General questions about hardware under Linux/Unix. Use a more specific tag if applicable.

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9
votes
3answers
27k views

How to check the life left in SSD or the medium's wear level?

We all know that SSDs have a limited predetermined life span. How do I check in Linux what the current health status of an SSD is? Most Google search results would ask you to look up S.M.A.R.T. ...
0
votes
0answers
65 views

HW RAID10 without TRIM support with SSD

Recently we purchased new server for Database with 1TB x 4 SSD in Hardware RAID 10, but my Hardward RAID doesn't support TRIM so you think it is going to be big deal? Is there anyway i can do ...
1
vote
1answer
416 views

how to choose appropriate linux hardware - poor graphics performance

I can't believe I am asking this question here myself. Apologies if this is not the right place for this question. I've been using linux since 1996, SuSE version 4.1... And yet I am still not able ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Unique hardware signatures in BSD?

What unique hardware signatures can you get from, for example, a FreeBSD system? I am right now using the ethernet mac address (getifaddrs(3)) but as we all know this can easily be changed with ...
1
vote
1answer
907 views

shell command to know computer manufacturing date [closed]

as object, I would like to know when a computer was built and also last OS installation date
4
votes
1answer
233 views

How can I make the pairing of the 'ltunify' program permanent?

I have used the ltunify pairing tool for Logitech Unifying Receiver, written by Lekensteyn, on my Logitech M510 mouse and K350 keyboard, which works perfectly. However, when I reboot, these changes ...
1
vote
0answers
282 views

Bluetooth Dongle Connection refused .

I have a bluetooth dongle (something that costs around $2) from which I want to send serial data to my android phone. i have installed : sudo apt-get install bluetooth bluez-utils blueman on ...
1
vote
0answers
150 views

Lightest hardware accelerated desktop system

I need a list of lightweight desktop environment that uses hardware acceleration either natively or from being on top of another library like Xlib, GTK+, etc. What I'm actually looking for is a ...
0
votes
0answers
387 views

DirectFB does not write to /dev/fb0, embedded device

I am developing a Linux based port for a custom board based off the Atmel at91sam9261-ek demo board. Processor core is arm926ej-s LCD (board customization) is VGA, 640x480, 24 bit packed true color. ...
1
vote
1answer
181 views

hardware accelerated window manager

i got a hand me down lenovo thinkpad and i was pleased that it was still comparatively fast as it was running windows 7 very smoothly... but since i switched to CrunchBang (i'd like to think i'm ...
1
vote
1answer
232 views

SSD dedicated to swap-only fails on Debian or Ubuntu

It did not happen to me yet, but if I dedicate a single SSD (non-RAID) to swap-ONLY and the server system is using it to full capacity - what happens next? How am I to recover, assuming I have an ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

What determines whether an interrupt is IO-APIC-edge or IO-APIC-level?

Looking at the contents of /proc/interrupts on an x86 Linux, I see that some of the interrupts are IO-APIC-edge while others are IO-APIC-level. I wonder what determines the interrupt type, is it the ...
2
votes
0answers
120 views

What is the difference between HAL and udev?

As far as I understand, if I have 3 different network cards, then HAL will cal each of them eth0, eth1 and eth irrespective of their brands, manufacturerers etc. But it seems to me that udev precisely ...
29
votes
5answers
61k views

How can I find the hardware model in Linux?

I used a system information utility to take the model number of a system, and also of the motherboard. DMI System Manufacturer LENOVO DMI System Product 2306CTO DMI System Version ...
1
vote
0answers
216 views

How to prevent automatic external hard-drive unmount

I am running some simulations in Matlab on a Linux machine (running Debian Gnome v3.4.2). All the scripts and heavy .mat files are in an external 1TB Toshiba hard-drive connected through USB 3.0 to ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

How to enable second SIM slot in ALIX6F2 and how to switch 3G to it from the 1st one?

I am trying to enable the SIM slot under the RF card but with no success whatsoever. I'm using Voyage 0.8 (a stripped off Debian distribution) as an operating system. A bit of searching landed me to ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

is this a keyboard hardware limitation?

