General questions about hardware under Linux/Unix. Use a more specific tag if applicable.

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How do I know from a BeagleBone Black if it is connected via USB (as a client/slave)?

BeagleBone Black has an USB port which allows the user to access it through ssh. In general, we could say that when you plug it to a PC, the PC is the USB host and the BBB is the USB client. On the ...
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0answers
118 views

Linuxwacom xsetwacom/xorg.conf

I have a CentOS 6.2 workstation with linuxwacom 0.21.0 installed. I am trying to map a button on a cintiq tablet to a keyboard key. I can do it successfully using: xsetwacom set "Wacom Cintiq 24HD ...
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1answer
424 views

List All Network Printers (including ones not installed)

It is easy to list the printers you've already installed with this command: lpstat -a However, this does not list network printers you have NOT installed. nmap will scan for all open ports on the ...
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1answer
6k views

How do you use badblocks?

I need to do a destructive (rw) test on a new drive, and a read-only on a drive that fell out of my RAID array. I want to see if it finds problems and how far along it is.
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38 views

Is there a limit of GPIOs that can be used in Linux?

When it comes to use GPIOs, is there a limited number that can be used in Linux (except through the limitation of the physical availability/amount of the ports/pins) or is it theoretically possible to ...
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82 views

suspicious/phantom usb “Mass Storage Device”? [closed]

[solved, see last comments] I have /dev/sdd that doesn't seem to be a physical device. I'm trying to determine what hardware it is, or track what application created it. With this answer, I managed ...
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0answers
74 views

Creative X-Fi alternative for Linux

I have a pretty slick Creative X-Fi Titanium (Elite Pro) card in my system. In Windows everything sounds amazing with this card, in Linux I just get generic sound. I can configure ALSA or Pulse to do ...
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34 views

Pcie 1.1 device is not detected on a pcie gen 3 slot

My PC is running in Ubuntu 12.04 LTS with kernel version 3.11.0-23. The link below is my PC model: http://www.villman.com/Product-Detail/HP_Pavilion_500_232d I inserted a x4 pcie 1.1 device on the ...
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1answer
600 views

Realtek RTS5209 PCI-E Card Reader only work if card is inserted before boot

Hardware Info Laptop Model: Sony Vaio Pro 13 Problematic Hardware: Bulti-in Realtek Semiconductor Co., Ltd. RTS5209 PCI Express Card Reader Problem description Here is the problem, if I boot with ...
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1answer
90 views

Direct i2c hardware access

I have a custom hardware, i.mx6q based board, running a custom stripped version of Debian, the usual Linux tools to make life easy are not available. Can I read and write to i2c directly with root ...
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0answers
106 views

Extremely slow CD-ROM burning

When I try to burn a CD-ROM using K3B, the burner slows down from 10x to 0.12x after writing exactly 71MB. Consequently, burning a 142MB live CD takes more than a hour. Why is this happening? The ...
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416 views

Microphone not working on Centos 6.5

I have installed CentOS 6.5 on a Dell Insperion with an Intel chip. I first noticed that my microphone is not working on Skype on CentOS although it was working fine with Windows 7 on the same box. ...
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0answers
2k views

“Northbridge Error (node 0): ECC Error in the Probe Filter directory”

I've received an e-mail from a user worried that the following errors on one of his servers is indicative of a serious problem. The trouble is, the errors below are all that I have to go on. I ...
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2answers
196 views

Giving more priority to a USB device

I have a keyboard with USB cable connected to computer through a USB 2.0 socket. But when I type fast, Ubuntu ignores some key messages (e.g. I may type CORRECT but what is typed may be CORET) . After ...
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1answer
553 views

linux command to list details (like PID, VID) of connected devices to the serial port(s) (like RS232) of a computer

with USB port we can search Product ID (PID) and Vender ID (VID) of connected devices by using lsusb command. Is there a similar way to get PID and VID if the same device is connected to RS232 serial ...
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0answers
31 views

Creating my own “BBB image” for installing it in several BBBs?

