A permanent data storage device used for storing and retrieving digital information using rapidly rotating discs (platters) coated with magnetic material in a rigid form factor (as opposed to floppy disks).

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Benchmark shared folder on Virtualbox?

I'm trying to benchmark what I can read and write from the shared folder on my Virtualbox machine is? From my local host machine I have a shared folder, and on the guest virtualized machine, I would ...
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7 views

Can't open External Hard drive on linux peppermint

I have seagate 1TB hard drive , yesterday I installed Linux peppermint on my PC. Now I couldn't open my hard drive, but the disk is listed under devices at menu>preferences>device. Kindly help me I ...
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1answer
154 views

GRUB and LILO both fail to install to NVMe hard disk when installing Debian

I'm trying to install 64-bit Debian stable on a Lenovo Thinkpad. When I get to the installation step that installs the bootloader, I get this message: An installation step failed. You can try ...
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0answers
17 views

How to determine whether hard drive uses SMR

So far I know that cat /sys/block/<devicename>/queue/rotational will tell me whether my drive is a SSD or HDD. Is there something similar to find out if it uses SMR (Shingled Magnetic ...
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1answer
1k views

ioctl: invalid argument for HDIO_GET_IDENTITY

I wrote a program to get the details of hard disk drive using HDIO_ ioctl calls. For writing program, I'm referring Documentation/ioctl/hdio.txt in kernel source(2.6.32). Here is my main part of ...
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3answers
9k views

Recovering an ext4 filesystem with corrupt journal

I have a hard drive that seems to have developed some kind of hardware problem in the journal. This prevents the drive from being loaded. Running mount -r -t ext4 /dev/sda5 /mnt/root results in the ...
10
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1answer
947 views

Why are there two different values for the size of a drive and how to reconcile them with device-mapper and LVM?

I have a 1 TB drive attached via USB. It contains an LVM physical volume filling the entire device (without any partition table). When I tried to extend a logical volume by using the entire PV, the ...
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0answers
18 views

How can I full install multiple Linux distros on a USB hard drive? [on hold]

So, I bought a 4TB hard drive for Linux (don't judge man) and downloaded a bunch of live CD's. That worked okay, but not good. Then, I realized my big problem. Since I am somewhat new to Linux I ...
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0answers
12 views

Pci device file identifier?

As regards disk devices, Linux systems represent them through a /dev/ file. /dev/sda is a hard drive, and so on. Is there also a file representing a PCI device, for example a graphic card? If not, ...
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0answers
17 views

Grub (debian) will not start in AHCI mode

I was running my Debian (Acer laptop) for quite some time without much trouble. However, when I started it recently I've got message: No bootable device - insert boot disk and press any key It ...
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1answer
22 views

How can I tell when my file system was last fsck-ed at all?

I know of various ways in which to check when the last fsck occurred on a file system. e.g. $ sudo dumpe2fs -h /dev/sda1 | grep 'Mount count' -A3 dumpe2fs 1.42.12 (29-Aug-2014) Mount count: ...
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7 views

“BGRT Invalid Status Error 0 Expected 1” followed by permanent loading screen

After I shut down many programs at once using Alt+F4 in my Linux (Manjaro), my computer froze and I had to force shut it down. Upon rebooting, it gives me the error "BGRT Invalid Status Error 0 ...
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0answers
9 views

El Capitan 10.11.15 can't set disk with OS as startup disk, only boots if I reset nvram

Mac Pro (Mid 210) Since installing El Capitan on new HGST 6T drive I can ONLY boot this system by resetting NVRAM. If I try to restart I get apple, progress meter, then circle with line through it ...
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4answers
1k views

Align Partition Of HDD Using fdisk?

