A permanent data storage device used for storing and retrieving digital information using rapidly rotating discs (platters) coated with magnetic material in a rigid form factor (as opposed to floppy disks).

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0answers
18 views

HDDs, outer track vs inner track performance benchmarks?

I am interested in relating the position of a file on disk and the I/O R/W performance characteristics associated with this position. I have been able to find two benchmarks, but they are both for ...
27
votes
3answers
3k views

Way to instantly fill up/use up lots of disk space?

On a Linux VM I would like to TEST the NAGIOS monitoring more deeply than just switching off the VM or disconnecting the virtual NIC; I would like to test or "enforce a disk space alarm" through ...
68
votes
8answers
62k views

How to know if a disk is an SSD or an HDD

I want to know whether a disk is a solid-state drive or hard disk. lshw is not installed. I do yum install lshw and it says there is no package named lshw. I do not know which version of http://pkgs....
1
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1answer
816 views

“Warning! Secondary partition overlaps the last partition by x blocks” in gdisk, is it safe to use gdisk here?

I'm trying to install convert my hard drive into GPT using gdisk, when I run sudo gdisk /deve/disk1s4 I get this: Warning! Secondary partition table overlaps the last partition by 2032668853 blocks! ...
10
votes
1answer
984 views

Why are there two different values for the size of a drive and how to reconcile them with device-mapper and LVM?

I have a 1 TB drive attached via USB. It contains an LVM physical volume filling the entire device (without any partition table). When I tried to extend a logical volume by using the entire PV, the ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

Using File manager with Second Hard Drive

I am going to install Ubuntu 16.04 on a new hard drive and install my current HD as a second drive. (It will stay there until I can copy over my /home directory to the new drive.) My questions is, if ...
4
votes
1answer
322 views

How do I (re)build/create/assemble an IMSM RAID-0 array from disk images instead of disk drives using mdadm?

The question: Using Linux and mdadm, how can I read/copy data as files from disk images made from hard disks used in an Intel Rapid Storage Technology RAID-0 array (formatted as NTFS, Windows 7 ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Fedora installer doesn't see my Windows 7 partitions

I tried to install Fedora 17 on the same disk I have Windows 7. First I got the message, that there are no free space to create partition, even in Windows part of disk was marked as unallocated. I ...
1
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1answer
277 views

Removing failed disk from raid 1

my server (Debian Wheezy) has a failed disk. I have sda and sdb and according to the support of my hoster, sdb needs a replacement. I send them this information with the mdstat: http://pastebin.com/...
3
votes
2answers
11k views

How to increase size of /dev/sda2 in suse running on vmware

how to increase the partition /dev/sda2 partition. df -h : Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on /dev/sda2 7.0G 3.7G 3.0G 56% / devtmpfs 432M 172K 432M 1% /dev tmpfs ...
1
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1answer
1k views

NTFS drive not mounting in Debian

This drive has been working fine for a while, but I recall having had some slight trouble getting it mounted in the past. Anyway, it was disconnected from the machine for some time and when I ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Mac Cannot Boot From External Hard Drive

So I recently purchased a Seagate 4TB External Hard Drive (https://www.amazon.com/dp/B017KE8OG0/ref=psdc_595048_t1_B00HXAV0X6) and decided to put linux on it. My steps were (on Windows): 1. Converted ...
1
vote
2answers
151 views

How to decrease the time the processes would wait (blocked) for disk reads (only to discover an error)?

Waiting too long when encountering an unreadable sector on a disk is really very annoying. (Especially if you are trying to read as much data as can be read from a disk with bad sectors, and do it ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

set partition bootable with gdisk GPT

Using GPT, how do I set this disk: sda1 ext3 FUJITSUMHV2080B so that the partition is bootable? Or, do I need to reformat using the install disk?
0
votes
0answers
11 views

How to make Live CD store data in hard drive?