I have been working with a Beaglebone Black for a while now, I have created a software for a device which I am happy with. Now I have a few more Beaglebone Blacks where I would like to install the ...
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2answers
214 views

Hardware requirements for building a Debian server that will run as ltsp, vpn, and fileserver

I will be building a server based on Debian that will have several functions in a small office (5-10 users). The primary function will be as a file server, but I would like to set the office up to ...
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3answers
1k views

how is page size determined in virtual address space?

Linux uses a virtual memory system where all of the addresses are virtual addresses and not physical addresses. These virtual addresses are converted into physical addresses by the processor. To ...
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1answer
111 views

liveCDs detecting wrong video card

I just replaced my video / graphics card with a new model, the AMD firepro m6100. None of my ubuntu 13.10 based liveCDs are able to run correctly (manually running startx from tty1 fails, so that's ...
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4answers
4k views

Detecting headphone connection/disconnection in Linux

I am trying to detect a signal when a headphone is connected or disconnected from the system. What is the best way to do this? If there is a special board with drivers, that will be my preferred ...
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2answers
8k views

How to check the life left in SSD or the medium's wear level?

We all know that SSDs have a limited predetermined life span. How do I check in Linux what the current health status of an SSD is? Most Google search results would ask you to look up S.M.A.R.T. ...
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0answers
23 views

Where to emit hardware events?

What is the most common way to emit events from hardware sensors? Use ACPI events, send signals via DBUS? My goal is compatibility so other apps can easily use those inputs. What is the Cleanest ...
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0answers
42 views

pfSense and Belkin Integration

I am in a unique situation. I want to have my previous Linux box as a router, but I don't have wireless capability on it or even a second ethernet port, so I was wondering if there was a way I could ...
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2answers
2k views

Linux fan control?

For some unknown reason, my laptop fan stays on consistently. Even when I'm using less than 2% CPU and the air coming out of the vent is seemingly cooler than the air in the room, the fan always stays ...
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1answer
263 views

machine hardware name, processor type and hardware platform

The followings are the machine hardware names, processor types and hardware platforms returned by uname: on a server (with some 64-bit Linux distribution) -bash-4.1$ uname -m x86_64 -bash-4.1$ uname ...
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1answer
194 views

Do I have two VGA compatible controllers?

lshw shows two VGA compatible controllers. Where are they located? What are they used for respectively? Which one do you recommend to use? Which of the two controllers am I using currently? With ...
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0answers
136 views

fix webcam problem by changing its file in /dev/

At Ubuntu-Gnome 13.10, My webcam can be accessed by cheese; Also Skype determined the webcam, But it does not show any output for webcam at options window (Webcam also doesn't turn on). Skype ...
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2answers
164 views

Linux dmesg errors, motherboard issue?

When doing heavy disk IO on my system (16GB RAM, 6 cores, RAID0 PCIe SSD), the system stalls and eventually crashes. Normal day-to-day disk IO is fine, just prolonged read/write such as a database ...
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0answers
109 views

wlan on Elastix (unix) [closed]

I have Elastix server on a Vmware virtual machine (nat). I want to connect the Elastix server to a wifi network in order to access the server from another client (machine) in the same network.The ...
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0answers
162 views

weird problem with 64 bit install and memory

I have a laptop with 8gb of RAM in two 4Gb slots, the processor is 64 bit compatible. However when I try to install 64 bit version of Linux (I tried, mint, arch, manjaro), it refuses to load the ...
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2answers
6k views

How to check which GPU is active

I have 2 GPU's in my netbook. How do I know which one I'm actually using at any given moment?
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573 views

Pulseaudio and Pavucontrol very unstable

I've recently installed ArchLinux on my desktop, together witht the GNOME3 Desktop. I installed pulseaudio and pavucontrol, which both seem to be very unstable. First I couldn't get my headset to ...
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1answer
111 views

Brightness issues (etc.) with Nvidia Card in OpenBox

After a fresh install of Crunchbang Linux 11 on an Intel 486 powered machine I struggle with setting the display brightness which blasts at 100% … this is really, physically painful. My efforts ...
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0answers
57 views

How to customize Dell PowerEdge 2970 LED info screen via CentOS?

As shown in the photo below, the Dell PowerEdge 2970 as an information screen on it. I have CentOS installed. Is there a way via the OS to change this data? If so, how? Thanks in advance!
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3answers
6k views

How can I tell if my hard drive is PATA or SATA?