I first asked this question on SuperUser.com but got no responses. I have found how to align the partition of my SSD using fdisk (SSD article on Gentoo Wiki) but haven't been able to find any ...
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1answer
125 views

Installing Debian 8 (Jessie) from HDD Partition

I tried to install Debian 8 (Jessie) with the official DVD 1 from my Card Reader (SDHC UHS-I Card 32GB). Now that does not work, because I am unable to mount it (no signal at all). Now I want to know ...
4
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1answer
1k views

Fedora installer doesn't see my Windows 7 partitions

I tried to install Fedora 17 on the same disk I have Windows 7. First I got the message, that there are no free space to create partition, even in Windows part of disk was marked as unallocated. I ...
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1answer
98 views

blk_update_request: I/O error, dev fd0, sector 0

I recently started noticing some blk_update_request: I/O error, dev fd0, sector 0 errors on my second computer running Arch Linux that I use as a server. This began when I had to reboot the computer ...
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1answer
36 views

Partition Errors and Remounts Read-Only when Accessing Specific File

I have a pretty basic system running Ubuntu 16.04 (this question is not specific to Ubuntu, but rather ext4 partitions), 1 HDD, running a few partitions: sda1 - EXT4 - 100G - / sda2 - EXT4 - ...
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1answer
315 views

Is the free space of unmounted partitions and hard disks used in the background when the OS needs some more space?

I have two hard disks on a computer and I intend to recover the data in one of the them (Hard Disk 1). An Ubuntu OS is installed on the other (Hard Disk 2). Both Hard Disks are connected to the ...
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1answer
23 views

Adding 2 HDDs as mirroning on existing OS (centos)

I have a NAS with 2 x 1TB HDDs and I added two new HDD-s: Disk /dev/sdb: 1000.2 GB, 1000204886016 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 121601 cylinders Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes ...
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0answers
84 views

What is stored in the first memory address' of the OS? Why can't I print the contents? [migrated]

So this is solely for my own curiosity, I wanted to go through every memory address from 0x000000 all the way to the last address of my hard drive. So I wrote this C snippet: #include <stdio.h> ...
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2answers
85 views

Get block device model name and manufacturer from pseudo-fs

[gala@arch ~]$ sudo !! sudo hdparm -i /dev/sda /dev/sda: Model=KINGSTON SHFS37A120G, FwRev=603ABBF0, SerialNo=50026B725B0A1515 Config={ HardSect NotMFM HdSw>15uSec Fixed DTR>10Mbs ...
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2answers
36 views

Can't clone hard disk with dd no space left

I am trying to move elementary OS from primary HDD to external HDD. So, I can boot elementary OS from external HDD and install Windows 10 on primary HDD. Hewbot on super user stackexchange suggested ...
3
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1answer
82 views

How to prevent /sda /sdb changes between boots?

I am going to install Gentoo Linux onto an old hardware, which motherboard is having both IDE and SATA hard drives. I have two IDE and one SATA hard drives connected, and plan to do RAID on them. ...
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3answers
130k views

How to “List Disk” in Linux

In Windows, all you have to type is "List Disk" using DisPart in a command prompt and it'll list all physical storage devices available, their size, format, etc. How do I do this in Linux?
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1answer
1k views

How to change hard disk spin-down time on my WD MyBook Live?

I have a 2TB Western Digital MyBook Live. It works quite well and provides a web-based administration interface. There is an option to either enable or disable power saving mode, which spins down the ...
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1answer
849 views

How to check integrity to HDD with UDF format

I'm having problem with a USB external drive, which seem to be formatted with UDF and was being used for MAC and Windows (or at least that is what told). When I attached the HDD to my Linux system ...
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4answers
748 views

How to get hard disk information from /proc and/or /sys

How can I get hard disk capacity, usage, etc. using the /proc or /sys filesystems? If it is possible, please tell me which file(s) I need to process to get that information.
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3answers
639 views

Real time cmd tool to show HDD space remaining

Is there a command line tool which shows in real time how much space remains on my external hard drive?
2
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1answer
2k views

Problem with former RAID hard drive settings in Linux Mint 17

I'm new to Linux, just installed Linux Mint for the first time. I have two hard drives which were previously in a RAID configuration. Now before I have installed Linux I've changed them to individual ...
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1answer
31 views

extend Disk space

i want extend my disk space : #df -h Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on udev 10M 0 10M 0% /dev tmpfs 403M 17M 387M 4% /run /dev/sda1 19G 18G ...
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1answer
2k views

How to install Linux Mint 17 on SSD and have Home on HDD

I have Sony Vaio VGN-NW23NE Laptop and I'm using Linux Mint as my Operating System for about two years, I've currently Qiana. I bought a new 120 GB SSD to speed up my Laptop, but I'm confused about ...
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1answer
18 views

Noise and message weird

I was copying data between two drive usb on ubuntu server 14.04 LTS. The given time the drive usb started making noise. It seemed was the arm on inside disk it was a little crazy! It seemed the arm ...
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0answers
31 views

Linux Mint installation showing entire Windows disk unallocated

I'm trying to install Linux Mint next to my install of Windows 10, but there's a problem. Mint is saying that the entire hard drive is unallocated "free space", though in the file explorer you can ...
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0answers
25 views

Determine affected file given logical block number [duplicate]

Given the logical block number from these log lines in /var/log/messages, is there a way to determine what file was affected? ...Buffer I/O error on device sdd1, logical block 203953715 ...lost page ...
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1answer
18k views

Is no caching mode page a serious error?