I have remapped Caps_Lock to Ctrl_L on an ancient mechanical keyboard. It is still impossible to use the caps lock key to produce key combinations like C-e. xev shows the following sequences are ...
1
vote
0answers
163 views

How to diagnose CPU performance problems?

Recently I bought a new netbook based on AMD A4-1200 CPU and installed Linux Mint 17 with XFCE. RAM is 4GB So, testing some of my programs, I found very strange behavior. On random intervals, the ...
5
votes
1answer
146 views

How can I get this proprietary low-vision camera working in Linux?

I am a visually impaired Computer Science student, and use a special USB camera to zoom in on the board/projector during lectures. The camera only officially supports Windows, and I've been using it ...
13
votes
3answers
1k views

Do different distros (but same kernel ver) have same hardware support

As far as I know the device drivers are located in the Linux kernel. For example let's say a GNU/Linux distro A has the same kernel version as a GNU/Linux distro B. Does that mean that they have the ...
4
votes
3answers
5k views

Is there any way to know the size of L1, L2, L3 cache and RAM in ubuntu?

Is there any way to know the size of L1, L2, L3 caches and RAM in Ubuntu?
13
votes
2answers
4k views

Get monitor make and model and other info in human readable form

I have extracted the shorthand version of the current monitor attached to the computer. Here is an example: vendor "VSC", prod id "18500" In Ubuntu's Monitor Preferences, it is identified as ...
2
votes
1answer
925 views

What does it mean when my wireless lan is “hard blocked”?

I am attempting to setup wifi on my beaglebone. root@beaglebone:~# rfkill list all 0: phy0: Wireless LAN Soft blocked: no Hard blocked: yes unblock does nothing: root@beaglebone:~# rfkill ...
-1
votes
1answer
519 views

How to stop CPU fan in Linux?

I use an old computer. CPU fan creates big noise. Sometimes CPU fan suddenly stops and does not work for a long time, and CPU does not get heated in these long periods, because I use very light-weight ...
3
votes
2answers
84 views

email alerts when serious system errors occur

I was greping syslog on a server for errors and noticed these lines that had nothing to do with what I was looking for but was alerting enough: kernel: [8456851.218586] ata2.00: irq_stat 0x08000000, ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

How to monitor RAM ECC errors on Ivy Bridge Xeon E3 processor in Linux?

How can I monitor if there are any errors in RAM that get corrected by ECC? The processor is an Intel Xeon (Ivy Bridge) processor, the operating system is Scientific Linux 6.3. On a previous system I ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Does the NICs have any kind of log?

Recently I had an issue with my server, my nagios couldn't ping it and lost connection with the NRPE daemon, in my host provider interface I could see the server was ACTIVE but either I couldn't ping ...
0
votes
0answers
2k views

How to use INSIGNIA USB bluetooth adapter on Debain (Kali Linux)?

I've just purchased a USB Bluetooth adapter for my computer the brand is Insignia and I was wondering if it's possible to use it on Debian (Kali Linux)? Ok I got it to recoginze the usb device by ...
6
votes
3answers
5k views

Are the major, minor number unique

Are the major, minor number Unique? Do we have any citations and reference to it? NAME MAJ:MIN RM SIZE RO MOUNTPOINT sda 8:0 0 465.8G 0 ├─sda1 8:1 0 298.2M 0 ├─sda2 8:2 0 ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

How to test an ethernet card?

I have a USB->Ethernet card that may or may not be somehow broken. The problem is I don't really know how to test it. I have a normal Ethernet port as well, so I can hook a (already tested) cable from ...
-1
votes
1answer
35 views

Hardware problems, can I reinstall OS?

I have managed to break physically break my internal screen on my laptop, I have a sony vio E17 which is connected to a external screen. Yes I have unplugged the internal screen. My main and root ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

How to create a fingerprint of the hardware from a dedicated root server? [duplicate]

Recently our ubuntu root server has been replaced after some failures. Unfortunatelly we cannot confirm if it really has been replaced or just some parts. What is the best and most thorough way to ...
3
votes
1answer
397 views

Obtaining information about system hardware

If I want to accurately save information about the hardware I am using as a reference, what is the best way to do it? Are the contents of /proc/meminfo sufficient?
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Is there anyway to get the hardware information on a hardware RAID 1 while inside of the OS?