I have an ATA hard disk in my laptop, running Fedora 11, kernel 2.6.30.10-105.2.23.fc11.i586. I am looking to upgrade the disk in here (would love to get an SSD) but I forgot if it's a serial ATA or ...
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0answers
82 views

Suspend Linux (Mint) with external hard drive plugged in

I simply try to suspend the session while my external hard drive is plugged in (doesn't matter whether I have mounted or dismounted it, and this error does not apply to other filesystems, like flash ...
1
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1answer
29 views

Any reason an HP C7499A DVD ROM shouldn't work on an old Sun Ultra Enterprise II?

I'm trying to switch from a CD-ROM to a DVD-ROM on an old Sparc Ultra Enterprise II. I got this C7499A but I can't seem to access anything on it. I thought that since it's SCSI it should work even ...
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3answers
275 views

Starting Linux from power off at predetermined time (and executing command)?

To put it simply, I'm trying to use my computer as an alarm clock. It's slightly old and noisy, so I'd like it to start from power off at a scheduled time and then execute a command, such as playing ...
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1answer
491 views

Mint fan control

I've installed Mint 15 on my Alienware m14x and can't figure out one thing. For some reason CPU overheats and fan does not respond to that. It always stays calm and quiet. How exactly I can change ...
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0answers
89 views

PC -> to -> Server. How to disable video card test inside BIOS?

I'm trying to setup my old PC as a server. Motherboard EliteGroup P4S5A/DX. Upto 2Gb of DDR 1 Ram. Video card: vga1 at pci1 dev 0 function 0 "NVIDIA GeForce4 MX 440" rev 0xa3 About a 2-days I'm ...
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0answers
223 views

Using Radeon on muxless system with multiple X servers

I'm using HP ProBook 4740s laptop with muxless hybrid graphics: root@mekras: lspci | grep VGA 00:02.0 VGA compatible controller: Intel Corporation 3rd Gen Core processor Graphics Controller (rev 09) ...
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1answer
44 views

Debian Squeeze not detecting any hardware after Gnome 3.8 upgrade

So, somehow I accidentally upgraded to Gnome 3.8 (Don't ask me how, I have no idea). And after a reboot, none of my peripheral devices or interfaces are working. The built in mouse and keyboard do ...
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1answer
302 views

Interpret the output of lstopo

I have a output from lstopo --output-format txt -v --no-io > lstopo.txt for a 8-core node in a cluster, which is https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/13029929/lstopo.txt The file is a text drawing ...
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1answer
55 views

Is there a tool that I can use to create a diagram of my system's architecture?

I'm looking for a tool that can create both graphical files as well as text based ASCII representations of my system's CPU & motherboard architectures.
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1answer
174 views

Why Nmap fragmented scan on Linux is only working from virtual environment?

OLD QUESTION AND TITLE (Look further down for the updated question): Why Nmap fragmented scan is only working on Backtrack? I spent quite a few hours today trying to capture and study some ...
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1answer
83 views

What is not accessible from userspace?

I read somewhere (3.1.3) that there's a high ring (supervisor mode) and a low ring (user mode) and that some "things" can be run only from the highest ring. What do they mean by "things"? I'd guess ...
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2answers
2k views

Is there a way to dump a CPU's CPUID information?

I'm familiar with lshw, /proc/cpuinfo, etc. But is there a method for getting at a CPU's CPUID opcode?
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1answer
82 views

MAC Address changes after dirty shutdown

I'm having a strange issue which I originally thought was tied to the fact that I created an Ubuntu system from an image of another. However, after reinstalling Ubuntu from scratch I am getting the ...
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1answer
109 views

Touchpad utility

I'm new in the Linux area. I just installed Elementary OS, which is related to Ubuntu, and I want to know if there is a utility for my mouse pad. In Windows I had Synaptics that allowed me to scroll ...
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2answers
163 views

Hard disk power management with image toggling in display

We have a system in which we almost toggle some display data in the screen 24 hours x 7 days a week. Since our application runs every day, we see some hard disk failures in the field. Unfortunately, ...