programs, I found very strange behavior. On random intervals, the ...
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1answer
156 views

How can I get this proprietary low-vision camera working in Linux?

I am a visually impaired Computer Science student, and use a special USB camera to zoom in on the board/projector during lectures. The camera only officially supports Windows, and I've been using it ...
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3answers
1k views

Do different distros (but same kernel ver) have same hardware support

As far as I know the device drivers are located in the Linux kernel. For example let's say a GNU/Linux distro A has the same kernel version as a GNU/Linux distro B. Does that mean that they have the ...
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3answers
8k views

Is there any way to know the size of L1, L2, L3 cache and RAM in ubuntu?

Is there any way to know the size of L1, L2, L3 caches and RAM in Ubuntu?
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2answers
5k views

Get monitor make and model and other info in human readable form

I have extracted the shorthand version of the current monitor attached to the computer. Here is an example: vendor "VSC", prod id "18500" In Ubuntu's Monitor Preferences, it is identified as ...
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1answer
1k views

What does it mean when my wireless lan is “hard blocked”?

I am attempting to setup wifi on my beaglebone. root@beaglebone:~# rfkill list all 0: phy0: Wireless LAN Soft blocked: no Hard blocked: yes unblock does nothing: root@beaglebone:~# rfkill ...
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1answer
904 views

How to stop CPU fan in Linux?

I use an old computer. CPU fan creates big noise. Sometimes CPU fan suddenly stops and does not work for a long time, and CPU does not get heated in these long periods, because I use very light-weight ...
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2answers
120 views

email alerts when serious system errors occur

I was greping syslog on a server for errors and noticed these lines that had nothing to do with what I was looking for but was alerting enough: kernel: [8456851.218586] ata2.00: irq_stat 0x08000000, ...
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1answer
2k views

How to monitor RAM ECC errors on Ivy Bridge Xeon E3 processor in Linux?

How can I monitor if there are any errors in RAM that get corrected by ECC? The processor is an Intel Xeon (Ivy Bridge) processor, the operating system is Scientific Linux 6.3. On a previous system I ...
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1answer
41 views

Does the NICs have any kind of log?

Recently I had an issue with my server, my nagios couldn't ping it and lost connection with the NRPE daemon, in my host provider interface I could see the server was ACTIVE but either I couldn't ping ...
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2k views

How to use INSIGNIA USB bluetooth adapter on Debain (Kali Linux)?

I've just purchased a USB Bluetooth adapter for my computer the brand is Insignia and I was wondering if it's possible to use it on Debian (Kali Linux)? Ok I got it to recoginze the usb device by ...
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3answers
6k views

Are the major, minor number unique

Are the major, minor number Unique? Do we have any citations and reference to it? NAME MAJ:MIN RM SIZE RO MOUNTPOINT sda 8:0 0 465.8G 0 ├─sda1 8:1 0 298.2M 0 ├─sda2 8:2 0 ...
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1answer
35 views

Hardware problems, can I reinstall OS?

I have managed to break physically break my internal screen on my laptop, I have a sony vio E17 which is connected to a external screen. Yes I have unplugged the internal screen. My main and root ...
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0answers
19 views

How to create a fingerprint of the hardware from a dedicated root server? [duplicate]

Recently our ubuntu root server has been replaced after some failures. Unfortunatelly we cannot confirm if it really has been replaced or just some parts. What is the best and most thorough way to ...
3
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1answer
456 views

Obtaining information about system hardware

If I want to accurately save information about the hardware I am using as a reference, what is the best way to do it? Are the contents of /proc/meminfo sufficient?
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1answer
60 views

Is there anyway to get the hardware information on a hardware RAID 1 while inside of the OS?

Is there any way to see the information on a hardware raid while still being in the OS? Things to note: I am remotely connected to this machine (so I cannot physically see the information of both ...
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2answers
8k views

Lenovo T440s Fingerprint reader in Fedora 20

I just got my new Lenovo T440s and installed Fedora 20 with Gnome 3 on it. Everything runs smoothly, except for the fingerprint reader. Its got a Validity VFS5011 (138a:0017) device which is not yet ...
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1answer
170 views

What are PCI devices?