My server log displays the following error messages in RED: kernel: sda: sda1 sda2 kernel: sd 0:1:0:0: [sda] No Caching mode page found kernel: sd 0:1:0:0: [sda] Assuming drive cache: write through ...
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2answers
2k views

How can I prevent smartd from reporting that it cannot find a disk?

I have smartd monitoring my hard drives. It works fine generally, but the following error window has been consistently popping up every 24 hours. This email was generated by the smartd daemon running ...
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0answers
147 views

How do I (re)build/create/assemble an IMSM RAID-0 array from disk images instead of disk drives using mdadm?

The question: Using Linux and mdadm, how can I read/copy data as files from disk images made from hard disks used in an Intel Rapid Storage Technology RAID-0 array (formatted as NTFS, Windows 7 ...
93
votes
12answers
76k views

How do I know if dd is still working?

I've not used dd all that much, but so far it's not failed me yet. Right now, I've had a dd going for over 12 hours - I'm writing an image back to the disk it came from - and I'm getting a little ...
22
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3answers
32k views

How to dd a remote disk using SSH on local machine and save to a local disk

How can I create a backup of a remote disk using SSH on my local machine and save it to a local disk? I've tried the following: ssh hostname@my.ip.address "sudo dd if=/dev/sdX " | \ dd ...
3
votes
3answers
42 views

Is CentOS using synchronous or asynchronous write

Is CentOS using synchronous or asynchronous write? Is ther any way to check or to change this?
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0answers
30 views

Improve CentOS performance while saving

When I save larger files at about 5 minutes of save time, Linux lags completely on my new computer. I can't change workspace or move my mouse. The files are about 50 Gb in size and are used for ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Copying an HDD to a larger one by dd

I'm trying to copy an entire HDD which has IBM PC-style partition table to a larger one by dd on GNU/Linux. The questions are: Can I use the additional space on the larger disk by changing the ...
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0answers
14 views

Squid won't let spindown to happen

I have a Squid 2.7 installed on my old NAS and my problem is that squid is periodically (every few seconds) checking the swap.state file or anyhow touching the HDD making it to be turned on for 24/7, ...
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0answers
43 views

Why does hdparm and dd show two completely different results?

I have an external hard drive (/dev/sdc1) mounted at /mount1 When running hdparm -tT /dev/sdc1 I get: /dev/sdc1: Timing cached reads: 2246 MB in 2.00 seconds = 1123.75 MB/sec Timing buffered ...
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0answers
23 views

Monitor health of HDD/SSD without S.M.A.R.T

Some hard disk drives (HDDs) and solid state drives (SSDs) do not provide S.M.A.R.T. data. This seems to be especially true of cheap USB HDDs. My question is: on a typical GNU/Linux system, can the ...
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3answers
145 views

DDRescue taking months but no errors?

'm having a hard time finding others with the same error, and I'm trying to figure out the best path forward. I have a hard drive that was unusably slow, and then stopped booting. The clonezilla ...
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0answers
13 views

Hard disk partition table overwritten -TestDisk recovery

Okay so I'm not %100 if this should be posted here or super user. here's my problem: I've an Ubuntu user for quite some time but had decided to switch over to Mint. While installing I realized I had ...
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5answers
8k views

How to clone a NTFS partition (WinXP) from a damaged disk to a new one?

I'm an Italian Windows programmer. I know almost nothing of Linux, so please be patient if the question is dumb and pardon my bad english. I need to clone a NTFS partition from a damaged, near to die ...
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2answers
60 views

Move FreeBSD installation to smaller HDD [duplicate]

Good day! I have FreeBSD installation with next partitions: Now FreeBSD is installed in 500GB hard drive. I want to move it to 250GB hard drive. What is safest and correct way to do it? I'm afraid ...