A permanent data storage device used for storing and retrieving digital information using rapidly rotating discs (platters) coated with magnetic material in a rigid form factor (as opposed to floppy disks).

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How to obtain the whole disk activities triggered by file systems under linux?

I want to record the disk access activities called by OS. Such data I want to record are received by disk from OS, including disk sector number, request length, arrival time, read or write. To be ...
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1answer
27 views

HDIO_GETGEO and HDIO_GET_IDENTITY in Linux using C++

Can anyone explain the core difference between HDIO_GETGEO and HDIO_GET_IDENTITY? From the Linux documentation and this document titled: Summary of HDIO_ ioctl calls., I know that the former is for ...
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1answer
11 views

Explaining SMART power error

I use gsmartcontrol, on the Error tab, it shows: Complete error log: SMART Error Log Version: 1 ATA Error Count: 398 (device log contains only the most recent five errors) CR = Command Register ...
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1answer
124 views

Disks (in usb enclosure) keep waking up even when not mounted

Setup I have USB enclosure (Buffalo DriveStation Quad) containing four drives connected to my nas server (ubuntu server 14.04). The enclosure is configured to JBOD mode, so I'll see all the disks in ...
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0answers
21 views

Setting up my Linux machine with multiple hard drives

I've recently made the switch to a copy of Elementary OS Freya (Ubuntu 14.04) and so far, really been enjoying it coming from a Windows background. After fumbling around a little, I got my 1TB Seagate ...
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1answer
34 views

Is it good to install linux on external hard drive?

I have an external hard drive and I would like to install linux on it (I choose Fedora KDE). I made a bootable dvd and I will choose the external hard drive to install on it the os. Is it good to ...
3
votes
1answer
863 views

ioctl: invalid argument for HDIO_GET_IDENTITY

I wrote a program to get the details of hard disk drive using HDIO_ ioctl calls. For writing program, I'm referring Documentation/ioctl/hdio.txt in kernel source(2.6.32). Here is my main part of ...
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0answers
19 views

How should I distribute files/packages/software across multiple drives?

I am primarily a Windows user, but I am starting to use Linux more as I realize all the features it has. In Windows, I install my software that I use regularly on my 120GB SSD, along with the OS, ...
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1answer
16 views

slow disk I/O speed on NTFS partition

My Laptops internal 640 GB HDD ,WD Scorpio blue(WD6400BPVT). It has 5 partitions. 120 GB NTFS partition, primary, sda1 250 GB NTFS, extended, sda5 20 GB / (root), sda6 4 GB /swap, sda7 ~ 202 GB ...
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1answer
13 views

How to automatically check for failed hard drives in RAID array?

We've got a couple of servers in-house containing hardware RAID5 and RAID6 arrays with 8-15 disks each. What's the easiest way to automatically check for failing hard drives using a script so that ...
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0answers
43 views

Formatting drives in linux always makes them read only [closed]

I'm using Debian 8 and trying to create an ntfs partition (on /dev/sdd). Whenever I format a drive either through the nautilus interface of right click > format... or even through command line ...
4
votes
1answer
552 views

Gentoo Live CD from Hard Drive: No Mountable Filesystems on root after modules loaded

I am attempting to install Gentoo on my PowerPC Mac. I have reached the point where I can boot the Live CD (I have no functional CD Drive, so it is from a spare Hard Drive), but after the kernel is ...
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2answers
4k views

How to increase size of /dev/sda2 in suse running on vmware

how to increase the partition /dev/sda2 partition. df -h : Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/sda2 7.0G 3.7G 3.0G 56% / devtmpfs 432M 172K 432M 1% /dev tmpfs ...
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2answers
27 views

Advantage of GPT over MBR partition table [closed]

What is the advantage GPT partitioned hard drives on older BIOS system ? when boot drive is bellow 2TB on a BIOS system or UEFI boot disabled grub on BIOS system with GPT partitioned needs an ...
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2answers
25 views

Content cached in RAM while writing to disk - Linux

I'm facing this issue since ever I started using Linux Distros. While copying/moving either graphically or with cp one/many big content(anything like big text file, tar.gz archive, iso file, movies) ...
23
votes
5answers
15k views

GPT or MBR: How do I know?