How can I configure a Live CD operating system (Specifically Lubuntu) to use the hard drive as its main storage, not storage simulated in the RAM?
2
votes
2answers
6k views

Install Chromium OS without USB Disk

You seem to need a 4GB USB disk or flash drive to install Chromium OS onto before you can install it to your hard drive. Is there a way to install Chromium OS onto your hard drive without a handy 4GB ...
0
votes
1answer
861 views

How to check integrity to HDD with UDF format

I'm having problem with a USB external drive, which seem to be formatted with UDF and was being used for MAC and Windows (or at least that is what told). When I attached the HDD to my Linux system ...
1
vote
2answers
23 views

Automatic Mount at Boot For Xubuntu

I'm trying to follow these instruction to mount a second hard drive: https://help.ubuntu.com/community/InstallingANewHardDrive For automatic boot at mount it says I need to enter this into the ...
3
votes
1answer
641 views

Startup problem: invalid partition table or use UEFI BOOT

I'm working on a Dell Latitude E5430. Recently I booted pcbsd from USB using this file: PCBSD10.1.1-RELEASE-01-31-2015-x64-DVD-USB_0.iso But I guess I did something wrong. I was trying to install ...
3
votes
0answers
27 views

Entire Harddrive to linux swap

I have an old hard drive that is less than 50Gb and a computer that only has about 4Gb of ram (and ~250Gb main HDD). I was thinking about using the second drive as an entire drive linux-swap partition....
1
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0answers
29 views

Stop HDD spin down when attached via USB adaptor

I got an HDD attached via dock station. Gentoo spins it down each ten minutes which leads to wearing out the disk spindle and moreover, waiting for the drive to spin up each time is inconvenient. I’ve ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Recover data after hard drive faliure

A couple of days ago I tried getting an old server of mine up and running. It was working initially, but after updating and rebooting the system a few times the system refused to boot, dying at GRUB ...
-1
votes
0answers
16 views

Expanding hard disk partition size

I installed Linux Mint on my computer which already had Windows 10 so it dual-boots now. Unfortunately, when creating the partition for the Linux Mint installation, I allocated too little space for it ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Can`t mount external hdd

I am using Debian and I`m using Windows as well (much longer). I loaded a external disk on Windows but when trying to mount on linux again I keep getting the same error: Error mounting: mount exited ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

Problem with former RAID hard drive settings in Linux Mint 17

I'm new to Linux, just installed Linux Mint for the first time. I have two hard drives which were previously in a RAID configuration. Now before I have installed Linux I've changed them to individual ...
2
votes
5answers
484 views

/dev holds all partitions, so what holds /dev?

I'm a little confused (even after reading this) post, about how *nix partitions work. From my understanding, sda usually refers to the disk and sda1, sda2, etc, refer to the first, second, and so ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How to change hard disk spin-down time on my WD MyBook Live?

I have a 2TB Western Digital MyBook Live. It works quite well and provides a web-based administration interface. There is an option to either enable or disable power saving mode, which spins down the ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Can I clone a larger disk with lots of free space into a smaller disk

Is it possible to clone an OS disk with all its partitions into a smaller disk. The original disk has a lot of free space and the total used space is much smaller than the capacity of the new disk I ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

How to install Linux Mint 17 on SSD and have Home on HDD

I have Sony Vaio VGN-NW23NE Laptop and I'm using Linux Mint as my Operating System for about two years, I've currently Qiana. I bought a new 120 GB SSD to speed up my Laptop, but I'm confused about ...
1
vote
1answer
308 views

GRUB and LILO both fail to install to NVMe hard disk when installing Debian

I'm trying to install 64-bit Debian stable on a Lenovo Thinkpad. When I get to the installation step that installs the bootloader, I get this message: An installation step failed. You can try ...
0
votes
1answer
14 views

Benchmark shared folder on Virtualbox?

I'm trying to benchmark what I can read and write from the shared folder on my Virtualbox machine is? From my local host machine I have a shared folder, and on the guest virtualized machine, I would ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Can't open External Hard drive on linux peppermint

I have seagate 1TB hard drive , yesterday I installed Linux peppermint on my PC. Now I couldn't open my hard drive, but the disk is listed under devices at menu>preferences>device. Kindly help me I ...
1
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0answers
22 views

How to determine whether hard drive uses SMR

So far I know that cat /sys/block/<devicename>/queue/rotational will tell me whether my drive is a SSD or HDD. Is there something similar to find out if it uses SMR (Shingled Magnetic Recording)?...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

ioctl: invalid argument for HDIO_GET_IDENTITY

I wrote a program to get the details of hard disk drive using HDIO_ ioctl calls. For writing program, I'm referring Documentation/ioctl/hdio.txt in kernel source(2.6.32). Here is my main part of ...
7
votes
3answers
9k views

Recovering an ext4 filesystem with corrupt journal

I have a hard drive that seems to have developed some kind of hardware problem in the journal. This prevents the drive from being loaded. Running mount -r -t ext4 /dev/sda5 /mnt/root results in the ...
1
vote
0answers
13 views

Pci device file identifier?