Is there any way to see the information on a hardware raid while still being in the OS? Things to note: I am remotely connected to this machine (so I cannot physically see the information of both ...
7
votes
2answers
7k views

Lenovo T440s Fingerprint reader in Fedora 20

I just got my new Lenovo T440s and installed Fedora 20 with Gnome 3 on it. Everything runs smoothly, except for the fingerprint reader. Its got a Validity VFS5011 (138a:0017) device which is not yet ...
0
votes
1answer
134 views

What are PCI devices?

In Linux, the lspci command lists all the devices in my laptop (including AGP, USB, SATA, SCSI, bridges, ethernet, etc.). The man lspci command gives me this information: lspci - list all PCI ...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

APEI Generic Hardware Error

Over the past week my server (running Debian Jessie) has rebooted twice. In the syslog I see this before each reboot, and at no other points: Aug 15 13:32:58 hoshimiya kernel: [296512.005355] ...
4
votes
1answer
670 views

Mouse pointer moves on its own

When I leave the mouse (Logitech Performance Mouse MX) alone, it moves (somewhat continuously) ever so slightly on its own! This causes several issues: when watching a video full screen, the seek ...
1
vote
2answers
7k views

How to detect a possible hardware error?

I'm running Debian Wheezy on a HP Pavilion dv7 laptop and it freezes every now and then, requiring a reboot. One time it didn't even load the operating system, but it wasn't I who was using it so I ...
3
votes
1answer
880 views

Getting capabilities of my CD/DVD drive when wodim --devices doesn't work

I used to be able to run either commands successfully on my Fedora 14 Thinkpad T410 laptop: $ wodim --scanbus $ wodim --devices However since upgrading to Fedora 19 this no longer seems to work and ...
1
vote
1answer
295 views

Does BIOS device whitelist affect Linux?

Starting with 2002, Lenovo (actually, it was IBM back then) started whitelisting the wireless adapters and other devices allowed to be used in their ThinkPad laptops. Some other manufacturers are ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

How can I know the max possible trasmit power of my wireless card?

Is there any way for me to tell the maximum possible power of my wireless card from within Linux? Or do I need to find the product number of the card, and search for specifications like that online?
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Keyboard is disabling

I stuck with a strange problem on OpenSUSE 13.1, after some random uptime my keyboard is disabling. I'm not even sure how to concretize this problem, this happening randomly and I can't see any ...
3
votes
0answers
123 views

Figuring out physical cache layout in FreeBSD

I'm trying to figure out they physical cache layout of my CPU in FreeBSD 10. I see the following from sysctl kern.sched.topology_spec kern.sched.topology_spec: <groups> <group level="1" ...
4
votes
2answers
924 views

Are there any issues using 2TB hard drives with 4k sectors

I'm thinking of purchasing a 2TB hard drive (probably a Seagate F4), but I've read reports of Linux not being compatible with 4k sectors on these drives. Do I have to do anything specific when I ...
0
votes
0answers
237 views

Debian disables IRQs

It's been two days that my Debian Wheezy 7 randomly disables IRQs apparently with no reason. After the IRQs are disables, I'm unable to mount hard disks and I have to reboot. This is the output of ...
1
vote
0answers
290 views

How do I know from a BeagleBone Black if it is connected via USB (as a client/slave)?

BeagleBone Black has an USB port which allows the user to access it through ssh. In general, we could say that when you plug it to a PC, the PC is the USB host and the BBB is the USB client. On the ...
2
votes
0answers
289 views

Linuxwacom xsetwacom/xorg.conf

I have a CentOS 6.2 workstation with linuxwacom 0.21.0 installed. I am trying to map a button on a cintiq tablet to a keyboard key. I can do it successfully using: xsetwacom set "Wacom Cintiq 24HD ...
17
votes
1answer
11k views

How do you use badblocks?

I need to do a destructive (rw) test on a new drive, and a read-only on a drive that fell out of my RAID array. I want to see if it finds problems and how far along it is.
1
vote
0answers
47 views

Is there a limit of GPIOs that can be used in Linux?

When it comes to use GPIOs, is there a limited number that can be used in Linux (except through the limitation of the physical availability/amount of the ports/pins) or is it theoretically possible to ...