In Linux, the lspci command lists all the devices in my laptop (including AGP, USB, SATA, SCSI, bridges, ethernet, etc.). The man lspci command gives me this information: lspci - list all PCI ...
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2answers
10k views

How to detect a possible hardware error?

I'm running Debian Wheezy on a HP Pavilion dv7 laptop and it freezes every now and then, requiring a reboot. One time it didn't even load the operating system, but it wasn't I who was using it so I ...
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votes
1answer
1k views

Getting capabilities of my CD/DVD drive when wodim --devices doesn't work

I used to be able to run either commands successfully on my Fedora 14 Thinkpad T410 laptop: $ wodim --scanbus $ wodim --devices However since upgrading to Fedora 19 this no longer seems to work and ...
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1answer
360 views

Does BIOS device whitelist affect Linux?

Starting with 2002, Lenovo (actually, it was IBM back then) started whitelisting the wireless adapters and other devices allowed to be used in their ThinkPad laptops. Some other manufacturers are ...
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0answers
39 views

Keyboard is disabling

I stuck with a strange problem on OpenSUSE 13.1, after some random uptime my keyboard is disabling. I'm not even sure how to concretize this problem, this happening randomly and I can't see any ...
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0answers
134 views

Figuring out physical cache layout in FreeBSD

I'm trying to figure out they physical cache layout of my CPU in FreeBSD 10. I see the following from sysctl kern.sched.topology_spec kern.sched.topology_spec: <groups> <group level="1" ...
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2answers
962 views

Are there any issues using 2TB hard drives with 4k sectors

I'm thinking of purchasing a 2TB hard drive (probably a Seagate F4), but I've read reports of Linux not being compatible with 4k sectors on these drives. Do I have to do anything specific when I ...
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0answers
259 views

Debian disables IRQs

It's been two days that my Debian Wheezy 7 randomly disables IRQs apparently with no reason. After the IRQs are disables, I'm unable to mount hard disks and I have to reboot. This is the output of ...
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339 views

How do I know from a BeagleBone Black if it is connected via USB (as a client/slave)?

BeagleBone Black has an USB port which allows the user to access it through ssh. In general, we could say that when you plug it to a PC, the PC is the USB host and the BBB is the USB client. On the ...
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0answers
421 views

Linuxwacom xsetwacom/xorg.conf

I have a CentOS 6.2 workstation with linuxwacom 0.21.0 installed. I am trying to map a button on a cintiq tablet to a keyboard key. I can do it successfully using: xsetwacom set "Wacom Cintiq 24HD ...
20
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1answer
13k views

How do you use badblocks?

I need to do a destructive (rw) test on a new drive, and a read-only on a drive that fell out of my RAID array. I want to see if it finds problems and how far along it is.
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0answers
51 views

Is there a limit of GPIOs that can be used in Linux?

When it comes to use GPIOs, is there a limited number that can be used in Linux (except through the limitation of the physical availability/amount of the ports/pins) or is it theoretically possible to ...
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0answers
137 views

Pcie 1.1 device is not detected on a pcie gen 3 slot

My PC is running in Ubuntu 12.04 LTS with kernel version 3.11.0-23. The link below is my PC model: http://www.villman.com/Product-Detail/HP_Pavilion_500_232d I inserted a x4 pcie 1.1 device on the ...
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1answer
2k views

Realtek RTS5209 PCI-E Card Reader only work if card is inserted before boot

Hardware Info Laptop Model: Sony Vaio Pro 13 Problematic Hardware: Bulti-in Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTS5209 PCI Express Card Reader Problem description Here is the problem, if I boot with ...
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1answer
470 views

Direct i2c hardware access

I have a custom hardware, i.mx6q based board, running a custom stripped version of Debian, the usual Linux tools to make life easy are not available. Can I read and write to i2c directly with root ...
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0answers
237 views

Extremely slow CD-ROM burning

When I try to burn a CD-ROM using K3B, the burner slows down from 10x to 0.12x after writing exactly 71MB. Consequently, burning a 142MB live CD takes more than a hour. Why is this happening? The CD-...
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0answers
745 views