As regards disk devices, Linux systems represent them through a /dev/ file. /dev/sda is a hard drive, and so on. Is there also a file representing a PCI device, for example a graphic card? If not, ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Grub (debian) will not start in AHCI mode

I was running my Debian (Acer laptop) for quite some time without much trouble. However, when I started it recently I've got message: No bootable device - insert boot disk and press any key It ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

How can I tell when my file system was last fsck-ed at all?

I know of various ways in which to check when the last fsck occurred on a file system. e.g. $ sudo dumpe2fs -h /dev/sda1 | grep 'Mount count' -A3 dumpe2fs 1.42.12 (29-Aug-2014) Mount count: ...
1
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0answers
14 views

“BGRT Invalid Status Error 0 Expected 1” followed by permanent loading screen

After I shut down many programs at once using Alt+F4 in my Linux (Manjaro), my computer froze and I had to force shut it down. Upon rebooting, it gives me the error "BGRT Invalid Status Error 0 ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

El Capitan 10.11.15 can't set disk with OS as startup disk, only boots if I reset nvram

Mac Pro (Mid 210) Since installing El Capitan on new HGST 6T drive I can ONLY boot this system by resetting NVRAM. If I try to restart I get apple, progress meter, then circle with line through it ...
0
votes
4answers
1k views

Align Partition Of HDD Using fdisk?

I first asked this question on SuperUser.com but got no responses. I have found how to align the partition of my SSD using fdisk (SSD article on Gentoo Wiki) but haven't been able to find any ...
1
vote
1answer
140 views

Installing Debian 8 (Jessie) from HDD Partition

I tried to install Debian 8 (Jessie) with the official DVD 1 from my Card Reader (SDHC UHS-I Card 32GB). Now that does not work, because I am unable to mount it (no signal at all). Now I want to know ...
0
votes
1answer
254 views

blk_update_request: I/O error, dev fd0, sector 0

I recently started noticing some blk_update_request: I/O error, dev fd0, sector 0 errors on my second computer running Arch Linux that I use as a server. This began when I had to reboot the computer ...
3
votes
1answer
51 views

Partition Errors and Remounts Read-Only when Accessing Specific File

I have a pretty basic system running Ubuntu 16.04 (this question is not specific to Ubuntu, but rather ext4 partitions), 1 HDD, running a few partitions: sda1 - EXT4 - 100G - / sda2 - EXT4 - 723....
0
votes
1answer
322 views

Is the free space of unmounted partitions and hard disks used in the background when the OS needs some more space?

I have two hard disks on a computer and I intend to recover the data in one of the them (Hard Disk 1). An Ubuntu OS is installed on the other (Hard Disk 2). Both Hard Disks are connected to the ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Adding 2 HDDs as mirroning on existing OS (centos)

I have a NAS with 2 x 1TB HDDs and I added two new HDD-s: Disk /dev/sdb: 1000.2 GB, 1000204886016 bytes 255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 121601 cylinders Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes ...
4
votes
2answers
88 views

Get block device model name and manufacturer from pseudo-fs

[gala@arch ~]$ sudo !! sudo hdparm -i /dev/sda /dev/sda: Model=KINGSTON SHFS37A120G, FwRev=603ABBF0, SerialNo=50026B725B0A1515 Config={ HardSect NotMFM HdSw>15uSec Fixed DTR>10Mbs RotSpdTol&...
1
vote
2answers
46 views

Can't clone hard disk with dd no space left

I am trying to move elementary OS from primary HDD to external HDD. So, I can boot elementary OS from external HDD and install Windows 10 on primary HDD. Hewbot on super user stackexchange suggested ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

How to prevent /sda /sdb changes between boots?

I am going to install Gentoo Linux onto an old hardware, which motherboard is having both IDE and SATA hard drives. I have two IDE and one SATA hard drives connected, and plan to do RAID on them. ...
36
votes
3answers
143k views

How to “List Disk” in Linux

In Windows, all you have to type is "List Disk" using DisPart in a command prompt and it'll list all physical storage devices available, their size, format, etc. How do I do this in Linux?