How can I tell whether my harddrive is laid out using an MBR or GPT format?
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1answer
841 views

How to change hard disk spin-down time on my WD MyBook Live?

I have a 2TB Western Digital MyBook Live. It works quite well and provides a web-based administration interface. There is an option to either enable or disable power saving mode, which spins down the ...
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0answers
10 views

Shrinking root partition on Debian

I'm using a headless Debian Wheezy server with 2x3TB disks. It was installed automatically with RAID1. This is the output of df -h: $ df -h Sys. fich. ...
2
votes
2answers
118 views

Transforming a disk from MBR to GPT

I have a disk with classic MBR and want to transform it to use GPT without data loss. I have seen several more or less useful tutorials, but most of them are dealing with the specific problems related ...
0
votes
1answer
548 views

How to check integrity to HDD with UDF format

I'm having problem with a USB external drive, which seem to be formated with UDF and was being used for MAC and Windows (or at least that is what told). When I attached the HDD to my Linux system ...
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0answers
52 views

Startup problem: invalid partition table or use UEFI BOOT

I'm working on a Dell Latitude E5430. Recently I booted pcbsd from USB using this file: PCBSD10.1.1-RELEASE-01-31-2015-x64-DVD-USB_0.iso But I guess I did something wrong. I was trying to install ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

Is BTRFS saying that my HDD is dead?

I noticed that my HP N54L was laboring and discovered that dmesg was reporting this: [ 81.945530] btrfs read error corrected: ino 1 off 16685977600 (dev /dev/sdb sector 2636776) [ 82.010023] ...
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2answers
29 views

How do I migrate a RAID system to a larger set of HDDS?

All the posts I've found are about moving to new machines or migrating an entire OS from one HDD to another. I don't really know what the hell I'm doing, but I'm apparently the Linux expert. We ...
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votes
6answers
8k views

How to know if /dev/sdX is a connected USB or HDD?

How can I know if /dev/sdX is a local HDD or usb key ? best doing this without root privileges. OK , udevadm helped a lot: For local HDD: udevadm info --query=all --name=sdb | grep ID_BUS E: ...
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0answers
49 views

“Warning! Secondary partition overlaps the last partition by x blocks” in gdisk, is it safe to use gdisk here?

I'm trying to install convert my hard drive into GPT using gdisk, when I run sudo gdisk /deve/disk1s4 I get this: Warning! Secondary partition table overlaps the last partition by 2032668853 blocks! ...
3
votes
4answers
11k views

Harddisk serial number from terminal?

I have multiple harddisks which get connected to my server and I'm not sure which one is what in the view of sdXY . If I can see the serial numbers of my harddisks from terminal, I can easily identify ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

How should I prevent data corruption on an NTFS partition shared by Windows and Linux?

I use Linux for most of the things but I still need Windows sometimes. So, I have Linux Mint 14 and Windows 8 installed (dual-booting) on my computer with the following disk setup: sda1: The 350 MB ...
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1answer
1k views

Problem with former RAID hard drive settings in Linux Mint 17

I'm new to Linux, just installed Linux Mint for the first time. I have two hard drives which were previously in a RAID configuration. Now before I have installed Linux I've changed them to individual ...
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2answers
62 views

UEFI System. Are EFI settings kept on the HDD. What happens if I change HDD?

I have an UEFI system with Linux installed on it. Unfortunately I need to upgrade the BIOS firmware and after a month of failing with live CDs and Live DOSes and so on I have decided to buy a new hard ...
4
votes
1answer
971 views

Fedora installer doesn't see my Windows 7 partitions

I tried to install Fedora 17 on the same disk I have Windows 7. First I got the message, that there are no free space to create partition, even in Windows part of disk was marked as unallocated. I ...
11
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1answer
1k views

What is the difference between “extended” partition and “logical” partition

What is the difference between "extended" partitions and "logical" partitions on my hard disk? What's the need for each? I am using Linux
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0answers
46 views

HDD disconnects randomly

My internal Seagate Barracuda 7200.11 500GB randomly disappears. Sometimes, before the HDD gives up, I have enough time to move data to another HDD. Data does not seems to be corrupted. I checked it ...
1
vote
2answers
39 views

Partition table-less HDD [duplicate]

Just this morning, I accidentally created a hdd filesystem without a partition table. I didn't even know it was possible but it happened. Now the issue is to undo it or leave it alone. For this ...
13
votes
3answers
12k views

How to dd a remote disk using SSH on local machine and save to a local disk

How can I create a backup of a remote disk using SSH on my local machine and save it to a local disk? I've tried the following: ssh hostname@my.ip.address "sudo dd if=/dev/sdX " | \ dd ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

How to exclude a disk so that the OS will not use it?