Microphone not working on Centos 6.5

I have installed CentOS 6.5 on a Dell Insperion with an Intel chip. I first noticed that my microphone is not working on Skype on CentOS although it was working fine with Windows 7 on the same box. ...
2
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1answer
1k views

linux command to list details (like PID, VID) of connected devices to the serial port(s) (like RS232) of a computer

with USB port we can search Product ID (PID) and Vender ID (VID) of connected devices by using lsusb command. Is there a similar way to get PID and VID if the same device is connected to RS232 serial ...
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0answers
55 views

Creating my own “BBB image” for installing it in several BBBs?

I have been working with a Beaglebone Black for a while now, I have created a software for a device which I am happy with. Now I have a few more Beaglebone Blacks where I would like to install the ...
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2answers
589 views

Hardware requirements for building a Debian server that will run as ltsp, vpn, and fileserver

I will be building a server based on Debian that will have several functions in a small office (5-10 users). The primary function will be as a file server, but I would like to set the office up to ...
17
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3answers
12k views

how is page size determined in virtual address space?

Linux uses a virtual memory system where all of the addresses are virtual addresses and not physical addresses. These virtual addresses are converted into physical addresses by the processor. To ...
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1answer
184 views

liveCDs detecting wrong video card

I just replaced my video / graphics card with a new model, the AMD firepro m6100. None of my ubuntu 13.10 based liveCDs are able to run correctly (manually running startx from tty1 fails, so that's ...
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0answers
34 views

Where to emit hardware events?

What is the most common way to emit events from hardware sensors? Use ACPI events, send signals via DBUS? My goal is compatibility so other apps can easily use those inputs. What is the Cleanest ...
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2answers
4k views

Linux fan control?

For some unknown reason, my laptop fan stays on consistently. Even when I'm using less than 2% CPU and the air coming out of the vent is seemingly cooler than the air in the room, the fan always stays ...
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1answer
1k views

machine hardware name, processor type and hardware platform

The followings are the machine hardware names, processor types and hardware platforms returned by uname: on a server (with some 64-bit Linux distribution) -bash-4.1$ uname -m x86_64 -bash-4.1$ uname ...
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1answer
706 views

Do I have two VGA compatible controllers?

lshw shows two VGA compatible controllers. Where are they located? What are they used for respectively? Which one do you recommend to use? Which of the two controllers am I using currently? With ...
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2answers
482 views

Linux dmesg errors, motherboard issue?

When doing heavy disk IO on my system (16GB RAM, 6 cores, RAID0 PCIe SSD), the system stalls and eventually crashes. Normal day-to-day disk IO is fine, just prolonged read/write such as a database re-...
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0answers
283 views

weird problem with 64 bit install and memory

I have a laptop with 8gb of RAM in two 4Gb slots, the processor is 64 bit compatible. However when I try to install 64 bit version of Linux (I tried, mint, arch, manjaro), it refuses to load the ...
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0answers
1k views

Pulseaudio and Pavucontrol very unstable

I've recently installed ArchLinux on my desktop, together witht the GNOME3 Desktop. I installed pulseaudio and pavucontrol, which both seem to be very unstable. First I couldn't get my headset to ...
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1answer
272 views

Brightness issues (etc.) with Nvidia Card in OpenBox

After a fresh install of Crunchbang Linux 11 on an Intel 486 powered machine I struggle with setting the display brightness which blasts at 100% … this is really, physically painful. My efforts ...
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3answers
9k views

How can I tell if my hard drive is PATA or SATA?

I have an ATA hard disk in my laptop, running Fedora 11, kernel 2.6.30.10-105.2.23.fc11.i586. I am looking to upgrade the disk in here (would love to get an SSD) but I forgot if it's a serial ATA or ...
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0answers
171 views

Suspend Linux (Mint) with external hard drive plugged in

I simply try to suspend the session while my external hard drive is plugged in (doesn't matter whether I have mounted or dismounted it, and this error does not apply to other filesystems, like flash ...