A hard link is file system entry that associates a name with another file on a file system.

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What's the difference between a hard links and copied files?

RHEL 6 My understanding is that hard links include a copy of the original file and that I could delete a hard-linked file in one directory, and it would still exist in the other directory. If ...
7
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1answer
99 views

Is there a way to express: `--link` or fall back to ordinary copy in cp (from GNU coreutils)?

Is there a way to tell cp to --link (i.e. create hard links), but fall back in the case where I am attempting inter-device hardlinks? Inter-device links aren't possible and would cause cp to fail. ...
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1answer
823 views

Hardlinks in Dropbox not updated

I want to create a backup of a single .tex file. I created the hard link to the file (which is not in Dropbox directory, lets say it is A) inside Dropbox directory. I did this so because I do not want ...
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2answers
686 views

Can we use symbolic link and hard link for directories?

I know we can do that for files. What about directories? It seems that cpanel uses that a lot.
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3answers
378 views

How to diff two folders by inodes

I'm currently using a script to backup files on my computer. In a nutshell, it works like this: rsync --link-dest=$FOLDER/current $SOURCE $DESTINATION However, I think that my script may be ...
7
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2answers
3k views

How to `du` only the space used up by files that are not hardlinked elsewhere?

Using rsync --link-dest for space-saving snapshots, how can I figure out how much space I actually saved? Or more general: How to figure out how much space a directory uses considering only files ...
18
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2answers
9k views

What happens when you delete a hard link?

If you do rm myFile where myFile is a hard link, what happens?
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1answer
203 views

rsync hardlink attempt copies

I've tried setting up a script to hardlink my files to my box.com account (as it's a backup of my music library). As I want to run it automatically to sync my music across several devices, I wanted to ...
3
votes
4answers
609 views

What are inodes good for?

I wonder if storing the information about files in inodes instead of directly in the directory is worth the additional overhead. It may be well that I'm overestimating the overhead or overlooking some ...
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5answers
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How to copy directories with preserving hardlinks?

How to move directories that have files in common from one to another partition ? Let's assume we have partition mounted on /mnt/X with directories sharing files with hardlinks. How to move such ...
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2answers
2k views

Dereferencing hard links

In the manual page of tar command, an option for following hard links is listed. -h, --dereference follow symlinks; archive and dump the files they point to --hard-dereference follow ...
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1answer
177 views

How to get a list all the “aliases” of a file (including of type directory) efficiently?

How can one get the list of all the aliases of a file (including of type directory) efficiently, given that a file: may have multiple hard links, multipe soft links, multi-level soft links may be ...
5
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1answer
309 views

How to replace a symbolic link with an equivalent hard link?

Having a (single, no batch filesystem processing needed) symlink, what a command line to use to turn it into a hard link to the same file?
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1answer
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How to find all the links to a directory

When I stat a directory I get a listing that tell me there are 5 links to the directory. stat dir My question is how do I get information (names and locations) to all these 5 links?
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0answers
108 views

Purpose of hard link and soft link [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is the difference between symbolic and hard links? I've read quite a few articles regarding hard links and soft links, but I still dont understand the purpose of ...
2
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0answers
94 views

Hard links vs. Soft links: When would you want to use one over the other? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is the difference between symbolic and hard links? Today, my teacher talked about the differences between 'hard links' and 'soft links', but she never really ...
35
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2answers
2k views

Why is '.' a hard link in Unix?

I've seen many explanations for why the link count for an empty directory in Unix based OSes is 2 instead of 1. They all say that it's because of the '.' directory, which every directory has pointing ...
70
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6answers
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Why hard links not allowed to directories in UNIX/Linux

I read in text books that UNIX/Linux doesn't allows hard links to directories but soft links do. Is it because, when we have cycles and if we create hardlinks, and after some time we delete the ...
28
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5answers
5k views

Why do hard links exist?

I know what hard links are, but why would I use them? What is the utility of a hard link?
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1answer
1k views

Backing up hard links (rsync)?

My question begins with: Do I actually have hard links on my disk at all (except for "." and ".." of course)? I'm not sure how I would find that out? If no, the question is already answered. If yes, ...
29
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7answers
12k views

What is the difference between symbolic and hard links?

When would you use one over the other?
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3answers
2k views

Is there a limit of hardlinks for one file?

Is there a limit of number of hardlinks for one file? Is it specified anywhere? What are safe limits for Linux? And what for other POSIX systems?
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5answers
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Can I determine the number of sub-directories in a directory using `ls -l`?

When displaying directories using ls -l, their number of links (the second field in the output) is at least two: one for the dir name and one for . $ mkdir foo $ ls -l total 2 drwxr-xr-x 2 user ...
9
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4answers
584 views

filesystem for archiving

I have some complex read-only data in my file system. It contains thousands of snapshots of certain revisions of a svn repository, and the output of regression tests. Identical files between snapshots ...
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2answers
973 views

Keep tracking of symbolic links?

I use symbolic links quite often, but after moving the original file, I lose track of the symbolic link. I also use symbolic links for keeping track of some files in the same directory, but again, I ...
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4answers
449 views

Symbolic link and hard link questions

Let's say /A/B/c.sh is symbolic linked to /X/Y/c.sh. If c.sh has the command "./SOMETHING", '.' means /A/B/ or /X/Y/? How about the hard link?