We have an HDD that is probably having too much bad sectors. The notebook boots extremly slow from it. We put the disk in another notebook (good) via a CR-ROM HDD case. But now that good notebook ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Volume Group fails to recover

For the last 10 days I've been living a nightmare trying to recover my data. I'm trying to recover VG and mount it to access the data here's what I get [root@]# pvscan Found duplicate PV ...
2
votes
0answers
48 views

Exundelete can't restore the file

I'm trying to restore 2 important tar.gz files I know their directory but extundelete not restoring them although it's giving me the inode number. Loading filesystem metadata ... 2127 groups loaded. ...
10
votes
2answers
373 views

How can I partially copy a file from a broken disk?

I have a broken disk where I need to copy a 60G file from. From time to time the disk resets and I can't finish the copy. I would like to try and copy partial slices and put them all together. How ...
2
votes
1answer
596 views

Can`t mount external hdd

I am using Debian and I`m using Windows as well (much longer). I loaded a external disk on Windows but when trying to mount on linux again I keep getting the same error: Error mounting: mount exited ...
0
votes
2answers
48 views

Unable to mount Volume Group [closed]

2 drives connected externally to a new server both are merged using LVM as one drive. vgscan Reading all physical volumes. This may take a while... Found volume group "vol_grp1" using metadata type ...
0
votes
2answers
47 views

rsync partial LVM volume to Remote Directory

Can I rsync a full hdd partition (which is inaccessible) to a remote directory? Inaccessible means it cannot be mounted, it was part of LV volume merged with other HDD which is faulty and removed ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Hard Disk Clone Image Size

I've created an image backup for HDDA (partition) from HostA and saved on HostB ssh -c blowfish user@ip-or-hostname "dd if=/dev/sda1 | gzip -1 -" | dd of=sda1.gz conv=sync,noerror The HDD size is ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Disk ID in chroot / jail

When I print out all information about a disk /dev/sda on my host system, then I get this sort of information (I got this information with command udevadm info --query=all --name=/dev/sda): P: ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

One disk in RAID setup high usage

I have a system here with 6 disks all same make and model, and on that I have 3 partitions. / RAID 6 /var/log RAID 6 /storage RAID 5 on / I created a swap file instead of partition. With ...
2
votes
0answers
25 views

recover lvm formatted partition

I had 2 old drives having LVM installed showing as 1 drive. They were attached by the datacenter to the new server to migrate data but they weren't able to be mounted I tried everything possible until ...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

Mount LVM volume as external usb drive? CentOS 6

I'm trying to mount my old 2x500GB drives to the new server which has the same drive volume. Both have LVM structure but it's not working. root@server [/mnt/usb]# ls /dev/sd* /dev/sda /dev/sda2 ...
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votes
1answer
23 views

Purpose of each disk access and why it may not occur

I'm going over past papers for an exam I have and my university do not provide answers so that I can check them, please could you let me know if my understanding is correct and if not please could you ...
0
votes
2answers
29 views

CentOS 6 Partitioning Root Drive

I have recently installed CentOS (into a machine with only one hard drive) and I would like to know how to Partition the main hard drive into two. As it is a fresh install there is no data to lose ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Linux Hard Drive Partitioning

I've decided to do a fresh Linux CentOS 6 install onto a small computer which I intend to use as a basic server. The OS has been installed and I would like to partition the 31gig sda drive (there is ...
2
votes
2answers
103 views

Can't mount second hard drive on CentOS 6.6 - Duplicate VG name

Yesterday I add a SSD to my PC configuration and I make on it a fresh installation. At the moment of installation I replace my old HDD and there was only the SSD. When the installation finish I make a ...